Anne, Princess Royal

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Anne, Princess Royal (2015)

HRH Anne Elizabeth Alice Louise, Princess Royal (born August 15, 1950 in Clarence House , London ) is a member of the British royal family . She is the second child and only daughter of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip after her brother Prince Charles . Princess Anne is the current holder of the Princess Royal title .


British royal family
Badge of the House of Windsor, svg

HM The Queen
HRH The Duke of Edinburgh

At the time of Anne's birth, her grandfather was George VI. King. Her mother Elisabeth was heir to the throne . Thus Anne was third in line to the British throne behind her brother Charles. At the time of her mother's coronation, Anne was second in line to the throne after her brother Charles; With the births of her brothers Andrew (* 1960) and Edward (* 1964) as well as her nephews and nieces, three great-nephews and one great-niece, Anne received lower ranking positions in the British line of succession and is currently fourteen.

By Letters Patent was George V , Anne's great-grandfather, once adopted, that only the children and male grandson of the monarch the title of Prince / Princess and the title "Royal Highness" (Royal Highness) are likely to receive. His son King George VI. Before Charles was born in 1948, however, ordered that all descendants of his daughter Elisabeth, including girls, receive this title and the appropriate salutation, otherwise Anne would have been called Lady Anne Mountbatten.

On the evening of March 20, 1974, a British citizen attempted to kidnap Princess Anne from her Austin A135 vehicle on Pall Mall to extort ransom. He injured several bodyguards and people who approached to protect the princess with his gun. The princess herself refused to follow the kidnapper out of the car and fled across the car. All the injured survived, the kidnapper was caught on site.

Anne has been performing official duties since the late 1960s. She is a rider and has practiced military as a competitive sport for many years . In 1971 she became European champion in the individual competition; four years later she won another silver medal. The following year she took part with the British team at the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal. She has been a member of the International Olympic Committee since 1988 . In 1971 she was named Sportswoman of the Year in Great Britain .

Princess Anne was a student at the Spanish Riding School in Vienna.

Princess Anne was married from November 14, 1973 to April 28, 1992 with Captain Mark Phillips (born September 22, 1948) ( 1st The Queen's Dragoon Guards ). The couple has two children, Peter Phillips (* 1977) and Zara Phillips (* 1981). The family lived in Gatcombe Park , which is still the princess' private residence today.

As the second oldest child and only daughter of the monarch, she was awarded the title Princess Royal by her mother in 1987 in recognition of her special commitment . Among other things, because Anne's great-aunt, Princess Mary , was the holder of this title until 1965, Anne did not receive the title Princess Royal from birth, but only at the age of 37.

After their divorce, she married Commander Timothy Laurence on December 12, 1992 . The wedding took place in Scotland in the Church of Crathie near Balmoral Castle , because the Church of England refused the ecclesiastical remarriage of divorced people, while the Church of Scotland allowed it. Her husband is now a Vice Admiral and served in high-ranking staff positions until his retirement in 2011.

The Princess Anne Glacier and The Princess Royal Range in Antarctica are named in her honor.


Moscow 2000: Princess Anne speaks to President Putin .

The princess plays a central role in representing the queen in public. For several years now she has attended most of the appointments of all members of the royal family each year. One focus of her work is the Save the Children organization , of which she has been president since 1970. She has been Chancellor of the University of London since 1981 .

Like almost all members of the royal family, Princess Anne is Colonel of Honor of a large number of units in all branches of the armed forces in the United Kingdom and other Commonwealth of Nations . This includes in particular the Blues and Royals . In this capacity she is by virtue of the Queen's Gold Stick for England and Wales . In 2002 she was the first non-ruling female member of the royal family to wear the Queen Mother's uniform at the funeral of her grandmother Queen Elizabeth , contrary to her mother's express request. Since then she has been taking part in Trooping the Color in uniform every year .


Princess Anne's coat of arms
Royal standard
  • Her Royal Highness Princess Anne of Edinburgh (August 15, 1950 - February 6, 1952)
  • Her Royal Highness The Princess Anne (February 6, 1952 - November 14, 1973)
  • Her Royal Highness The Princess Anne, Mrs. Mark Phillips (November 14, 1973 - June 13, 1987)
  • Her Royal Highness The Princess Royal (since June 13, 1987)

Orders and decorations

country Abbreviation medal year Fig.
United KingdomUnited Kingdom United Kingdom LG Royal Lady Companion of the Order of the Garter 1994 Order of the Garter UK ribbon.png Garter diamonds.jpg
United KingdomUnited Kingdom United Kingdom Queen Elizabeth II Coronation Medal 1953 UK Queen EII Coronation Medal ribbon.svg
United KingdomUnited Kingdom United Kingdom Royal Family Order of Queen Elizabeth II 1969
AustriaAustria Austria Large gold medal on ribbon for services to the Republic of Austria 1969 AUT Honor for Services to the Republic of Austria - 2nd Class BAR.png
FinlandFinland Finland SVR SR Grand Cross of the Finnish Order of the White Rose 1969 FIN Order of the White Rose Grand Cross BAR.png
United KingdomUnited Kingdom United Kingdom DStJ Lady of Justice of the Order of Saint John 1971 Order of St John (UK) ribbon.png Star-KStJ.jpg
JapanJapan Japan Grand Cross of the Order of the Noble Crown 1971 JPN Hokan-sho 1Class BAR.svg
NetherlandsNetherlands Netherlands Grand Cross of the House Order of Orange 1972 Order of the Crown (Netherlands) .svg
LuxembourgLuxembourg Luxembourg Grand Cross of the Order of the Oak Crown 1972 LUX Order of the Oak Crown - Grand Cross BAR.png
Yugoslavia Socialist Federal RepublicYugoslavia Yugoslavia Order of the Yugoslav Flag 1st Class 1972 Order jugoslovenske zastave1 (traka) .png
United KingdomUnited Kingdom United Kingdom GCVO Dame Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order 1974 UK Royal Victorian Order ribbon.svgRVO-Star.jpg
United KingdomUnited Kingdom United Kingdom Queen Elizabeth II Silver Jubilee Medal 1977 Queen Elizabeth II's Silver Jubilee Medal 1977 Ribbon.gif
CanadaCanada Canada CD Canadian Forces Decoration 1982 CD-ribbon.png
New ZealandNew Zealand New Zealand QSO Extra Companion Queen's Service Order 1990 QueenServiceRibbon.png
United KingdomUnited Kingdom United Kingdom GCStJ Dame Grand Cross of the Order of Saint John 1998 Order of St John (UK) ribbon.png Star - Venerable Order of St John.jpg
United KingdomUnited Kingdom United Kingdom LT Royal Lady Companion of the Thistle Order 2000 United-kingdom138.gif Ster van de Orde van de Distel.svg
United KingdomUnited Kingdom United Kingdom Queen Elizabeth II Golden Jubilee Medal 2002 QEII Golden Jubilee Medal ribbon.png
CanadaCanada Canada Commemorative Medal for the Centennial of Saskatchewan 2005 SCM ribbon.png
Papua New GuineaPapua New Guinea Papua New Guinea GCL Chief Grand Companion Order of Logohu 2005 Order of Logohu - Grand Companion (Papua New Guinea) ribbon.png
PolandPoland Poland Order of the Smile 2006 POL Order Uśmiechu BAR.png
United KingdomUnited Kingdom United Kingdom Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal 2012 QEII Diamond Jubilee Medal ribbon.png


Web links

Commons : Anne, Princess Royal  - Album with pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. The attempted kidnapping of Princess Anne in a special | The wedding of William and Kate at
  2. List of all decorations awarded by the Federal President for services to the Republic of Austria from 1952 (PDF; 6.9 MB)
predecessor   successor
Lady Louise Windsor British Succession
No. 14
Peter Phillips