Emil Ferdinand Fehling

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Emil Ferdinand Fehling

Emil Ferdinand Fehling (born August 3, 1847 in the Free and Hanseatic City of Lübeck ; † August 3, 1927 ibid ) was a German lawyer and notary , senator and mayor of the Free and Hanseatic City of Lübeck .



Fehling was the son of the businessman Johannes Christoph Fehling († 1882) and his wife Anna Emilie, b. Oppenheimer (1803-1885). His uncles were the chemist Hermann Christian von Fehling and the lawyer Georg Oppenheimer , his brothers were the senator Johannes Fehling (1835-1893) and the consul Hermann Wilhelm Fehling (1842-1907).


Fehling attended the candidate school from 1854 to Easter 1857 and then went to the Katharineum in Lübeck until he graduated from high school in 1866. He studied law at the universities of Heidelberg, Leipzig and Göttingen. In Heidelberg he was Konkneipant the Corps Vandalia Heidelberg . In 1869 he was awarded the highest rating ("egregie") in Göttingen for Dr. jur. PhD. Albert Wolffson was his close college friend.

Fehling returned to Lübeck, where he practiced as a lawyer and notary in 1869/70 after his exams before the Higher Appeal Court of the Four Free Cities and a study visit to Paris , Rome and London in 1869/70. As a member of the Lübeck Lawyers' Association , he became its chairman.

Soon afterwards he also appeared in public life in Lübeck. Elected to the citizenry in 1879 , he was appointed spokesman at the head of this body on July 18, 1887 . At that time, he had already been responsible for the business of the spokesman in the citizens' committee for a year.

In 1883 he was one of the founders of the Father City Association . Fehling was a member of the Society for the Promotion of Charitable Activities and was to be director of the society from 1895 to the end of 1897. During his directorate the Lübeckische Blätter threatened to perish . Through his work the organ of society was transformed into a new form and recovered.

After continuous Präsidialführung the citizens' committee and in the citizenry Fehling was appointed on May 4, 1896 as the successor to the Hanseatic envoys to replace the late Friedrich Kruger ordered Karl Peter Klügmann as a senator in the Lübeck Senate , the highest body of the lübeckischen political system chosen. He was a member of the finance deputation from the start . There he was chairman of the urban property department and the so-called appraisal committee .

In addition, Fehling was appointed to the " Commission for Foreign Affairs " in 1898 .

As a member of the Hanseatic History Association , Fehling succeeded Wilhelm Brehmer , who had been elected mayor, in his office as president of the association in 1903 .

When Johann Georg Eschenburg was elected mayor of Lübeck , the Senate appointed Fehling to his successor as deputy federal representative of the Hanseatic envoy , first Klügmann, then Sieveking, to the Hanseatic embassy at Tiergartenstrasse 17a. appointed. Here he always took their interests, for example, choosing Lübeck as the seat of the Hanseatic Insurance Company ,

At the inauguration of the Berlin Cathedral on February 27, 1905, which took place in the presence of the imperial couple and numerous princes, the mayor of the Free and Hanseatic City of Lübeck and Senator Fehling took part as a representative of the Council of Churches .

While the Lübeck Senate was in Bremen for the meeting of the Senates , Fehling attended the wedding of the Crown Prince and the Duchess of Mecklenburg from June 3 to 6, 1905 as a representative of the Lübeck Senate and presented a replica of the angel chandelier on behalf of the Senate the Lübeck Cathedral .

Until October 1, 1913, the Hanseatic envoy led Lübeck's vote in the Federal Council. The Senate had decided that from now on Senator Fehling would lead the vote there, and that the new Hanseatic envoy, Karl Sieveking, would be his deputy there. Lübeck followed its sister cities. After the death of Mayor Johann Heinrich Burchard , Hamburg had appointed Senator Friedrich Sthamer and Bremen, after the death of Mayor Victor Marcus, Senator Martin Donandt as the voting representative of the Federal Council. In this way, closer ties between the Senate and the Federal Council were established.

January 27, 1917

At the end of 1916 Fehling was appointed mayor of the Hanseatic city as Eschenburg's successor for the 1917/18 election period . His first term of office was to be marked by the war . The celebration of the Emperor's birthday , which took place in peacetime on the Burgfeld , which has provided space for the barracks hospital since the outbreak of war , was held at the Buniamshof . At the end of this, the mayor, in the presence of the deputy commander of the 81st Infantry Brigade , Major General Harry von Wright , awarded Lübeck warriors the Lübeck Hanseatic Cross .

Fehling and Plessing in the midst of the officer corps

Accompanied by Government Councilor Plessing , the mayor visited the Lübeck regiment, which had withdrawn from the front line after heavy fighting in the Arras section to Masny, from June 1 to 4, 1917, to convey greetings from home. The first contact with the troops was an exercise conducted under the direction of division commander Mutius . It was followed by a parade near the headquarters . After warriors, who had particularly distinguished themselves in the battles of the past few weeks, had received the Hanseatic Cross, the companies marched past .

Fehling and Plessing with Lübeck regional children in front of the Russian cathedral in Warsaw

Shortly after the fall of Riga , the mayor, again accompanied by the government councilor Plessing, went to the eastern front to Warsaw , Brest-Litowsk , Kovel , Białystok , Vilnius , Mitau , Libau (naval port) and Riga . At every stop in the occupied Russian territory, the army command ensured that they were greeted by the children of the Lübeck country. Several days were dedicated to whole troop units that received their replacements exclusively or mainly from the Hanseatic city . In the cities that were the seat of German governorates , army high command or military administrations , one met with the leading persons. In the area of Army Group Linsingen, the commander in chief , as a Lübeck veteran, received the delegation with the Lübeckers in an episcopal palace.

The highlight of the trip, however, was the city, which was first settled by Hanseatic merchants, primarily Lübeck residents. The city ​​governor received the mayor with all the city fathers. In his address, special attention was given to the bond between the two cities and the advocacy of the Lübeck government during the war for Baltic interests in trade policy.

In 1918 the festivities for the Kaiser’s birthday only took place on the market .

After the battle for the Kemmel , the regiment was in Knocke and Westkapelle for regeneration . When Fehling and some members of the Senate wanted to visit the regiment on site, they were advised not to do so because of the constant danger of flying, the frequent alarm condition and the constant danger of being bombarded from the sea.

When the November Revolution, coming from Kiel , reached the city, it too was initially drawn into the city. The officers were interned in the “Hotel International”, Am Bahnhof No. 17, and three senators asked for their retirement when the town hall was flagged red. When the governments of all German states collapsed in the critical November days before the onslaught of the revolution, Lübeck's Senate passed the great endurance test under the leadership of the mayor alone. There was no violent unrest .

Greetings to the regiment who have returned home

The regiment returned home at the central station on the morning of November 26th , coming from watch duty during the transition period around Strasbourg in Alsace-Lorraine . In the official ceremony on November 30th, Mayor Fehling as representative of the Senate, Carl Dimpker as spokesman for the citizenship, Rethfeld as member of the soldiers 'council and Johannes Stelling as representative of the workers' council welcomed the regiment that had returned. However, only remnants of this were left. His officers had already left the regiment. Since the regiment commander , Lieutenant Colonel Ludwig Hauss , was ill, the commander of the command of the 81st Infantry Brigade , Colonel Hans von Werder , also based in Lübeck, thanked them on behalf of the regiment.

Fehling's second term of office was to be shaped by the new state constitution. After constitutional amendments had already taken place on March 28, 1917 and December 11, 1918, as well as on February 26 and March 26, 1919 in the new term of office, the Senate and the citizenship had another review of the constitution by a commission, taking into account the things in the Reich and its individual states decided by the Senate and the Citizenship. The work of the commission, in particular the finalized constitution of the German Reich, took into account relevant provisions for all countries belonging to the Reich. Accordingly, the Senate and the citizenship reached an agreement on the wording of the new constitution. The new Lübeckische state constitution that the handwriting was the mayor, was released on May 23, 1920th His application for his retirement was granted by the Senate . When he resigned on December 31, 1920, the non-party Senator Johann Martin Andreas Neumann was his successor. From then on, Fehling devoted himself to historical research with rich literary accounts.

On the morning of August 3, 1927, Fehling, who was already on his deathbed, was able to recognize his well- wishers , wife, children and grandchildren, before his consciousness faded. However , he could no longer perceive the Lübeck Senate and other well-wishers . He passed away the same day.

After his death, on August 8, 1927, pastor Paul Denker held the mourning service in the Marienkirche . The mayors of the three Hanseatic cities were among the mourners of Fehlings. His grave is in the Burgtorfriedhof next to that of his father-in-law.


Family grave

Fehling had married twice.

First he was married to Ada Marie Caroline (born May 10, 1853 in Munich , † September 27, 1906 in Lübeck), the only daughter of the poet Emanuel Geibel , since 1872. Under melancholy suffering, Ada Fehling died in a sanatorium . The marriage resulted in nine children. Maria and Ferdinand became known as historians , Jürgen as a theater director . Emanuel (1873-1932) was Fanny Reventlow's childhood sweetheart .

In Berlin he met Katharina (Käthe) Wessel (born October 11, 1862 in Berlin, † March 20, 1933 in Mönchengladbach ), the widowed wife of the secret government councilor Dr. Vogts from Berlin-Wannsee . Since 1910, Fehling was with her married .


After the death of Senator Mann on October 13, 1891, Consul Fehling and the wine merchant Tesdorpf were appointed guardians of the five children he left behind.

Thomas Mann was 16 years old at the time. In his novel Die Buddenbrooks , for which he was later to receive the Nobel Prize , and which has references to real people in Lübeck, we meet Carl Tesdorpf as the wine merchant Stephan Kistenmaker , Consul Hermann Fehling as Consul Hermann Hagenström and Emil Ferdinand Fehling as Dr. Moritz Hagenström .


Mayor Fehling

On the occasion of the centenary of the anniversary of the Battle of Leipzig put the Lübeckische Senate, the first time since her wearing in the French period was prohibited again the former official costume on.

It consisted of a sleeveless jacket of patterned, with mink occupied silk fabric and was held together with double front running silver plated chain. It was used to tell whether the sponsor was a mayor, senator or senate secretary. While the mayor's coat was trimmed with mink all around, the Senator wore soutacheborte and the Senate Secretary instead . The shape of the hats was based on Spanish hats from that time and covered with black velvet . The black kerchief skirt with heads and decorations made of black soutache had a lace ruffle at the sleeve opening that was not completely closed at the front, a vest made of silk brocade in the old gold tone and a jabot protruded. Then there was the ruff .

Fehling had himself photographed by the Berlin court photographer Emil Bieber in that costume without a hat . In the spring of 1920 Leopold von Kalckreuth came to Lübeck to paint the adjacent painting .


  • The Lübeck city goods , published by HG Rahtgens , Lübeck 1904
  • The Lübeck state budget 1882–1904 , published by Gebrüder Borchers GmbH , Lübeck 1906
  • Heinrich Theodor Behn , Mayor of the Free and Hanseatic City of Lübeck . Published by Duncker and Humblot, Leipzig 1906
  • Emanuel Geibel's youth letters , published by Karl Curtius, Berlin 1909
  • Asset accounting of the free and Hanseatic city of Lübeck , published by HG Rahtgens, Lübeck 1910
  • On the Lübeck Council Line 1814–1914 , Max Schmidt, Lübeck 1915. Commons digitized
  • Lübeckische Ratslinie , Verlag Max Schmidt-Römhild , 2nd edition Lübeck 1925. Unchanged reprint Lübeck 1978. ISBN 3795005000
  • Out of my life. Memories and documents. Otto Quitzow Verlag, 1929 (posthumously, records from the years 1916 to 1923, digitized )


Medal of honor of the Senate
Commemorative coin of the non-profit

What the order was in a monarchical state has been a simple commemorative coin in a state like that of Lübeck, which was based on self-administration. Three such medals are awarded in Lübeck. The first was awarded by the Senate, the second by the Chamber of Commerce and the third by the Society for the Promotion of Charitable Activities.

On Fehling's 70th birthday, his services were recognized accordingly. The Senate awarded him the golden honorary commemorative coin Bene Merenti in recognition of his statesmanlike work in the present. With the bestowal of its highest award, the commemorative medal of the Society for the Promotion of Charitable Activities , the “Society for the Promotion of Charitable Activities” honored , among other things, his services to the reorganization for the continued existence of the corporate body. The "Lübeckisches Geschichtsverein" recognized him by making him an honorary member .

In recognition of Fehling's collaboration in the history of his homeland, he was from the philosophical faculty of rostocker University of honorary doctorates awarded.

For his services, especially his services for the continuation of the Lübeck Council Line , on the 80th birthday of the mayor a. To adequately honor D. , the Senate granted him honorary citizenship . In order to present the new honorary citizen with the appropriate certificate in an appropriate framework, the entire Senate appeared at his place.

Professors Heinrich Sieveking and Kurt Perels appeared to award Fehling the certificate of honorary doctorate in political science from the University of Hamburg .


Web links

Commons : Emil Ferdinand Fehling  - Collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikisource: Emil Ferdinand Fehling  - Sources and full texts


Individual evidence

  1. ↑. Hermann Genzken: The high school graduates of the Katharineum in Lübeck (grammar school and secondary school) from Easter 1807 to 1907. Borchers, Lübeck 1907 ( digitized version ), no. 624
  2. From my life , p. 30
  3. a b E. F. Fehling. In: Vaterstadtische Blätter ; Born 1916/17, No. 11, edition of December 10, 1916, pp. 41–42.
  4. a b Mayor Dr. Fehling. ; In: Lübeckische Blätter ; Volume 63, number 31, edition of August 5, 1917, pp. 390–391.
  5. ^ J. Bielefeld: Berlin and the Berliners (1905). Europäische Hochschulverlag, 2011, ISBN 978-3-8457-2001-2 , p. 477 f.
  6. ↑ Weekly chronicle from Lübeck and the surrounding area. In: Father-city sheets. Born 1905, No. 1, edition of January 1, 1905, p. 4.
  7. ↑ Weekly chronicle from Lübeck and the surrounding area. In: Father-city sheets. Born 1905, No. 10, edition of March 5, 1905, p. 44.
  8. ↑ Weekly chronicle from Lübeck and the surrounding area. In: Father-city sheets. Vol. 1905, No. 24, edition of June 11, 1905, p. 100.
  9. Senator Dr. Fehling, Lübeck's representative to the Federal Council. In: Vaterstädtische Blätter , vol. 1912/13, No. 47, edition of August 14, 1913, pp. 201–202.
  10. Emperor's birthday. In: Vaterstädtische Blätter , year 1917, No. 19, edition of February 4, 1917.
  11. ^ The visit of Sr. Magnificence of the Presiding Mayor Dr. Fehling with the "Lübeck" regiment. In: Vaterstädtische Blätter , year 1917, No. 39, edition of June 24, 1917, pp. 155–157.
  12. Linsingen resided in the castle at the time they met.
  13. Knocke - West Chapel. : In Otto Dziobek : History of the Infantry Regiment Lübeck (3rd Hanseatic) No. 162 , Verlag Gerhard Stalling , 1922 Oldenburg i. O. , pp. 305-306.
  14. ^ The upheaval in Lübeck. In: Lübeckische Blätter , vol. 60, number 46, edition of November 17, 1918, pp. 577-579.
  15. a b c d Mayor Dr. Emil Ferdinand Fehling †. In: Vaterstädtische Blätter , year 1926/27, No. 23, edition of August 7, 1927, p. 91.
  16. ^ The homecoming of the Lübeck regiment. In: Vaterstädtische Blätter , year 1918/19, No. 5, edition of December 8, 1918, pp. 17-19.
  17. ^ Lorraine - Strasbourg - homecoming. In: Otto Dziobek: History of the Infantry Regiment Lübeck (3rd Hanseatic) No. 162 , Verlag Gerhard Stalling, 1922 Oldenburg i. O., pp. 347-349.
  18. ^ Lübeck state constitution . verassungen.de. Archived from the original on April 18, 2016. Retrieved March 26, 2019.
  19. Chronicle. In: Vaterstädtische Blätter , vol. 1920/21, No. 6, edition of December 12, 1920, p. 20.
  20. ^ Lübeck's former mayor Dr. Emil Ferdinand Fehling. In: Lübeckische Blätter , Volume 73, number 3, edition of August 7, 1927, pp. 545-546.
  21. Mayor Dr. Fehling's funeral. In: Father-city sheets. Born 1926/27, No. 24, issue of August 21, 1927, pp. 96-97.
  22. ^ Buddenbrooks - List of real names
  23. Lübeck's centenary of the Battle of Nations in Leipzig. In: Father-city sheets. Born 1913/14, No. 4, edition of October 17, 1913, pp. 14-16.