|birthday||February 2, 1919|
|place of birth||Schillersdorf (Upper Silesia) , Germany|
|date of death||September 4, 1999|
|Place of death||Karlsruhe , Germany|
|Years||station||Games (goals) 1|
|1943-1947||FC Schalke 04|
|1949-1950||1. FC Kaiserslautern|
|1951-1953||1. FC Cologne||60 (3)|
|1953-1954||SV Phoenix Ludwigshafen|
|Stations as a trainer|
|1956-1960||Germany (assistant coach)|
|1960-1964||FC Schalke 04|
|1966-1967||FC Young Fellows Zurich|
|1968-1969||FC Young Fellows Zurich|
|1973-1975||Tennis Borussia Berlin|
|1975-1976||Wacker 04 Berlin|
|1 Only league games are given.|
Georg Gawliczek (born February 2, 1919 in Schillersdorf (Upper Silesia) , † September 4, 1999 in Karlsruhe ) was a German football player and coach . He was a contract player in the Oberliga West and Oberliga Südwest. In the Bundesliga he coached the clubs FC Schalke 04 , Hamburger SV , Karlsruher SC , Tennis Borussia Berlin and Hertha BSC . With Freiburg FC , Tennis Borussia and Hertha BSC he got promotions, although the latter two were immediately relegated. He won the 1970 Swiss Cup with FC Zurich .
In the Bundesliga he was coach in 167 games; With an average of 1.01 points per game, he is the fourth worst coach in this regard with more than 100 games. He was also a pioneer in terms of coach layoffs: he was the second and tenth coach in Bundesliga history to leave prematurely, and the first to have this happened a second time. In the 2nd Bundesliga he was coach in 161 games.
Stations as a player - beginnings as a coach
The player, who emerged from the youth of Meidericher SV , was active at FC Schalke 04 before the start of the Oberliga West in 1947 . In 1946 he was also involved in the selection of the West German Football Association . Then he played two rounds again in 1947/48 and 1948/49 for Meidericher SV in the Lower Rhine regional league and was also in the West German selection during this time.
In 1949 he also completed his training as a football teacher under the direction of national coach Sepp Herberger . It was the second course that was held at the Cologne Sports University after the war . Course colleagues were:
- Herbert Burdenski , Theo Kirchberg , Kuno Klötzer , Willibald Kreß , Helmut Kronsbein , Hans Pilz , Hans Wendlandt , Martin Wilke , Emil Izsó
For the round 1949/50 moved to 1. FC Kaiserslautern where he was together with Fritz Walter master of the Oberliga Südwest . In the final round of the German championship, the Palatinate team were eliminated in the quarter-finals with 2: 5 against VfB Stuttgart .
He then took over the position of association coach at the Mittelrhein Football Association in 1950/51 . After a year he followed the call of 1. FC Cologne , where his brother Gerhard Gawliczek was from 1951 to 1952 , and played there two seasons in the Oberliga West . Under coach Helmut Schneider , he was runner- up there alongside Hans Schäfer in 1953. In the final round of the 1952/53 German Championship in the group matches, FC retired with just one win out of six games.
Career as a coach
1954 to 1960: From association coach to DFB
From 1954 to 1956 he was the coach of the Southwest German Football Association , before he was signed by the DFB in 1956 and was accepted into the coaching staff of the national coach Sepp Herberger , where he worked alongside Helmut Schön and Dettmar Cramer . The highlight of this activity was the 1958 World Cup in Sweden, where Germany finished fourth.
“ Equally useful as an outside runner and liaison striker. Played for Meiderich and Schalke, also several times representative. A man who has thought about the game, with independent thoughts and initiative. Herberger's assistant. "
While Schön had special responsibility for the junior and B national teams, Gawliczek's special area was the amateur national team, which he had to prepare for the 1960 Olympic Games . With the German selection, he initially prevailed in the then “inner-German” qualification against the quasi senior national team (“state amateurs”) of the GDR . In the actual qualification, the German selection managed only one victory against the Finnish selection, while the two games against Poland, again a quasi senior national team, were lost.
After the World Cup, his time at the DFB was increasingly shaped by the desire of Schön, Dettmar Cramer and himself to succeed Herberger, who was already 61 at the world tournament. After Cramer temporarily resigned to pursue a career as a journalist at ZDF , this was reduced to a rivalry between him and Schön. Gawliczek was even considered Herberger's preferred successor, which even led to Schön resigning from the DFB in 1958, although the association was soon able to change his mind to remain. After “the old man” showed no willingness to retire - he was to remain in office until 1964 - and did not want to commit himself publicly to a successor, Gawliczek finally said in 1960 that he could not wait that long.
1960 to 1964: FC Schalke 04
For the 1960/61 season he then signed a probably better paid contract with FC Schalke 04 in the Oberliga West, which should bring him 3,000 marks per month. With Schalke, fourth under Hungary's Nándor Lengyel last year , he immediately came third behind 1. FC Köln and Borussia Dortmund . In 1962 he was able to win the runner-up - just one point behind 1. FC Köln. Schalke won all two games against Cologne. In the final round, things didn't go so well for the miners. The defending champion 1. FC Nürnberg prevailed against Schalke in the group matches and thus moved back into the final, where 1. FC Köln won 4-0. In the last league season before the introduction of the Bundesliga, Schalke was only sixth, but was still qualified for the new league.
The appointment of the players Hans Nowak and Willi Koslowski to the national team can be rated as a plus point of the coaching work. They both took part in the 1962 World Cup in Chile with Willi Schulz . In the last league year, the talent Reinhard "Stan" Libuda was also installed on the right wing.
The start in the Bundesliga succeeded on August 24, 1963 with a convincing 2-0 home win through goals from Koslowski and Gerhardt. The euphoria was boosted by the new league, the two newcomers Günter Herrmann and Klaus Matischak and the 9: 1 point start. After the first half of the season Schalke had 20 points and was four points behind Cologne in fifth place. Three teams were tied with Schalke because they had the better goal quotient. In the second half of the season Schalke only reached nine points, which meant the penultimate place in the second half of the table. Four wins were offset by nine defeats and one draw. Before the last match day, after Schalke managed a 2-1 home win against Karlsruher SC , Gawliczek was replaced by Fritz Langner , who ended the season with a 1-1 draw at 1. FC Saarbrücken , which was eighth place in the Total billing secured. Gawliczek, who at that time was the first coach to join the “Fachgruppe Bundesliga in der DAG ”, was the second coach in Bundesliga history after Herbert Widmayer at 1. FC Nürnberg who was released from his duties before the end of his contract.
Whether it was really the “too frequent visits to the racetrack” of the trainer, who was regarded as a horse lover, that contributed to the dissolution of the team, or at least the interpersonal differences in the squad - there was a fight between Berz and Koslowski during training - and the players' financial problems distracted too much from sport, that cannot be answered clearly in retrospect either. Others said that Ernst Kuzorra interfered too often in the team line-up and coaching instructions. Matischak's desire to migrate, which became known early on, and the lack of form of playmaker Herrmann were further points in the drastic decline of Schalke in the second half of the season. "He was a very sensible man who was rarely loud" - Schalke veteran Willi Koslowski, who has very good memories of the former coach, in retrospect. After Gawliczek's departure, the board finally resigned and the former national player Fritz Szepan was appointed to the emergency board.
1964 to 1966: Hamburger SV - end with players' revolt
Disappointed by this environment, the coach responded to the offer from Hamburger SV in spring , which signed him for the 1964/65 season for a monthly salary of DM 6,000 as successor to Martin Wilke . At the winter break after 17 match days, HSV was third, only two points behind SV Werder Bremen, which should ultimately win the title. The second half of the season was catastrophic. After three wins and one draw, there were nine defeats and in the end HSV was eleventh (out of 16 teams this season). In the following season the team was in eleventh place out of 18 teams after the first half of the season. In January Gawliczek's contract was extended to the end of 1966/67. In mid-April, the players demanded his immediate removal from office. The club management complied with the team's request, while the press thought of a “general cleaning of the team”. HSV President Karl Mechlen attested to Georg Gawliczek: "You are a good coach, you just had the bad luck to get a team that is very difficult." The head of the youth teams of HSV and former Hertha BSC sat from matchday 30 -Trainer Jupp Schneider on the bench. The team finished the season in ninth place.
1966/67: Young Fellows Zurich
Then he went for one season to the Swiss first division club FC Young Fellows Zurich , which he improved from position 12 in 1965/66 to ninth place. The club and its coach harmonized. But Gawliczek had an offer from the German Bundesliga club Karlsruher SC as technical director. At the humorous farewell party, he promised to return once.
1967/68: Karlsruher SC - end with players' revolt
The Karlsruher SC went with Paul Frantz from Strasbourg as head coach in the Bundesliga round 1967/68, after the respectable performance in the 1966/67 season in 13th place with 54:62 goals and 31:37 points. Borussia Mönchengladbach , Hannover 96 and 1. FC Nürnberg were 8th, 9th and 10th in the middle of the table with an even point ratio of 34:34 points each. Above all, the 54 goals scored - more than the champions of the 1967 season Eintracht Braunschweig with 49 goals - those responsible at KSC agreed with hope. Gawliczek was also hired for the "foal elf" and for various special tasks. Since Frantz continued to teach as a professor at the Sports University in Strasbourg , the "second man" was involved in the training work beyond the usual level of an assistant from the start. Supported by a miserable start - in the first ten games they only got 6:14 points and were 17th in the table - there was a massive amount of bad mood at KSC. Too many opinions and directions have been spoken of. As one player put it: “We're standing between two fires and at the moment we don't know where to listen. The enthusiasm that inspired the team last year is gone! "
On Wednesday, October 25, 1967, the KSC issued the following statement on the coaching problem:
- “As you know, the KSC licensed players have been training twice a day for two weeks. This requires a constant presence of the responsible trainer. The previously responsible Professor Frantz from Strasbourg does not have the necessary time to fully perform this important activity as a result of the new tasks imposed on him by the French state. With a clear foresight that such a development could occur in the course of the season, the KSC signed the well-known coach Georg Gawliczek before the start of this year's season. On the basis of this given situation, the board of the KSC, after consulting Professor Frantz, decided to give Mr. Gawliczek full responsibility for the Bundesliga team. Prof. Frantz will continue to be available as a consultant to the KSC. "
In the Karlsruhe press it was noted on the subject:
- “Anyway, the board has made its decision. It is only to be hoped that he acted wisely. Weeks ago in gaming circles it was already heard that it would be good if you finally knew where to listen to. Perhaps this fact is the really compelling reason to make a change, because the current lack of morale in the team is certainly, or at least partially, due to the unclear responsibility. "
Georg Gawliczek said:
- “I didn't want the situation because I know from my own experience what it means to be replaced. Right from the start he was in favor of a clear separation, because only one person can bear full responsibility for a team. "
After the 2-0 defeat on matchday 21, February 3, 1968, at Hannover 96 , the KSC was in 18th place in the table and the relegation was almost impossible to fend off. In the press conference Gawliczek quarreled about the “only 16 licensed players who are simply too few” and the Hanover trainer Horst Buhtz defended him: “It's not the coach, but the table situation at KSC. The bad situation makes the players nervous and then it doesn't work out at all. ”On February 8th, however, the Karlsruher Zeitung ( BNN ) already said the following:
- “There was an open break between KSC trainer Georg Gawliczek and the licensed players. After the players had proposed a change in the training management at the beginning of the week, some of them stayed away from Wednesday training and then confirmed their opinion in a meeting with the board. After the players had been adopted by the board, there was a conversation with coach Gawliczek and in the end it was agreed that he would remain in his coaching position. "
On Friday, February 9th, the BNN headlined with the message:
- "Georg Gawliczek resigned - Herbert Widmayer will temporarily look after the KSC players"
- “What had already been expected at the beginning of the week happened on Thursday morning: KSC trainer Georg Gawliczek announced his resignation after the board of directors had expressed their confidence in him again the evening before. The general reaction, however, was such that the 1st chairman, Helmut Hodel, hurried on Thursday to conclude the negotiations with the Norbadian football association and its trainer Herbert Widmayer. Herbert Widmayer hesitantly agreed to take over the trainerless KSC temporarily and indefinitely. "
At the end of the season, the KSC rose from bottom of the table.
1968 to 1969: Young Fellow Zurich - this time second division
From April 20, 1968, he sat as the successor to his successor Vujadin Boškov again at FC Young Fellows Zurich on the bench, but he was unable to save him from relegation in the remaining eight meetings this season. He also led the club through the National League B season 1968/69, but ended up in ninth place instead of on a promotion rank.
1969 to 1970: FC Zurich - Cup victory and player resistance
For the 1969 season he was hired by the first division club FC Zurich and was third with the 1968 champions. In May 1970, however, he won the Swiss Cup with a 4-1 after extra time in the final . He stayed at FC Zurich until November 1970, where he was succeeded by the Chilean of Hungarian origin Juan Schwanner from the 13th matchday in 1970/71 . FCZ was fifth at the time and ended the season as such. At FC Zurich, the staff were not very enthusiastic about the German coach. Fritz Künzli , Sonnyboy and goalscorer from Zurich later reported:
- “But his management style didn't suit us players. He was very authoritarian. So on a Saturday morning he asked Martinelli and me to do special training. It was pouring rain. Gawliczek let us - sitting in the car reading the newspaper - run laps. After half an hour he waved to us, lowered the window and ordered us to change the lap direction. In all my years at FC Zurich, Gawliczek was the only trainer whom we “whistled” to President Edi Nägeli and thus accelerated his dismissal in the fall of 1970. ”
1971 to 1972: Southwest Ludwigshafen - disappointment in the regional league
On January 1, 1971 from the Südwest regional league team Südwest Ludwigshafen committed, who finished the 1970/71 season as third, only one point behind the second place qualifying for the Bundesliga promotion round. The club finished the round in 1971/72 on a disappointing 10th place. At the end of November 1972 he was dismissed there with six months remaining on his contract. At the end of the season, the Ludwigshafeners were ninth this time.
1973 to 1975: Tennis Borussia - promotion and relegation
From January 1973 he found a new job. this time at the Berlin second division tennis Borussia . In the 1973/74 season - the last round of the Regionalliga, from the 1974/75 season there was then the second Bundesliga , which was initially divided into two parts - Georg Gawliczek led the "purple-whites" successfully and surprisingly through the promotion round to the Bundesliga.
For the patron Jack White , who himself had a respectable career as a professional footballer under the name of Horst Nussbaum, the change of opponents, so far in Berlin against Wacker 04 , Blau-Weiß 90 , Hertha Zehlendorf , SC Westend 1901 , Rapide Wedding , BSV should 92 , Spandauer SV etc., in the future to FC Bayern Munich , Hamburger SV , Werder Bremen , Borussia Mönchengladbach and above all Hertha BSC, represent a huge leap and challenge. Although he made the old international Karl-Heinz Schnellinger available to the coach for the Bundesliga . Already on the 23rd match day in March - at the time of only the second Bundesliga win, a 3-2 win against 1. FC Kaiserslautern in front of a record deficit of only 3,100 spectators - it was announced that Gawliczek would leave the club after the end of the season. TeBe had two more wins, but rose as the penultimate before Wuppertaler SV , who played the second worst season of a Bundesliga club after Tasmania Berlin . The record deficit could be undercut on the 31st and 34th matchdays with only 2,200 and 1,500 spectators respectively against VfB Stuttgart and Wuppertal.
1975 to 1976: Wacker 04 Berlin
Gawliczek was signed for the 1975/76 season by the second division Wacker 04 Berlin , who was 13th in the previous year under Željko Čajkovski , younger brother of the famous Zlatko "Tschik" Čajkovski . Gawliczek was replaced after eleven winless games in a row after the 32nd game day by Hans-Joachim Altendorff , who brought in two wins in the remaining six games and thus narrowly secured relegation. By the way, tennis Borussia became champions, this time under Helmuth Johannsen , 1967 master coach with Eintracht Braunschweig .
1976 to 1978: Freiburg FC - promotion
For the 1976/77 season Gawliczek took over the Freiburg FC playing in the third-class 1st Amateur League South Baden . Under the leadership of its president and patron Rolf Jankovsky, the German champion from 1907 had tried in previous seasons to be second class again, as last in 1974. With Gawliczek the FFC became champions, ahead of SC Freiburg . After the Breisgauer prevailed in the promotion round, he led the team, which was now playing for the last time in a higher league than their local rivals, through the southern group of the 2nd Bundesliga , where they were 13th. The goalkeeper Hubert Birkenmeier , who already played at Tennis Borussia under Gawliczek and later moved to New York Cosmos , and Karl-Heinz Bente, who is one of the club's legends , were among the best-known players in Freiburg . Under Gawliczek's successors Norbert Wagner and later Milovan Beljin , the FFC stayed again in the next season in front of the meanwhile also risen Freiburg SC, before a lasting decline set in.
1978 to 1980: Waldhof Mannheim
Gawliczek coached SV Waldhof Mannheim in the 2nd Bundesliga in 1978/79 from the 16th match day in November 1978 , where he succeeded Slobodan Cendic and Ludwig Günderoth . He took over the team as 12th and finished the season as 16th of 20 clubs, only one rank above a relegation zone. A 1-0 win on the third last matchday at Freiburg FC was one of the factors that helped keep them in the league. In the following season, the SVW was after the 28th matchday on March 8, 1980 in eleventh place when Gawliczek retired for health reasons. He was replaced by his assistant coach Klaus Sinn until the end of the season , under whom nothing changed in the ranking until the end of the season. The legendary Klaus Schlappner was to follow Sinn, under whom the club was to be promoted to the Bundesliga.
Gawliczek then ended his career and settled with his wife Elisabeth in Karlsruhe , where he had had his own house since the 1960s.
1981 to 1983: Comeback at Hertha BSC - promotion and relegation
The second division Hertha BSC lost the game of the third main round of the DFB-Pokal 1981/82 on December 4, 1981 at home against SSV Ulm 1846 with 1: 2. Hertha President Wolfgang Holst then dismissed coach Uwe Klimaschefski and hired Georg Gawliczek, who had actually already withdrawn from the business in 1980 and, as they say, happened to watch this game on site. In the league, Hertha was 14th in the previous year, at that time after the 17th matchday in seventh place, four points behind a promotion place. Under Gawliczek's direction, Hertha finished second behind FC Schalke 04 and ahead of Offenbacher Kickers at the end of the season . Thus, the club rose again to the Bundesliga after five years. Gawliczek also led the team through the 1982/83 Bundesliga season , the team rose from bottom of the table immediately after Hertha was in tenth place after the 19th matchday. President Holst remained loyal to Gawliczek in the following season in the 2nd Bundesliga, but after the team was only in tenth place after the preliminary round, he was replaced by Martin Luppen from January 1984 , who finished the season in eleventh place.
Gawliczek returned to Karlsruhe to retire.
As a player
- FC Schalke 04 , 1943-1947
- Meidericher SV , 1947-1949
- 1. FC Kaiserslautern , 1949/50
- 1. FC Köln , 1951–1953 (OL 56 games; 2 goals / final round DM 4 points; 1 point / West Cup 3 points; 2 points)
- Phönix Ludwigshafen , 1953/54 (OL 30 games; 4 goals)
As a trainer
- Association coach Middle Rhine, 1950/51
- Association trainer Southwest, 1954–1956
- in addition to his association coaching activity at the SWFV coach of FC Phönix Bellheim in the round 1955/56
- DFB coach, 1956-1960
- FC Schalke 04 , 1960 - April 25, 1964
- Hamburger SV , 1964 - April 17, 1966
- Karlsruher SC , October 25, 1967 - February 8, 1968
- FC Zurich , 1968–1970, cup win 1970
- Young Fellows Zurich , 1970/71
- Southwest Ludwigshafen , 1971–11 / 1972, RL Southwest
- Tennis Borussia Berlin , January 1, 1973–1975, RL and Bundesliga
- Wacker 04 Berlin , 1975/76, 2nd Bundesliga
- Freiburg FC , 1976–1978, 1977/78: 2nd Bundesliga
- SV Waldhof Mannheim , November 1978 - March 1980, 2nd Bundesliga
- Hertha BSC , December 11, 1981–1983, 2. BL and Bundesliga
- Georg Gawliczek in the database of weltfussball.de
- Georg Gawliczek in the database of transfermarkt.de
- Statistics FC Zurich
- Jürgen Bitter : Germany's football. The encyclopedia. Sportverlag, Berlin 2000, ISBN 3-328-00857-8 .
- The omniscient football, sports magazine in the Olympia-Verlag Nuremberg, 1962.
- Matthias Weinrich: Encyclopedia of German League Football. Volume 3: 35 years of the Bundesliga. Part 1. The founding years 1963–1975. Stories, pictures, constellations, tables. AGON Sportverlag, Kassel 1998, ISBN 3-89784-132-0 .
- Matthias Weinrich: 25 years 2nd division. The second division almanac. All players. All clubs. All results. AGON Sportverlag, Kassel 2000, ISBN 3-89784-145-2 .
- Hans Dieter Baroth : Boys, Heaven is yours! The history of the Oberliga West 1947–1963. Klartext, Essen 1988, ISBN 3-88474-332-5 .
- Raphael Keppel : Germany's international football matches. Documentation from 1908–1989. Sports and games publishing house Hitzel, Hürth 1989, ISBN 3-9802172-4-8 .
- Schön: Zur First Aid , Der Spiegel , May 13, 1964
- David Mugglin, Benedikt Widmer: The game of my life: 50 football stars and their most beautiful 90 minutes , rotweiss-Verlag, Basel 2011, ISBN 978-3-7245-1785-6 .
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German soccer player and coach|
|DATE OF BIRTH||February 2, 1919|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Upper Silesia|
|DATE OF DEATH||September 4, 1999|
|Place of death||Karlsruhe|