coat of arms
|mayor||David Moolenburgh ( CDA )|
|Seat of the municipality||Zandvoort|
|43.97 km 2
32.11 km 2
11.86 km 2
|Residents||16,995 (Jan 31, 2019)|
|Population density||387 inhabitants / km 2|
|Important traffic route|
|Website||Homepage of Zandvoort|
The place is located in an extensive dune area directly on the Dutch west coast. In the south, the Amsterdamse Waterleidingduinen border the place; drinking water is obtained there for the city of Amsterdam . At the same time, the area is used for recreation. In the north, the Zuid Kennemerland National Park stretches to IJmuiden .
Beginnings as a fishing village
Zandvoort was already known around 1100 and was then still called Sandevoerde; the name was composed of sand and Voorde ( ford ). Until 1722 the whole area was under the rule of the Heren van Brederode . For centuries the village lived from fishing. The boats landed on the shallow beach and the fish were brought from there to the Haarlem market. The expansion of the port in neighboring IJmuiden as part of the construction of the North Sea Canal accelerated the decline of the Zandvoort fishing industry. The residents began to grow potatoes in the dunes.
Development into a seaside resort
Beach tourism soon became the most important new source of income. The first bathhouse was opened in 1828 . In Great Britain, seaside bathing emerged as a healing and relaxation method and the Zandvoort doctor Metzger introduced its use in Zandvoort. Several personalities visited the place. The Empress Sisi of Austria came here to relax in 1884 and 1885 and received physiotherapy from Metzger . Painters like the realist Fritz von Uhde found their motifs in Zandvoort and captured the lives of ordinary people in their pictures.
Tourism has developed particularly since Zandvoort was connected to the Dutch rail network in 1881 and a tram connection with Haarlem followed in 1899 . Magnificent hotel buildings and luxury villas were built during this time. From 1881 a shopping arcade connected the train station with a spa house on the beach. Zandvoort was connected to the water supply network in 1912 and the first water tower was built the following year.
Zandvoort in World War II
During the 1930s, Zandvoort had the highest percentage of members of the NSB in the country - the then Dutch National Socialist Movement. The Second World War caused a lot of damage in Zandvoort. On May 23, 1942, access to the beach was forbidden and almost all of Zandvoort was cleared a short time later. Bathhouses and boulevards had to give way to the German Atlantic Wall . In 1943 the water tower was blown up. The place was surrounded by a concrete wall and there are still many bunkers around Zandvoort .
Development after the war
After the war, many apartments were built and tourism increased sharply. In 1948 the Circuit Park Zandvoort - a motorsport racing track - was laid out. In 1952, today's widely visible water tower was inaugurated. In 1957 the tram service to Amsterdam (via Haarlem) was stopped. The many high-rise buildings, some of them prefabricated buildings , which were built for tourists, but also for residents, have largely displaced the typically Dutch architectural style of the place. In some side streets there are still remnants of the old fishing village and there are some splendid Art Nouveau villas on the arterial roads . The town center and the beach boulevard are today characterized by restaurants, small shops and a casino.
Tourism has a major impact on the municipality's economy , especially in the high season . In 2003 almost half of all jobs in Zandvoort were related to tourism. There are hotels, pensions and other accommodations throughout the village. Many of them were created during the building boom in the 1950s and 60s. The Center Parc (formerly Sunparks) is also a great attraction for tourism.
On the beach pavilions and cafes invite bathers. There is a three-kilometer-long nudist zone in the southern beach area. Many Dutch families spend their weekends and holidays in beach bungalows , also called beach houses , just a few meters from the sea. Some of these houses have been owned by the same family for generations. The season starts at Easter and ends in October. Then the houses are loaded onto trucks and stored in the area of the Zandvoort race track in a safe place for winter, as the storms are too violent for the wooden houses.
From 1895 there was a tram connection to Haarlem and Amsterdam. This was closed in 1957. The final stop was in the center of the village.
The normal-gauge railway line, which has been in service since 1881, leads up to 200 meters from the beach. The passenger trains run to Amsterdam via Haarlem.
Sightseeing, leisure and entertainment
- The Zandvoorts Museum shows the development of Zandvoorts from a fishing village to a seaside resort.
- The Jutters Mu-ZEE-um deals with the debris that has washed up on the beach at Zandvoort over the years.
- Evangelical church with a late Gothic tower from the 15th century.
- Circus Zandvoort - The colorful building was built as an amusement park in 1986 in the middle of the historic town center by the architect Sjoerd Soeters .
- Circuit Park Zandvoort - a racetrack where Formula 1 played with a few interruptions between 1952 and 1985 . Today the track is used for the DTM , the ADAC GT Masters and some national races. From 2020 the Formula 1 Grand Prix of the Netherlands will take place here again.
- Holland Casino - a casino on Strandboulevard
Distribution of seats in the municipal council
The local elections on March 21, 2018 resulted in the following distribution of seats:
|Ouderen Partij Zandvoort||4th||3||5||4th|
|Gemeente Belangen Zandvoort||1||2||2||1|
|Amsterdam aan Zee||-||-||-||0|
David Moolenburgh ( CDA ) has been the acting mayor of the municipality since September 19, 2019 . His colleagues include the alderman Gerard Kuipers ( D66 ), Gert-Jan Bluijs ( CDA ), Gert Toonen ( PvdA ) and the municipal secretary Anky Griekspoor-Verdurmen.
sons and daughters of the town
- Ernst van't Hoff (1908–1955), jazz and entertainment musician
- Stella Maessen (* 1953), singer
- Jan Lammers (* 1956), racing car driver
- Edwin Keur (* 1972), DJ and music producer
Remains of the ramparts from the Second World War on the outskirts in the Kennemerduinen
- Official website of the municipality of Zandvoort (Dutch)
- Tourist information page (German, Dutch, English)
- Zandvoorts Museum website (German, Dutch, English)
- Website of the Jutter Mu-ZEE-ums (German, English)
- Circuit website (Dutch, English)
- Nieuwe burgemeester in Zandvoort. In: rijksoverheid.nl. Rijksoverheid, September 5, 2019, accessed October 4, 2019 (Dutch).
- Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand . In: StatLine . Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek (Dutch)
- Information on the Amsterdamse Waterleidingduinen , accessed on May 11, 2012
- Empress Sissi in Zandvoort
- Portrait of Zandvoort
- Zandvoorts Museum. In: Zandvoort tourist information website. Retrieved July 10, 2018 .
- Jutters Mu-ZEE-um. In: Zandvoort tourist information website. Retrieved July 10, 2018 .
- Information at zandvoort-holland.com
- Zandvoort back on the World Cup calendar after 35 years. In: sport.orf., At. Retrieved May 13, 2019 .
- Result of the local elections: 2014 2018 , accessed on May 20, 2018 (Dutch)
- seats in the municipal council: 2006 2010 2014 2018 , accessed on May 20, 2018 (Dutch)
- Samenstelling en portefeuilleverdeling Gemeente Zandvoort, accessed on May 20, 2018 (Dutch)