|Canton :||Thurgau (TG)|
|BFS no. :||4716|
|Postal code :||9553|
|Height range :||499–700 m above sea level M.|
|Area :||3.85 km²|
|Residents:||1247 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||324 inhabitants per km²|
|Location of the municipality|
Bettwiesen is a street village 4 kilometers north of Wil . The community is located in the south of the canton of Thurgau , the Hinterthurgau , at the foot of the Braunauer mountain. With an area of 3.85 km², Bettwiesen is the third smallest municipality in the Münchwilen district after Wilen and Rickenbach . The highest point in the municipality is located at near the northeastern municipal boundary. The deepest point is on the border with Lommis at the confluence of the Dorfbach in the Kaabach.
The community of Bettwiesen consists of the village of Bettwiesen east of the railway line along the main road between Wil and Konstanz and the hamlets of Anet, Stocken and Winkel to the west of it, as well as a few individual farms. Anet is also located to the west of the road between Tägerschen and Münchwilen with the hamlets of Türn and Sedel. Türn is still part of the Bettwiesen school community today. Both hamlets no longer belong to the community of Bettwiesen.
88 hectares of Bettwiesen's land area is accounted for by forest , which makes a forest share of 22.9 percent. 243 hectares are entered in the zoning plan as agricultural land and 53 hectares as settlement areas.
The community of Bettwiesen borders in the north on the political communities Tobel-Tägerschen and Lommis , in the west on Wängi , in the southwest on Münchwilen and in the south on Wil . All municipalities are in Thurgau with the exception of Wil, which is in the canton of St. Gallen .
Rivers and bodies of water
The village center of Bettwiesen lies on the edge of a local groundwater deposit in the rubble of the Dorfbach or Tobelbach and several tributaries flowing into it. The latter include in particular the Schlossbach and the Aneterbach from the slope of the water-rich Braunauer Berg (with several spring water wells) and from "Schlössli" near the hamlet of Winkel. At the end of the Ice Age there was a glacier edge lake here. Raised above these brooks were, among other things, the former castle or the residential tower of the noble von Bettwiesen (near "Schlössli") and the old church, which was demolished at the beginning of the 20th century (south of the schoolhouse). However, today most of the creek sections, such as the numerous open moats in the built-up area, are overturned and no longer recognizable at first glance.
The Dorfbach flows from the Oberhau forest above Bettwiesen in a north-westerly direction through the municipality to the Kaabach.
In 868/869 Bettwiesen was mentioned for the first time as Pettenwison ("Wiese des Petto"). From the Middle Ages onwards, Bettwiesen belonged to the episcopal-Constance office of Tannegger , which in 1693 came to the Fischingen monastery . The latter had owned goods in Bettwiesen since the late Middle Ages, where they had a castle built in 1627. The Marienkapelle mentioned in 1275 belonged to the parish of Wil and was supplied from the monastery. Under his leadership, Bettwiesen was reformed in 1530, but re-Catholicized again from 1542. The Reformed residents were sent to Sirnach and later, probably in the 18th century, assigned to the Affeltrangen church . In 1646 the separation from Wil and the formation of a separate Catholic parish took place.
Agriculture and viticulture were replaced by livestock around 1900. In 1870, a cattle rental fund was established, and in 1889 a cheese dairy. After 1900 two Schiffli embroidery shops and in 1942 a galvanizing plant were set up in Bettwiesen, which employed 235 people in 1964. The industrial and residential construction activities associated with the latter have had a lasting impact on the townscape. From 1936 to 1979 there was a shoe factory. In 1990, 52% of those employed in bed meadows were employed in the second , 35% in the third sector . In recent times, the orientation of the residents towards Wil has increased significantly. In 1990 the proportion of commuters was 69%.
In 1995 the local community of Bettwiesen was separated from the municipal community of Lommis and converted into the political community of Bettwiesen. At the same time, the remaining local parishes of Kalthäusern , Lommis and Weingarten united to form the Political Community of Lommis.
coat of arms
The coat of arms of Bettwiesen was awarded to the place in 1678 by Fischingen Abbey . The monastery needed a coat of arms for the village and therefore adopted the talking coat of arms of the long-extinct noble family of the barons of Bettwiesen.
Of the total of 1241 inhabitants of the Bettwiesen municipality in 2018, 290 or 23.4% were foreign nationals.
In the predominantly Protestant canton , Bettwiesen, like Hinterthurgau, has always been an exception. Although the proportion of Catholics decreased slightly due to immigration, in 2018 it was still 44.6% (554 people). 286 inhabitants (23.0%) were Protestant Reformed at this point in time.
The legislature forms the municipal assembly in Bettwiesen . The community assembly consists of all Swiss citizens of legal age who live in bed meadows, but mostly only a small part of them exercise their rights and actually attend the assembly.
The municipal council represents the executive branch and consists of four members and a municipal president . The municipal council is elected for 4 years at the municipal assembly by majority vote. The mayor is Patrick Marcolin (as of 2017).
The abbot's palace from the 17th century with the palace chapel, the so-called lower "palace" and the church are architectural landmarks of Bettwiesen.
According to the federal census, there are 33 commercial and 16 agricultural holdings in Bettwiesen. Agriculture used to be very important in Bettwiesen, but it has been steadily declining since industrialization. Today cattle is mainly farmed in bed meadows .
Today there are mainly SMEs in Bettwiesen . The largest operations are a construction business and a metal processing company. From 1953 to 1989 there was a large galvanizing plant using the hot-dip process directly opposite the train station, clearly recognizable in the townscape. Until the economic crisis of the 1930s, there were also several ship embroideries in Bettwiesen .
In 2016, Bettwiesen offered work for 218 people (converted to full-time positions). Of these, 12.7% were employed in agriculture and forestry, 50.9% in industry, trade and construction and 36.3% in the service sector. 73% of the employed population residing in the municipality are commuters.
Bettwiesen has a bread shop that is run by a baker from Matzingen and since the end of January 2016 a Volg with a postal agency. There used to be a cheese dairy, which received many prizes, especially for its Appenzeller and Bettwieser Schlosskäse. But it burned down completely in 2004. There are also some specialty shops in Bettwiesen, such as an arms shop or a car bodywork. There are also some craft businesses of different sizes in the municipality. There is a timber construction, a plumber, a plumbing and a painting shop.
Main road 16 runs through the community between Toggenburg and Konstanz . The nearest motorway connections to the A1 are in Münchwilen and Wil and are four and six kilometers away. The road between Münchwilen and Tägerschen also runs through Bettwiesen. So far, eight Tempo 30 zones have been set up in the community.
Bettwiesen is on the Wil-Weinfelden railway line , which is operated by Thurbo . During the rush hour in the morning and evening, the line is served every half hour and every hour otherwise. In Wil and Weinfelden there is a connection to the inter-city network in Switzerland.
There is a primary school in Bettwiesen , with sometimes two grades being taught in one class. Bettwiesen belongs to the upper level community Affeltrangen. This has two school houses: Tobel and Affeltrangen. Until the conversion to level teaching, the secondary school was in Tobel and the secondary school in Affeltrangen. The Bettwies upper school students have since been assigned to the nearby Tobel schoolhouse.
Since the construction of the Wil Kantonsschule in 2004, students from Bettwiesen have been able to go to the grammar school and no longer have to go to Frauenfeld , which saves a considerable amount of time.
In terms of sports infrastructure, Bettwiesen offers a gym and an all-weather area near the school, a 300 m shooting range and a soccer field. There are also two privately operated riding stables.
There are several sports clubs in Bettwiesen. The different gymnastics clubs make up the largest part ; There are individual clubs for the different age groups and genders (TV, women's team, women's gymnastics club, men's team, senior gymnastics, youth team and girls' team). There is also the Bettwiesen shooting club, which is one of the best in the canton, and a football club. Football is the most popular sport among Bettwieser children, but since FC Bettwiesen does not have any youth work, most of the children play at FC Tobel-Affeltrangen in Tobel.
- August Hollenstein (1920–2003) multiple world and European champion in sport shooting and honorary citizen of Bettwiesen.
- Emil Spiess (1895–1985), clergyman, educator and journalist
- Josef Müller: Bettwiesen 840-1990, a walk through its history , 1993
- Permanent and non-permanent resident population by year, canton, district, municipality, population type and gender (permanent resident population). In: bfs. admin.ch . Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 31, 2019, accessed on December 22, 2019 .
- Thurgau in figures 2019 . On the website of the Statistical Office of the Canton of Thurgau (PDF file; 1.8 MB), accessed on April 28, 2020.
- Localities and their resident population. Edition 2019 . On the website of the Statistical Office of the Canton of Thurgau (Excel table; 0.1 MB), accessed on April 28, 2020.
- StiASG , Urk. III 326. Online at e-chartae , accessed on June 12, 2020.
Gregor Spuhler : Bed meadows. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
This section is largely based on the entry in the Historical Lexicon of Switzerland (HLS), which, according to the HLS's usage information, is under the Creative Commons license - Attribution - Share under the same conditions 4.0 International (CC BY-SA 4.0).
- population development of the municipalities. Canton Thurgau, 1850–2000 and resident population of the municipalities and change from the previous year. Canton of Thurgau, 1990–2018. On the website of the Statistical Office of the Canton of Thurgau (Excel tables; 0.1 MB each), accessed on April 28, 2020.
- Municipal. On the website of the State Archives of the Canton of Thurgau, accessed on December 8, 2019
- The carousel of the village shops turns according to Bettwiesen Wiler Nachrichten, article from January 27, 2016
- enterprise directory under management on bettwiesen.ch
- Michael Anderegg: Tempo 30: According to a survey, Bettwiesen is working on an overall project. In: wilernachrichten.ch . June 29, 2018, accessed August 10, 2019 .
- Olaf Kühne: After reprimand by the canton: Bettwiesen puts on Tempo 30 zones. In: tagblatt.ch . August 9, 2019, accessed August 10, 2019 .