|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Lower Franconia|
|Management Community :||Erftal|
|Height :||150 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||17.39 km 2|
|Residents:||4242 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||244 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||63927|
|Area code :||09371|
|License plate :||MIL, OBB|
|Community key :||09 6 76 116|
|Market structure:||1 district|
Market administration address :
|Große Maingasse 1
|Mayor :||Thomas Grün ( UWG )|
|Location of the Bürgstadt market in the Miltenberg district|
Bürgstadt lies at the confluence of the Erf in the Main and borders directly on the southwestern district town of Miltenberg . It is located on the northeastern edge of the Odenwald or on the southwestern edge of the Spessart (Wertheimer plateau) on the border with Baden-Württemberg . The topographically highest point of the municipality district is located at at the summit of the Wannenberg, northeast of Bürgstadt, the lowest is in the Main at .
Earlier spellings from various historical maps and documents:
In prehistoric times, the Bürgstadter Berg was the seat of a fortified settlement (today forest), which was protected by the ring wall of Bürgstädter Berg . The first documentary mention of Bürgstadt took place in 1181. During the time of the tribal duchies, the place belonged to the Duchy of Franconia . Centgrafensitz was a town town until the 18th century , but in the late Middle Ages it already lost much of its importance to the neighboring Miltenberg , which was strategically located and protected by a castle and therefore became the seat of the Miltenberg office . The Roman fort Miltenberg-Ost was also partly within the Bürgstadt district.
In the years 1616 to 1618 and 1627 to 1630 there were witch hunts in Bürgstadt , which killed 91 people. In 1628, Centgraf Leonhard Gackstadt, an ex officio judge in the witch trials , donated a new high altar for the St. Martin's Chapel .
Up until 1803, Bürgstadt was under the rule of the Electorate of Mainz . By the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss , Bürgstadt was placed under secular rule. By 1816 the rulership changed three times before Bürgstadt became part of the Kingdom of Bavaria .
In 1862 the Miltenberg district office was formed, on whose administrative area Bürgstadt was located. As everywhere in the German Reich , the term district was introduced in 1939. Bürgstadt was now one of the 31 communities in the old district of Miltenberg . On July 1, 1972, this merged with the district of Obernburg am Main to form the new district of Miltenberg .
The municipal council consists of 17 members including the mayor. The diagram on the right shows the distribution of seats.
In March 2014 Thomas Grün (Independent Voting Association) was elected as the new mayor, and he took office in May 2014. This ended the 69-year era of CSU mayors in Bürgstadt. In 2020, green was re-elected with 62.46%.
coat of arms
The blazon of the Bürgstadt coat of arms reads: In red on green ground, a silver castle with an open gate in the battlement wall and two side battlements; a six-spoke silver wheel hovering between them .
The Mainz wheel and the colors silver and red indicate the former rulership of Kurmainz . The castle speaks for the name of the place.
Culture and sights
The museum in the former middle mill is divided into the main topics of local viticulture as well as sandstone extraction and processing. Furthermore, tobacco growing , early and history and the life of the locally born composer Johann Michael Breunig documented (1699-1755). Since 2002 a Roman section has been showing the early local history. A special room is dedicated to the history of the displaced persons in Bürgstadt. Every six months, current topics of local and club history as well as everyday life in the village before 1960 are presented in special exhibitions based on the museum's holdings.
One of the sights is the St. Martin's Chapel , built around 950, with its picture Bible painted around 1590, represented in 40 medallions. The parish church of St. Margareta was built around 1300, rebuilt in 1437 and expanded in 1617. The Gothic portal is well worth seeing and dates from the 15th century. The historic town hall was built around 1590. The ruins of the Centgrafenkapelle date from the 17th century. In May 2000, the Mittelmühle, which was converted into a community center, was opened to the public.
The Nibelungensteig , a 130-kilometer long long- distance hiking trail certified with the quality seal “Quality Trail Hikable Germany”, runs through the village . The 180 km long Jakobsweg Main-Taubertal and the Franconian Marienweg also lead through Bürgstadt.
The wine culture night takes place every year on the second Saturday in June. Every five years (last date February 7, 2015) there is a carnival parade with the Altweibermühle (first mentioned in 1860) as the highlight. Every first weekend in July, the local football club organizes its tournament for the respective Centgrafen Cup . The tournament bears his name based on the historical past of the municipality. Every year on the second weekend in July, the street and courtyard festival takes place, in which numerous clubs take part.
On the Bürgstadter Centgrafenberg is red wine grown, which is of great importance for Bürgstadt. Above all, Pinot Noir and Pinot Noir grow on the red sandstone floor to make very good red wines. The best-known winemaker in the area is Paul Fürst , who was named winemaker of the year by the Gault Millau wine guide in 2003 . Almost all of the local winegrowers offer their home-made wine with different types of snacks every two weeks in Häckerwirtschaften .
Bürgstadt has been on the Franconian red wine hiking trail since 1990 .
Economy and Infrastructure
Viticulture plays an important role in Bürgstadt. With almost 60 hectares of vineyards, the community is one of the largest wine-growing communities on the Lower Main. The Burgstadt red wine was first mentioned in 1612.
State roads 507, 2309 and 2310 run through the municipal area of Bürgstadt .
Leisure and sports facilities
Bürgstadt has a heated leisure pool with a large water slide as well as sports fields, tennis courts, a tennis hall with squash fields and playgrounds. In both directions of the Main Valley there are well-developed bicycle paths available; There are also numerous hiking trails along the Main, Erf, in the vineyards and in the forest.
- Ernst Heinrichsohn (1920–1994), mayor from 1960 to 1980. Sentenced in 1980 in Cologne to six years in prison for participating in the persecution of Jews in France. Bürgstadts residents were convinced after the conviction of the innocence of their fellow citizen, the journalist Lea Rosh documented these statements in several television features for registration D .
Sons and Daughters of the Market
- Johann Michael Breunig (1699–1755), baroque composer
- Maria Bachmann (* 1964), actress, screenwriter, director
- Beate Nodes (1964–2008), automobile racing driver
- Sabine Ullrich , Bavarian beer queen
- Ernst Volland (* 1946 ), born in Bürgstadt, is a German artist, photographer, caricaturist, gallery owner, curator and author.
According to another source, the citizens should have driven Martin Luther, who wanted to convert them, from the place. They tore up crosses in the cemetery and chased the reformer away.
- Wolfgang Meister: The Martinskapelle in Bürgstadt. Testimony to the sense of art and zeal for faith in a rural community around 1600. Bürgstadt 2004, ISBN 3-00-015104-4
- Wolfgang Meister: The churches in Bürgstadt - Martinskapelle - Old Parish Church St. Margareta - New Parish Church St. Margareta. Catholic Church Foundation St. Margareta, Bürgstadt 2006
- Homepage of Bürgstadt
- History portal Bavarian Lower Main
- Bürgstadt: Official statistics of the LfStat
- Bürgstadt in the location database of the Bayerische Landesbibliothek Online . Bavarian State Library
- "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
- Members of the parish council. Municipality of Bürgstadt, accessed on June 4, 2020 .
- Wolf-Armin von Reitzenstein : Lexicon of Franconian place names. Origin and meaning . Upper Franconia, Middle Franconia, Lower Franconia. CH Beck, Munich 2009, ISBN 978-3-406-59131-0 , p. 43 ( limited preview in Google Book search).
- Markt Bürgstadt, website of the city
- Entry on the coat of arms of Bürgstadt in the database of the House of Bavarian History
- Jakobsweg Main-Taubertal (pilgrimage route) - wanderkompass.de. In: wanderkompass.de. Retrieved August 3, 2020 .
- Altweibermühle in Bürgstadt. (No longer available online.) In: Meine-news.de. News Verlag, February 8, 2015, archived from the original on November 19, 2015 ; Retrieved November 19, 2015 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Judith Weißhaar: Lea Rosh remembers Bürgstadt . In: Anne Klein (ed.): The Lischka trial: a Jewish-French-German memory story. A picture reading book . Metropol Verlag, Berlin 2013, pp. 183–190
- Werner Trost: Stampes, Worzelköpp and Staffelbrunzer . Miltenberg district 2003
- Uz-Atlas - Prima Sunday, 11 November 2012