Sankt Lorenzen am Wechsel
Sankt Lorenzen am Wechsel
|coat of arms||Austria map|
|Political District :||Hartberg-Fürstenfeld|
|License plate :||HF (from 1.7.2013; old: HB)|
|Residents :||1,454 (January 1, 2020)|
|Postcodes :||8242, 8234, 8251|
|Area code :||03331|
|Community code :||6 22 45|
|Address of the
Sankt Lorenzen am Wechsel 23
8242 Sankt Lorenzen am Wechsel
|Mayor :||Hermann Pferschy ( ÖVP )|
Municipal Council : (2020)
|Location of Sankt Lorenzen am Wechsel in the Hartberg-Fürstenfeld district|
The parish church of St. Laurentius in St. Lorenzen am Wechsel
|Source: Municipal data from Statistics Austria|
Sankt Lorenzen am Wechsel with 1,454 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2020) is a municipality in the judicial district of Fürstenfeld and in the political district of Hartberg-Fürstenfeld in Styria in Austria .
Sankt Lorenzen am Wechsel is located at the foot of the Wechsel, approx. 17 km north of the district capital Hartberg . The municipality is bounded in the south by the Lafnitz and extends in the north to Niederwechsel ( ) on the border to Lower Austria . In addition to the Niederwechsel, there are other peaks of the Wechselmassif on the eastern edge of the municipality : Irrbühel ( ), Windhag ( ), Lorenzkogel ( ) and Hochkogel ( ). The municipality is mainly drained by the Vorderen and Hinteren Waldbach, tributaries of the Lafnitz.
The municipality of Sankt Lorenzen am Wechsel consists of three cadastral municipalities :
Auerbach (941.57 ha) with the villages
- Auerbach (125 inhabitants) with Dörfl
- Riegl (195) with Haide
- Köppel (2,989.57 ha) with the localities
- Festenburg (158) with Demmeldorf, Dorfstatt, Dreibach, Greith and Höfern
- Köppel (294) with Bachern, Brandstatt, Bruck an der Lafnitz, Feichtern and Knappenreith
- St. Lorenzen am Wechsel (922.76 ha) with the localities
- Sankt Lorenzen am Wechsel (526) with Sankt Lorenzen am Wechsel-Scattered Houses, Wilfing and Zehenthöf
- Kronegg (156) with Hofers
(As of: residents January 1, 2020; area 2015)
|Advance||Rohrbach an der Lafnitz||Rohrbach an der Lafnitz|
The current municipal area was already settled in Roman times, as a Roman trade route ran through the area. This is confirmed by burial mounds and wheel furrows.
The settlement of the municipality took place in the 12th and 13th centuries mainly to build fortifications against the Eastern European peoples, as the Austrian eastern border ran in the immediate vicinity. Settlement was promoted especially after the Vorau Abbey was founded in 1163.
The first farm in the municipality was mentioned in 1250, and Sankt Lorenzen was mentioned in a document as early as 1266, so the church must have already existed. This was first mentioned in a document in 1306. Since a vicar of Sankt Lorenzen was named as early as 1344 , the village had to have many inhabitants.
The following centuries were marked by natural disasters and armed conflicts in the municipality, as the village was not far from the Hungarian border. In 1349/50, 1599 and 1679/80 the plague raged in Sankt Lorenzen, in 1478 and 1480 swarms of locusts caused a famine. The village was invaded several times by the Hungarians , Turks and Kuruc . Between 1529 and 1533 the Turks devastated the municipality and burned down the parish church. The Festenburg could not be taken. During this time, numerous fortifications were built, which is reflected in the naming of some of the Rotten .
The current parish church was rebuilt after it was destroyed by the Turks in 1684. It was created at the same time as part of the fortification. A little later - at the beginning of the 18th century - the Festenburg came to Vorau Abbey and was converted into a monastery.
Up until 1902 there were no paved roads to Sankt Lorenzen am Wechsel. In that year the construction of a road began, in 1907 the community received its own post office.
During the Second World War , the municipality was again the center of fighting between the Wehrmacht and the Red Army . There are numerous memorials to the victims of the two world wars in the municipality. Thanks to the efforts of the population, the community was able to be quickly rebuilt.
Culture and sights
- Festenburg Castle is located on the western edge of the municipality and was built by the Stubenbergers around 1200 . After frequently changing rulers, the castle came to the Vorau Abbey in 1616 and was converted into a monastery castle around 1700. The picturesque design of the Katharinenkirche (former knight's hall) and the six chapels was carried out by Johann Cyriak Hackhofer . The castle can be visited.
- Catholic parish church Sankt Lorenzen am Wechsel : The church was built in 1700 and is the third in town after its predecessors were destroyed in enemy attacks.
- At the village square is a monument to Franz Andreas Weißenbäck , who was born in Sankt Lorenzen.
- In Sankt Lorenzen am Wechsel there is a military cemetery from the Second World War .
- The Styrian Flower Road runs through the municipality.
Economy and Infrastructure
Sankt Lorenzen am Wechsel is away from the main roads. The state road from Rohrbach an der Lafnitz to Sankt Jakob im Walde runs through the south of the municipality . The change road B 54 from Wiener Neustadt to Hartberg is approx. 7 km away. The distance to the south A 2 motorway from Vienna to Graz is approx. 16 km. It can be reached via the Friedberg / Pinggau junction (95).
The community does not have its own railway connection. The nearest train station is in Dechantskirchen about eight kilometers away. It offers access to the Thermenbahn with two-hour regional train connections to Vienna and Hartberg.
There is a primary school each in Sankt Lorenzen am Wechsel and Festenburg .
Mayor is Hermann Pferschy (ÖVP).
Deputy Mayor Helmut Schantl (ÖVP) and the community treasurer Anton Milchrahm (ÖVP) also belong to the community board.
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|Heimat-Liste-Lorenzen-Festenbrg||9||1.14||0||not running||not running||not running||not running||not running||not running|
|Free-Independent Home List||not running||not running||not running||not running||102||10||1||151||14th||2||not running|
coat of arms
The Styrian state government has given the municipality the right to use its own coat of arms with effect from August 1, 1991.
- "In a blue shield with eight golden snow crystals in two rows (5: 3) above and a golden ray of sunshine below, a bar-shaped red underlaid golden grate, decorated with lilies at the corners."
The symbol of St. Laurentius, the Roman martyr and parish patron of St. Lorenzen am Wechsel, is rust. Saint Catherine of the church in Festenburg is represented by the lilies on the corners of the grate. The snow crystals in the upper part and the sun in the lower part of the coat of arms represent the change in weather in St. Lorenzen.
- 1984: Josef Krainer (1930–2016), governor
Sons and daughters of the church
- Franz Andreas Weißenbäck (1880–1960), musicologist and founder of the Vienna Chamber Choir
- Konrad Kogler (* 1964), General Director for Public Security
Personalities associated with St. Lorenzen am Wechsel
- Ottokar Kernstock (1848–1928), Austrian poet and priest, chaplain in Sankt Lorenzen, died at Festenburg Castle
- Local council election 2020 - results Sankt Lorenzen am Wechsel. orf.at , accessed on August 22, 2020 .
- Statistics Austria - Population at the beginning of 2002–2020 by municipalities (area status 01/01/2020)
- Statistics Austria: Population on January 1st, 2020 by locality (area status on January 1st, 2020) , ( CSV )
- St. Lorenzen am Wechsel. GoogleMaps, accessed May 31, 2020 (de-US).
- Education & Culture | St. Lorenzen am Wechsel. Accessed May 31, 2020 .
- municipal council in St. Lorenzen on the change in 2020. In: orf.at
- Municipality of St. Lorenzen am Wechsel: st-lorenzen-wechsel.at (accessed on September 22, 2016)
- Elections. Accessed May 31, 2020 .
- coat of arms | St. Lorenzen am Wechsel. Accessed May 31, 2020 .