Voiceless alveolopalatal fricative

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IPA mark ɕ
IPA number 182
IPA character description Latin minuscule c WITH CURL
Unicode U + 0255
HTML (dec.) & # 597;
Kirshenbaum S;

The voiceless fricative alveolopalatale (a voiceless , alveolopalataler fricative ) has the following in different languages phonetic and orthographic realizations:

  • Mandarin Chinese ( Pinyin ): x .
    • Example (s): 西 xi
  • Conservative Cantonese ( Jyutping ): sh .
    • Example (s): 說 shyut3 (as opposed to 雪 syut3)
    • Note: Since the 1950s, most dictionaries have given up the distinction between c [tsʰ] and ch [tɕʰ], s [s] and sh [ɕ], z [ts] and zh [tɕ], but they still exist Speakers who clearly differentiate here.
  • Japanese : sh before / i / or with the following / j /
    • 死者 / sisja / = [ ɕiɕa ] "dead"
  • Polish : ś or si .
    • Example: ś nić (to dream)
  • Russian : щ
  • Swedish : k before front tongue vowel , kj , tj .

See also

Pulmonary consonants
according to IPA (2005)
bilabial labio-
dental alveolar post-
retroflex palatal velar uvular phase-
stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth.
Plosives p b t d ʈ ɖ c ɟ k ɡ q ɢ ʔ
Nasals m ɱ n ɳ ɲ ŋ ɴ
Vibrants ʙ r ʀ
Taps / flaps ɾ ɽ
Fricatives ɸ β f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ ʂ ʐ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ H ʕ H ɦ
lateral fricatives ɬ ɮ
Approximants ʋ ɹ ɻ j w ¹
lateral approximants l ɭ ʎ ʟ
¹ The labialised variant [ w ] was inserted here as a voiced velar approximant ( half vowel ) instead of the non-labialised variant [ ɰ ].