|surface||13.47 km 2|
|Residents||820 (January 1, 2017)|
|Population density||61 inhabitants / km 2|
Passover - Monastir del Camp
Passa ( Catalan Paçà ) is a place and a municipality in the south of France with 820 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2017) in the Pyrénées-Orientales department in the Occitania region in the old cultural landscape of Roussillon .
The place Passa lies at a height of approx. Pyrenees and is around 16 kilometers (driving distance) in a south-westerly direction from Perpignan ; the old episcopal city of Elne is about 16 kilometers to the east.above sea level. d. M. in the eastern foothills of the
Despite the phylloxera crisis in viticulture and the loss of jobs due to the mechanization of agriculture , the population of the municipality rose almost continuously due to its relative proximity to the city of Perpignan.
Traditionally, the residents lived as self-sufficient food from their (wine) fields and from a little cattle-raising (sheep, goats, chickens). The wines produced in the municipality today are marketed through various appellations . Since the middle of the 20th century, there has been income from tourism in the form of renting holiday apartments ( gîtes ).
Although the place was located on an important trade route, the later Via Domitia , in ancient times, the Celts , Romans , Visigoths and Moors left no traces on the municipality. The first mention of the place comes from the year 801; a Saint-Pierre church is first mentioned in 899. In 1130, Bishop Udalgar von Elne sold the church to the nearby priory of Sainte-Marie del Camp .
- The Saint-Pierre church is originally a Romanesque building, but it was redesigned in the 15th and 17th centuries; the apse also disappeared . An external feature is a clock tower in the west, on which a wrought iron 'crown' with two bells hung on top of each other was placed. Inside there is an eight-spoke bell wheel with twelve small bells.
- Much more important than the place and its church was the Monastir del Camp , which was consecrated to the Virgin Mary , about 2 km northeast . Originally possibly a Cistercian monastery , it later became an Augustinian priory, from which a Benedictine monastery emerged in the late Middle Ages , which existed until 1786. During the French Revolution , the residents of that time fled to Spain; the buildings served as a hospital. The main building with double windows in the Moorish style ( ajimez ) and the Romanesque west portal made of the light marble of Céret are particularly worth seeing ; the latter is comparable in material, structure and style to the portal of the Sainte-Marie church of Brouilla, about 10 km to the east . The nave is barrel vaulted ; two later added side chapels already have Gothic rib vaults . The small late Gothic cloister ( cloître ) shows almost free-floating tracery arcades . The building was recognized as a monument historique as early as 1875 .
- The nearby hermitage of St. Luc de Puigrodon was first mentioned in 1031.
- Passover, viticulture - information (French)
- Passover, history and sights - photos + information (French)
- Passover, Saint-Pierre church - photo + brief information (French)