List of the archbishops and bishops of Cologne

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The seven electors elect Henry VII as king. The electors, recognizable by the coats of arms above their heads, are, from left to right, the Archbishops of Cologne , Mainz and Trier , the Count Palatine of the Rhine, the Duke of Saxony, the Margrave of Brandenburg and the King of Bohemia . Picture chronicle of the elector Balduin of Trier, Trier around 1340. (State Main Archive Koblenz, inventory 1 C No. 1 fol. 3b)

The Archbishop of Cologne was from 953 to 1801 metropolitan over the Archdiocese of Cologne , imperial prince over the archbishopric of Cologne and from the middle of the 13th century at the same time one of the electors in the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation . After the Treaty of Lunéville , Napoleon Bonaparte initiated the dissolution of the diocese structures on the left bank of the Rhine . A secularization followed. With the papal bull De salute animarum , after the Congress of Vienna (1815), the Cologne Shepherd was designated for the function of Metropolitan of the Rhenish Church Province in 1821 ; In 1824/25, Ferdinand August von Spiegel, an archbishop of Cologne, took up this office for the first time, which was revived by the rewrite of Pius VII .

To date (2019) the list includes 95 bishops and archbishops of Cologne known by name. Eight of them resigned from office and four resigned from office. Eight were coadjutors before taking office and seven were freely appointed by the Pope. Nine of them were also cardinal as archbishops , one moved to the curia , where he became cardinal. Six archbishops were chairmen of the German Bishops' Conference .

The following people were bishops, from 795 archbishops of Cologne or headed the diocese as diocesan administrators
Surname from to Remarks
Trèves Cathédrale 050709 02.jpg Maternus 313/314 first bishop of Cologne known by name, perhaps also bishop of Trier
Euphrates approx. 343 346 Any news that he was a heretic may not be accurate
St-Severin-Portal-St-Severin-Cologne.jpg Severin 397   is said to have learned of the death of Saint Martin of Tours through heavenly signs
Carentinus 565 567 is said to have expanded the cathedral church and equipped it with galleries
City Hall Tower Cologne - Evergislus - Severin (4171-73) .jpg Everigisil 590   is said to have been cured of headaches by dust from the well of St. Gereon
Solatius 614  
Sunnoveus before 620    
Remedius of Cologne before 627  
City Hall Tower Cologne - Weisser Ewald - Kunibert (5949-51) .jpg Kunibert approx. 627 after 648 most important bishop between Severinus and Hildebold
Botandus after 648 approx. 690  
Stephan approx. 690 692/694  
Giso 692/694 711
Anno I. 711/715 715  
Faramundus 711/716 723  
Alduin 721/723 737  
Reginfrid 737 743/745  
City Hall Tower Cologne - Agilolf (5991-93) .jpg Agilolf 746/747 after 748 hardly identical with the martyr of the same name resting in the Agilolfus Shrine in Cologne Cathedral, with whom he was probably confused
Hildegar 753    
Berthelmus 762    
Ricolf 768 777/782  
Archbishops since 795  
City Hall Tower Cologne - Abbess Ida and Hildebold (0828-30) .jpg Hildebold 787 818 was a spiritual advisor to Charlemagne . Hildebold is not the traditional builder of the old Cologne Cathedral.
Hadebald 819 841 gave a ship to Saint Ansgar of Bremen for his missionary trip to Denmark
Liutbert 842   later also Bishop of Munster
Hilduin 842 848/849 formerly abbot of the cathedral of Saint-Denis near Paris
Gunthar of Cologne 850 863 discontinued; † 873; probably builder of the old cathedral
Willibert 870 889 buried as the first archbishop in the cathedral
Hermann I. 889/890 924 Nickname "the pious"; received from Pope Stephan VI. new relics for the church destroyed by the Normans
Wichfrid 924 953 was also Archkaplan of King Otto the Great
Cologne-St-Andreas-Archbishop-Brun-105.JPG Brun (Bruno I.) 953 965 was also Duke of Lorraine and thus united for the first time secular and spiritual power. The Archbishops of Cologne also remained secular rulers until 1801.
Folcmar 965/966 969 raised the bones of the martyr Maurinus in St. Pantaleon in 966
Gero-Codex02.jpg Gero 969 976 donated the Gero Cross in Cologne Cathedral
Was in 976 985 gave part of the St. Peter's stick to Trier
Evenger-Epistolar.jpg Everger 985 999 arranged for the burial of Empress Theophanu in St. Pantaleon
City Hall Tower Cologne - Heribert - Bruno I (6170-72) .jpg Heribert 999 1021 built the Palatine Chapel at Cologne Cathedral
Pilgrim 1021 1036 first Arch Chancellor for Italy . Since then, this office has remained associated with the Archbishopric of Cologne.
Hermann Ida Cross Detail.jpg Hermann II. 1036 1056 Nickname "The Noble", grandson of Empress Theophanu
Anno II.jpg Anno II. 1056 1075 was expelled from the city in 1074, but it was retaken four days later
Hildolf 1076 1078 was forced on the Cologne residents by King Heinrich IV
Sigewin from Are 1078 1089 the burned church built St. Maria ad Gradus again
Hermann III. from Hochstaden 1089 1099 Nickname "the rich"
Friedrich I of Schwarzenburg 1100 1131 consecrated St. Norbert von Xanten as a priest in Cologne Cathedral in 1112
Gottfried von Cuyk was elected archbishop in 1131, but not confirmed.
Bruno II of Berg 1131 1137 consecrated his ancestral castle Altenberg an der Dhünn in 1133 as a Cistercian monastery
Hugo von Sponheim 1137   died just four weeks after his consecration
Arnold I. 1137 1151 Under him in 1147 St. Bernard of Clairvaux preached in Cologne Cathedral on the Second Crusade .
Christ as judge of the world surrounded by the four evangelist symbols.jpg Arnold II of Wied 1151 1156 founded the Benedictine monastery in Schwarzrheindorf
Friedrich II. Von Berg 1156 1158  
Rainald from dassel.jpg Rainald von Dassel 1159 1167 arranged for the relics of the Three Kings to be transferred to Cologne
Tomb of Philipp von Heinsberg Cologne Cathedral 0622.jpg Philip I of Heinsberg 1167 1191 acquired Westphalia for the Archbishopric of Cologne
Altenberg GrabBrunoIII3.JPG Bruno III from mountain 1191 1193 Resignation from office to become a Cistercian monk in Altenberg; † around 1200
Adolf I of Altena 1193 1205 deposed because of infidelity by Pope Innocent III. ; † 1220
Brun (o) IV. Von Sayn 1205 1208 was captured by his predecessor and arrested for two years
Dietrich I. von Hengebach 1208 1212/1215 Deposed in the name of the Pope in 1212; Deposition confirmed by the Pope in 1215; † around 1224
Reliquary bustEngelbertvonKoeln.jpg Engelbert I. von Berg 1216 1225 murdered by a relative
Heinrich I. von Müllenark 1225 1238 had Engelbert's murderers executed and the canonization of his predecessor
Sulpiz Boisserée, views, cracks and individual parts of the Cologne Cathedral, plate 8 (detail, tomb Konrad von Hochstaden) .jpg Konrad I. von Hochstaden 1238 1261 on August 15, 1248 laid the foundation stone for the Gothic Cologne Cathedral and on March 3, 1255 for the Cistercian Abbey Church in Altenberg (= Altenberg Cathedral ); one of the most important politicians on the archbishop's throne
BOMUE3.jpg Engelbert II of Falkenburg 1261 1274 moved the archbishop's residence from Cologne to Bonn
Siegfried von Westerburg 1275 1297 suffered a decisive defeat in the battle of Worringen
Wigbold from Holte 1297 1304 The Gothic cathedral choir was completed during his tenure.
Wilhelm von Jülich: Appointed by the Pope, he fell in the battle of Mons.
Olpe-Geschichtsbrunnen4-Bubo.JPG Heinrich II of Virneburg 1304 1332 freely appointed by the Pope
Adolf von der Mark was postulated by the Cologne Cathedral Chapter in 1332 , but was not appointed by the Pope.
Walram from Jülich 1332 1349 freely appointed by the Pope; signed a friendship treaty with the city of Cologne in 1334
Wilhelm of Gennep 1349 1362 freely appointed by the Pope; promoted land peace in the Holy Roman Empire
Johann von Virneburg was elected Archbishop, but not appointed by the Pope
Adolf II of the Mark 1363 1364 was bishop of Münster from 1357-1363; freely appointed by the Pope; resigned to save his family from extinction, married and became the progenitor of the Kleve-Mark family
Engelbert III. from the mark 1364 1368 was Bishop of Liège 1345-1364 ; since 1366 without management; freely appointed by the Pope
Basilica St Kastor 02 Koblenz 2012.jpg Kuno von Falkenstein 1366 1370 1366–1370 administrator of the archbishopric with the title of coadjutor; 1362–1388 Archbishop of Trier
Gisant of Friedrich III.  from Saar Werden in Cologne Cathedral (6485) .jpg Friedrich III. from Saar Werden 1370 1414 appointed by the Pope on the proposal of the Chapter
Dietrich II of Moers 1414 1463 since 1415 also administrator of the diocese of Paderborn
Ruprecht von der Pfalz, Bishop of Cologne.jpg Ruprecht of the Palatinate 1463 1478 inability to serve since 1473; was deposed by the emperor in 1473 and forced to resign in 1478
Hermann von Hessen, around 1500.png Hermann of Hesse 1473 1480 1473–1480 administrator of the archdiocese
Hermann von Hessen, around 1500.png Hermann IV of Hesse 1480 1508 since 1498 also Bishop of Paderborn ; alleviated the archbishopric's debt burden and promoted liturgy and church life
Philip II of Daun.jpg Philip II of Daun 1508 1515 held a provincial council and implemented reforms
Hermann-von-Wied.jpg Hermann V. von Wied 1515 1547 was also Bishop of Paderborn; supported the Reformation movement ; Resignation
Adolf von Schaumburg 1546 1547 Administrator of the Archdiocese
Adolf III. from Schaumburg 1547 1556 coadjutor since 1533; raised new features of its predecessor partially back on and participated in the Council of Trent in part
Anton I of Schaumburg 1556 1558 died before he was ordained priest and bishop
Gebhard von Mansfeld by Joseph Michael Laporterie.jpg Johann Gebhard von Mansfeld 1558 1562 died before he was ordained priest and bishop
Friedrich IV of Wied 1562 1567 was not confirmed by the Pope; Resignation from office; † 1568
Isenburg, Salentin Graf von-2.jpg Salentin of Isenburg 1567 1577 from 1574 also Bishop of Paderborn; resigned, married to save his family from extinction
Gebhard von Koeln.jpg Gebhard I. von Waldburg 1577 1582 confessed to the Protestant faith and married; discontinued; † 1601
Hans Werl Archbishop Ernst of Bavaria.jpg Ernst of Bavaria 1583 1612 was also bishop of Munster, Liège, Hildesheim, Freising; first of the five bishops from the House of Wittelsbach (after 1478)
Ferdinand of Bavaria (1577-1650), Elector and Archbishop of Cologne.jpg Ferdinand of Bavaria 1612 1650 coadjutor since 1595, was also bishop of Hildesheim, Liège, Munster, Paderborn; founded the seminary in 1615
Maximilian Heinrich of Bavaria life-size.jpg Maximilian Heinrich of Bavaria 1650 1688 was coadjutor, at the same time bishop of Liège, Hildesheim, Munster and abbot of the Imperial Abbey of Stablo-Malmedy ; retired in 1673 to the monastery of St. Pantaleon
Nobility in Change324.jpg 1688 1688 Wilhelm Egon von Fürstenberg was elected coadjutor and capitular vicar
Joseph Clemens of Bavaria.jpg Joseph Clemens of Bavaria 1688 1723 was also bishop of Liège, Hildesheim, Freising, Regensburg; lived in exile in France from 1702 to 1715
Meersburg Castle April 2010 1010872-3.jpg Clemens August I of Bavaria OT 1723 1761 coadjutor since 1722, was also Bishop of Munster, Paderborn, Hildesheim, Osnabrück and Grand Master of the Teutonic Order ; most glamorous baroque prince on the archbishop's throne; built the Augustusburg and Falkenlust palaces in Brühl
Elector Max Friedrich von Königsegg-Rothenfels.jpg Maximilian Friedrich von Königsegg-Rothenfels 1761 1784 was also Bishop of Munster; In 1777 founded the Academy in Bonn, among other things, which developed into a refuge for the Church's Enlightenment
Maxfranz.jpg Maximilian Franz of Austria OT 1784 1801 coadjutor since 1780, was also Bishop of Munster and Grand Master of the Teutonic Order ; last archbishop who was also secular ruler
1779 Anton Viktor-2.jpg Anton Viktor of Austria OT 1801 1801 later Grand Master of the Teutonic Order , was first elected Bishop of Munster, then Archbishop of Cologne in 1801 and also accepted both elections, but could no longer take up his offices due to the military situation.
1801 1822 Johann Hermann Joseph Freiherr von Caspars zu Weiss as vicar of the capitol
1822 1825 Johann Wilhelm Schmitz as capitular vicar
Spiegel4.jpg Ferdinand August von Spiegel 1824 (appointed) 1835 reorganized the archdiocese and took care of the priestly offspring
Droste-vischering.jpg Clemens August II. Droste zu Vischering 1835 1845 was arrested because of his firm stance in mixed marriages and since 1837 has been prevented from office
1837 1841 Johann Hüsgen as Apostolic Vicar General
1841 Johann Jakob Iven as Apostolic Administrator
Cardinal Johannes von Geissel from Cologne.jpg 1841 1845 Johannes von Geissel as managing coadjutor
Cardinal Johannes von Geissel from Cologne.jpg Johannes Cardinal von Geissel 1845 1864 coadjutor since 1841; was chairman of the Fulda Bishops' Conference ; In 1842, together with King Friedrich Wilhelm IV of Prussia, laid the foundation stone for the continued construction of Cologne Cathedral
1864 1866 Johann Anton Friedrich Baudri as capitular vicar
Paul Melchers (1) .jpg Paul Melchers 1866 1885 Arrested 1874–1885 during the Kulturkampf ; Cardinal of the Curia since 1885, was chairman of the Fulda Bishops' Conference
Philipp Krementz.jpg Philip III Cardinal Krementz 1885 1899 previously Bishop of Warmia ; was chairman of the Fulda Bishops' Conference
Hubert Theophil Simar.jpg Hubert Theophil Simar 1899 1902 previously Bishop of Paderborn
Hasak - The Cologne Cathedral - V4 - Cardinal Fischer.jpg Antonius II Cardinal Fischer 1902 1912 supported the work of the Volksverein for Catholic Germany
Felix von Hartmann.png Felix Cardinal von Hartmann 1912 1919 previously Bishop of Munster; was chairman of the Fulda Bishops' Conference; sought pastoral care for the soldiers
1919 1920 Joseph Vogt as capitular vicar
Karl Joseph Schulte.jpg Karl Joseph Cardinal Schulte 1920 1941 previously Bishop of Paderborn; 1930 divided the diocese of Aachen from the archbishopric of Cologne
1941 1942 Emmerich David as capitular vicar
Cardinal josef frings.jpg Joseph Cardinal Frings 1942 1969 bravely stood up against National Socialist injustice; was chairman of the Fulda Bishops' Conference; Resignation from office for reasons of age
DPAG-20061104-JosephKardinalHoeffner.jpg Joseph Cardinal Höffner 1969 1987 since 1968 coadjutor and titular archbishop of Aquileja, bishop of Münster; was chairman of the German Bishops' Conference; Resignation from office for reasons of age
1987 1989 Hubert Luthe , auxiliary bishop , diocesan administrator
Reception for Joachim Cardinal Meisner - Farewell from office after 25 years-7066 (cropped) .jpg Joachim Cardinal Meisner 1989 2014 previously Bishop of Berlin; Resignation from office for reasons of age
2014 2014 Stefan Heße , vicar general , diocesan administrator
Rainer Maria Woelki (2011) .jpg Rainer Maria Cardinal Woelki 2014 2003–2011 auxiliary bishop in Cologne, 2011–2014 archbishop of Berlin; appointed Archbishop of Cologne on July 11, 2014; Inauguration on September 20, 2014

See also

Portal: Cologne Cathedral  - Overview of Wikipedia content on the subject of Cologne Cathedral


  • Friedrich Wilhelm Ebeling: The German bishops up to the end of the 16th century - presented biographically, literarily, historically and in terms of church statistics . 1. Volume, Leipzig 1858, pp. 175–328 .
  • Ernst Friedrich Mooyer: Directories of the German bishops since the year 800 AD. Geb. Minden 1854, pp. 28–29 .
  • Ulrich Helbach and Joachim Oepen , eds. Metropolitan Chapter of the High Cathedral of Cologne: Archbishops of Cologne and their resting places since 313rd 10th edition, Verlag Kölner Dom, Essen 2017; 11th edition, Cologne Cathedral publishing house, Essen 2019.

Web links

Commons : Bishops of Cologne  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Wilhelm Janssen: Walram von Jülich (1304-1349). In: Bernhard Poll (Ed.): Rheinische Lebensbilder . Volume 4. Rheinland-Verlag, Düsseldorf 1970, p. 39.