|Canton||La Cote Sableuse|
|Community association||Perpignan Méditerranée Métropole|
|surface||30.22 km 2|
|Residents||12,130 (January 1, 2017)|
|Population density||401 inhabitants / km 2|
Aerial view of Canet-Plage
Canet-en-Roussillon ( Canet de Rosselló in Catalan ) is a southern French seaside resort and a municipality with 12,130 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2017) in the Pyrénées-Orientales department in the Occitanie region .
Location and climate
Canet-en-Roussillon is located approx. 12 km (driving distance) east of Perpignan near the Mediterranean coast at an altitude of approx. . The river Têt flows into the sea north of the beach. The southern part of the municipality borders on the brackish, approx. 3 km long and up to 2 km wide Étang de Canet-Saint-Nazaire , which is also just called Étang de Canet . The climate is temperate to warm; Rain (approx. 580 mm / year) falls - with the exception of the summer months - over the year.
|Source: Cassini and INSEE|
The enormous population growth of the municipality is mainly due to the more and more developed bathing tourism in the second half of the 20th century.
In earlier centuries, the residents of the community lived as a self-sufficient living from fishing and the income from their fields and gardens and, to a lesser extent, from cattle breeding. Only a small part of the municipality is still used for viticulture; the wines produced here may be marketed under various appellations . Hotel and beach tourism has played an increasingly important role since the 1960s.
Even in prehistoric times, the Mediterranean coast was an important traffic route between Central and Southern Europe and the Iberian Peninsula . The first significant finds in the municipality of Canet are two necropolises of the urnfield culture . In Celtic and Roman times, the ancient settlement of Ruscino was about halfway between Canet and Perpignan . The Romans operated several salt pans near the beach for sea salt production . When Puig del Baja , another settlement was discovered that up to the time of the Visigoths was used inside. For fear of Moorish pirate attacks, the residents withdrew a little further inland, where a castle (château) and several villages were built perhaps as early as the 10th century . The first written mention of the castle and the place name Castellum de Caned comes from the year 1013. In the years between 1276 and 1344, the entire county of Roussillon belonged to the Kingdom of Mallorca . In the high Middle Ages the dispute broke out between the kingdoms of France and Aragón over the possession of Roussillon, which resulted in continued military skirmishes. Canet was heavily shelled by French artillery in 1642; many houses were destroyed. The conflicts finally ended with the Peace of the Pyrenees (1659) and the annexation of Roussillon to France.
- Château Vicomtal from the middle of the 11th century
- Saint-Martin chapel in the château, also from the mid-11th century
- Saint-Jacques church, first mentioned in 1241
- Ten fishing huts made of reed and wood, built in 1993 based on a historical model
- Old town with parts of the medieval city fortifications
Historic fishing village with the Etang de Canet-Saint-Nazaire and the Canigou in the background
- Arlette Franco (1939–2010), Mayor of Canet (1989–2010), Member of the National Assembly and former Vice-President of the Fédération Française de Natation
- Robert Saut, Canet en Roussillon: regards sur 3000 ans d'histoire, Les Amis du Vieux Canet, Canet-en-Roussillon. (1991)
- Géraldine Mallet: Églises romanes oubliées du Roussillon. (2003) ( ISBN 2-85998-244-2 ), pp. 98-99
- Jean-Marie Rosenstein: Canet-en-Roussillon. (1848–2008): des Bains de Mer à la Thalasso, Les Amis du Vieux Canet, Canet-en-Roussillon (2008) 192 pp. ( ISBN 978-2-9522019-3-3 )
- Philippe Bouba: L'arrivée des Pieds-Noirs en Roussillon en 1962. (2009) ( ISBN 2849740896 )
- Robert Saut: Le chateau vicomtal de Canet-en-Roussillon, Les Amis du Vieux Canet, coll. "Découverte du Patrimoine" (2000)