Ventenac Riba d'Aude
|Community association||Le Grand Narbonne|
|surface||6.20 km 2|
|Residents||553 (January 1, 2017)|
|Population density||89 inhabitants / km 2|
Ventenac-en-Minervois - Canal du Midi and Saint-Pierre church
Ventenac-en-Minervois ( Occitan : Ventenac Riba d'Aude ) is a place and a municipality with 553 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2017) in the south of France in the Aude department in the Occitanie region .
The town Ventenac is located on the ship channel Canal du Midi in the extreme southeast of the historic cultural landscape of the Minervois at a height of about 30 meters above sea level. d. M. and about a kilometer north of the river Aude . The next larger city is Narbonne (approx. 17 kilometers to the southeast).
In the 19th century the number of inhabitants rose from around 230 to over 500 people. The phylloxera crisis in viticulture and the mechanization of agriculture have since led to a continuous population decline, which reached its lowest point in the 1970s and 1980s. The proximity to the city of Narbonne has led to an increase in the number of residents again in recent decades.
A large part of the agricultural land is reserved for viticulture ; White, red and rosé wines are produced and are marketed through the Minervois (AOC) and Coteaux des Corbières appellations. Some vacant houses have been converted into holiday apartments ( gîtes ).
Ventenac is first mentioned in 856 under the name Villa Ventenachus ; in 1165 the name Castrum de Ventenaco is found . Due to its location on the eastern edge of the Minervois, Ventenac is linked to the history of the Albigensian movement in the late 12th and early 13th centuries. In the 16th century the place experienced an economic boom due to the woad ( pasteel ) cultivated in the area . The Canal Royal du Languedoc , built by the engineer Pierre-Paul Riquet on the orders of Louis XIV between 1666 and 1681 , brought another improvement in the economic situation; it was renamed Canal du Midi during the French Revolution . As a result of the phylloxera crisis and the mechanization of agriculture , the number of inhabitants fell significantly by the middle of the 20th century.
- The main attraction of the place is the quarter around the church Saint-Pierre on the Canal du Midi .
- The parish church of Saint-Pierre with its horizontal and vertical three-part facade is a neo-Romanesque building from the 19th century. The right side of the facade is dominated by a stair tower that is octagonal below and round above .
- The most important point of interest ( Répudre over the Canal du Midi directs. The bridge structure has been recognized as a monument historique since 1942 . ) is the approximately two kilometers north-west location, and completed in 1676 Aqueduc du Répudre which the small flow