|Height :||585 m|
|Area :||4.01 km²|
|Residents :||218 (Dec. 31, 2016)|
|Population density :||54 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation :||December 31, 1971|
|Postal code :||36355|
|Area code :||06644|
Hartmannshain is located about 2 km south of the 733 m high Herchenhainer Höhe in the Hohen Vogelsberg at an altitude of . The salt rises in the village and flows into the Kinzig after around 30 km at Salmünster . The Weißer Stein ridge extends up to 607 m to the south-east of the district borders with Bermuthshain and Völzberg .
Like most of the neighboring villages, Hartmannshain was probably created around 1000 in connection with the increasing clearing and land development in the Vogelsberg area during the high Middle Ages . It belonged to the property of the Fulda monastery in the Wetterau , which was administered in the high Middle Ages by the Count of Nidda as his governor. After the Nidda Count's House was extinguished in 1206, the village came to the Counts of Ziegenhain and, before they died out in 1434, to the Landgraves of Hesse . In the old Hessen era, Hartmannshain was always part of the Nidda office and the Burkhard court . After the various divisions of Hesse in the 16th century, it belonged to the Landgraviate of Hessen-Darmstadt from 1604 .
The oldest known written mention of the place can be found in a list of the parishes in the Archdiocese of Mainz and their branches as Hartmanshayn , which was created between 1400 and 1425 .
After the new Hessian municipal code came into force in 1821, the court organization inherited from the Middle Ages was abolished and the previous court of Burkhard was dissolved. An elected mayor took the place of the previous mayor. Hartmannshain initially belonged to the district of Schotten before it was incorporated into the Nidda district in 1832 . In 1848 the village became part of the short-lived government district of Nidda and after its dissolution in 1852 it became part of the Schotten district .
The statistical-topographical-historical description of the Grand Duchy of Hesse reports on Hartmannshain in 1830:
"Hartmannshain (L. Bez. Schotten) evangel. Branch village; is in Vogelsberg 2 1 ⁄ 2 St. von Schotten am Bilstein, has 42 houses and 341 inhabitants, who are Protestant except for 1 Catholics. - The Altenburg, seat of Count Bertholds von Nidda, is said to have stood on a nearby mountain. "
While the historic Frankfurter Strasse led above Hartmannshain via Herchenhain , between 1831 and 1857 the construction of a new road from Lauterbach (Hess) to Gedern , which ran immediately south of the town. In 1906 the Hartmannshain station was opened on the Oberwaldbahn between Lauterbach (Hess) and Stockheim . It was the highest train station in the Grand Duchy of Hesse .
In 1887 the Hartmannshain community had a new school built for their one-class elementary school . In 1922 it was connected to the electrical power grid of the Oberhessen overland plant . In 1934 the extension of the Vogelsberger Südbahn from Birstein to Hartmannshain was opened, but it was to be shut down again in 1958/59 due to unprofitability and then dismantled. The Vogelsbergbahn, however, remained in operation for passenger traffic until 1975. The track system was then dismantled between Oberwald and Ober-Seemen , which meant that Hartmannshain lost its siding again.
The air ammunition plant Hartmannshain in the Oberwald , which existed between 1936 and 1945, was named after the place, but it was entirely within the boundaries of the neighboring community of Grebenhain . During the time of National Socialism , the Schotten district was dissolved on November 1, 1938. Hartmannshain was incorporated into the Lauterbach district together with its neighboring communities of Herchenhain and Volkartshain .
The local school was closed as part of the introduction of the central school in Hesse in 1966, after grades 5-8 had been attending the school in neighboring Grebenhain since 1962. The school house in Hartmannshain was then converted into a village community center in 1970/71 .
Due to the regional reform in Hesse , the Hartmannshain community merged with ten neighboring communities on December 31, 1971 to form the newly formed Grebenhain community. Since August 1, 1972, the place has also been part of the then newly formed Vogelsberg district .
In 1988 a sewage treatment plant was built , which was shared with Herchenhain . In November 1990, the first German wind farm in the low mountain range and at the same time the first wind farm in Hesse went into operation on the Weißen Stein .
Territorial history and administration
The following list gives an overview of the territories in which Hartmannshain was located and the administrative units to which it was subordinate:
- Before 1450: Holy Roman Empire , County of Ziegenhain , Amt Nidda , Court of Burkhards
- 1450–1495: Hereditary dispute between the Landgraviate of Hesse and the Counts of Hohenlohe
- from 1450: Holy Roman Empire , Landgraviate of Hessen , Amt Nidda, Court of Burkhards
- from 1567: Holy Roman Empire, Landgraviate Hessen-Marburg , Amt Nidda, Court of Burkhard
- 1604–1648: Holy Roman Empire, disputed between Landgraviate Hessen-Darmstadt and Landgraviate Hessen-Kassel ( Hessian War )
- from 1604: Holy Roman Empire, Landgraviate Hesse-Darmstadt , Upper Duchy of Hesse , Amt Amt Nidda, Court of Burkhard
- 1787: Holy Roman Empire, Landgraviate Hesse-Darmstadt, Upper Duchy of Hesse, Office of Nidda and Lißberg, Court of Burkhard
- from 1806: Grand Duchy of Hesse , Upper Duchy of Hesse , Office and (since 1803) Court of Lißberg
- from 1815: German Confederation , Grand Duchy of Hesse, Province of Upper Hesse , Lißberg Office
- from 1821: German Confederation, Grand Duchy of Hesse, Province of Upper Hesse, District District of Schotten (separation between justice ( District Court of Schotten ) and administration)
- from 1832: German Confederation, Grand Duchy of Hesse, Province of Upper Hesse, Nidda district
- from 1848: German Confederation, Grand Duchy of Hesse, administrative district of Nidda
- from 1852: German Confederation, Grand Duchy of Hesse, Province of Upper Hesse, District of Schotten
- from 1866: North German Confederation , Grand Duchy of Hesse, Province of Upper Hesse, District of Schotten
- from 1871: German Empire , Grand Duchy of Hesse, Province of Upper Hesse, District of Schotten
- from 1918: German Empire, People's State of Hesse , Province of Upper Hesse, District of Schotten
- from 1938: German Empire, People's State of Hesse , Lauterbach district (1937: dissolution of the Hessian provinces)
- from 1945: American occupation zone , Greater Hesse , Darmstadt administrative district, Lauterbach district
- from 1949: Federal Republic of Germany , State of Hesse , Darmstadt district, Lauterbach district
- on December 31, 1971 Hartmannshain was incorporated into the newly formed Grebenhain community.
- from 1972: Federal Republic of Germany, State of Hesse, Darmstadt administrative district, Vogelsberg district
- from 1981: Federal Republic of Germany, State of Hesse, Gießen district , Vogelsberg district
Courts since 1803
In the Landgraviate of Hesse-Darmstadt , the judicial system was reorganized in an executive order of December 9, 1803. The “Hofgericht Gießen” was set up as a court of second instance for the province of Upper Hesse . The jurisdiction of the first instance was carried out by the offices or landlords and thus the Lißberg office was responsible for Hartmannshain. The court court was the second instance court for normal civil disputes, and the first instance for civil family law cases and criminal cases. The second instance for the patrimonial courts were the civil law firms. The superior court of appeal in Darmstadt was superordinate .
With the establishment of the Grand Duchy of Hesse in 1806, this function was retained, while the tasks of the first instance 1821–1822 were transferred to the newly created regional and city courts as part of the separation of jurisdiction and administration. Hartmannshain a lot in the judicial district of the " Landgericht Schotten ". From April to October 1853 Hartmannshain was briefly part of the Herbstein District Court
On the occasion of the introduction of the Courts Constitution Act with effect from October 1, 1879, as a result of which the previous grand-ducal Hessian regional courts were replaced by local courts at the same location, while the newly created regional courts now functioned as higher courts, the name was changed to "Amtsgericht Schotten" and the district was allocated of the regional court of Giessen . On November 1, 1907, Hartmannshain was assigned to the district of the Ortenberg District Court .
With effect from November 1, 1949, Hartmannshain were assigned to the district of the Herbstein District Court . On July 1, 1957, the Herbstein District Court lost its independence and finally became a branch of the Lauterbach District Court after it was already at the end of the Second World War . On July 1, 1968, this branch was also closed. On January 1, 2005, the Lauterbach District Court was repealed as a full court and became a branch of the Alsfeld District Court . On January 1, 2012, this branch was also closed. The superordinate instances are now, the regional court Gießen , the higher regional court Frankfurt am Main and the federal court as last instance.
|• 1791:||265 inhabitants|
|• 1800:||258 inhabitants|
|• 1806:||288 inhabitants, 44 houses|
|• 1829:||341 inhabitants, 42 houses|
|• 1867:||277 inhabitants, 50 inhabited buildings|
|• 1875:||250 inhabitants, 52 inhabited buildings|
|Hartmannshain: Population from 1791 to 2016|
|Data source: Historical municipality register for Hesse: The population of the municipalities from 1834 to 1967. Wiesbaden: Hessisches Statistisches Landesamt, 1968. |
Further sources: after 1970 municipality Grebenhain; 2011 census
|• 1829:||340 evangelical. a Catholic resident|
|• 1961:||236 Protestant (= 85.20%), 38 Catholic (= 13.72%) residents|
Hartmannshain originally belonged to the parish of Wingershausen , which was founded in 1016 and where the Reformation was introduced in 1527 . Later it belonged to Herchenhain as a branch, which was first recorded as an independent parish in 1315. With the introduction of the Reformation in the parish of Herchenhain in 1536, Hartmannshain also became purely Protestant and remained so until 1945.
The mayor of Hartmannshain is Jürgen Sill (as of 2016) .
The following clubs and associations exist in Hartmannshain today (year of foundation in brackets):
- Hartmannshain Volunteer Fire Brigade (1936)
- Game Association Hartmannshain / Herchenhain (1956)
- Hartmannshain baking community
- Friends of the Historic Bridge Hartmannshain (2017)
Economy and Infrastructure
The originally agricultural village of Hartmannshain is now almost a place of residence for commuters . The local trade also includes a gas station and two restaurants on the main road, as well as a shoe shop.
On the White Stone, southeast of the village, lies the Vogelsberg wind energy park, which was built between 1990 and 1991 as the first wind park in inland Germany . After completion of a complete repowering in 2004 and an expansion in 2010, the wind farm currently consists of eight wind turbines with a total nominal output of 13.5 MW . The operator is a subsidiary of OVAG .
The volcano cycle path on the route of the former Oberwaldbahn , which was opened in 2000 and extended to Hartmannshain in 2001, serves tourism . In Hartmannshain, the Vogelsberger Südbahnradweg joins the Vulkanradweg. In the meantime, both cycle paths are part of the BahnRadweg Hessen , which runs on former railway lines for around 250 km through the Vogelsberg and the Rhön.
The federal highway 275 leads through Hartmannshain , into which the federal highway 276 from the direction of Hartmannshain joins southwest of the village and from there runs on the route of the B 275 until shortly before Gedern. In Hartmannshain, the state road 3338 joins the B 275.
- Maria Stock: 975 years Herchenhain-Hartmannshain , Herchenhain 1990
- Literature about Hartmannshain in the Hessian Bibliography
- Hartmannshain district. In: Website of the Grebenhain community.
- Hartmannshain, Vogelsberg district. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
- Hartmannshain, Vogelsbergkreis. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. (As of June 11, 2018). In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
- Information on the districts. In: Website of the municipality of Grebenhain. Retrieved January 21, 2018 .
- Georg Wilhelm Justin Wagner : Statistical-topographical-historical description of the Grand Duchy of Hesse: Province of Upper Hesse . tape 3 . Carl Wilhelm Leske, Darmstadt August 1830, OCLC 312528126 , p. 114 ( online at google books ).
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer GmbH, Stuttgart and Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 368 .
- Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. State of Hesse. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
- Grand Ducal Central Office for State Statistics (ed.): Contributions to the statistics of the Grand Duchy of Hesse . tape 13 . G. Jonghause's Hofbuchhandlung, Darmstadt 1872, DNB 013163434 , OCLC 162730471 , p. 12 ff . ( Online at google books ).
- Martin Röhling: Niddaer Geschichtsblätter. Issue 9 . The story of the Counts of Nidda and the Counts of Ziegenhain. Ed .: Niddaer Heimatmuseum e. V. Im Selbstverlag, 2005, ISBN 3-9803915-9-0 , p. 75, 115 .
- The affiliation of the Nidda office based on maps from the Historical Atlas of Hesse : Hessen-Marburg 1567-1604 . , Hessen-Kassel and Hessen-Darmstadt 1604-1638 . and Hessen-Darmstadt 1567-1866 .
- Grand Ducal Central Office for State Statistics (ed.): Contributions to the statistics of the Grand Duchy of Hesse . tape 13 . G. Jonghause's Hofbuchhandlung, Darmstadt 1872, DNB 013163434 , OCLC 162730471 , p. 13 ff ., § 26 point d) IX. ( Online at google books ).
- Hessen-Darmstadt state and address calendar 1791 . In the publishing house of the Invaliden-Anstalt, Darmstadt 1791, p. 203 ff . ( Online in the HathiTrust digital library ).
- Wilhelm von der Nahmer: Handbuch des Rheinischen Particular-Rechts: Development of the territorial and constitutional relations of the German states on both banks of the Rhine: from the first beginning of the French Revolution up to the most recent times . tape 3 . Sauerländer, Frankfurt am Main 1832, OCLC 165696316 , p. 9 ( online at google books ).
- Hessen-Darmstadt state and address calendar 1806 . In the publishing house of the Invaliden-Anstalt, Darmstadt 1806, p. 272 ff . ( Online in the HathiTrust digital library ).
- Latest countries and ethnology. A geographical reader for all stands. Kur-Hessen, Hessen-Darmstadt and the free cities. tape 22 . Weimar 1821, p. 420 ( online at Google Books ).
- Georg W. Wagner: Statistical-topographical-historical description of the Grand Duchy of Hesse: Province of Upper Hesse . tape 3 . Carl Wilhelm Leske, Darmstadt 1830, p. 262 ff . ( online at Google Books ).
- Law on the repeal of the provinces of Starkenburg, Upper Hesse and Rheinhessen from April 1, 1937 . In: The Reichsstatthalter in Hessen Sprengler (Hrsg.): Hessisches Regierungsblatt. 1937 no. 8 , p. 121 ff . ( Online at the information system of the Hessian State Parliament [PDF; 11.2 MB ]).
- Ordinance on the implementation of the German Courts Act and the Introductory Act to the Courts Constitution Act of May 14, 1879 . In: Grand Duke of Hesse and the Rhine (ed.): Grand Ducal Hessian Government Gazette. 1879 no. 15 , p. 197–211 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 17.8 MB ]).
- Announcement regarding the formation of the district court districts of Schotten and Ortenberg on October 2, 1907 . In: Grand Ducal Ministry of Justice (ed.): Grand Ducal Hessian Government Gazette. 1907 no. 32 , p. 419 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 28.9 MB ]).
- Establishment of a regional court in Fulda (provision to amend and implement the decree of September 29, 1949) (point 931, paragraph I)) of October 27, 1949 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1949 no. 52 , p. 539 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 6.0 MB ]).
- Order of the the Higher Regional Court in Darmstadt from June 29, 1943 - 3200 - Subject: Establishment of the Herbstein branch of the Lauterbach local court and the Altenstadt branch of the Ortenberg local court
- Law on Measures in the Field of Court Organization (§2) of March 6, 1957 . In: The Hessian Minister of Justice (ed.): Law and Ordinance Gazette for the State of Hesse . 1957 no. 5 , p. 16 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 298 kB ]).
- courts (abolition of the Herbstein branch of the Lauterbach local court and the Ulrichstein branch of the Schotten local court) (item 755) dated June 11, 1968 . In: The Hessian Minister of Justice (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1968 No. 27 , p. 1010 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 2.8 MB ]).
- Amendment to the Court Organization Act (GVBl. I pp. 507–508) of December 20, 2004 . In: The Hessian Minister of Justice (ed.): Law and Ordinance Gazette for the State of Hesse . 2004 No. 24 , p. 507–508 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 1,4 MB ]).
- Fourth ordinance on the adaptation of organizational regulations in the courts. Art. 1, §4, Paragraph 1 (GVBl. I p. 552) of December 29, 2004 . In: The Hessian Minister of Justice (ed.): Law and Ordinance Gazette for the State of Hesse . 2004 No. 25 , p. 552 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 1,2 MB ]).
- Fifth ordinance amending the judicial jurisdiction ordinance Justice. (Article 1, Paragraph 2. aa)) of December 9, 2010 . In: The Hessian Minister of Justice (ed.): Law and Ordinance Gazette for the State of Hesse . 2010 No. 25 , p. 709 f . ( Online at the information system of the Hessian State Parliament [PDF; 148 kB ]). Refers to the ordinance on judicial competences in the area of the Ministry of Justice (Judicial Competency Ordinance Justiz) (GVBl. II 210-98) of October 26, 2008 . In: Law and Ordinance Gazette for the State of Hesse . 2008 No. 17 , p. 822 ff . ( Online at the information system of the Hessian State Parliament [PDF; 116 kB ]).
- Hessen-Darmstadt state and address calendar 1800 . In the publishing house of the Invaliden-Anstalt, Darmstadt 1800, p. 225 ff . ( Online in the HathiTrust digital library ).
- Housing spaces 1867 . In: Grossherzogliche Centralstelle für die Landesstatistik (Ed.): Contributions to the statistics of the Grand Duchy of Hesse . tape 13 . G. Jonghause's Hofbuchhandlung, Darmstadt 1877, DNB 013163434 , OCLC 162730484 , p. 122 ( online at google books ).
- Residential places 1875 . In: Grossherzogliche Centralstelle für die Landesstatistik (Ed.): Contributions to the statistics of the Grand Duchy of Hesse . tape 18 . G. Jonghause's Hofbuchhandlung, Darmstadt 1877, DNB 013163434 , OCLC 162730484 , p. 14 ( online at google books ).
- Selected data on population and households on May 9, 2011 in the Hessian municipalities and parts of the municipality. (PDF; 1 MB) In: 2011 Census . Hessian State Statistical Office
- the Grebenhain community. In: Website of the Grebenhain community. Accessed January 2018.