|Canton||La Plaine d'Illibéris|
|Community association||Albères, Côte Vermeille et l'Illibéris|
|surface||8.49 km 2|
|Residents||1,481 (January 1, 2017)|
|Population density||174 inhabitants / km 2|
Ortaffa - town view
Ortaffa ( Catalan Ortafà ) is a place and a municipality in the south of France with 1,481 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2017) in the old cultural landscape of Roussillon in what is now the Pyrénées-Orientales department in the Occitania region .
The place Ortaffa is located on the north bank of the Tech at an altitude of about 40 m above sea level. d. M. on the eastern edge of the Pyrenees . The place is around 15 kilometers (driving distance) south of Perpignan ; the old episcopal city of Elne is about six kilometers northeast.
Despite the phylloxera crisis in viticulture and the loss of jobs due to the mechanization of agriculture , the population of the municipality rose continuously due to its relative proximity to the city of Perpignan.
Traditionally, the residents lived as self-sufficient food from their (wine) fields and from a little cattle-raising (sheep, goats, chickens). The wines produced in the municipality today are marketed through various appellations . Since the middle of the 20th century, there has been income from tourism in the form of renting holiday apartments ( gîtes ).
Small prehistoric finds were made in the municipality; The Celts , Romans , Visigoths and Moors , on the other hand, left no traces. The first mention of the Sainte-Eugénie church comes from 1145; at that time the castle was owned by the bishops of Elne .
- The single-nave parish church of Sainte-Eugenie was built in the 12th century; However, it was later changed by a south porch and a new west facade with an attached bell gable ( clocher mur or espadanya ). Only the nave and the apse are Romanesque, but their stylistically idiosyncratic high blind arcades are a mystery to historians. Large parts of the structure have been recognized as a monument historique since 1964 .
- Parts of the medieval castle ( château ) of the bishops of Elne are still preserved; the complex now serves as a hotel.
- The city tower, made of bricks and rubble, but based on the shape of the Paris Eiffel Tower, dates from 1898–1900 . He wears a wrought iron 'crown'.