Lutz Eigendorf

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Lutz Eigendorf
Federal Archives Image 183-P0301-0026, FC Carl Zeiss Jena - BFC Dynamo 3-2.jpg
Lutz Eigendorf (right) in
the BFC Dynamo jersey (1975)
birthday July 16, 1956
place of birth Brandenburg an der HavelGDR
date of death March 7, 1983
Place of death BraunschweigFR Germany
size 182 cm
position midfield
Years station
1964-1970 BSG Motor South Brandenburg
1970-1974 Berlin FC Dynamo
Years station Games (goals) 1
1974-1975 Berlin FC Dynamo II 5 (1)
1974-1979 Berlin FC Dynamo 100 (7)
1980-1982 1. FC Kaiserslautern 53 (7)
1982-1983 Eintracht Braunschweig 8 (2)
National team
Years selection Games (goals)
1973-1974 GDR U-18 11 (0)
1974-1988 DDR U-21 24 (4)
1975 DDR U-23 3 (0)
1978-1979 GDR 6 (3)
1 Only league games are given.

Lutz Eigendorf (born July 16, 1956 in Brandenburg an der Havel , † March 7, 1983 in Braunschweig ) was a German football player . The defensive player, who had played six international matches for the GDR national team , went to West Germany in the spring of 1979. Four years later, Eigendorf was killed in a traffic accident. Although there is no evidence of this, the circumstances of the accident, which were not fully clarified, fueled the suspicion that Eigendorf was murdered by the Ministry for State Security (MfS).

Childhood and youth, career in GDR football

Eigendorf (back, 1st from left) on the team photo of the BFC Dynamo (1978)

Born in 1956 as the only child of his parents Ingeburg and Jörg in Brandenburg an der Havel, Eigendorf was a member of the German Gymnastics and Sports Association from 1963 . As is customary in the GDR, Eigendorf initially belonged to the pioneer organization , later to the FDJ and the Society for German-Soviet Friendship . In 1973 he joined the FDGB , in 1978 the application for admission to the SED followed .

He started playing soccer in 1964 at BSG Motor Süd Brandenburg . His first trainers there were Lothar Simon and Helmut Marx.

From 1970 to 1973 Lutz Eigendorf attended the children's and youth sports school "Werner Seelenbinder" in Berlin and in August 1970 moved to the junior department of the later GDR record champions BFC Dynamo . He broke off an apprenticeship as an electrician at VEB Transformatorenwerk "Karl Liebknecht" Berlin, which he started in 1973 in favor of his sporting career. Instead, he worked as a civilian employee of the People's Police at the BFC and did his military service with the Feliks Dzierzynski guard regiment .

Shortly after the start of the 1974/75 season , the then 18-year-old junior selection player made it into the BFC's league team . In this, Eigendorf came on the 5th match day against the BSG Sachsenring Zwickau for his first appearance and was missing from then until the end of the season in only one other game.

In total, he played 100 league games for the East Berlin soccer club , in which he scored seven goals. He had his last mission in the East German upper house on March 17, 1979 with 10: 0- rout of BFC, to which he contributed a goal against his former opponents debut from Zwickau.

Internationally, he appeared four times for the BFC in the UEFA Cup , but retired in the first round in 1976/77 and 1978/79 . The elimination in September 1978 was particularly dramatic when the BFC won the first leg against FK Roter Stern Belgrade in East Berlin with 5-2, but in the second leg in Belgrade with an own goal by Reinhard Lauck in the 90th minute with 1: 4 had to give up.

Eigendorf (3rd from left) in the 3-1 victory of the GDR in the European Championship qualifier against Iceland (1978)

In May 1974 he was nominated for the squad of the GDR U-18s for the UEFA youth tournament, the unofficial European championship for this age group, in Sweden. With the youth team of the GDR , Eigendorf took part in the first U-21 European Championship in 1978 and won silver behind Yugoslavia with the GDR team after losing the finals .

On August 30, 1978, he made his debut in the 2-2 draw against Bulgaria in the GDR national team and scored both goals with a head for the GDR selection. In his second international match on September 6, 1978 in a 2-1 win against the selection of the ČSSR , Eigendorf was successful with a goal. He played a total of six internationals for the GDR, the last time on February 11, 1979 in the 1: 2 of the GDR selection against Iraq in Baghdad .

Escape and career in the Federal Republic

On March 20, 1979, the BFC Dynamo played a friendly game at 1. FC Kaiserslautern . The following day, Eigendorf used a stroll through the city of Gießen (at that time the first point of contact for GDR refugees in the Federal Republic) to break away from the team. He returned by taxi to Kaiserslautern , where he wanted to be recruited as a player. He spent the first few days under a false name in a boarding house in Trippstadt before the FCK managing director Norbert Thines took him into his private apartment.

In the state-controlled media of the GDR, Eigendorf's escape was hardly discussed. Thus, the reported new Germany of his disappearance only in a short message entitled "Bought and betrayed". Photos and souvenir items with Eigendorf's name or likeness were destroyed. The absence of Eigendorf, however, did not go unnoticed by the GDR audience. Football fans provoked the Berlin club, which was unpopular because of its privileged status, several times at away games with the question “Where is Eigendorf?” Eigendorf's flight, which was considered politically reliable, hit the GDR sports officials under Manfred Ewald and the MfS by surprise. For fear of imitators, the ideological review of the players was intensified and occasional games in the “ non-socialist economic area ” were canceled. At the away games of the BFC Dynamo, the opposing fans chanted in the presence of the Stasi boss Mielke : "If you want to pile into the west, you have to storm at Dynamo". As a result of his escape, Eigendorf was targeted by the Stasi and was processed by various departments of the MfS with up to 50 full-time and 20 unofficial employees (IM) of the MfS as part of the operational processes "Rose" and "Traitor" . His wife Gabriele, who remained in East Berlin, was placed under constant observation by the Stasi with their daughter, who was born in 1976, and isolated from him in order to prevent “the traitor Eigendorf, Lutz, from influencing his wife with regard to maintaining the marriage”. At the same time, they threatened to take their daughter away from her. Lawyers who also worked for the MfS initiated quick divorce proceedings, which were carried out on July 7, 1979. Gabriele Eigendorf married again and had another child. As it turned out later, the man was a " Romeo " agent of the Stasi, who was supposed to build a love affair, spy on her in this way and work towards a separation from Eigendorf. Eigendorf also remarried in 1982; from his marriage to his second wife Josephine, a son was born in 1983.

After attempts had failed to persuade Eigendorf to return to the GDR with the help of his family and the offer of an amnesty , the district court of Berlin-Mitte issued an arrest warrant for Eigendorf on April 4, 1979 for " illegally crossing the border ". On the day of his escape, the GDR Football Association also applied for Eigendorf to be banned for two years. However, due to the club change, Eigendorf was only banned from the FIFA World Cup for one year. From April 1979 he worked part-time at the FCK office, before he acquired his B-coaching license in July 1979 and from then on headed the training of the FCK youth team. On September 15, 1979, in Kaiserslautern, he signed a professional contract valid until December 1982 with an annual salary of 100,000 D-Marks. He played his first Bundesliga game on April 11, 1980 in a 4-1 win against VfL Bochum ; he scored his first Bundesliga goal on April 26th in a 2-0 win for FCK against 1. FC Köln . In total, he played 53 league and four cup games for Kaiserslautern and scored seven goals. He also played ten times for 1. FC Kaiserslautern in the UEFA Cup and even reached the semi-finals with FCK in the 1981/82 season . Eigendorf was not allowed to travel to the away games at Akademik Sofia and Spartak Moscow for security reasons.

In June 1982 he moved to Eintracht Braunschweig for the transfer fee of 400,000 Deutschmarks and moved from Kaiserslautern to Grassel . As a result of an operation on the left Achilles tendon, however, he was only able to play for his new club for the first time on matchday 14. In total, he played eight league and one cup games for Eintracht Braunschweig. His only goals for Eintracht Braunschweig he scored both with a penalty on January 29, 1983 in the game against Arminia Bielefeld . Shortly before this, Eigendorf, who also played tennis in his free time, had acquired a flying license for powered aircraft.


After his team's home game on March 5, 1983 against VfL Bochum , which he had only followed from the bench, Eigendorf visited his favorite pub in Braunschweig until around 10:00 p.m. On the way home, around 11:00 p.m., he came off the road in his Alfa Romeo GTV 6 sports car on a wet road in the Braunschweig district of Querum , crashed into a tree with the vehicle unbuckled and suffered severe head and chest injuries. Two days later he died in the accident hospital of the consequences of his serious injuries. The analysis of a blood sample showed a blood alcohol content of 2.2 per mille. On March 17, 1983, he was buried in the forest cemetery in Kaiserslautern. His parents received a travel permit for the funeral and did not return to the GDR afterwards.

Presumed role of the MfS in the accident

Eigendorf had already been closely spied on by the Ministry for State Security during his time in GDR sport and remained in the sights of the Stasi even after his escape. The associated IM documents contain multi-page descriptions of his daily routes, his driving behavior and “regularities in the daily routine”. Not least because, a few days before his fatal accident, Eigendorf had criticized the situation in GDR football in the ARD magazine Kontraste , there was suspicion that the MfS was involved in the incident. Among other things, it was suspected that Eigendorf's car had been shot at, that the car's brakes had been manipulated or that a contact poison had been applied to the door of the car. A motor vehicle expert who examined the accident vehicle found no relevant clues. However, the vehicle was not subjected to a forensic investigation. An autopsy of the body or a later exhumation for the purpose of examination for possible toxins was also not carried out.

The blood alcohol content of 2.2 per mille determined after the accident at Eigendorf was actually much higher, as Eigendorf had received infusions on the way to the hospital. This was contrary to several witness statements, according to which Eigendorf had much less drunk on the evening of the accident. Eigendorf's widow also denies that Eigendorf drank so much alcohol. Proponents of a murder theory, such as the writer and documentary author Heribert Schwan , see this as an indication that Eigendorf was first kidnapped, treated with alcohol injections and then blinded on a winding route. The public prosecutor responsible for the Eigendorf case at the time, Hans-Jürgen Grasemann, on the other hand, also sees arguments that contradict this thesis and refers in this connection to the statements of former players that Eigendorf had repeatedly attracted attention in the past due to excessive alcohol consumption and on the day of the accident therefore had been admonished by the coach. Klaus Huhn , who worked as a sports journalist and IM for the MfS at Neues Deutschland during the GDR era, contradicts all murder theories - especially that of Heribert Schwan - in a book published in 2011 and describes them as propaganda.

In the documents of the MfS-Hauptabteilung XXII there was a note on “Personal Danger”, in which Eigendorf is mentioned in connection with “Blitzen” (blinding), “Accident statistics”, “Fainting” and “ Anesthetics ”. In addition, MfS employees commissioned with his monitoring received a special bonus from the MfS on the day Eigendorf died. Ultimately, corresponding assumptions that the GDR secret service was involved were not further substantiated, but it cannot be ruled out that at least an attack on Eigendorf was planned or that the MfS wanted to use targeted disinformation to pretend to be the perpetrator of the accident. In 2004, the investigation into the possible murder of Lutz Eigendorf, which had been initiated by the Berlin public prosecutor's office after reunification, was closed.

On February 9, 2010, the former IM "Klaus Schlosser" alias Karl-Heinz Felgner testified that he had received an official murder order for Eigendorf from the Stasi, but had not carried it out. However, experts consider the statements of the multiple criminal record and legally convicted Felgner to be implausible, also with regard to his rumored relationship of trust with Eigendorf. The MfS files from 1980 to 1983 on Felgner's person are considered to have disappeared. At the beginning of 2011, the public prosecutor's office refused to reopen the proceedings because they saw no objective evidence of third-party negligence and no evidence of possible contract killing could be substantiated.



  • "Tod dem Verräter" , WDR documentary by Heribert Schwan, March 2000.
  • “In the network of the Stasi - special order murder” , ZDF documentary by Heribert Schwan, September 2010

Web links

Commons : Lutz Eigendorf  - Collection of Images

Individual evidence

  1. See Kicker-Sportmagazin : special issue Bundesliga 80/81. P. 77.
  2. Matthias Arnhold: Lutz Eigendorf - Matches and Goals in Oberliga (February 26, 2020) in the RSSSF database . Retrieved February 26, 2020.
  3. a b c cf. Berliner Zeitung of August 31, 1978: Debutant Eigendorf used two headers - the GDR footballers' hard 2: 2 against Bulgaria . P. 11.
  4. See Klaus Querengässer: Football in the GDR 1945–1989. Part 4: The FDGB Cup. GDR youth football (= AGON Sportverlag statistics. Volume 22). AGON Sportverlag, Kassel 1997, ISBN 3-89609-102-6 , p. 118 ff.
  5. ^ Matthias Arnhold: Lutz Eigendorf - International Appearances (October 3, 2004) in the RSSSF database (English). Retrieved February 20, 2020.
  6. See Federal Foundation for the Processing of the SED Dictatorship : Historical Calendar, March 7 , last viewed on April 29, 2013.
  7. a b c d e cf. Heribert Schwan: Death to the traitor! The long arm of the Stasi and the Lutz Eigendorf case. Munich 2000, pp. 315-317.
  8. a b cf. Andreas Baingo , Michael Horn: The history of the GDR Oberliga. 2nd Edition. Verlag Die Werkstatt, Göttingen 2004, ISBN 3-89533-428-6 , pp. 190ff.
  9. You represent our republic. In: fuwo - The new football week . May 21, 1974, p. 8.
  10. See Berliner Zeitung of September 16, 1974: 1. FCM is a pacemaker . P. 4.
  11. See Oberliga 1978/1979 - 17th matchday , last viewed on May 4, 2013.
  12. See Klaus Querengässer: Football in the GDR 1945–1989. Part 5: The European Cup (= AGON Sportverlag statistics. Volume 23). AGON Sportverlag, Kassel 1995, ISBN 3-928562-74-6 , pp. 324-333.
  13. See Neues Deutschland from September 28, 1978: UEFA Cup: Reter Stern Belgrade-BFC Dynamo 4: 1 - the decision was not made until the very last minute . P. 5.
  14. See Berliner Zeitung of March 27, 1974: Three Berliners included . P. 4.
  15. Cf. Neues Deutschland from September 7, 1978: Football international match GDR - ČSSR in Leipzig: Better than last, but still without shine 2: 1 - long-range goal from Pommerenke and Eigendorf . P. 5.
  16. See Klaus Querengässer: Football in the GDR 1945–1989. Part 2: National team (= AGON Sportverlag statistics. Volume 16). AGON Sportverlag, Kassel 1995, ISBN 3-928562-55-X , pp. 168-175, 261 ff.
  17. See swan: Death to the traitor! P. 31f.
  18. See Neues Deutschland of March 23, 1979: Bought and betrayed . P. 5.
  19. See swan: Death to the traitor! P. 150 f.
  20. See MDR: DDR-Fußballer: Escape as "Treason" , last viewed on May 3, 2013.
  21. Cf. Ingolf Pleil: Mielke, power and mastery - the "processing" of the Dynamo Dresden sports community by the MfS 1978–1989. Ch. Links Verlag , Berlin 2001, p. 124 f.
  22. See arrow: Mielke, power and mastery. Pp. 82, 240.
  23. Reinhard Bingener, Land der Spione, How the Stasi covered Lower Saxony with a network of agents , FAZ from April 11, 2016, p. 10.
  24. a b Cf. Mitteldeutscher Rundfunk : GDR Footballers - Escape as "Treason" , viewed on July 4, 2011.
  25. See Braunschweiger Zeitung of February 20, 2008: IM "Kroll" scouting Braunschweig , last viewed on April 29, 2013.
  26. The minister's working group (AGM), the central coordination group (ZKG) and the main department IX responsible for investigative work were involved (see Günter Förster: The Law School of the Ministry for State Security , BStU , MfS manual)
  27. BStU, MfS, AOP, No. 5185/83, (quoted from Angela Schmole: Main Department VIII - observation, investigation, search, arrest , BStU , MfS manual)
  28. Cf. Jutta Braun: "Sportfreund Mielke" - The Ministry for State Security and the Cold War in Sport. In: Carlos Collado Seidel (Ed.): Secret Services, Diplomacy and War - The Mechanism of International Relations. Berlin 2013, pp. 103–116, here p. 108.
  29. See swan: Death to the traitor! P. 63.
  30. See Werner Kalinka : Destiny DDR - Twenty portraits of victims and perpetrators , Ullstein Verlag , Berlin 1997, p. 139.
  31. See swan: Death to the traitor! P. 58 f.
  32. See Munzinger-Archiv Sport: Lutz Eigendorf , last viewed on May 3, 2013.
  33. a b c d See Fuß Lutz Eigendorf , last viewed on May 3, 2013.
  34. See Club matches Lutz Eigendorf , last viewed on May 5, 2013.
  35. a b c cf. 11Freunde : “Possibly poisoned” - 30 years ago today: Why did Lutz Eigendorf die? ( Memento of April 19, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) , last viewed on April 29, 2013.
  36. tz .de: 30 years ago: The mysterious death of Lutz Eigendorf , accessed on March 27, 2014.
  37. a b See Mitteldeutsche Zeitung of March 6, 2013: Eigendorf mysteriously died 30 years ago , last viewed on May 5, 2013.
  38. a b c See Deutschlandfunk from February 14, 2010: Sportsman murder on behalf of the Stasi? , last accessed on April 29, 2013.
  39. See Harry Walstra: The murder of Lutz Eigendorf , last viewed on June 3, 2013.
  40. Major Reiner Mutscher (HA VIII / 6): Observation plan order 220/81 "Rose" of October 30, 1981; BStU, MfS AIM, No. 2617/91, Part II, Volume 2, Bl. 280 f., Cit. n. Schmole: Main Department VIII. p. 87.
  41. a b c Cf. Der Spiegel 34/1990: We find you everywhere . Pp. 64-68.
  42. a b See Deutschlandfunk from March 3, 2013: The political explosiveness misjudged - On the 30th anniversary of the death of footballer Lutz Eigendorf , last viewed on April 29, 2013.
  43. See Nordkurier from March 6, 2013: Mysteries around Lutz EIgendorf ( Memento from July 1, 2013 in the web archive ), last viewed on May 4, 2013.
  44. a b Cf. Der Tagesspiegel of February 11, 2010: “Murder does not expire” , last viewed on May 9, 2013.
  45. See Academy for Political Education : ( Memento from June 30, 2013 in the web archive ) , last viewed on September 9 , 2013 . May 2013.
  46. Klaus Huhn : The "Endless Murder" of Lutz Eigendorf . Verlag "Das neue Berlin", Berlin 2011, ISBN 978-3-360-02043-7 .
  47. Cf. MfS, HA XXII: Handwritten document of September 19, 1983, p. 22, doc. in: Swan: Death to the traitor! P. 263.
  48. a b Cf. Braunschweiger Zeitung of February 27, 2008: Does this document prove that Lutz Eigendorf was murdered? , last accessed on April 29, 2013.
  49. See Frankfurter Rundschau of March 5, 2013: GDR soccer star Eigendorf - died for freedom? , last accessed on April 29, 2013.
  50. a b See Braunschweiger Zeitung of January 8, 2011: Eigendorf's death record remains closed , last viewed on April 29, 2013.