|VD is the abbreviation for the canton of Vaud in Switzerland and is used to avoid confusion with other entries of the name Gland .|
|Canton :||Vaud (VD)|
|BFS no. :||5721|
|Postal code :||1196|
|Height range :||372–478 m above sea level M.|
|Area :||8.32 km²|
|Residents:||13,109 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||1576 inhabitants per km²|
|Unemployment rate :||4.4% (May 31, 2,015)|
|Location of the municipality|
The area of the 8.3 km² municipal area comprises a section on the north-west bank of Lake Geneva. The community soil extends from the lakeshore over the flat edge of the bank to the north over the plain to the foot of the Jura. Here is at Promenthouse , which flows with numerous meanders through a valley. In the far south, the municipality extends to the alluvial cone that the Promenthouse formed with the material eroded in the Jura when it flows into Lake Geneva. In 1997, 37% of the municipal area was in settlements, 14% in forests and woodland, 48% in agriculture and a little less than 1% was unproductive land.the highest point of Gland. The north-eastern border is formed by the mostly canalised Lavasson and - below its mouth - the Dullive , which flows into Lake Geneva with a small cone . The southwestern border runs along the
With 13,109 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2018), Gland is one of the largest municipalities in the canton of Vaud. 79.5% of the residents are French-speaking, 6.5% German-speaking and 3.6% English-speaking (as of 2000). After 1960 a rapid increase in population began with a sevenfold increase in the number of inhabitants within 30 years.
Gland was mainly an agricultural village until the 20th century . Today agriculture only plays a subordinate role as a source of income, it concentrates on viticulture at the foot of the La Côte and in the plain east of the village; Thanks to the fertile soils, agriculture is also important. Only since the construction of the A1 motorway (1964) did numerous industrial companies as well as commercial and service companies settle in the community. Heini Mader Racing Components , an international manufacturer and tuner of racing engines, was based in Gland for four decades. The headquarters of the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) as well as those of WWF and Swissquote are located in Gland. Gland also owns the La Lignière clinic, which specializes in cardiology and diabetology. There has been a large school and sports center since 1971; Gland also owns a golf course near Lake Geneva.
In the last few decades the former wine-growing village has developed into a residential community. New quarters emerged mainly in the direction of Lake Geneva, while the industrial and commercial zones are mainly to be found near the motorway and in the southwest of the municipality. Since Gland is roughly halfway between Lausanne and Geneva , there are also many people who work in these cities. Gland has become a popular place to live for celebrities. For example, the Formula 1 racing driver Michael Schumacher settled here in 2006 . His new villa (around 40 million euros) is said to be the most expensive residential building in Switzerland.
The community has excellent transport connections. The highway A1 (opened in 1964), the main road 1 and the SBB -line Lausanne-Geneva (taken part Morges-Coppet on 14 April 1858 in operation) to happen England. The bus routes from the local train station to Burtigny , Rolle and from Nyon via Gland to Gimel provide for the fine distribution of public transport . From 1906 to 1954 the Gland – Begnins (GB) overland tram operated .
Gland can look back on a very long tradition of settlement. The earliest traces go back to the Bronze Age , from which a settlement on the lakeshore near La Dullive comes from. At La Lignière, graves from the La Tène period were found . Finds are also known from Roman times , including the remains of a villa, a brick kiln and graves. Other burial sites have come down to us from the Burgundian period.
The place was first mentioned in a document in 994 under the name Villa Glannis . Later the names Glant (1179), Glans (1202), Glanez (1344) and 1386 the current name appeared. Gland had belonged to the Prangins rule since the Middle Ages , but Romainmôtier Abbey and the Lords of Gingins also owned the village.
With the conquest of Vaud by Bern in 1536, Gland came under the administration of the Nyon Bailiwick . In 1673 Marcins, which until then had formed an independent municipality, was united with Gland. The place took in many Huguenot refugees in the 18th century. After the collapse of the Ancien Régime , Gland belonged to the canton of Léman from 1798 to 1803 during the Helvetic Republic, which then became part of the canton of Vaud when the mediation constitution came into force . In 1798 it was assigned to the Nyon district.
In Gland there is a reformed parish church (built in 1968) and a Catholic church (1973). Outside the village along the lakeshore there are several mansions and castle-like villas, all of which are privately owned, including Villas Prangins .
In the 1930s, an anti-tank barrier was built between the shores of Lake Geneva and the Jura. The special shape of the concrete blocks is reminiscent of Toblerone chocolate, which is why the lock was named La ligne des Toblerones . The Sentier des Toblerones ( Tobleroneweg ) educational trail runs along this barrier today .
- Official website of the municipality of Gland (French)
- Germain Hausmann: Gland. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- Aerial photography
- Permanent and non-permanent resident population by year, canton, district, municipality, population type and gender (permanent resident population). In: bfs. admin.ch . Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 31, 2019, accessed on December 22, 2019 .
- Demandeurs d'emploi, chômeurs et taux de chômage par commune. ( XLS , 115 kB) Statistique Vaud, Département des finances et des relations extérieures (Statistics Vaud, Department of Finance and Foreign Affairs), accessed on June 14, 2015 (French).
- Wulf Müller / Nicolas Pépin / Andres Kristol, Gland VD (Nyon) in: Dictionnaire toponymique des communes suisses - Lexicon of Swiss community names - Dizionario toponomastico dei comuni svizzeri (DTS | LSG) , Center de dialectologie, Université de Neuchâtel, Verlag Huber, Frauenfeld / Stuttgart / Vienna 2005, ISBN 3-7193-1308-5 and Éditions Payot, Lausanne 2005, ISBN 2-601-03336-3 , p. 391f.