|coat of arms||Austria map|
|Political District :||Wheat|
|License plate :||WZ|
|Residents :||4,279 (January 1, 2020)|
|Postal code :||8261|
|Area code :||03118|
|Community code :||6 17 48|
|Address of the
|Mayor :||Emanuel Pfeifer ( ÖVP )|
Municipal Council : ( 2015 )
|Location of Sinabelkirchen in the district of Weiz|
|Source: Municipal data from Statistics Austria|
The market town of Sinabelkirchen is located in the Ilz Valley in the middle of the Eastern Styrian hill country . The capital is 34 km east of the provincial capital Graz on the south A 2 motorway (exit 150) and on Gleisdorfer Strasse B 65, 22 km west of Fürstenfeld . The municipality is located in the district of Weiz or in the judicial district of Weiz .
The market town of Sinabelkirchen comprises ten cadastral communities on an area of 37.19 km² and is divided into nine localities (in brackets: area as of December 31, 2019 or population as of January 1, 2020):
- Egelsdorf (619.46 ha; 546 Ew.) Including Egelsdorf North and Egelsdorfberg
- Frösauberg (72.85 ha) and Frösaugraben (452.81 ha); Frösau (295 Ew.) Including Pernau and Petersgraben
- Fünfing near Gleisdorf (437.64 ha; 197 Ew.) Including Kaltenbrunnberg and Pamerwald
- Gnies (392.70 ha; 649 Ew.) Including Hochleiten, Lugendorf and Marbach
- Nagl (83.52 ha; 81 Ew.)
- Obergroßau (442.28 ha; 435 Ew.) Including Käferberg, Neuberg and Obergroßauberg
- Sinabelkirchen (227.29 ha; 1002 Ew.) Including Kaiserberg and Lugendorf
- Untergroßau (406.99 ha; 734 Ew.) Including Hart, Hochrosenberg and Untergroßauberg
- Unterrettenbach (573.40 ha; 340 Ew.) Including Forstberg, Kliem and Stallbach
The oldest traces of human settlement are the Roman finds in Gnies and Obergroßau. A verifiable clearing of the Sinabelkirchen soil did not take place until the 12th century. Although place and river names suggest that the Slavs have already settled here.
The places Egelsdorf (1310 - Eisilio von Landschach), Obergroßau (1477 - Margareta Großauer) and possibly Fünfing (1410 - Konrad von Fünfing) are mentioned for the first time as knightly foundations . Untergroßau (Grassa) was mentioned in a document very early, in 1175 . Sinabelkirchen ("Synebelchirichen"), Gnies (from Chnieboz = river bend) and Frösau ( breza = birch) are mentioned in documents in 1351.
Lexer writes about the etymology of the word Sinabelkirchen : sin-wel, sine-wel, sinbel means completely round . The syllable WEL lies still in the word wheel , the wheel. It is also noteworthy that, in the vernacular of the place always as Siniwelt was called and will. The name completely round is certainly not meant to refer to the existing church, the origin rather points to a former Romanesque church or to the pre-Christian times of this place.
It is not clear from what time and where the name Unterrettenbach comes from. However, it is etymologically certain that the syllable -retten- comes from the Old High German riutan and means to make arable , the well-known word clearing comes from the same root.
- Times of need
From the 15th to the beginning of the 18th century it was always the peoples from the east who threatened the livelihood and culture of the population. 1418 the Hungarians , in 1529 the Turks , 1605, the outlaws , Turks and Avars and 1704 the Kuruc devastated the country, burned houses and villages to the ground, abducted and killed the man.
In 1782 locusts destroyed the municipality and in 1805 the population suffered under the occupation of the French . In 1848 the peasant liberation brought a new situation for the peasants, which not only had a positive effect. But the First World War , the turbulent interwar period and above all the Second World War brought hardship, misery and existential problems to the population.
Since the Second World War, the municipality has changed from a purely agricultural orientation into a municipality into a business location, residential municipality and agricultural specialization. In 1953 and 1967, respectively, the municipalities of Unterrettenbach, Gnies, Frösau, Untergroßau, Obergroßau, Fünfing and Egelsdorf were merged as cadastral municipalities to form the larger municipality of Sinabelkirchen. In 1997 Sinabelkirchen celebrated the market survey.
Although there had been a lively religious life for centuries, the parish was only founded in 1729. The foundation of the parish was preceded by long disputes with the main parish of Pischelsdorf . In 1551 the foundation stone for the construction of today's church was laid. The original church was consecrated to St. Patrizius, today St. Bartholomew is the parish patron . In addition to the Gnies branch church, there are numerous chapels, wayside shrines and wayside crosses throughout the municipality.
Parish church and rectory were completely renovated and rebuilt in 2009/10.
For some years now, the parish has not had its own pastor, but is looked after by the parish of Gleisdorf .
- In 1995 the partnership document was signed between the southern Hungarian community of Schomberg ( Somberek ) and the market town of Sinabelkirchen.
Culture and sights
- Catholic parish church Sinabelkirchen hl. Bartholomew
- Book filling station: In the Untergroßau / Hörmann-Center business park, an old telephone booth provided by Telekom was converted into a small bookshop. Borrowing is free. The idea was implemented by the RUNDUMkultur association in cooperation with the public library . Regular maintenance and replacement keep the book inventory attractive. This makes reading in public spaces easily accessible for young and old.
- Adolf Spirk memorial stone: On the occasion of the 20th anniversary of the death of local artist and painter Adolf Spirk on October 19, 2013, a memorial exhibition was held. In the course of this, a memorial stone with a bust was unveiled. This can be found in the center of the village behind the war memorial.
Economy and Infrastructure
In recent years Sinabelkirchen, especially Untergroßau, has developed into a location for regional and national companies.
The exact date when the school was founded is not known. In the 1737 baptismal register , for example, we find that the head teacher Augustin Hertle had a child who was not baptized. Before 1737, Johann Hierzer was mentioned as a teacher. In 1807 86 boys and 70 girls attended the one-class school. In 1870 the school was divided into two classes (314 students), three classes in 1874, five classes in 1895, six classes in 1912 (450 students) and finally nine classes in 1934. The accommodation of the classes was always very difficult because the buildings available were too small. In 1961 a new school building was moved to meet the requirements of the time. In 1997 the elementary school had nine classes and the secondary school, which opened in 1962, also had nine classes. The New Middle School is a notebook main school with eleven notebook classes and thus one of the largest in the German-speaking area. The current director Anton Tautter launched this project in 2001.
An annual kindergarten has existed since 1980 (two groups) and in 1998 had four groups.
Public institutions and associations
- Post: Sinabelkirchen has had a post office since 1871. In 1909 the first rural delivery service was set up and in 1914 the post coach was replaced by the post bus. In 1921 Sinabelkirchen got the first public telephone. Due to the rationalization of the Post AG, the Sinabelkirchen area has been looked after by the Gleisdorf Post Center for several years. In Sinabelkirchen there is only the post office desk without its own postman.
- On November 28, 2006 the post office and the post office counter moved from Sinabelkirchen-Ort to the Untergroßau business park (Sparmarkt-Pratscher). The independent post office has been closed since the end of 2010 and the Pratscher savings market has been a postal partner since then.
- Police: In 1919 Sinabelkirchen was given its own gendarmerie post, previously the Markt Hartmannsdorf post was responsible. The gendarmerie post was closed in 2004 as part of an administrative reform, since then the Markt Hartmannsdorf post (the police since 2005) has been responsible for Sinabelkirchen again.
- Fire brigade: There are five volunteer fire brigades in the market town, each with its own fire station , vehicle fleet and corresponding equipment. These fire departments consist of:
- Sinabelkirchen (since 1883),
- Gnies (since 1894),
- Obergroßau (since 1912),
- Untergroßau (since 1948) and
- Egelsdorf (since 1949).
- Banks: There was a Postsparkassenverein since 1883, the Raiffeisenbank Gnies since 1896 (merged with Sinabelkirchen in 1971), the Raiffeisenbank Sinabelkirchen since 1898 and the Sparkasse since 1993. However, the Sparkasse is not an independent bank, it is a branch of the Steiermärkische in Gleisdorf .
- Culture hall: In 2001 the sports and culture hall was opened, which serves as a sports hall for schools, but is also available as an event hall.
- Swimming and leisure facility: The SINIWELT swimming and leisure facility was built in 2004. In contrast to public baths in the area, Siniwelt is a bath with an artificial pond and is therefore chlorine-free.
- The RUNDUM-Kultur association was founded in January 2011. The association stands for the transmission of cultural and ideal values to the population. Another aim is to provide a stage for young and above all relatively unknown artists.
- The music association (founded in 1921) can refer to a musical tradition (church music) up to the second half of the 18th century.
- The men's choir has existed with interruptions since 1891 and the women's choir since 1977.
- There has been a folk dance group since 1987.
- The Comradeship Association was founded in 1919 after the First World War.
- In 1956, a sports club was founded with the sections soccer (since 1962), basketball (since 1975), women's gymnastics (since 1974), ice shooting (since 1977) and tennis (since 1986).
- The beekeeping association has existed since the beginning of the 20th century, as newspaper reports show. The exact year of foundation is missing.
- The theater tradition goes back to the beginning of the 20th century. The amateur drama group Sandkorn has existed as a theater association since 1976 .
- A hiking club has existed since 1984 and the parents' association has existed since 1978.
- The Frösau village community has existed since 1990, with chairman Hutter Peter jun.
- There are also some hunting societies, savings associations and fishing associations. The Gnies fishing association was founded around 1969.
- Schiffkowitz (* 1946, bourgeois Helmut Röhrling), member of the trio STS , spent his childhood in Sinabelkirchen, hence the mention in the song " Fürstenfeld ".
- Oliver Haidt (* 1977, bourgeois Walter Wilfinger), winner of the 1998 Grand Prix des Schlager, lives in Obergroßau.
- 61748 - Sinabelkirchen. Community data, Statistics Austria .
- sinabelkirchen.eu website of the market town
- Regionalinformation , bev.gv.at (1,094 kB); accessed on January 10, 2020.
- Statistics Austria: Population on January 1st, 2020 by locality (area status on January 1st, 2020) , ( CSV )
- Fritz Frhr. Lochner von Hüttenbach: "On the name of the early Middle Ages in Styria" (= Journal of the Historical Association for Styria . Volume 99 ). Böhlau Verlag, Vienna 2008, p. 60 ( historerverein-stmk.at [PDF; 16.9 MB ]).
- Matthias Lexer: Middle High German Dictionary
- Berta Runge: Church - a loan word from the Greek ?, Ed. Erik Runge, self-published 2007
- Dr. Ernst Wasserzieher: Etymological Dictionary, Ferd. Dümmlers Verl., Bonn and Berlin