Gland VD

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
VD is the abbreviation for the canton of Vaud in Switzerland and is used to avoid confusion with other entries of the name Glandf .
Coat of arms of Gland
State : SwitzerlandSwitzerland Switzerland
Canton : Canton of VaudCanton of Vaud Vaud (VD)
District : Nyonw
BFS no. : 5721i1 f3 f4
Postal code : 1196
Coordinates : 509 801  /  142009 coordinates: 46 ° 25 '24 "  N , 6 ° 15' 55"  O ; CH1903:  509 801  /  142009
Height : 432  m above sea level M.
Height range : 372–478 m above sea level M.
Area : 8.32  km²
Residents: i13,109 (December 31, 2018)
Population density : 1576 inhabitants per km²
Unemployment rate : 4.4% (May 31, 2,015)
Location of the municipality
Genfersee Lac des Rousses Frankreich Frankreich Kanton Genf Kanton Genf Kanton Genf Bezirk Jura-Nord vaudois Bezirk Morges Arnex-sur-Nyon Arzier-Le Muids Bassins Begnins Bogis-Bossey Borex Bursinel Bursins Burtigny Chavannes-de-Bogis Chavannes-des-Bois Chéserex Coinsins Commugny Coppet Crans-près-Céligny Crassier Duillier Dully Essertines-sur-Rolle Eysins Founex Genolier Gilly VD Gingins Givrins Gland VD Grens Longirod Luins Marchissy Mies VD Mont-sur-Rolle Nyon Perroy VD Prangins La Rippe Rolle VD Saint-Cergue Saint-George Signy-Avenex Tannay VD Tartegnin Trélex Le Vaud Vich VD VinzelMap of Gland
About this picture
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Gland ([ glɑ̃ ], Franco-Provencal [ gʎɑ̃ ]) is a municipality in the Nyon district in the canton of Vaud in Switzerland .


Aerial photo (1964)

Gland is 432  m above sea level. M. five kilometers (as the crow flies) northeast of the district capital Nyon . The municipality extends on the plain sloping slightly towards Lake Geneva at the southern foot of the Jura in the far west of the Vaudois Côte.

The area of ​​the 8.3 km² municipal area comprises a section on the north-west bank of Lake Geneva. The community soil extends from the lakeshore over the flat edge of the bank to the north over the plain to the foot of the Jura. Here is at 470  m above sea level. M. reached the highest point of Gland. The north-eastern border is formed by the mostly canalised Lavasson and - below its mouth - the Dullive , which flows into Lake Geneva with a small cone . The southwestern border runs along the Promenthouse , which flows with numerous meanders through a valley. In the far south, the municipality extends to the alluvial cone that the Promenthouse formed with the material eroded in the Jura when it flows into Lake Geneva. In 1997, 37% of the municipal area was in settlements, 14% in forests and woodland, 48% in agriculture and a little less than 1% was unproductive land.

The settlements of La Lignière ( 403  m above sea level ) and La Dullive ( 380  m above sea level ) west of the stream of the same name as well as some farmsteads belong to Gland . Neighboring municipalities to Gland are Prangins , Vich , Begnins , Luins and Dully . Gland borders France over Lake Geneva .


Population development
year Residents
1764 324
1850 425
1900 676
1950 1'180
1960 1'545
1970 2,404
1980 4,906
1990 7,109
2000 9,663
2010 11,633

With 13,109 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2018), Gland is one of the largest municipalities in the canton of Vaud. 79.5% of the residents are French-speaking, 6.5% German-speaking and 3.6% English-speaking (as of 2000). After 1960 a rapid increase in population began with a sevenfold increase in the number of inhabitants within 30 years.


Gland was mainly an agricultural village until the 20th century . Today agriculture only plays a subordinate role as a source of income, it concentrates on viticulture at the foot of the La Côte and in the plain east of the village; Thanks to the fertile soils, agriculture is also important. Only since the construction of the A1 motorway (1964) did numerous industrial companies as well as commercial and service companies settle in the community. Heini Mader Racing Components , an international manufacturer and tuner of racing engines, was based in Gland for four decades. The headquarters of the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) as well as those of WWF and Swissquote are located in Gland. Gland also owns the La Lignière clinic, which specializes in cardiology and diabetology. There has been a large school and sports center since 1971; Gland also owns a golf course near Lake Geneva.

In the last few decades the former wine-growing village has developed into a residential community. New quarters emerged mainly in the direction of Lake Geneva, while the industrial and commercial zones are mainly to be found near the motorway and in the southwest of the municipality. Since Gland is roughly halfway between Lausanne and Geneva , there are also many people who work in these cities. Gland has become a popular place to live for celebrities. For example, the Formula 1 racing driver Michael Schumacher settled here in 2006 . His new villa (around 40 million euros) is said to be the most expensive residential building in Switzerland.


The community has excellent transport connections. The highway A1 (opened in 1964), the main road 1 and the SBB -line Lausanne-Geneva (taken part Morges-Coppet on 14 April 1858 in operation) to happen England. The bus routes from the local train station to Burtigny , Rolle and from Nyon via Gland to Gimel provide for the fine distribution of public transport . From 1906 to 1954 the Gland – Begnins (GB) overland tram operated .


Gland can look back on a very long tradition of settlement. The earliest traces go back to the Bronze Age , from which a settlement on the lakeshore near La Dullive comes from. At La Lignière, graves from the La Tène period were found . Finds are also known from Roman times , including the remains of a villa, a brick kiln and graves. Other burial sites have come down to us from the Burgundian period.

The place was first mentioned in a document in 994 under the name Villa Glannis . Later the names Glant (1179), Glans (1202), Glanez (1344) and 1386 the current name appeared. Gland had belonged to the Prangins rule since the Middle Ages , but Romainmôtier Abbey and the Lords of Gingins also owned the village.

With the conquest of Vaud by Bern in 1536, Gland came under the administration of the Nyon Bailiwick . In 1673 Marcins, which until then had formed an independent municipality, was united with Gland. The place took in many Huguenot refugees in the 18th century. After the collapse of the Ancien Régime , Gland belonged to the canton of Léman from 1798 to 1803 during the Helvetic Republic, which then became part of the canton of Vaud when the mediation constitution came into force . In 1798 it was assigned to the Nyon district.


In Gland there is a reformed parish church (built in 1968) and a Catholic church (1973). Outside the village along the lakeshore there are several mansions and castle-like villas, all of which are privately owned, including Villas Prangins .

In the 1930s, an anti-tank barrier was built between the shores of Lake Geneva and the Jura. The special shape of the concrete blocks is reminiscent of Toblerone chocolate, which is why the lock was named La ligne des Toblerones . The Sentier des Toblerones ( Tobleroneweg ) educational trail runs along this barrier today .


Web links

Commons : Gland  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Permanent and non-permanent resident population by year, canton, district, municipality, population type and gender (permanent resident population). In: bfs. . Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 31, 2019, accessed on December 22, 2019 .
  2. Demandeurs d'emploi, chômeurs et taux de chômage par commune. ( XLS , 115 kB) Statistique Vaud, Département des finances et des relations extérieures (Statistics Vaud, Department of Finance and Foreign Affairs), accessed on June 14, 2015 (French).
  3. Wulf Müller / Nicolas Pépin / Andres Kristol, Gland VD (Nyon) in: Dictionnaire toponymique des communes suisses - Lexicon of Swiss community names - Dizionario toponomastico dei comuni svizzeri (DTS | LSG) , Center de dialectologie, Université de Neuchâtel, Verlag Huber, Frauenfeld / Stuttgart / Vienna 2005, ISBN 3-7193-1308-5 and Éditions Payot, Lausanne 2005, ISBN 2-601-03336-3 , p. 391f.