City Hall, Tallahassee
|County and state location|
|State :||United States|
|County :||Leon County|
|Time zone :||Eastern ( UTC − 5 / −4 )|
- Metropolitan Area :
|181,376 (as of 2016)
379,627 (as of 2016)
|Population density :||731.6 inhabitants per km 2|
|Area :||254.5 km 2 (approx. 98 mi 2 ) of
which 247.9 km 2 (approx. 96 mi 2 ) is land
|Height :||24 m|
|Postcodes :||32301, 32303-04, 32308, 32310-12, 32399|
|Area code :||+1 850|
|GNIS ID :||0308416|
|Mayor :||Andrew Gillum (D)|
Tallahassee [ ˡtæləˌhæsiː ] is the capital of the US state Florida and at the same time the county seat of Leon County with 181,376 inhabitants (as of 2010). It represents the center of the metropolitan area of the same name, Tallahassee .
Tallahassee is located in the Florida Panhandle , roughly in the geographical center of the original state, which only later included the peninsula. Jacksonville is 150 miles east and Pensacola is 300 miles west. Tampa is 380 km, Orlando 390 km and Miami 760 km from Tallahassee.
The climate is mild and warm, with a light wind from the sea. Statistically, it rains an average of 40% of the days in the summer months, even if only for a short time. The highest temperatures are recorded from May to October, with up to 31 ° C. The coldest months from December to February with an average of 12 ° C. Snow rarely falls.
Average monthly temperatures and rainfall for Tallahassee, Florida
When the Spanish navigator Hernando de Soto conquered the area in 1539 , the area belonged to the land of the Apalachee Indian tribe , who lived on the entire Florida "Panhandle" from the 5th to the 17th century. They gave the area the name "Tallahassee" , which means something like "old town" or "deserted field" in the Muskogee languages .
When Florida became a US territory in 1822, Saint Augustine and Pensacola competed to be the capital of Florida. Since one could not agree on one of the two cities, a place in between was sought. The tall hills of Tallahassee attracted the search party and in 1824 the city of Tallahassee was established as the capital.
Leon County soon became a thriving agricultural area. Tallahassee had several large plantations that produced grain, cotton, and sweet potatoes. In 1860 about 9,000 slaves lived there. After the American Civil War from 1861 to 1865, many of the town's large plantations were bought by wealthy northerners as winter homes.
The Tallahassee Railroad opened in 1837, making it one of the first railroad lines in what is now Florida. It connected the city on a 35 km long route with Saint Marks in the coastal region to the south . In 1983 the line was shut down by the Seaboard Coast Line Railroad and the route was sold to the Florida Department of Transportation . Today Tallahassee-St. Marks Historic Railroad State Trail .
The current west-east main line through Tallahassee was completed in 1861 by the Pensacola and Georgia Railroad . Another railway line was opened in 1893 between Tallahassee and Carrabelle ( Carrabelle, Tallahassee and Georgia Railroad ) and this was extended in 1902 by the Georgia, Florida & Alabama Railway via Bainbridge to Cuthbert in Georgia . The Tallahassee - Carrabelle section was closed in 1948.
Tallahassee grew steadily, in 1950 the city already had over 27,000 inhabitants, and agriculture was slowly declining. Today government agencies are the largest employer.
In Tallahassee there are currently 120 different churches from 21 different denominations, of which the Baptist congregation is most strongly represented with 44 churches. There are also 14 churches that do not belong to any denomination (as of 2004).
According to the 2010 census, the then 181,376 inhabitants were distributed over 84,248 households. The population density was 731.6 inh / km². 57.4% of the population identified themselves as whites , 35.0% as African American , 0.2% as Indians and 3.7% as Asian Americans . 1.4% said they belonged to another ethnic group and 2.3% to several ethnic groups. 6.3% of the population was made up of Hispanics or Latinos .
In 2010, children under the age of 18 lived in 23.5% of all households and persons aged 65 or over lived in 15.0% of all households. 46.3% of households were family households (consisting of married couples with or without offspring or one parent with offspring). The average household size was 2.23 people and the average family size was 2.88 people.
25.9% of the population were younger than 20 years, 42.9% were 20 to 39 years old, 19.0% were 40 to 59 years old, and 12.1% were at least 60 years old. The mean age was 26 years. 47.1% of the population were male and 52.9% were female.
The median annual income was $ 38,972, with 29.4% of the population living below the poverty line.
Tallahassee has partnerships with the following cities:
- Konongo , Ashanti Region , Ghana
- Krasnodar , Russia
- Ramat Hasharon , Israel
- Sint Maarten , Kingdom of the Netherlands
- Sligo , County Sligo , Ireland
- the old and new capitals are symbols of Tallahassee and all of Florida. The old capitol was restored in 1902 and now houses a museum. The new Capitol, built in 1978, is the seat of the Senate.
- the football stadium of the FSU Seminoles with a capacity of 80,000 spectators
- Wakulla Springs , a nature park with one of the largest freshwater springs in the world and location of the Tarzan films with Johnny Weissmüller
- Pebble Hill Plantation , a former cotton plantation and manor house, now a museum
- the "Canopy Road", an old street where the colonists planted many oaks.
One structure in Tallahassee has the status of a National Historic Landmark , the Franciscan Mission San Luis De Talimali . 54 buildings and sites in the city are listed on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) (as of November 1, 2018).
Parks and sports facilities
There is a wide range of different city parks and several sporting facilities as well as playgrounds and opportunities for camping. Sports options include softball , baseball , American football , basketball , soccer and swimming.
Economy and Infrastructure
The main branches of employment are: education, health and social affairs: (25.4%), trade / retail: (12.2%), public administration: (17.9%), arts, entertainment, food, restaurants: (11, 1%), future technology, management, administration (10.8%).
Until 2005, the Tallahassee station was a station of the Sunset Limited of the Amtrak railroad company from Orlando to Los Angeles . However, after the effects of Hurricane Katrina , the line was shortened to the New Orleans - Los Angeles route. Since then, the only rail transport has consisted of goods transports, which are carried out by the railway company CSX Transportation .
The city's airport is Tallahassee International Airport . There is also Tallahassee Commercial Airport .
- Amos B. Godby High School (approx. 1500 students)
- Augusta Raa Middle School (approx. 830 students)
- Buck Lake Elementary School (approx. 800 students)
- Deerlake Middle School (approx. 1200 students)
- Hawks Rise Elementary School (approx. 780 students)
- James Rickards High School (approx. 1900 students)
- Kate Sullivan Elementary School (approx. 800 students)
- Killearn Lakes Elementary School (approx. 890 students)
- Lawton Chiles High School (approx. 1600 students)
- Leon High School (approx. 1770 students)
- Lincoln High School (ca.1870 students)
- Maclay School (approx. 1000 students)
- Swift Creek Middle School (approx. 940 students)
- Florida Agricultural and Mechanical University (approx.10,900 students)
- Florida State University (nearly 40,000 students)
- Lively Technical Center (approx. 740 students)
- Tallahassee Community College (approximately 7,000 students)
In Tallahassee there is the "Leroy Collins Leon County Public Library" with approx. 480,000 books, 34,500 audio and 28,000 video documents.
The crime rate in 2010 was 521 points (US average: 266 points) in the high range. There were 13 murders, 130 rapes, 492 robberies, 1167 personal injuries, 2920 break-ins, 5310 thefts, 349 car thefts and 21 arson attacks.
sons and daughters of the town
- LeRoy Collins (1909–1991), politician and 33rd Governor of Florida from 1955 to 1961
- Kay Aldridge (1917–1995), actress
- Consuela Lee (1926–2009), jazz pianist
- Carrie P. Meek (* 1926), politician
- Ernie Barton (* 1930), rockabilly and rock 'n' roll musician, producer and songwriter
- Susan Hiller (1940–2019), artist
- Samuel Thornton Durrance (* 1943), astronaut
- Lobo (* 1943), musician
- Brad Davis (1949–1991), actor
- Carla Hayden (born 1952), librarian; Head of the Library of Congress
- Charles Slater (* 1956), entrepreneur and racing car driver
- Matt Battaglia (born 1965), actor
- Shea Whigham (born 1969), actor
- Travis Walker (* 1979), heavyweight boxer
- Maddy Curley (born 1981), actress
- Anthony Lobello (* 1984), short tracker, speed skater and inline speed skater
- T-Pain (* 1985), rapper, R&B singer and music producer
- Bruce Edward Daniels, Jr. (born 1989), American football player
- Lily Williams (* 1994), cyclist
- Piper Curda (born 1997), actress
- Website of the city (Engl.)
- Gregg Turner: A Short History of Florida Railroads. Arcadia Publishing , Mount Pleasant 2014, ISBN 978-1-439642-54-2 , p. 14.
- Gregg Turner: A Short History of Florida Railroads. Arcadia Publishing , Mount Pleasant 2014, ISBN 978-1-439642-54-2 .
- The story of the Georgia Florida & Alabama RR. Retrieved August 28, 2015 .
- Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 . United States Census Bureau . Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- Language distribution 2000 . Modern Language Association . Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- List of NHL by State . National Park Service , accessed November 1, 2018.
- Search mask database in the National Register Information System. National Park Service , accessed November 1, 2018.