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Stříbrná coat of arms
Stříbrná (Czech Republic)
Paris plan pointer b jms.svg
Basic data
State : Czech RepublicCzech Republic Czech Republic
Region : Karlovarský kraj
District : Sokolov
Area : 3354.7244 ha
Geographic location : 50 ° 21 '  N , 12 ° 33'  E Coordinates: 50 ° 21 '21 "  N , 12 ° 32' 55"  E
Height: 592  m nm
Residents : 463 (Jan 1, 2019)
Postal code : 357 21
License plate : K
Street: Kraslice - Přebuz
Next international airport : Karlovy Vary Airport
Status: local community
Districts: 1
Mayor : Boris Jirsík (as of 2018)
Address: Stříbrná 670
358 01 Kraslice
Municipality number: 560651
Website :
Location of Stříbrná in the Sokolov district

Stříbrná ( German  Silberbach ) is a municipality in Karlovarský kraj in the Czech Republic .


Geographical location

Stříbrná is located in the Bohemian part of the Western Ore Mountains three kilometers north of Kraslice and belongs to the Okres Sokolov . The location extends along the Stříbrný potok ( Silberbach ) from north to south. To the northwest rise the Tisovec ( Eibenberg 807 m) and the Olověný vrch ( Bleiberg , 802 m), in the northeast lies the Špičák ( Silberbacher Spitzberg , 990 m).

Community structure

No districts are shown for the municipality of Stříbrná. Basic settlement units are Nová Ves ( Neudorf ) and Stříbrná ( Silberbach ). The Nancy settlement also belongs to Stříbrná.

The municipality is divided into the cadastral districts Nová Ves u Kraslic and Stříbrná.

Neighboring communities

Neighboring towns are Nancy in the north, Rolava in the northeast, Přebuz and Nová Ves in the east, Rotava in the southeast, Sklená and Kraslice in the south, Zelená Hora and Tisová in the west and Bublava in the northwest. The municipality of Muldenhammer is located north of the Czech-German border .

Dump hammer
Bublava (Schwaderbach) Neighboring communities Přebuz (early penance)
Kraslice (Graslitz) Rotava (Rothau) Šindelová (Schindl Forest)


Silberbach was first mentioned in a document in the Graslitzer Bergbuch in 1601, when Balthasar Haidt was awarded two treasure troves. The Silberbachtal was probably settled much earlier, because the old trade connection from Erfurt to Prague ran below the valley along the Zwodau through Graslitz . The village belonged to the Graslitz rule, with which the Schönburgers had been enfeoffed since 1575 .

Around 1601, Wolf Heinrich Geissler ran a smelter in the Silberbachtal that processed the ore extracted from the pits on the Eibenberg . The water of the stream was used for tin soaps and the wood of the forests was used to fire the smelting furnaces. In addition to miners , woodcutters and charcoal burners also lived here in the beginning .

In 1666 Johann Hartwig von Nostitz-Rieneck bought the rule. At that time the village consisted of 25 houses and had about 250 inhabitants. Franz Anton von Nostitz-Rieneck sold the Silberbacher Hütte in 1771 to the Plattner blue paint factory owner Johann Moorbach, who had cobalt blue produced here . In 1786, copper was also processed into wires and brass in Silberbach . In 1793 Johann David Starck built a vitriol factory .

After his marriage to Anna Periez de Burdett, Friedrich Johann Chrysogon von Nostitz-Rieneck had a hunting lodge and forester's lodge built for his wife in the valley of the Rájecký creek . Anna Periez named the valley Nancy .

After the abolition of patrimonial , Silberbach formed from 1850 a district of the community Grünberg ( Zelená Hora ) in the Graslitz district. At that time, 2050 people lived in Silberbach. Silberbach achieved its independence in the 1880s. The most important source of income for the residents in the 19th century was embroidery and lace making as well as the manufacture of mother- of- pearl goods .

Nancy grew into a rather independent town in the 19th century. In the elongated part of the village there was a glassworks , a cutting mill, a spinning mill, a school, the inn “To the end of the world”, other taverns and the Adolf Dörfler soda factory. Even today ( as of 2014 ) you can still find a tree at the former location of the “To the End of the World” inn, in the trunk of which a sheet of metal with a reference to the former hostel has grown. The writer and local researcher Paul Apitzsch also stayed there. The Silberbach district of Nancy itself was almost completely demolished after the Second World War and is now a desert .

In 1895 a separate cemetery was established in Silberbach. The church was consecrated in 1909. Silberbach had a total of four schools. With 4414 inhabitants in 1910, Silberbach was the largest municipality in the Karlovy Vary district. The municipality included the 18 districts of Farbmühle, Neuhof, Hof, Bau, Karrengrund, Bleizeche, Baumatzengrund, Annagasse, Hansenhäuser, Grund, Glashütte, Tobisenberg, Matzenwinkel, Peterwinkel, Pumawinkel, Berg, Hofwiese and Leopoldgasse. Between 1901 and 1910 Franz Anger built a large textile factory. Anger got involved in the construction of the church and founded the church building association in 1901. After the Munich Agreement in 1938, Silberbach was added to the German Reich and until 1945 belonged to the Graslitz district . In 1939 Silberbach had 3872 inhabitants. After the end of the Second World War Silberbach came back to Czechoslovakia; the German residents were expelled. In 1948 Silberbach only had 1044 inhabitants. In the same year the village was renamed Stříbrná . In 1953 Nová Ves was incorporated. In the course of the territorial reform of 1960, the Okres Kraslice was dissolved; Stříbrná came to Okres Sokolov on January 1, 1961 . In 1976 622 people lived in the community. In 1978 the last school in town was closed.

Population development

year population
1869 2,338
1880 2,781
1890 2,760
1900 3,538
1910 4,414
year population
1921 3,867
1930 3,554
1950 742
1961 911
1970 655
year population
1980 523
1991 401
2001 432
2011 418

coat of arms

Description: The silver field with the torn green fir tree is separated from the blue base of the shield by a wave cut with a silver ball .

Culture and sights

  • Church of the Most Holy Heart of the Lord, built in 1909 by August Hochberger from Graslitz. Between 1901 and 1908 the church building association had collected the funds for the construction of the church. The consecration was carried out by the Archbishop of Prague Leo Skrbenský of Hříště .


  • Adolf Lienert: Silberbach . Where we come from, memories that have not been displaced. Feuchtwangen 1980 (year uncertain).


Sons and daughters of the church

Lived and worked in the place

  • Franz Gruss (1891–1979); The Graslitzer painter built a log house with a studio in Silberbach in 1924.
  • Jan Štván (* 1958); the musician and composer grew up in Stříbrná.
  • Karel Vedral (born 1937); the painter depicted motifs of the place in his pictures.

Web links

Commons : Stříbrná  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  2. Český statistický úřad - The population of the Czech municipalities as of January 1, 2019 (PDF; 7.4 MiB)
  3. Základní sídelní jednotky. Územně identifikační registr ČR. In: Retrieved July 26, 2015 (Czech).
  4. Katastrální území. Územně identifikační registr ČR. In: Retrieved July 26, 2015 (Czech).
  5. Historický lexikon obcí České republiky - 1869–2015. (PDF) Český statistický úřad, December 18, 2015, accessed on February 15, 2016 (Czech).