|Powiat :||District-free city|
|Area :||65.57 km²|
|Geographic location :|
(Jun. 30, 2019)
|Postal code :||41-400 to 41-412|
|Telephone code :||(+48) 32|
|License plate :||SM|
|Economy and Transport|
|Street :||Chorzów - Jaworzno|
|Rail route :||Jaworzno Szczakowa – Mysłowice|
|Next international airport :||Katowice Airport|
(Jun. 30, 2019)
|Population density :||1136 inhabitants / km²|
|Community number ( GUS ):||2470011|
|Administration (as of 2018)|
|City President :||Dariusz Wójtowicz|
Mysłowice [ mɨswɔˈvʲiʦe ] ( German Myslowitz ) is an independent city on the Przemsa in the Polish Voivodeship of Silesia . It is located about 9 km east of Katowice at the confluence of the White and Black Przemsa rivers on the so-called Dreikaisereck and has around 75,000 inhabitants.
- Brzezinka (Birch Valley)
- Brzęczkowice (Brzenskowitz)
- Ćmok (Czmok)
- Dziećkowice (Dzietzkowitz)
- Janów Miejski (Janow)
- Kosztowy (Kosztow)
- Krasowy (Krassow)
- Larysz (Heidowisna)
- Ławki (Lawek)
- Morgi (morning)
- Piasek (Piossek)
- Słupna (Slupna)
- Stare Miasto (old town)
- Śródmieście (inner city)
- Wesoła (Wessolla)
The Slavic village was probably founded in the 10th century and received its patronymic name from a knight Mysł (aw) in the 12th century. The first written mention comes from 1308, when the local priest named Hunold was mentioned. At that time, the city was in the Duchy of Ratibor , a few decades later one of the countries of the Bohemian Crown that belonged to the Holy Roman Empire . Due to its location on the Przemsa, it was a border town to the Kingdom of Poland for centuries, but the Roman Catholic parish of Myslowitz in the diocese of Krakow comprised many villages on the Polish side of the border for centuries. Myslowitz later became the seat of the Myslowitz- Kattowitz estate , which was owned by the von Tiele-Winckler family, among others . Until the end of the 19th century, the lordship held a number of privileges, including mining rights.
In 1742 Myslowitz became Prussian along with most of Silesia . After Russia at the Congress 1815 Congress Poland received and Austria in 1846 the Free State of Krakow had annexed, met the limits of Prussia, Austria and Russia until 1918 in Myslowice. After the German Empire was founded in 1871, the point was called Dreikaisereck .
As a result of the Prussian town reform, the place was classified as a market town in 1808 (with around 400 inhabitants) . The town's houses and the town hall were built from scrap wood. A boom brought the establishment of the coal mines Good Amalie and good anticipation and the zinc plant Amalie Cabin 1825, as well as the border trade with Austria-Poland on Przemsa wooden bridge. In 1853, the New Ring was laid out south of the actual city . The town charter was then reassigned in 1862. Until 1818 the place belonged to the Pleßer district and then came to the district of Beuthen , in 1873 finally to the district of Katowice .
In 1847 the transition station of the Krakow-Upper Silesian Railway (from Krakow ) and the Upper Silesian Railway (from Wroclaw ) was put into operation in Myslowitz . In 1914 the city had 18,800 inhabitants on an area of 8.8 km². Although only a quarter of the population was German-speaking in the 1860s and the majority was still Polish-speaking around 1905, in the referendum in Upper Silesia in 1921, which was accompanied by uprisings , 5827 voters, or 56.3% of the valid votes, voted to remain in Germany. Despite this result, the city was awarded to Poland or the Autonomous Voivodeship of Silesia in 1922 .
During the attack on Poland in September 1939, Mysłowice was occupied by the Wehrmacht and rejoined the German Reich. Shortly afterwards, the Myslowitz synagogue was destroyed. Between 1943 and 1945, the Fürstengrube concentration camp was located in Fürstengrube (today the Wesoła district) as a satellite camp of the Auschwitz concentration camp . The inmates were evacuated on January 19, 1945 with the Fürstengrube death march in front of the advancing Red Army .
The incorporations of 1975, u. a. from Kosztowy , have increased the area to 66 km² and the population to 61,700. In 1977 Imielin and Chełm Śląski were incorporated, but they became independent again in 1995.
The population of Mysłowice according to the respective territorial status (without Myslowitz Castle):
Politics and administration
At the head of the city administration is the city president . From 2010 to 2018 this was Edward Lasok, who ran for the election committee "Local Administration". The regular election in October 2018 led to the following results:
- Dariusz Wójtowicz (Election Committee Dariusz Wójtowicz) 36.3% of the vote
- Wojciech Król ( Koalicja Obywatelska ) 32.2% of the vote
- Tomasz Papaj ( Prawo i Sprawiedliwość ) 18.8% of the vote
- Edward Lasok (Local Administration Election Committee) 11.5% of the vote
- Remaining 1.3% of the vote
In the runoff election that became necessary, after incumbent Lasok had already retired in fourth place in the first ballot, Wójtowicz prevailed against the KO candidate Król with 54.2% of the votes and was thus re-elected.
The city council has 23 members who are directly elected. The election in October 2018 led to the following result:
- Koalicja Obywatelska (KO) 33.0% of the vote, 10 seats
- Prawo i Sprawiedliwość (PiS) 24.7% of the vote, 6 seats
- Election Committee Dariusz Wójtowicz 21.8% of the vote, 4 seats
- Local administration electoral committee 14.3% of the vote, 3 seats
- Independent electoral committee Mysłowice 3.3%, no seat
- Sojusz Lewicy Demokratycznej (SLD) / Lewica Razem (Razem) 2.9% of the vote, no seat
Culture and sights
One of the city's sights is the parish church of the Nativity of the Virgin Mary ( Narodzenia Najświętszej Marii Panny ) from the 14th century. It was rebuilt in the Baroque style between 1740 and 1742 . Another neo-Gothic renovation followed in 1901.
The Cross Church (Św. Krzyża) , considered to be the oldest church in the city , was originally made of wood. It was destroyed in 1807 and then rebuilt from stone in the classicism style.
The town hall dates from 1867.
In 1992 the rock band Myslovitz was founded in Mysłowice .
- Central Polish Fire Brigade Museum
In public transport there is a connection to the Upper Silesian tram network .
sons and daughters of the town
- Max Braun (1850-1930) - zoologist
- August Hlond (1881–1948) - Primate of Poland
- Rose Eisner-Marquart (* 1883) - painter and graphic artist
- Max Walter (1899–1946) - musician and composer
- Georg Koßmala (1896–1945) - German major general
- Rosa Rein (1897–2010) - oldest resident of Switzerland
- Franz Schwerdtfeger (1898–1961) - German engineer and university professor
- Paul Sornik (1900–1982) - German educator and politician (GB / BHE, GDP)
- Albert Norden (1904–1982) - German politician (KPD, SED)
- Heinz Piest (1906–1958) - German engineer and university professor
- Marian Kudera (1923–1944) - resistance fighter against National Socialism
- Andreas Brylka (1931-2016) - German graphic artist , book designer and Wood engraving - Master
- Ireneusz Pacula (* 1966) - former Polish-German ice hockey player
- Czesław Kwieciński (* 1943), former Polish wrestler
- Jacob Lustig: History of the city of Myslowitz in Upper Silesia . Myslowitz 1867 ( e-copy )
- Jürgen Joachimsthaler : "Three Eagles". Myslowitz. A prelude , in: Ad mundum poëtarum et doctorum cum Deo. Festschrift for Bonifacy Miązek on his 70th birthday. Edited by Edward Białek, Jan Krucina, Eugeniusz Tomiczek. (= Supplement to Orbis Linguarum 39). ATUT, Wrocław 2005, pp. 365-385
- Arkadiusz Kuzio-Podrucki: The Tiele-Wincklers. An Upper Silesian coal and steel aristocracy . Tarnowskie Góry-Kiel 2007, ISBN 978-83-924291-5-9 (Polish: Tiele-Wincklerowie. Arystokracja węgla i stali . Bytom 2006, ISBN 83-923733-0-8 )
- population. Size and Structure by Territorial Division. As of June 30, 2019. Główny Urząd Statystyczny (GUS) (PDF files; 0.99 MiB), accessed December 24, 2019 .
- Cf. Felix Triest: Topographisches Handbuch von Oberschlesien. Wroclaw 1865
- See oberschlesien.de ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. ; down. on October 6, 2008
Sources of population :
- 1775, 1825, 1850, 1855, 1861: Felix Triest: Topographisches Handbuch von Oberschlesien. Breslau 1865 - 1844: Johann Georg Knie : Alphabetical-statistical-topographical overview of the villages, towns, cities and other places of the royal family. Preuss. Province of Silesia. Breslau 1845 - 1885: Meyers Konversationslexikon, 1885-1892 - 1890: Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. sch_kattowitz.html. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006). - 1900, 1905: Brockhaus, 1911 - 1910: gemeindeververzeichnis.de - 1995, 2000, 2005: GUS ( Memento of the original from February 16, 2008 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Result on the website of the election commission, accessed on August 20, 2020.
- Result on the website of the election commission, accessed on August 20, 2020.
- Certification of Fire Brigades Museums ( Memento of the original from July 13, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. the CTIF accessed on October 2, 2009
- oldest Swiss woman Rosa Rein died shortly before her 113th birthday , Aargauer Zeitung of February 14, 2010