İlham Əliyev

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
İlham Əliyev (2014)

İlham Heydər oğlu Əliyev , also Ilham Hejdar oglu Älijew ( Russian Ильхам Гейдарович Алиев Ilcham Geidarowitsch Alijew ; born December 24, 1961 in Baku , Azerbaijani SSR ), is an Azerbaijani politician . As the successor to his father Heydər Əliyev , he has been the incumbent President of Azerbaijan since 2003 . Similar to his father, he has a personality cult built around him.


After graduating from school , Əliyev studied at the Moscow State Institute for International Relations from 1977 to 1982 and then took part in graduate studies there. In 1985 he graduated with a Masters Degree in History and International Relations. From 1985 to 1990 he taught at this institute. From 1991 to 1994 he worked in business in Moscow and Istanbul . He conducted research on geopolitical aspects of Azerbaijan's oil strategy and earned a doctorate in political science .

Political career

From 1994 to 2003 Əliyev was the first vice-president of the State Oil Company of the Azerbaijan Republic (SOCAR). In the 1995 general election he was elected as a member of parliament. In December 1999 he was elected Vice Chairman and in 2001 First Vice Chairman of the New Azerbaijan Party. In 2005 Əliyev was elected chairman of the New Azerbaijan Party. After his appointment as Prime Minister in 2003, Əliyev continued to serve as a Member of Parliament.

Since 1997 he has also been President of the National Olympic Committee of Azerbaijan. In September 2007 he was inducted into the FILA International Wrestling Hall of Fame for his services to wrestling .

In January 2003, Əliyev was elected Vice-President of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe . On August 4, 2003, he was appointed Prime Minister of Azerbaijan. In the presidential election of October 15, 2003, he was elected President of Azerbaijan to succeed his father Heydər Əliyev . The election was described by the OSCE and other organizations as not free and fair.

In October 2005, he said that an attempted coup had been prevented. According to the report of the International Crisis Group (ICG), the new president showed harsh reactions to the plan of the "old guard" within the power elite to control him. One of the co-founders of the ruling New Azerbaijan party , then Minister of Health Ali Insanov, and Minister of Economic Development Farchad Aliyev were arrested for preparing for a state overthrow and later sentenced to prison terms for corruption and misappropriation of state assets. “At that time, the opposition was dominated by the opinion that Ilcham Aliyev was unable to rule the country. Some even saw him as a transitional figure who should enable a successful transfer of power to another member of the power elite. However, Aliyev turned out to be a much smarter politician than his opponents assumed. He understood that the threat to his power did not come from the weak opposition, but from the power elite, ”said the ICG report.

Əliyev was confirmed in office in October 2008. In the presidential election boycotted by several opposition parties, Əliyev won 87.3% of the vote. The OSCE described the election as progress compared to the previous election, but it still did not meet international standards. A constitutional amendment in 2009 enabled Əliyev to run for re-election on October 9, 2013. According to projections, he won the presidential election with 84.6% of the vote. The opposition spoke of electoral fraud, while the OSCE reported violations of fundamental freedoms in elections. Aliyev won the early presidential elections on April 11, 2018, boycotted by leading opposition parties, with 86 percent of the votes cast. The OSCE election observers criticized the absence of “real competition” and again reported “numerous serious irregularities”. After the presidential election on April 11, 2018, the inaugural visit was to Turkey.

Despite the close cooperation with the European Union in the energy sector, Əliyev rejected the association agreement with the EU in January 2014 . “Azerbaijan is an independent country both economically and politically. One should take part in every integration process in order to achieve economic advantages. In the context of the association project, we do not see such advantages until then. "

On February 7, 2017, one day after President Ilham Aliyev's visit to Brussels, negotiations on the new comprehensive agreement between the Republic of Azerbaijan and the EU resumed. In 2015, Azerbaijan unilaterally ended negotiations with the EU. On July 11, 2018, negotiations on setting partnership priorities were concluded, while further negotiations under the Partnership and Cooperation Agreement have continued since the resumption in 2016.

In light of the drastic drop in oil prices in 2015, Əliyev declared that Azerbaijan should "forget" about oil and gas.

İlham Əliyev is married to Mehriban Arif qızı Əliyeva (* 1964 as Mehriban Arif qızı Paşayeva ), who has held the newly created office of First Vice President since the beginning of 2017. The couple have two daughters - the author Leyla Əliyeva and the film producer Arzu Əliyeva - and a son Heydar. İlham Əliyev speaks Azerbaijani as well as Russian , Turkish , English and French .

Foreign policy

In terms of foreign policy, Əliyev is interested in good relations with the neighbors Russia , Turkey and Georgia . The territory of the western neighboring country Armenia, however, desliyev referred to as “old Turkish and Azerbaijani territory”. Əliyev viewed Russia as a strategic partner. However, he refuses to join the Eurasian Union .

In April 2006, Əliyev made an official state visit to Washington, DC . He has visited Germany several times since 2007, most recently in June 2016. He sees Germany as an important partner in Western Europe and for years tried to exert political influence by giving money to various German politicians, especially from the ruling Christian Democratic Union (CDU).


In December 2012, the Organized Crime and Corruption Reporting Project (OCCRP) named Əliyev the “Most Corrupt Man of the Year”.

Əliyev was selected for the title on the basis of revelations that document for the first time how his family has taken over large stakes in Azerbaijan's most lucrative industries, including banking, telephone companies, minerals and construction, and that these offers are often related to the Azerbaijani government stood. It was also announced that within two weeks of 2009, his then 11-year-old son owned a total of nine beach houses in Dubai with a total value of $ 44 million. In diplomatic US dispatches, Əliyev was compared to a “mafia gang boss” and is described by many analysts as a dictator.

Documents from the offshore leak published in April 2013 show that Əliyev's daughters have owned three companies in the British Virgin Islands since 2008 . The director of all three companies is the Iranian entrepreneur Hassan Gozal, who has received government contracts. This is why companies are suspected of being corrupt . The daughter Arzu Əliyeva owns the company "Arbor Investment" and her older sister Leyla Əliyeva the companies "LaBelleza Holdings Limited" and "Harvard Management Limited". In 2015, Aliyev became the focus of a corruption scandal in which the Swedish- Finnish telecommunications company Telia Sonera was also involved. According to research by the Organized Crime and Corruption Reporting Project (OCCRP), the company is said to have paid up to a billion dollars in bribes to the Aliyev regime in the course of the dubious privatization process of the Azerbaijani cell phone operator Azercell Telekom, which is close to the presidential family. A Swedish tax official described the research results as "possibly Sweden's largest case of bribery ".

In April 2016, documents from the law firm Mossack Fonseca under the Panama Papers revealed that İlham Əliyev's family had interests in virtually every area of ​​the country's economy. Former US ambassador to Azerbaijan, Richard Kauzlarich, said of the Əliyev family: “Their level of corruption and the control of the economy by the elite are outstanding - and in a part of the world where these things are not uncommon. "

The wife of President İlham Əliyev, Mehriban Arif qızı Əliyeva , was appointed Vice-President of Azerbaijan by decree by her husband in February 2017. The office did not exist until then and was introduced in 2016 with a constitutional referendum. According to this, the vice-president should represent the head of state when the latter is abroad or is unable to carry out his official duties.

At the constitutional referendum, the presidential term was also extended from five to seven years. The restriction to two terms was lifted in 2009.


İlham Əliyev received numerous honors, including:

In 2009, Əliyev was featured in the book 500 most influential Muslims of the world .

Honorary doctorates

İlham Əliyev received honorary doctorates from Azerbaijani and foreign universities and institutions.

Web links

Commons : İlham Əliyev  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. John Pike: Ilham Heydar oglu Aliyev. Retrieved June 6, 2017 .
  2. a b c d e f Official web-site of President of Azerbaijan Republic. Biography. Retrieved May 15, 2017 .
  3. FILA Class of 2007 ( Memento from December 28, 2011 in the Internet Archive ), accessed on July 21, 2010 (English)
  4. AZERBAIJAN: VULNERABLE STABILITY. (No longer available online.) International Crisis Group, September 3, 2010, pp. 3–5 , archived from the original on July 28, 2012 ; accessed on October 16, 2015 .
  5. Azerbaijan's presidential poll marked considerable progress, but did not meet all election commitments , OSCE press release of October 16, 2008.
  6. ^ Die Zeit : Opposition protests against re-election of President Aliyev , October 10, 2013.
  7. ^ Deutsche Welle ( OSCE criticizes irregularities in presidential elections in Azerbaijan | DW | 04/12/2018. Retrieved April 21, 2018 .
  8. ^ Press conference by President Erdoğan and Azerbaijan's President Aliyev | TRT German. Retrieved on August 9, 2018 (German).
  9. Азербайджан не собирается в ассоциацию с ЕС, заявил Алиев. In: RIA Novosti. Retrieved October 16, 2015 (Russian).
  10. ^ Report on EU-Azerbaijan relations in the framework of the revised ENP. Brussels, 19 December 2017 SWD (2017), 485 final. Accessed September 1, 2018. (English)
  11. ^ Partnership Priorities between the EU and Azerbaijan reinforce the bilateral agenda - EEAS - European External Action Service - European Commission. Retrieved December 19, 2018 .
  12. Ильхам Алиев: "Мы должны отставить в сторону нефть, газ, вообще забыть о них" - ФОТО. In: Retrieved October 16, 2015 (Russian).
  13. Anastasia Arinushkina: Mehriban Aliyeva: You can never have enough power . In: The time . February 23, 2017, ISSN  0044-2070 ( [accessed January 20, 2020]).
  14. Ilcham Aliev's speech in Baku on YouTube
  15. Official web-site of President of Azerbaijan Republic - NEWS »Interviews Ilham Aliyev was interviewed by“ Russia-24 ”television channel. Retrieved November 16, 2017 .
  16. Foreign Office: Foreign Office - Foreign Policy . In: page title . ( [accessed on August 9, 2018]).
  17. ^ (Archived White House website). Retrieved 2019 (American English).
  18. Germany and Azerbaijan: bilateral relations. Retrieved June 22, 2017 .
  19. ^ Max Holscher: Connections to Azerbaijan. The CDU's Baku Connection. Der Spiegel from November 2, 2017.
  20. a b OCCRP named Aliyev "Person of the Year" . OCCRP. December 31, 2012. Retrieved January 21, 2013.
  21. Azerbaijani President Aliyev Named Corruption's 'Person Of The Year' . Radio Free Europe . January 2, 2013. Retrieved January 22, 2013.
  22. Pricey real estate deals in Dubai raise questions about Azerbaijan's president . The Washington Post . March 5, 2012. Retrieved January 21, 2013.
  23. ^ Azerbaijani President's Daughters Tied To Fast-Rising Telecoms Firm . Radio Free Europe . June 27, 2011. Retrieved January 21, 2013.
  24. AZERBAIJAN: President Aliyev compared unfavorably to hot-headed mobster in WikiLeaks cable . Los Angeles Times . December 3, 2010. Retrieved January 22, 2013.
  25. a b c Austria's most powerful banker resigns. In: April 4, 2013, accessed March 15, 2018 .
  26. Criminals welcome. In: April 4, 2013, accessed April 25, 2018 .
  27. Offshore companies provide link between corporate mogul and Azerbaijan's president . ICIJ . Retrieved May 14, 2013.
  28. International - Corruption scandal in Azerbaijan with Swiss signature . In: Swiss Radio and Television (SRF) . ( [accessed on March 16, 2018]).
  29. ^ How Family that Runs Azerbaijan Built an Empire of Hidden Wealth . International Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ) . April 4, 2016.
  30. Panama Papers: The Politically Exposed Persons . International Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ)
  31. Azerbaijan: Aliyev makes his wife vice-president. Retrieved February 21, 2017 .
  32. ^ Biography of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan İlham Əliyev ; accessed on April 12, 2017 (Azerbaijani)
  33. Nikolić ordenja deli u tri smene . In: . November 26, 2015 ( [accessed November 21, 2017]).
  34. Azerbaijani president included in "500 most influential Muslims of world" "book . In: Trend.Az . November 21, 2009 ( [accessed June 14, 2017]).