Cervera de la Marenda
|Canton||La Cote Vermeille|
|Community association||Albères, Côte Vermeille et l'Illibéris|
|surface||8.18 km 2|
|Residents||1,355 (January 1, 2017)|
|Population density||166 inhabitants / km 2|
Cerbère (in Catalan Cervera de la Marenda ) is a French commune with 1,355 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2017) in the Pyrénées-Orientales department of the Occitania region . Cerbère is a railway station and the easternmost commune of the Pyrénées-Orientales department. It is located in the historic Catalan comarca Rosselló on the south coast of the Golfe du Lion ( Côte Vermeille ) directly on the border with Spain and is the southernmost mainland town in France. The vines in the municipality belong to the growing areas of the sweet wine Banyuls (VDN) and the Muscat de Rivesaltes .
Cerbère is of particular importance in rail transport. Along with Hendaye, the Cerbère border station, which characterizes the townscape, is the most important transition to Spain. It was built in 1878 by the Compagnie des chemins de fer du Midi . The architect was Gustave Eiffel . The result is a steel and glass structure that was recently renovated. The tracks of the Spanish broad gauge end in Cerbère, while those of the French standard gauge end in the Spanish station Portbou , where there is also a gauge change facility . Perpendicular to the passage route, a large extend sidings , shunting and marshalling yard .
However, the importance of Cerbère has declined sharply with the high-speed line LGV Perpignan – Figueres , which was inaugurated in 2010 : While all long-distance trains on the Mediterranean route to and from Spain previously stopped here, there are now only two night-time intercity services to Paris and Cartagena every day , otherwise Regional trains of the local transport company Transport express régional (TER).
Cerbère can be reached by road on the D 914 departmental road, which merges into the Spanish N-260 at the border.
- Pierre Bacqueyrisses (1893–1949), entrepreneur and racing car driver, was born in Cerbère.
- Édouard Ramonet (1909–1980), French politician, was born in Cerbère.
- Alfred Nakache (1915–1983), a French swimmer and water polo player from Algeria who survived the Auschwitz concentration camp , died of a heart attack in Cerbère during daily swimming training in the harbor.
- Jacques Bailbé (1924–1992), French Romance studies and literary scholar, grew up in Cerbère.