|Canton||La Cote Vermeille|
|Community association||Albères, Côte Vermeille et l'Illibéris|
|surface||14.77 km 2|
|Residents||4,129 (January 1, 2017)|
|Population density||280 inhabitants / km 2|
Port-Vendres - town view
Port Vendres is located on the Côte Vermeille , the southernmost section of the French Mediterranean coast , just before the border with Spain . The distance to Perpignan is about 32 km (driving distance) in a north-westerly direction; the Catalan metropolis of Barcelona is located approx. 200 km southwest.
In earlier centuries the population lived from agriculture, which also included viticulture, and from fishing. Both branches of business are still very important today - Port-Vendres is one of the four places in the Roussillon region whose wine can be marketed under the Banyuls (VDN) appellation; the fishing fleet is the largest in Roussillon. Since the middle of the 20th century (diving) tourism has played an increasingly important role in the economic life of the small town.
As several dolmens in the vicinity of the place prove, the area was already in the 4th millennium BC. Settled by members of the Neolithic megalithic cultures . Because of its natural harbor, Port-Vendres could be a Phoenician or Greek foundation, but so far no archaeological traces have been discovered, which is also true of the Roman period. The place name was first mentioned in 1272 when it belonged to the Crown of Aragon and shortly afterwards to the Kingdom of Mallorca . Until the Peace of the Pyrenees (1659), the entire area of Roussillon was disputed between France and Spain. In the 18th century the port saw the stationing of warships and the entire place was modernized. During the Catalan retreat ( retirada ) in the Spanish Civil War , two medical ships were moored in the port of Port-Vendres; From November 12, 1942 to August 19, 1944 the place was occupied by German soldiers.
Reception in art
Port-Vendres is a setting of the novel The Origin of the World by Ulrich Tukur .
- Port (largest fishing port in Roussillon)
- Notre-Dame de Bonne Nouvelle Church (1888)
- Redoute du Fanal (1673/1700) to fortify the port
- Tour de l'Horloge, a last remnant of the Redoute de la Presqu'île
- Baie des Paulilles
- Cap Béar north of the village with Fort Béar, a fortress from the 19th century, and the lighthouse (1861)
- Fort Saint-Elme from the time of Charles V and Fort Dugommier
- Tour de Madeloc (1285)
- Tina Aumont (1946–2006), actress, died in Port-Vendres.
- Estella Blain (1930–1982), actress, died in Port-Vendres.
- Gilbert Brutus (1887–1944), rugby player and coach, born in Port-Vendres.
- Jean Nicolas Pierre Hachette (1769–1834), mathematician and hydrography teacher, 1793 in Collioure and Port-Vendres.
- Pierre Jeanjean (1924–), rugby player, born in Port-Vendres.
- Joseph Pascot (1897–1974), politician, born in Port-Vendres.
- Gaston Pams (1918–1981), Senator and Mayor of Argelès-sur-Mer , born in Port-Vendres.
- Charles de Rochefort (1887–1952), actor of the silent film era, born in Port-Vendres.
- Jean Vernette (1929–2002), priest, born in Port-Vendres.
- Port-Vendres, Viticulture - Info (French)
- Ulrich Tukur: The origin of the world. Frankfurt a. M. 2019. p. 49ff.