Hohenau (Lower Bavaria)

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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the community of Hohenau
Hohenau (Lower Bavaria)
Map of Germany, position of the municipality Hohenau highlighted

Coordinates: 48 ° 51 '  N , 13 ° 29'  E

Basic data
State : Bavaria
Administrative region : Lower Bavaria
County : Freyung-Grafenau
Height : 804 m above sea level NHN
Area : 43.11 km 2
Residents: 3283 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 76 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 94545
Area code : 08558
License plate : FRG, GRA, WOS
Community key : 09 2 72 127
Community structure: 24 districts
Address of the
municipal administration:
Dorfplatz 22
94545 Hohenau
Website : www.hohenau.de
Mayor : Josef Gais ( CSU )
Location of the community of Hohenau in the Freyung-Grafenau district
Landkreis Regen Landkreis Deggendorf Landkreis Passau Schöfweg Waldhäuserwald Schönbrunner Wald Schlichtenberger Wald Sankt Oswald Pleckensteiner Wald Philippsreuter Wald Mauther Forst Spiegelau Graineter Wald Annathaler Wald Zenting Waldkirchen Thurmansbang Spiegelau Schönberg (Niederbayern) Neuschönau Sankt Oswald-Riedlhütte Saldenburg Röhrnbach Ringelai Philippsreut Perlesreut Neureichenau Mauth Jandelsbrunn Innernzell Hohenau (Niederbayern) Hinterschmiding Grainet Grafenau (Niederbayern) Fürsteneck Freyung Eppenschlag Schöfweg Leopoldsreuter Wald Frauenberger und Duschlberger Wald Haidmühle Österreich Tschechienmap
About this picture
View of Hohenau with the parish church of St. Peter and Paul

Hohenau is a municipality in the Lower Bavarian district of Freyung-Grafenau . The place of the same name is both the capital and the seat of the municipal administration. The state-approved resort is located in the Bavarian Forest Nature Park.


Geographical location

The municipality is located in the Danube Forest region in the Bavarian Forest . The place Hohenau lies at an altitude of 804  m above sea level. NHN . The Bavarian Forest National Park begins immediately north of the community. Hohenau is on the B 533 halfway between Grafenau and Freyung (both 10 km away). After Passau is 40 km away and the Czech border in Philippsreut 25 km away. The main town is at an altitude of 812 meters.

Community structure

There are 24 districts:

Neighboring communities

The community borders the city of Freyung in the east, the community Ringelai in the south, the city Grafenau in the west and the communities Neuschönau and Mauth in the north .


The Anger of Hohenau

The town of Hohenau, which surrounds a wide meadow , was founded around 1380. Large estates in today's municipal area were owned by the Puchberg family of Wildenstein, of which the Erasmus Chapel in Buchberg still commemorates; this former castle chapel is the only remnant that reminds of the splendor and fame of the Knights of Wildenstein. Directly opposite are the only rudimentary remains of the Neuenpuchberg Fortress , which were uncovered in the early 1990s. It was built in the 15th century under Hartlieb von Puchberg, ministerial of the Passau bishops and at the same time vassal of the dukes of Bavaria, as the northern border of the compartment country.

The name Hohenau can be traced back to the landscape, the "high Au". Hohenau had been the benefice of the parish of Perlesreut since at least 1476 and was raised to a parish in the 16th century, which was incorporated into the collegiate monastery of St. Salvator in Passau until 1803 . The parish church of St. Peter and Paul was built around 1737 and enlarged in 1964.

The village burned down for the last time in 1834.


On April 1, 1971, part of the dissolved community of Wasching was incorporated. On January 1, 1978, as part of the regional reform in Bavaria, Schönbrunn am Lusen was added. The municipal area was considerably enlarged by the incorporation. The municipality of Hohenau thus includes 24 localities and hamlets .

Population development

Between 1988 and 2018 the community grew from 3,286 to 3,320 by 34 inhabitants or 1%. On December 31, 2003, Hohenau had 3,509 inhabitants.


Municipal council

The municipal council consists of 16 members and the first mayor and has been composed as follows since the local elections in Bavaria in 2020: https://wahlen.hohenau.de/Gemeinderat/

  • CSU : 8 seats (48.7% of the vote)
  • SPD -FWG: 5 seats (30.2% of the votes)
  • JWU : 3 seats (21.1% of the vote)
  • The Independent Schönbrunn List did not run for the 2020 local elections
  • The turnout for the 2020 election in Hohenau was 79.0%


The professional first mayor is Josef Gais (CSU), who was elected in the first round of the 2020 mayoral election with 67.8% of the valid votes. Since May 1, 2020, he has been the successor to former mayor Eduard Schmid (CSU), who no longer stood for election in 2020.

coat of arms


The coat of arms, which has been in use since 1968, shows a gold cut gemstone from a green hill, from which a two-leaf plant with two red flowers grows.

The gemstone refers to the Freyung carbide plant , the plant represents a swamp blood-eye that characterizes the Große Weihermoos in the municipality.

Schönbrunn am Lusen

Schönbrunn am Lusen

Divided into an arc of green and gold; a silver ax and a glass blowpipe with a glass ball crossed diagonally above; below a stylized flower blossom with a red central leaf and two blue leaves on the side.

The ax is the tool for clearing and building settlements and the glass pipe is the most important handicraft tool for making glass. The floral motif, popular in folk art, is reminiscent of the widespread reverse glass painting that was practiced in the last century.

Community partnerships

  • PolandPoland Poland : Hohenau maintains a partnership with the Polish city of Toszek (German Tost ).

Culture and sights

Architectural monuments

Soil monuments

Regular events

  • Raising the maypole on May 1st
  • At Whitsun, the three-day Whitsun Festival of the Hohenau sports club is held on the village square.
  • Strong beer festival
  • Rock top party
  • Forest Christmas u. a. me the band "Die Schmalzler"
  • Peter and Paul Kirta

Green spaces and recreation


  • The SV Hohenau 1949 e. V. was founded in December 1949 by war refugees and expellees from Eastern Europe . After the game had to be temporarily suspended due to a lack of players in 1955, the sports club was brought back to life in December 1960. For a long time only football was played in clubs, now volleyball, women's gymnastics and skiing are also offered. The first team in the soccer department played in the Niederbayern district league from 2009 to 2011, from which they were relegated in 2011. From the 2015/16 season to 2017/18 they were again represented in the Niederbayern Ost district league, as they were able to achieve the district championship title in the Bayerwald district league in the 2014/15 season. In 2018 they were relegated to the district league and now play in the district league Passau. The game is played in the Lusen Stadium.
  • The DJK SG Schönbrunn am Lusen 1961 e. V. offers football, table tennis, curling, winter sports and theater. The first soccer team plays in the 2013/14 season in the medium forest district class.
  • The Juniorenfördergemeinschaft (JFG) Lusen 2010 e. V. was founded by SV Hohenau, DJK SG Schönbrunn and TSV Mauth on May 15, 2010. The reason for the decision to join forces in youth work was the declining number of births in the Freyung-Grafenau region and the resulting problem that the individual clubs can no longer carry out their youth work. A year later, SV Finsterau also joined the JFG.

The following associations also exist:

  • the tennis club (TC) Hohenau
  • the Waidler Sportschützen Kirchl e. V.


The federal road 533 leads through the municipality from Grafenau to Freyung.

In the local public transport, the community is accessible with regional buses of the new public transport. In addition, the hedgehog buses run through the municipal area with two lines in the summer months. Winter hedgehog buses also operate during the Christmas and Mardi Gras school holidays.

The Bayerwald-Ticket is valid in the Hohenau municipality . Since May 1, 2010, the municipality, along with other Bavarian forest communities, has been involved in the GUTi Guest Service Environment Ticket , which offers its guests free transport on all rail and bus connections in the Bayerwald Ticket tariff area.

Web links

Commons : Hohenau (Niederbayern)  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
  2. a b Mayor / Lord Mayor in municipalities belonging to the district (as of May 1st, 2020). (xlsx) Bavarian State Office for Statistics, accessed on June 12, 2020 .
  3. Hohenau community in the local database of the Bavarian State Library Online . Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, accessed on January 5, 2018.
  4. ^ Wilhelm Volkert (ed.): Handbook of Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 595 .
  5. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer GmbH, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 628 .
  6. Greetings. Hohenau municipality (Lower Bavaria), accessed on August 20, 2020 .
  7. ^ Club chronicle ( Memento of the original from December 8, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. of the SV Hohenau  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.sv-hohenau.de
  8. Profile of the 1st team ( memento of the original from December 8, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.sv-hohenau.de
  9. The clubs SV Hohenau, DJK SG Schönbrunn and TSV Mauth found the JFG Lusen ( Memento of the original from September 5, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , Article on the foundation of the association from May 2010 @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.jfg-lusen.de
  10. Now also SV Finsterau at JFG Lusen ( Memento of the original from January 29, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , Article on the Annual General Meeting 2011 @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.jfg-lusen.de