Anna is a female given name . It is seldom a male given name and is given as such, like Maria, for religious reasons.
Origin and meaning
In Roman mythology, Anna is the sister of Queen Dido (Virgil Aeneid 4, 9). In Ovid she is identified with the Roman goddess Anna Perenna (Ovid Heroides 7, 191; Fasti 3,545-656).
According to Catholic and Orthodox tradition, "Anna" (Hebrew Hannah ) is the name of the grandmother of Jesus Christ , the mother of Mary and the wife of Joachim (Hebrew Jojakim ). See also Saints Anna and Anna the third .
In the decade from 1900 to around 1905, Anna was one of the most common female given names and was often number one in the frequency statistics. The popularity of the name fell to a medium level in the period that followed. A clear upward trend has been observed again since 1970. In the nineties and in the new millennium, the name was already at the top of the most popular names several times.
- Anna of Byzantium (963-1011 / 1012), Grand Duchess of Kiev , wife of Vladimir the Great
- Anna of Kiev (around 1024/1035 to around 1075/1089), third wife of King Henry I of France and Queen of France
- Anna von Kashin (1280–1368), Russian princess from the princely family of the Rurikids; Canonized in 1650
- Anna Anachutlu Komnene (around 1285–1341), Empress of Trebizond
- Anna of Savoy (* around 1306, † 1365), by marriage Empress of Byzantium
- Anna von der Pfalz (1329–1353), German queen
- Anna von Schweidnitz (1339–1362), German queen
- Anne de Bourbon (around 1380–1408), first wife of Duke Ludwig VII of Bavaria-Ingolstadt
- Anna von Cilli (1386–1416), Queen of Poland and Grand Duchess of Lithuania
- Anna von Veldenz (* around 1390; † 1439), countess of the second line of the Counts of Veldenz
- Anna (Grand Duchess of Lithuania) († 1418)
- Anna of Braunschweig († 1432), wife of the Austrian Duke Friedrich IV.
- Anna von Nassau-Dillenburg (* approx. 1441; † 1513), by marriage duchess and regent of Braunschweig-Lüneburg and the last countess of Katzenelnbogen
- Anna of Brandenburg (1487–1514), by marriage Queen of Denmark and Norway, and Duchess of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf
- Anna von Ostfriesland (1501–1575), by marriage countess and later regent of Ostfriesland
- Anna von Braunschweig-Lüneburg (1502–1568), Duchess of Pomerania
- Anna of Bohemia and Hungary (1503–1547)
- Anna von Mecklenburg (1485–1525, ruled during the minority of Landgrave Philip of Hesse (1514–1518))
- Anna von Kleve (1515–1557) was the fourth wife of King Henry VIII.
- Anna von Kleve (Arnsberg) , Countess of Arnsberg
- Anna of Austria (1528–1590), daughter of Emperor Ferdinand I.
- Anna Maria von Braunschweig-Calenberg-Göttingen (1532–1568), daughter of Duke Ernst I of Braunschweig-Lüneburg
- Anna of Denmark , called "Mother Anna", Electress of Saxony
- Anna of Saxony (1544–1577)
- Anna of Austria (1549–1580), daughter of Emperor Maximilian II.
- Anna of Austria (1573–1598), daughter of the Austrian Archduke Charles II.
- Anna of Denmark (1574–1619) , wife of King James VI. of Scotland / Jacob I of England
- Anna of Prussia (1576–1625)
- Anna of Austria (1601–1666), Queen and Regent of France
- Anna of Saxony (1377–1395) ∞ Duke Rudolf III. (Sachsen-Wittenberg) (around 1373-1419), daughter of Balthasar (Thuringia and Meißen)
- Anna of Saxony († 1426) ∞ Duke Friedrich I (Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel) , daughter of Wenzel I (Saxony-Wittenberg)
- Anna of Saxony (1437–1512) ∞ Elector Albrecht Achilles (1414–1486), daughter of Friedrich II. (Saxony)
- Anna of Saxony (1544–1577) ∞ Wilhelm I (Oranien) (1533–1584), daughter of Moritz (Saxony)
- Anna Maria von Sachsen (1836–1859) ∞ Grand Duke Ferdinand IV (Tuscany) (1835–1908), daughter of Johann (Saxony)
- Anna von Schlüsselberg , abbess of the Schluesselau monastery in the 14th century
- Anna II zu Stolberg -Wernigerode, abbess of the empire-direct and free-worldly monastery Quedlinburg
- Anna III zu Stolberg -Wernigerode (1565–1601), abbess of the empire-direct and free-worldly monastery Quedlinburg
- Anna of Bohemia and Hungary (1503–1547), daughter of Wladyslaw II. Of Bohemia and Hungary, wife of the future emperor Ferdinand I
- Anna Ivanovna (1693–1740), Tsarina of Russia
- Anna Amalie of Prussia (1723–1787)
- Anna Elisabeth Luise of Brandenburg-Schwedt (1738–1820)
- Anna Amalia von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel (1739–1807), Duchess of Saxe-Weimar and Eisenach
- Anna von Viermund (also von Viermündt, 1538–1599), by marriage Countess von Waldeck and Baroness von Winnenberg and Beilstein
- Anna of Nuremberg († 1383), abbess of the Himmelkron monastery from 1370 to 1383
- Anna Charlotte of Lorraine (1714–1773), Duchess of Lorraine and Abbess of Remiremont
- Anna von Pfalz-Veldenz (1540–1586), Countess Palatinate of Pfalz-Veldenz and by marriage Margravine of Baden-Durlach
- Anna von der Pfalz (Duchy of Berg) (1346–1415), princess of the Palatinate, by marriage to Duchess of Berg
- Anna of Poland (1476–1503), Polish princess and duchess of Pomerania
- Anna von Tecklenburg-Schwerin (1532–1582), Countess of Tecklenburg and, by marriage, Countess of Bentheim
- Anna von Zähringen (1162–1226), wife of Ulrich III.
- Anna Christine Luise von Pfalz-Sulzbach (1704–1723), Duchess of Savoy, Crown Princess of Sardinia-Piedmont
- Anna Dalassene , Byzantine Empress, mother of Alexios I Komnenos
- Anna Henriette von Pfalz-Simmern (1648–1723), Princesse de Condé
- Anna Leopoldowna (1718–1746), Grand Duchess and Regent of Russia
- Anna Magdalena von Pfalz-Birkenfeld-Bischweiler (1640–1693), Countess of Hanau-Lichtenberg
- Anna Maria von Boskowitz and Černahora (1575–1625), Moravian nobles, Princess of Liechtenstein, Duchess of Troppau and Jägerndorf
- Anna Maria von Brandenburg-Bayreuth (1609–1680), Princess of Eggenberg
- Anna Maria von Liechtenstein (1699–1753), Princess of Liechtenstein
- Anna Maria von Mecklenburg (1627–1669), Duchess of Mecklenburg, Princess of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, by marriage Duchess of Saxony-Weissenfels
- Anna Maria von der Pfalz (1561–1589), Princess of Sweden and Duchess of Södermanland
- Anna Petrovna (1708–1728), daughter of Peter the Great
- Anna Sophie of Prussia (1527–1591), Duchess of Mecklenburg
- Anna of Great Britain, Ireland and Hanover (1709–1759), Princess Royal and Prince Regent of Friesland
- Anne (Great Britain) (1665–1714), Queen of England and Scotland from 1702 to 1714
- Anna (Falkenstein) († 1420), Hessian noblewoman
- Anna (Haus Waldburg) , daughter of Johannes II. Von Waldburg
- Anna zu Mecklenburg (1865–1882), member of the grand ducal house of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
- Anna Theresa of Savoy (1717–1745), princess of the House of Savoy
- Anna Victoria of Savoy (1683–1763), Princess of Saxony-Hildburghausen
There were also male bearers of this name:
- Anna (East Anglia) , King of East Anglia (635–654)
- Anne de Montmorency (1493–1567), Connétable of France
Abbesses and Prioresses
- Anna von der Borch († 1512), abbess of the Kaufungen monastery
- Anna von Gundelfingen (* between 1360 and 1365; † 1410), abbess of the free worldly Buchau women's monastery in what is now Bad Buchau am Federsee
- Anna von Henneberg († around 1363), abbess of the Sonnefeld monastery
- Anna Sophia von Hessen-Darmstadt (1638–1683), as Anna Sophia II. Abbess of the empire-direct and free-worldly monastery Quedlinburg
- Anna von Munzingen († 1327), German Dominican and prioress in the Adelhausen Monastery in Freiburg
- Anna of Nuremberg († 1383), abbess of the Himmelkron monastery
- Maria Anna von Oeyen (1737–1813), the last abbess from 1774 to 1802 in the Cistercian monastery of St. Ludwig, Dalheim
- Anna Payer († 1546), abbess in Basel
- Anna Dorothea von Sachsen-Weimar (1657–1704), abbess of the Quedlinburg Imperial Monastery
- Anna Salome von Salm-Reifferscheidt (1622–1688), princess abbess of the imperial-liberal Catholic monastery in Essen
- Anna von Schlüsselberg († 1379), abbess of the Schluesselau monastery
- Anna II zu Stolberg (1504–1574), abbess of the imperial monastery of Quedlinburg
- Anna III zu Stolberg (1565–1601), abbess of the empire-direct and free-worldly Abbey of Quedlinburg
- Anna Erika von Waldeck (1551–1611), abbess of the imperial monastery in Gandersheim
- Anna von Weinburg (* before 1303; † 1353), abbess of the free world Buchau women's monastery in what is now Bad Buchau am Federsee
- Anna von Welck (1865–1925), abbess of the Drübeck monastery
- Anna von Werdenberg († 1497), abbess of the Buchau women's monastery
- Anna von Bolanden († 1320), Palatine nobleman, Cistercian in Worms
- Anna von Bussnang († 1404), princess abbess of the Fraumünsterkloster in Zurich
- Anna Margarete von Braunschweig-Harburg (1567–1646), provost at Quedlinburg Abbey
Female first name
There are a large number of people with the given name Anna.
- → see also: Anna Maria
The word "Anna" is a palindrome .
- Otto Wimmer: Handbook of names and saints, with a history of the Christian calendar. 3rd edition Innsbruck / Vienna / Munich 1966, p. 124.
- Max Gottschald : German onomastics. Our family names according to their origin and meaning. (1st edition Munich 1932) 3rd edition 1954, reprint Berlin 1971 p. 169.
- Günther Drosdowski : Lexicon of first names. Origin, meaning and use of more than 3000 first names . Bibliographisches Institut, Mannheim / Zurich 1968 (= Duden-Taschenbücher , 4), p. 36.