|State :||Czech Republic|
|Region :||Karlovarský kraj|
|District :||Karlovy Vary|
|Area :||2511 ha|
|Geographic location :|
|Residents :||339 (Jan 1, 2019)|
|Postal code :||362 24|
|License plate :||K|
|Street:||Nejdek - Horní Blatná|
|Railway connection:||Karlsbad – Johanngeorgenstadt|
|Mayor :||Eva Machková (as of 2019)|
|Address:||Nové Hamry 333
362 24 Nové Hamry
|Location of Nové Hamry in the Karlovy Vary district|
Nové Hamry lies at an altitude of Ore Mountains in the Rolava valley , into which the Bílý potok flows in the center of the village. The old trunk road from Leipzig to Karlsbad , over which the Karlsroute , opened in 2015 , and the Karlsbad – Johanngeorgenstadt railway line, opened in 1899, run through the village .in the western
No districts are shown for the municipality of Nové Hamry. Basic settlement units are Jelení ( deer stand ) and Nové Hamry ( Neuhammer ).
The municipality is divided into the cadastral districts of Jelení u Nových Hamrů and Nové Hamry.
|Přebuz (early penance)||Horní Blatná (mountain town Platten)|
|Vysoká Pec (blast furnace near Neudek)||Nejdek (Neudek)||Pernink (Bärringen)|
Neuhammer was founded in a glassworks on the Rohlau called Eulenhütte . There, around 1540 , Christoph Schürer from Burkhardtsgrün developed or improved the process for producing blue paint from cobalt . The owl hut had a significant boom at the end of the 16th century thanks to enamel painting. In 1651 the glassworks had to give way to a hammer mill. The property with the name Eulenhof belonging to the glassworks remained and formed the starting point for the new hammer mill settlement. The Eulenhof was later converted into a Meierhof. The Hofberg hunter's house has stood there since the 19th century.
The list of souls of the Elbogen district from 1651 mentions Neuhammer with about 22 families, most of them still unconverted . The men practiced the profession of charcoal burner and wood cutter. Georg Heidler was the judge.
The village belonged to the parish of St. Martin in Neudek until 1785 and was then raised to its own parish. In addition to Neuhammer, the parish also included the one-shift Saifenhäusel, which was politically part of Ullersloh . Even before the building of its own church in 1789, Neuhammer was given its own churchyard. This was necessary because in the course of a great famine and plague epidemic of 1771/72 there was no more space in the Neudek cemetery.
After the decline in mining, the residents made their living mainly from spoon production (from 1797) and lace making. A wire hammer was in operation in Neuhammer. For generations, the Fuchs family produced iron wire in Neuhammer and the blast furnace. In the first half of the 19th century it was the wire masters Johann and Joseph Fuchs and Wenzel Link.
In 1847 the village had 147 houses with 1508 inhabitants, 1 church, 1 school under the patronage of the authorities, 1 wire hammer, 1 mill and 3 taverns. A little off the beaten track was the Jägerhaus that emerged from Gut Eulenhof. Until the abolition of patrimonial rule in 1848/49, Neuhammer was under the rule of Neudek . In 1854 the place belonged to the judicial district of Neudek , since the territorial reform in 1869 to the district of Graslitz and since 1910 to the district of Neudek .
Tourism began to increase around 1900; Neuhammer developed into a summer resort and a winter sports resort. The community was from 1910 part of the district Neudek , in 1938 the county Neudek . After the Munich Agreement , the place was added to the German Empire and belonged to the Neudek district until 1945 .
Development of the population
- Church of St. John of Nepomuk , built in 1789
- Wood carving of the mountain spirit Gutštok
Sons of the place
- Rupert Fuchs (1892–1962), portrait and landscape photographer
- Roland Hetzer (* 1944), doctor and scientist
- Josef Rödig: Mountain Home. Local history representation of the Neudek district. Self-published, Abertham 1921.
- Český statistický úřad - The population of the Czech municipalities as of January 1, 2019 (PDF; 7.4 MiB)
- Česká společnost nauk: Schematism for the Kingdom of Bohemia for the common year 1818: First part . printed and available from Gottlieb Haase, boehm. stand. Buchdrucker, 1818 ( google.de [accessed on March 31, 2020]).
- Elbogner Kreis: 15 . Ehrlich, 1847 ( google.de [accessed March 31, 2020]).
- Historický lexikon obcí České republiky - 1869-2015. Český statistický úřad, December 18, 2015, accessed on January 19, 2016 (Czech).