|Canton :||Vaud (VD)|
|BFS no. :||5725|
|Postal code :||1197|
|UN / LOCODE :||CH PGS|
|Height range :||372–433 m above sea level M.|
|Area :||6.07 km²|
|Residents:||4038 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||665 inhabitants per km²|
|Location of the municipality|
The area of the 6.1 km² municipal area comprises a section on the north-west bank of Lake Geneva. The community grounds extend from the lakeshore over the flat shoreline to the Prangins terrace. The highest point in the municipality is Promenthouse , which flows into Lake Geneva with a large alluvial cone; the main part of this delta belongs to Prangins. In 1997, 28% of the municipal area was in settlements, 13% in forests and woodlands, 58% in agriculture and a little less than 1% was unproductive land.at the foot of the hill of Duillier. The north-eastern border of the area is formed by the winding course of the
With 4038 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2018), Prangins is one of the medium-sized municipalities in the canton of Vaud. 77.9% of the residents are French-speaking, 7.9% German-speaking and 5.9% English-speaking (as of 2000). The population of Prangins was 440 inhabitants in 1850 and 754 in 1900. After 1960 (1123 inhabitants) a rapid increase in population began with a tripling of the number of inhabitants within 40 years. The Prangins settlement area has now merged seamlessly with that of Nyon.
Until the 20th century, Prangins was mainly an agricultural village. Agriculture still plays a certain role today as a source of income; thanks to the fertile soils, it is concentrated on arable farming , and viticulture is only practiced on a very small area. There are other jobs in the chemical industry, in trade and in the service sector. In the last few decades the village has developed into a residential community. Most of the employed are commuters who work mainly in Nyon and Geneva .
The transmission system of the Swiss time signal transmitter HBG , which was built in 1929 and used a T-antenna attached to two free-standing, 125-meter-high and grounded steel lattice towers, was located near Prangins . A few more antennas belonged to the transmitter, including a. for an omnidirectional radio beacon . The operation of the time signal transmitters was discontinued at the end of 2011 and the transmission masts were blown up on September 6, 2012.
The community has good transport connections. The center is located between the main road 1 from Geneva along Lake Geneva to Lausanne and the road from Nyon to the Vaudois Côte. The motorway connections Nyon and Gland on the A1 (Geneva – Lausanne) are each around 4 km from the town center. On April 14, 1858, the Morges - Coppet section of the SBB Lausanne-Geneva line went into operation with a stop in Prangins. Today, however, the station is no longer served. Nyon's city bus network takes care of the fine distribution in public transport . La Côte airfield is located northeast of Prangins .
The lakeside near Prangins was settled as early as the Neolithic . The first written mention of the place took place in 1140 under the name Prengiaco . The names Preingins (1142), Prengiens (1154), Prengins (1164), Perengins and Pringins (1172) and Pringens (1177) appeared later . The place name is probably derived from the personal name Perenger and means for the people of Perenger .
During the Middle Ages , from the 11th to the 13th centuries, Prangins was the seat of an important dominion that stretched from the Pays de Gex to Mont-sur-Rolle . In 1293 this rule came to the House of Savoy and from then on changed hands several times, whereby the original dominion was greatly reduced. With the conquest of Vaud by Bern in 1536, Prangins came under the administration of the Nyon Bailiwick . After the collapse of the Ancien Régime , the village belonged to the canton of Léman from 1798 to 1803 during the Helvetic Republic, which then became part of the canton of Vaud when the mediation constitution came into force . In 1798 it was assigned to the Nyon district. The last emperor of Austria-Hungary, Charles I, lived in Prangins for some time after his exile.
The current construction of the reformed parish church of Prangins dates from 1757 to 1761 and has a bell tower from 1860. In the old town center, some farm and town houses from the 17th to 19th centuries have been preserved.
On the edge of the terrace east of the village center is the Prangins Castle , which was built from 1732–1739 on the site of a medieval manor house. It consists of a central wing with two side wings, flanked by four corner towers. From 1814 to 1827 it belonged to Emperor Napoleon's brother Joseph Bonaparte . Prangins Castle has been a branch of the Swiss National Museum since 1998 (after extensive renovation) . As a permanent exhibition, it shows the economic, social and cultural development in Switzerland between 1750 and 1920.
In Promenthoux there are the Villa de Prangins and the Villa La Bergerie de Prangins , which were built for Prince Napoléon Joseph Charles Paul Bonaparte from 1862 and 1870 , respectively, and the Promenthoux Castle (built around 1900).
- Official website of the municipality of Prangins (French)
- François Christe: Prangins. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- Aerial photography
- Permanent and non-permanent resident population by year, canton, district, municipality, population type and gender (permanent resident population). In: bfs. admin.ch . Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 31, 2019, accessed on December 22, 2019 .
- metas.ch - Federal Metrology Office METAS (August 26, 2009): "HBG time signal transmitter in Prangins (VD) set to end of 2011" (accessed on May 27, 2011) (PDF; 26 kB)
- Dismantling of the masts of the time signal transmitter HBG in Prangins. admin.ch, August 21, 2012, accessed on May 4, 2016 .