|Canton||La Vallée de l'Agly|
|Community association||Agly Fenouillèdes|
|surface||18.76 km 2|
|Residents||89 (January 1, 2017)|
|Population density||5 inhabitants / km 2|
Saint Pierre castle ruins
Fenouillet (in Occitan Fenolhet , in Catalan Fenollet ) is a southern French mountain community with 89 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2017) in the Pyrénées-Orientales department of the Occitania region .
Fenouillet is located in the Pyrenees , 43 kilometers northwest of Perpignan , the capital of the arrondissement of the same name , and 10.4 kilometers west of Saint-Paul-de-Fenouillet , the capital of the canton . Fenouillet's neighboring municipalities are Caudiès-de-Fenouillèdes in the north, Prugnanes in the northeast, Vira in the southeast and Gincla in the southwest. The municipal area covers 1,876 hectares, the mean height is 791 meters above sea level , the Mairie stands at an altitude of 520 meters.
Fenouillet is assigned to a climate zone of type Cfb (according to Köppen and Geiger) : warm, moderate rainy climate (C), fully humid (f), warmest month below 22 ° C, at least four months above 10 ° C (b). There is a maritime climate with a moderate summer.
The pagus Fenioletensis , whose main town was Fenouillet, was first mentioned in a document in 842. Around the year 1000, a viscount was first mentioned, Pierre de Fenouillet. In 1172 the last Comte de Roussillon , Girard II. De Roussillon, died and the county fell to King Alfonso II of Aragon . Fenouillet and Perpignan formed the northern border of the Kingdom of Aragon . Through the Treaty of Meaux the Vicomté Fenouillet fell to Louis IX. of France and was under the royal Sénéchaussée of Carcassonne . After the uprising of Raymond II Trencavel in 1240 and the fall of Montségur Castle in 1244, Fenouillet took in Cathars . By the Treaty of Corbeil , Roussillon fell to Aragon in 1258. Fenouillet remained in the possession of the Kingdom of France.
During the Huguenot Wars , Fenouillet was destroyed by Protestants in 1580 . The Duke of Ventadour , Anne de Lévis, had the Saint-Pierre castle razed in 1595. Due to the Peace of the Pyrenees , Roussillon fell back to France in 1659.
Culture and sights
In the municipality are the ruins of the medieval castles of Saint Pierre and Sabarda . Saint Pierre stands on a peak north of the town center (La Vilasse) , Sabarda stands south of the town center. From Sabarda Castle, the roads could be monitored from the west, east and south.
Fenouillet belongs to the Roman Catholic community Haute-Agly , which is part of the Agly-Salanque deanery of the Perpignan-Elne diocese . The Saint-André church was built at the beginning of the 20th century and consecrated in 1904. It has a bell gable . An original church, first mentioned in 1011, stood about a hundred meters south of the cemetery. In the church there are three Romanesque capitals that come from the former Saint-Pierre church. The church was in the area of the Saint Pierre castle. One of the capitals serves as a base for a holy water font , one as a base for a baptismal font . All three capitals are classified as Monument historique and are therefore listed . Another listed object in the church is a chandelier that was found during excavations in Saint Pierre Castle. It dates from the 12th century.
Economy and Infrastructure
Protected Geographical Indications (IGP) for ham (Jambon de Bayonne) and wines with the designation Pays d'Oc and Côtes Catalanes apply in the municipality . In addition to normal red , white and rosé wine , white autumn and wine are made from overripe grapes (vin de raisins surmûris) .
- Le village de Fenouillet. In: Annuaire-Mairie.fr. Retrieved November 29, 2012 (French).
- Christian Séguié: Le château de Sabarda à Fenouillet (66). In: Autour de. April 20, 2010, accessed November 29, 2012 (French).
- Christian Séguié: Le village de Fenouillet (66). In: Autour de. April 21, 2010, accessed November 29, 2012 (French).
- Les communautés de paroisses du doyenné Agly-Salanque. (No longer available online.) Diocèse de Perpignan, formerly in the original ; Retrieved November 29, 2012 (French). ( Page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Clocher de Fenouillet. Eglise paroissiale Saint André de Fenouillet. Conseil Général des Pyrenées Orientales, accessed on November 29, 2012 (French).
- Entry No. 66077 in the Base Palissy of the French Ministry of Culture (French)
- Commune: Fenouillet (66077). Theme: Tous les thèmes. In: Insee.fr. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques , accessed on November 29, 2012 (French).