|coat of arms||Austria map|
|Political District :||black|
|License plate :||SZ|
|Residents :||2,198 (January 1, 2020)|
|Postal code :||6215|
|Area code :||05246|
|Community code :||7 09 01|
|UN / LOCODE||AT ACK|
|Address of the
Town hall 387
|Mayor :||Karl Moser (Achentaler Community List ( ÖVP ))|
Municipal Council : (2016)
|Location of Achenkirch in the Schwaz district|
Town center with parish church towards Seekarspitze
|Source: Municipal data from Statistics Austria|
Geographical location and municipality
The community of Achenkirch consists of several scattered villages in the Achental (Achenkirch, Achensee, Achental and Achenwald) and stretches from the northern tip of the Achensee to the Achenpass on the Bavarian border.
As a northern neighbor, Achenkirch has a share of the Achensee. This was originally drained through the Seeache north to the Isar . In 1929 the outflow of the Achensee was blocked; since then it has been draining via the Achensee power plant in Jenbach, which was built between 1924 and 1927.
The former customs station Scholastika , located directly on the lake shore, is also part of the municipality (once important for the salt transport; now a hotel with its own shipping pier); as well as the site of the former Achenseehof , a no longer existing retirement home for the singer Ludwig Rainer (1821-1893), today a lido with a chapel and its own landing stage.
The first documented mention of approx. 1140 concerns a donation of the area around the Achensee "lacus et locus, qui Emmaus appellatur" ("lake and area that Emmaus is called") by the Lords of Schlitters to the St. Georgenberg-Fiecht Abbey at Schwaz. The name Achental first appears in the early documents in the form "Achene" and "Vallis Achen", ie Achental. In the 14th century the name "Sant Jörgental" appears. The name Achental itself is first used in the fishing book of Emperor Maximilian I around 1500.
The Achental has been known as its own local community since 1313, and from 1530 the Achental community is referred to as a neighborhood or main team. She belonged to the district court Rottenburg (in Rotholz bei Jenbach ) until 1835, then to the district court Schwaz and from 1848 to the judicial district Schwaz .
Achental became a political municipality in 1811 through the Bavarian administrative reform. Tyrol belonged to the Kingdom of Bavaria from 1806 to 1814 . When the political district administrative authorities were formed in 1867, the municipality of Achental was assigned to the Schwaz district. In 1971 the community was renamed "Achenkirch".
coat of arms
On November 6, 1973 the municipality was given a coat of arms by the Tyrolean provincial government.
Description : A silver wavy bar, accompanied by green fields, in the base of the shield a black tip and a black rafter, above a black onion dome.
The coat of arms symbolizes the place name as a talking coat of arms .
Economy and Infrastructure
In addition to logging, agriculture, trade and, above all, tourism on the Achensee and the Hochalm-Christlum ski area are economically important today . In the first half of the 20th century, forest management in the area of the Achenwald u. a. operated with the Klammbachwaldbahn .
From Achenkirch the road branches off to Steinberg am Rofan .
- Public transport
From Achenkirch every hour between 5:00 a.m. and 7:00 p.m., the ÖBB-Postbus buses run to Maurach am Achensee and on to Pertisau and Jenbach. A bus from Regionalverkehr Oberbayern (Oberbayernbus) runs twice a day from Tegernsee to Maurach and on to Pertisau and back.
Culture and sights
- Parish church Achenkirch : The church was originally a private church of the Lords of Schlitters, which was donated to the Georgenberg monastery. With this donation, the church is referred to as a parish in the valley Emaus. But very soon the name of the church in Achen, Achenkirch, comes up. Today's parish church of St. John the Baptist in the “Achental” was built from 1748 to 1750 according to plans by Jakob Singer . The tower with onion helmet completed the construction in 1755. Several elements are reminiscent of the former baroque furnishings:
- Altarpiece with John the Baptist by Philipp Haller (1762)
- Confessionals and 12 pictures of the apostles in the choir
- Cheeks and statue of St. Johannes Nepomuk in the nave
- Four statues on the neo-Romanesque high altar depict the saints George , Vincent , King Heinrich II and Florian (1891).
- On the left side altar: the rosary queen, St. Handing over the rosary to Dominic ; next to it the saints Benedict and Scholastica .
- The right side altar is dedicated to the Sacred Heart of Jesus .
- Ceiling frescoes by Johann Endfelder (1842).
- Glass painting in the choir (1890).
- Organ by Joseph Aigner (1878).
Since 1750 the church has been restored and redesigned several times, the neo-baroque wall painting from 1933/34 is no longer available. The current wall painting in the Nazarene style dates from 1870.
The ringing consists of five bells:
- Heart of Jesus and Heart of Mary bell, 1488 kg, tone d / 1
- John the Baptist bell, 905 kg, f / 1
- Benedict and Scholastica bell, 640 kg g / 1
- Leonhard bell, 360 kg, b / 1
- Death bell, 256 kg, c / 2
The baroque Annakircherl from the 18th century is located on a hill outside the village, near what was once the largest Urhof in the Achen Valley, "Dolnhof". It was built in 1670 by the farm owner Christoph Unterberger and is often used for weddings. The altarpiece shows the admission and coronation of Mary and comes from an unknown painter from the 18th century.
15 chapels within the municipality from the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries have been preserved. Some of them belonged to no longer existing original farms and were built by the farm owners and innkeepers. A wine house has been handed down since the 15th century and was built in its current form in 1672. It was restored in 1992 and is again operated as a restaurant.
The Salzstadel house (privately owned) was once the meeting point for salt traders on the main transport route between the salt pans in Hall and the city of Munich.
The traditional Einhof Sixenhof houses a local museum, which gives an insight into the way of life and the craft of earlier times.
Sons and daughters of the church
- Felix Mitterer (* 1948), Austrian actor and playwright
- Josef Anton Ledermaier († 1944 in Soviet captivity), poet
- Ludwig Rainer († May 15, 1893 in Kreuth), founder of the Rainer Society, burial site in Achenkirch
People related to the community
- Bernhard Sirch OSB (* 1943 in Günzburg ; † 2013), local pastor and branch of Hinterriß from 1994 to 2009
- History Tyrol: Achenkirch
- 70901 - Achenkirch. Community data, Statistics Austria .
- Entry in the Tirol Atlas of the Institute for Geography at the University of Innsbruck
- Katharina Staudigl-Jaud (Red.): Achentaler Heimatbuch (Schlern-Schriften 241). Wagner: Innsbruck 1965.
- On the so-called "Schlitter donation", a tradition that was falsified in the 14th century, cf. in detail Martin Bitschnau , Hannes Obermair : Tiroler Urkundenbuch, II. Department: The documents on the history of the Inn, Eisack and Pustertal valleys. Volume 2: 1140-1200 . Universitätsverlag Wagner, Innsbruck 2012, ISBN 978-3-7030-0485-8 , p. 8–13, no. 390, especially section a .
- Law Gazette for Tyrol, no. 91/1973. ( Digitized version )
- Timetable. (PDF) Line 9550. Oberbayernbus, archived from the original on September 26, 2018 ; accessed on September 24, 2019 .
- Information on the organ