|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Lower Franconia|
|Management Community :||Mespelbrunn|
|Height :||231 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||17.15 km 2|
|Residents:||2180 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||127 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postcodes :||63872, 63874|
|Area code :||06092|
|License plate :||AB , ALZ|
|Community key :||09 6 71 127|
|Community structure:||3 districts|
|Address of the
|Main street 81
|Mayor :||Rüdiger Stenger ( SPD / FWG )|
|Location of the community Heimbuchenthal in the district of Aschaffenburg|
Heimbuchenthal is a municipality in the Lower Franconian district of Aschaffenburg and the seat of the administrative community Mespelbrunn . The place of the same name is also the main town, seat of the municipal administration and a state-approved resort.
The municipality is located in the Bavarian Lower Main region in the upper Elsava Valley in the Spessart Nature Park . State road 2308 runs through the village . The topographically highest point of the municipality district is located at northeast of Heimbuchenthal, at the summit of the Zeugplatte, the lowest is at Höllhammer on the Elsava at .
There are three districts in one district :
The name Heimbuchenthal consists of the Middle High German words hagenbuoche , which means hornbeam and valley . The explanation is the valley in which hornbeams grow . In the vernacular of the place is Heemschedaal called.
Earlier spellings of the place from various historical maps and documents:
Until the 19th century
Heimbuchenthal was first mentioned in a document in 1282. In 1495 the place was first mentioned as the seat of the court. The former Vogteiamt (until 1782) fell to the newly formed Principality of Aschaffenburg during the secularization and in 1810 to the Grand Duchy of Frankfurt .
Heimbuchenthal was there in 1812 as Mairie together with the Höllhammer, another iron hammer and the Heimath Höfe on the area of the Districtsmairie Rothenbuch of the Aschaffenburg department and had 623 inhabitants. Maire was Lorenz Bachmann. His adjuncts were called Johann Kries and Johann Spieler. The salt factor was Andreas player. The schoolteacher's name was Adam Hornung, the pastor Laurenz Rudolf and the chaplain Johann Lammert. There was also a benefit in Mespelbrunn under Franz Freiherrn von Speth, which was administered by Peter Franz Hofmann. At the same time Heimbuchenthal, with the exception of the Höllhammer, the Höllenhof, the palace and the Jägerhaus Mespelbrunn, which belonged to the Graeflich Ingelheim Patrimonial Office Unterhausen, was part of the Rothenbuch District Bailiwick.
In 1814 Heimbuchenthal came to Bavaria with the Districtsmairie Rothenbuch and from October 1, 1814 was on the administrative territory of the second class (older) Rothenbuch regional court, from which the Aschaffenburg district office was formed on July 1, 1862 by merging with the older Aschaffenburg regional court .
In 1939, as everywhere in the German Reich, the designation district was introduced. Heimbuchenthal was now one of the 33 communities in the old district of Aschaffenburg . On July 1, 1972, this merged with the Alzenau district in Lower Franconia to form the new Aschaffenburg district.
In 1982, a big 700th anniversary celebration was celebrated, during which some tourist facilities were inaugurated.
- 1970: 1875 inhabitants
- 1987: 2106 inhabitants
- 1991: 2258 inhabitants
- 1995: 2295 inhabitants
- 2000: 2260 inhabitants
- 2005: 2184 inhabitants
- 2010: 2155 inhabitants
- 2015: 2204 inhabitants
The Heimbuchenthal municipal council has 15 members including the full-time mayor.
|CSU / Citizens' Association||SPD / FWG||total|
|(As of: local elections on March 16, 2014)|
Mayor has been Rüdiger Stenger (SPD / FWG) since March 28, 1998. This was last re-elected on March 15, 2020 with 87.3% of the votes.
The municipal tax receipts in 1999 amounted to the equivalent of 1211 T €, of which the trade tax receipts (net) amounted to the equivalent of 287 T €.
coat of arms
Blazon : "A silver wave bar in red, above three silver beech leaves on crossed stems, below a silver cogwheel growing out of the lower edge of the shield."
Coat of arms history: The beech leaves in the coat of arms refer to the geographical location in the Hochspessart and are a "talking" symbol for the place name. The wave bar symbolizes the location of the municipality in the Elsava valley. The combination of the corrugated beam with the gearwheel also points to the hammer mill operated in the Höllhammer district in the 18th and 19th centuries . The colors silver and red are the colors of the Electorate of Mainz , which ruled Heimbuchenthal until 1803. The Electoral Mainz office in the municipality comprised eight places and gave it a certain independence. Coat of arms since September 1981.
- Bandstand at the old station
- Footpath and bike path along the Elsava with a poacher memorial
- Pilgrimage Chapel Lady of the Mountains
- Bicycle museum (currently only bicycle rental, exhibition closed, new building planned)
One kilometer west of the village is the hamlet Heimathenhof (named after the Count of Ingelheim's forest district Heumahden) with a former farm estate, which has been converted into a hotel and guest house. You can see red deer and fallow deer in a spacious enclosure directly at the inn .
The hamlet of Höllhammer with the former iron hammer is located about four kilometers south in the Elsava valley . Was first mentioned in the 13th century a castle Mulen , as well as the seat of a forester, a Forsthube . In 1535 the mansion had already collapsed and the Counts of Ingelheim , who already had their seat in the nearby Mespelbrunn Castle , had an estate built there, which was named Höllenhof after the nearby Höllschlucht gorge . The first iron hammer, driven by a mill, was built around 1700 and was named Höllhammer after the estate. The iron hammer, meanwhile taken over by Georg Ludwig Rexroth in 1795, was considered to be the “first and most efficient hammer mill” in the Principality of Aschaffenburg at the beginning of the 19th century . Around 1830 around 100 people lived on the Höllhammer and the specially built school was attended by up to 30 children. In 1829 the owner of the Höllhammer, Georg Ludwig Rexroth, manufactured and delivered the iron links of the Bamberg Chain Bridge. In 1851 the Hell Tower was torn down below Heimbuchenthal. Its stones were used to build the road through the Elsava valley. Production continued until 1891, after which the site was converted back into an estate. You can see the servant's house with the bell tower, the manor house and the school. The buildings are inhabited except for the blacksmiths. There is an old Rexroth family cemetery in the forest .
Churches and chapels
- The church of St. Martin is held in the Rococo style and was built in 1753. A complete restoration took place in 2003.
- The "Lady of the Mountains" chapel was built in 1853 by the brothers Konrad and Peter Spieler. From the field chapel you have a view of the Elsava valley .
- The Chapel of the Visitation of the Virgin Mary was built in 1804 by farmers from Heimathenhof to thank them for being spared from looting by French soldiers. A renovation took place in 2000.
Economy and Infrastructure
Economy including agriculture and forestry
In 1998, according to official statistics, there were 133 employees at the place of work in the manufacturing sector and 27 in trade and transport. In other economic sectors, 176 people were employed at the place of work subject to social security contributions. There were a total of 808 employees at the place of residence subject to social security contributions. There were two companies in the manufacturing sector and three in the construction sector. In addition, in 1999 there were four farms with an agricultural area of 29 ha.
The following institutions exist (as of 2006):
- Kindergartens: 75 kindergarten places with 68 children
- Elementary schools: one with 15 teachers and 201 students
- Heimbuchenthal community
- Information about the Höllhammer
- Heimbuchenthal: Official statistics of the LfStat
- "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
- http://www.bayerische-landesbibliothek-online.de/orte/ortssuche_action.html 1538
- Wolf-Armin von Reitzenstein : Lexicon of Franconian place names. Origin and meaning . Upper Franconia, Middle Franconia, Lower Franconia. CH Beck, Munich 2009, ISBN 978-3-406-59131-0 , p. 98 ( limited preview in Google Book search).
- Greetings. Heimbuchenthal community, accessed on August 15, 2020 .
- Entry on the Heimbuchenthal coat of arms in the database of the House of Bavarian History
- Mineralienatlas - The iron hammer mill "Höllhammer" in Heimbuchenthal