coat of arms
|mayor||Jan Hamming ( PvdA )|
|Seat of the municipality||Zaandam|
|83.24 km 2
73.88 km 2
9.36 km 2
|Residents||156,052 (Jan 31, 2019)|
|Population density||1875 inhabitants / km 2|
|Important traffic route|
|Postcodes||1501-1509, 1521, 1525, 1541, 1544, 1551, 1561-1562, 1566-1567|
|Website||Homepage of Zaanstad|
Zaanstad ( municipality in the province of North Holland ( Netherlands ). The municipality of Zaanstad was formed in 1974 by the union of the municipalities of Zaandam ( German often incorrectly Saardam ), Krommenie , Assendelft , Koog aan de Zaan , Westzaan , Wormerveer and Zaandijk . The municipality is located 6 kilometers northwest of Amsterdam on the Zaan River near the North Sea Canal . It has an area of around 83 square kilometers with 156,052 inhabitants (as of January 31, 2019).) is a
History and economy
There is evidence of Frisian settlements from around 1150 .
The industrial tradition, as evidenced by numerous industrial monuments on the Zaan, dates back to the heyday of nearby Amsterdam as the capital of world trade in the 17th century. In 1630 there were already 53 windmills in operation on the Zaan , which industrially processed raw materials stored in Amsterdam , including tree trunks driven down the Rhine with rafts . The region is therefore one of the first industrial areas in Europe. As a result, the number of windmills grew to around 1,000.
In 1697 and 1698, the Russian Tsar Peter I visited on one of his incognito trips with the Grand Embassy Zaandam in the "Zaanstreek" region to observe shipbuilding . According to a legend , the Zaandamers were not particularly hospitable, so the tsar traveled to another Dutch village to finish his studies there. Since he officially visited Zaandam again in 1718, this does not seem credible. Gerrit Kist's house, where the tsar lived, was bought by King Wilhelm I of the Netherlands at the beginning of the 19th century and given to his daughter-in-law of Russian descent, later Queen Anna Pavlovna . The Tsar's visit to Zaandam was later treated several times in art, for example in a painting by Gustave Wappers and in the operas Il borgomastro di Saardam (1827) by Gaetano Donizetti and Zar and Zimmermann (1837) by Albert Lortzing .
Zaandam received city rights in 1811. Since the end of the 19th century, the region has been a center of the food industry (including processing of cocoa and mustard ) and the linoleum industry. Ahold is an international trading group. The first Dutch linoleum factory was here from 1899 to 1903, and another factory is still in operation today as Forbo Krommenie .
Zaanse Schans and Zaans Museum (open-air museum about village life in the 19th century and the use of wind power), an anchor point on the European Route of Industrial Culture (ERIH)
- numerous industrial monuments from four centuries
- Windmill Museum (Museumlaan in Koog aan de Zaan)
- Tsar Peter House and Tsar Peter Monument in Zaandam
- In autumn 2014, a 70-meter-long bicycle path made of solar modules was built in the municipality of Krommenie. The cycle path is to be expanded to 100 meters by 2016 and then produce enough energy to supply up to three households.
Distribution of seats in the municipal council
The local elections on March 21, 2018 resulted in the following distribution of seats:
|Partij voor Ouderen en Veiligheid||-||1||4th||4th|
|Zaanse Inwoners Partij||-||-||1||0|
|Zaanstad voor leatherereen||-||-||-||0|
|Zaanse Onafhankelijke Groepering||4th||4th||1||-|
|Partij voor de IJsbaan||1||1||0||-|
|Progressive burger issue||-||-||0||-|
|Ouderen Partij Zaanstad||-||0||-||-|
Jan Hamming ( PvdA ) has been the acting mayor of the community since September 27, 2017 . His staff include the alderman Sanna Munnikendam ( D66 ), Jeroen Olthof ( PvdA ), Addy Verschuren ( CDA ), Rita Visscher-Noordzij ( ChristenUnie ), Leny Vissers-Koopman ( Zaanse Onafhankelijke Groepering ) and the community secretary Cis Apeldoorn .
- Cornelius Krommeny († 1599), court painter in Güstrow
- Pieter Lodewijk Muller (1842–1904), historian
- Cornelis Adrianus Pekelharing (1848–1922), medic
- Jan Verkade (1868–1946), Benedictine monk, painter, member of the Beuron art school
- Jan Zwart (1877–1937), organist and composer
- Bouk Schellingerhoudt (1919–2010), cyclist
- Marcus Bakker (1923–2009), politician
- Willem Hendrik Zwart (1925–1997), organist and composer
- Piet Kee (1927–2018), organist and composer
- Irene Pepinghege (* 1941), German canoeist
- Han Bennink (* 1942), jazz and improvisation musician
- Willem J. Ouweneel (* 1944), biologist, philosopher and theologian
- Cees Stam (* 1945 in Koog aan de Zaan), cyclist
- Rob Stolk (1946–2001), founder of the Provo movement
- Johnny Rep , real name Nicolas Rep (* 1951), former soccer player
- Margriet Eshuys (* 1952), pop singer
- Kathinka Pasveer (* 1959), musician (flute), well-known interpreter of many works by Karlheinz Stockhausen
- Ines Coppoolse (* 1962), Ambassador to Sweden
- Ronald Koeman (* 1963), former soccer player and today's coach
- John Bosch (* 1964), racing car driver
- Eva Simons (* 1984), singer
- Debby Stam (* 1984), volleyball player
- Yoeri Havik (* 1991), cyclist
- Oğuzhan Özyakup (* 1992), football player
- Stefano Denswil (* 1993), football player
- Bilal Başacıkoğlu (born 1995), football player
- Jesper Verlaat (* 1996), football player
- WH: A great man's workshop . In: The Gazebo . Issue 21, 1866, pp. 332–334 ( full text [ Wikisource ] - with illustration by Heinrich Leutemann ).
- Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand . In: StatLine . Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek (Dutch)
- Energy revolution, Dutch people build bicycle paths from solar modules in Economic Week Green
- Result of the local elections: 2014 2018 , accessed on May 19, 2018 (Dutch)
- seats in the municipal council: 2006 2010 2014 2018 , accessed on May 19, 2018 (Dutch)
- January Hamming aangetreden as burgemeester Zaanstad. In: Het Parool . September 27, 2017, accessed May 19, 2018 (Dutch).
- College van burgemeester en wethouders Gemeente Zaanstad, accessed on May 19, 2018 (Dutch)