|Community association||Pays de Bitche|
|surface||2.33 km 2|
|Residents||322 (January 1, 2017)|
|Population density||138 inhabitants / km 2|
Schmittviller ( German Schmittweiler ) is a French commune with 322 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2017) in the Moselle department in the Grand Est region (until 2015 Lorraine ). It belongs to the Arrondissement of Sarreguemines and the Canton of Bitche .
The village is located in the south-western, agricultural part of Bitscher Land, 46 km south of the German city of Saarbrücken . The place is part of the Northern Vosges Nature Park . Schmittviller has the smallest of all localities in Bitscher Land. The place is dominated by the tall castle building.
Schmittviller was first mentioned as Smitwilre in the 11th century . At the end of the 17th century the settlement had shrunk to an estate that Duke Leopold gave to his Finance Minister Jean-Frédéric de Dithmar as a fief . From 1726 he built the still existing castle and thus gave the impetus for a village to develop again.
In the years 1790 to 1793 Schmittviller was assigned to the no longer existing canton Bouquenom. After Bouquenom (Eng. Bockenheim) rose in the new town of Sarre-Union and became Alsatian , the place became part of the canton of Rohrbach , which no longer existed . Schmittviller is now part of the canton of Bitsch.
Between 1811 and 1837 Schmittviller was Annexe von Rahling and then became an independent municipality again.
In the middle of the 19th century there was a significant increase in population, since then the number of inhabitants has leveled off at today's level.
The castle from 1726 catches the eye with its high tiled roof, but otherwise appears today as a sober functional building. The neo-Gothic church from 1866 is dedicated to the Virgin Mary . It replaced an older chapel. The cemetery is laid out around the church. In addition, there are numerous Lorraine crosses in the district
- Schmittviller on www.bitscherland.fr (French)