|surface||8.34 km 2|
|Residents||317 (January 1, 2017)|
|Population density||38 inhabitants / km 2|
Llauro - town view
The place Llauro lies at an altitude of approx. 310 to 335 m above sea level. d. M. in the northeastern foothills of the Pyrenees and is about 25 km (driving distance) in a southeastern direction from Perpignan .
The phylloxera crisis in viticulture and the loss of jobs due to the mechanization of agriculture led to a decline in the number of inhabitants in the 20th century - a trend that has gradually reversed in recent decades due to the relative proximity to the city of Perpignan.
Traditionally, the residents lived as self-sufficient food from their (wine) fields and from a little cattle-raising (sheep, goats, chickens). In the 19th century more natural cork was peeled, from which bottle corks were made; however, this tradition gradually disappeared from the middle of the 20th century. The wines produced in the municipality today are marketed through various appellations . Since the middle of the 20th century, there has been income from tourism in the form of renting holiday apartments ( gîtes ).
The existence of two dolmens indicates a Neolithic settlement; on the other hand, the Celts , Romans , Visigoths and Moors left no traces on the municipality. The first reliable mention of the place name Villa Laurosone comes from the year 814; in the 12th century the modern form Llauró appears for the first time . In 1273 the inhabitants of Llauro acquired the place and all rights from the heirs of their previous landlord ( seigneur ) Beranger von Céret and placed themselves under the manorial rule of Infante Jaume , the future king of Mallorca .
- The parish church of Saint-Martin , with a bell gable ( clocher mur or espadanya ) and consecrated to Saint Martin of Tours , dates from the Romanesque period , but was redesigned again and again in the following centuries. The entrance is in a house-like porch. The interior of the church has a single nave and is barrel vaulted. The apse hides a baroque altarpiece from the 18th century; a figure of Christ is attributed to the 12th century.
- The Dolmen Cabana del Moro is located in a wooded area about halfway ( ) to the neighboring town of Tordères .
- The remains of the Dolmens Serrat de Galuert ( ) are, however, southwest of the village.