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View from Velebit to the island of Rab
View from Velebit to the island of Rab
Waters Adriatic Sea , Kvarner
Geographical location 44 ° 45 '  N , 14 ° 46'  E Coordinates: 44 ° 45 '  N , 14 ° 46'  E
Rab (Croatia)
length 22 km
surface 91 km²
Highest elevation Kamenjak
408  m
Residents 9500 (2005)
104 inhabitants / km²
main place Rab (city)
Rab town.jpg

Rab (Latin: Arba , Italian: Arbe , German: Arbey - the name probably comes from the Illyrian word Arb meaning dark , green forested ) is a Croatian island in the northern Adriatic . It belongs to the County of Primorje-Gorski Kotar in the Kvarner Bay .


The island is 22 kilometers long, has an area of ​​91 square kilometers and about 9500 inhabitants. Rab is one of the Kvarner islands in the Kvarner Bay . Neighboring islands are Krk , Pag , Cres and Dolin (uninhabited).

Rab has a Mediterranean climate with mild winters and moderately warm summer months. In the winter months, the temperature rarely drops below zero. The peaks of Velebit are often covered with snow in winter.

Most of the soil is karstified . Three ridges stretch across the island, the largest of which is the Kamenjak. It separates the Lopar peninsula in the north with the village of the same name Lopar from the rest of the island. On a peninsula in the west is the Kalifront forest, one of the last oak forests in the Mediterranean. About 49 percent of the island's surface is covered by forests. Thus the island of Rab is one of the most forested islands in Croatia.

Rab has more than 300 springs, some of which are also used to supply drinking water.


The patron saint of the city and the island of Rab is Saint Christopher , whose skull is kept as a holy relic on the island of Rab. In his honor, the knight games, the Rabska Fjera , take place on the island every year on St. Christopher's Day (July 27th) .

According to legend, Marino , the stonemason of the island of Rab, founded San Marino , one of the oldest republics in Europe, in 301 .

In 1936, with the express permission of the local authorities, the then British King and later Duke of Windsor, Edward VIII, bathed naked in the sea with his lover and future wife Wallis Simpson .

During the time of Italian fascism , Italy operated the Kampor concentration camp on the island .

After the break-up of Yugoslavia, the island became part of the independent Croatia .

Municipalities and localities on Rab

Rab is also the name of the port city on the southwest coast of the island that has existed since pre-Christian times. The city has 1592 inhabitants and is located on the narrow peninsula between the bay of Sv. Eufemija and the port of Rab. Administratively to the municipality of Rab belong the localities Barbat , Banjol , Kampor , Mundanije , Palit and Supetarska Draga . The northernmost place Lopar forms its own municipality.


The island of Rab can be reached by two ferry lines that also transport cars: from the coastal town of Stinica (until July 3, 2012 Jablanac ) with the Rapska-Plovidba ferry to Mišnjak, or from the port of Valbiska on the island of Krk to Lopar. The arrival by boat from Rijeka or Novalja from the southern island of Pag by catamaran is only possible without a car.

Web links

Commons : Rab  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Official website for the Ritterspiele ( Memento of the original from August 1, 2008 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. . Retrieved November 23, 2009. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.fjera.hr