Kanash (Kaliningrad)

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Jurgaitschen (Königskirch)

Federal district Northwest Russia
Oblast Kaliningrad
Rajon No, sorry man
Earlier names Szurgaytschen (after 1630),
Jurgeitschen (after 1871),
Jurgaitschen (until 1938),
Königskirch (1938–1946)
population 469 inhabitants
(as of Oct. 14, 2010)
Height of the center 17  m
Time zone UTC + 2
Telephone code (+7) 40162
Post Code 238722
License Plate 39, 91
OKATO 27 221 812 001
Geographical location
Coordinates 54 ° 57 '  N , 21 ° 50'  E Coordinates: 54 ° 57 '11 "  N , 21 ° 49' 34"  E
Kanasch (Kaliningrad) (European Russia)
Red pog.svg
Location in the western part of Russia
Kanash (Kaliningrad) (Kaliningrad Oblast)
Red pog.svg
Location in Kaliningrad Oblast

Kanasch ( Russian Канаш , German  Jurgaitschen , 1938 to 1945 Königskirch , Lithuanian Jurgaičiai ) is a place in the Russian oblast of Kaliningrad and belongs to the municipal self-government unit urban district Neman in the Rajon Neman .

Geographical location

Kanasch is located on the Buduppe (1938 to 1946: Trappenfließ, Russian: Budarka), 15 kilometers southwest of the district town of Neman (Ragnit) . A side road (27K-186) runs through the village, which connects Schilino (Szillen , 1936 to 1946 Schillen) with Nowokolchosnoje (Sandlauken , 1938 to 1946 Sandfelde) on the Russian trunk road A 216 (formerly German Reichsstrasse 138 , now also Europastrasse 77 ) and continues to the neighboring district town of Slavsk (Heinrichswalde) . In town, two smaller roads end from the north from Sowetsk (Tilsit) via Wetrowo (Woydehnen , 1938 to 1946 Wodehnen) and Artjomowka (Argeningken , 1938 to 1946 Argenau) and from the south from the locality Schilowo (Schillupischken , 1938 to 1946 Fichtenfließ , today no longer exists) on Duminitschi (Giggarn , 1938 to 1946 Girren) .

The next train station is Artjomowka on the - at the moment not operated - railway line Chernyakhovsk - Sovetsk (Insterburg - Tilsit) .


The first documentary mention of the Jurgaitschen village at the time is not known. 1785 the place is described as Jurgaitschen, melirt village on the Buduppe, 2 windmills, 11 fire places . Since 1845 Kirchdorf and provided with a school with two classrooms as well as a training school (later called "vocational school"), the place had supra-regional importance. This became even more pronounced when Jurgaitschen became the seat in 1874 and thus gave its name to a newly established administrative district , which - renamed "Amtsgebiet Königskirch" in 1939 - existed until 1945 and became the district of Ragnit , from 1922 to the district of Tilsit-Ragnit in the Gumbinnen district of the Prussian province East Prussia belonged. In 1910 Jurgaitschen had 298 inhabitants.

In the 1920s, the rural community of Jurgaitschen grew around the incorporated (now defunct ) neighboring villages Klischwethen (1938 to 1946 Klischenfeld , Russian: Kaschino), Sprokinnen (until 1913 Sprukinnen , 1938 to 1946 Rokingen ), Klein Oschkinnen (1938 to 1946 Kleinossen ) and dolls . The population rose to 512 by 1933 and was still 505 in 1939.

Jurgaitschen was renamed "Königskirch" on June 3, 1938 - officially confirmed on July 16 - in allusion to the presence of King Friedrich Wilhelm IV at the laying of the foundation stone of the church on June 1, 1841.

The steady economic upward development of the village came to an end in the Second World War , when the village had to be evacuated in November 1944 and was occupied by the Red Army in January 1945 . Like all north-east Prussian towns, the village was assigned to the Soviet Union and in 1947 was given the Russian name "Kanasch". The place was named after the town of Kanasch in Chuvashia after the origin of the new settlers . At the same time, the place became the seat of a village soviet in Sovetsk Raion . From 1954 to about 1997, the place belonged to the village Soviet Nowokolchosnenski selski Sowet . Then Kanasch became (again) the seat of a village district. From 2008 to 2016 the place belonged to the rural municipality of Shilinskoje selskoje posselenije and since then to the urban district of Neman.

District Jurgaitschen / Königskirch (1874–1945)

The district of Jurgaitschen (from 1939: district of Königskirch) existed between 1874 and 1945. Initially, 21 villages belonged to it, in the end there were 15:

Surname Change name from
1938 to 1946
Russian name Remarks
Budupönen Free yards
Giggarn coo Duminichi
Giggarn-Skerswethen Yarns
Big skateboarders Groschenweide
Otradnoye , 2012: Urochishche Otradnoye
1928 incorporated into Skattegirren
Grünheide reclassified before 1908
Grünheide, forest reclassified before 1908
Jurgaitschen Königskirch Kanasch
Kermuscheiten Kermen (East Pr.)
Little Oschkinnen Kleinossen 1930 incorporated into Jurgaitschen
Little skateboarders Small penny willow 1928 incorporated into Skattegirren
Clichés Cliché field Kaschino Integrated into Jurgaitschen in 1920 (?)
Laugallen, Ksp. Jurgaitschen Martinsrode
Odaushöfchen 1928 incorporated into Skattegirren
Schaulwethen Clear height Shevelyovo
Schillupischken Spruce flow Shilovo
Skeppetschen Ellerngrund
until 1913: Sprokinnen
Rokingen Integrated into Jurgaitschen in 1920 (?)
Wersmeninken Angerbrunn
Wittgirren Berginswalde
after 1892:
dolls (partly)
1929 incorporated into Jurgaitschen
after 1892:
Lieparten (partly)

Kanaschski selski Sowet 1947–1954

The Kanaschski selski Sowet (ru. Канашский сельский Совет) was established in June 1947. In 1954 the village soviet was dissolved again and attached to the Nowokolchosnenski selski Sowet .

Place name Name until 1947/50 Year of renaming
Artyomovka (Артёмовка) Argeningken-Graudzen, 1938–1945: "Argenhof" 1947
Budyonnovskoye (Будённовское) Budeningken, 1938–1945: "Budingen" 1950
Khochlowo (Хохлово) Skambracken, 1938–1945: "Brakenau" 1950
Duminichi (Думиничи) Girren, 1938–1945: "Giggarn" 1950
Grusdewo (Груздево) Large board tailors 1947
Kamyshevka (Камышевка) Oschnaggern, 1938–1945: "Aggern" 1950
Kanasch (Канаш) Jurgaitschen, 1938–1945: "Königskirch" 1947
Kaschino (Кашин) Klischwethen, 1938–1945: "Klischenfeld" 1947
Kashirino (Каширино) Schillgallen-Thimbles, 1938–1945: "Fichtenende" 1950
Kroty (Кроты) Taurothenen, 1938–1945: "Tauern" 1950
Loparjowo (Лопарёво) Lieparten 1950
Obruchevo (Обручево) Groß Wingsnupönen, 1938–1945: "Großwingen" 1950
Ostaschewo (Осташево) Groß Oschkinnen, 1938–1945: "Großossen" 1950
Otradnoye (Отрадное) Groß Skattegirren, 1938–1945: "Groschenweide" 1950
Roschtschino (Рощино) Kartzauningken, 1938–1945: "Fichtenwalde" 1950
Shepetovka (Шепетовка) Schillkojen, 1938–1945: "Auerfließ" 1947
Scherstnjowo (Шерстнёво) Skardupönen, 1938–1945: "Scharden" 1950
Shevelyovo (Шевелёво) Schaulwethen, 1938–1945: "Lichtenhöhe" 1950
Shilovo (Шилово) Schillupischken, 1938–1945: "Fichtenfleiß" 1947
Skripachovo (Скрипачёво) Klipschen-Rödszen 1950

Kanaschski selski okrug 1998–2008

The village district Kanaschski selski okrug (ru. Канашский сельский округ) was probably established in 1997 or 1998. Both of its locations previously belonged to the Nowokolchosnenski selski okrug . In 2008 the village district was dissolved and its places were incorporated into the newly formed rural community Schilinskoje selskoje posselenije .

Place name German name
Duminichi (Думиничи) Girren / Giggarn
Kanasch (Канаш) Jurgaitschen / Königskirch


Church building

The Jurgaitschen church is a brick hall church built from 1841 to 1845 without a tower. It had double galleries, the altar was without a top, and the pulpit was raised in the chancel on the left. Above the sanctuary was the inscription: Glory to God on high . The organ with its two manuals and 16 voices came from the time the church was built.

After the war, the church was intact except for damage to the roof. In the following years the building fell into disrepair until it was intended to be used as a warehouse for agricultural products: the interior was cleared out and provided with two intermediate floors.


The first plans to build a church in Jurgaitschen were made at the beginning of the 18th century. At that time, King Friedrich Wilhelm I gave the community five hooves for church building. However, it would take a hundred years to come to fruition. In July 1945 the church was consecrated and at the same time the Jurgaitschen parish was founded . More than 50 places, in which around 6,000 parishioners lived at that time, were assigned to him. The parish belonged to the parish of Ragnit, after 1923 it was assigned to the diocese of Tilsit in the parish of Tilsit-Ragnit.

As a result of the flight and displacement of the local population as a result of the war and the restrictive religious policy of the Soviet Union , church life in Kanasch collapsed. Today the village lies in the catchment area of ​​the newly formed Evangelical Lutheran congregation in Slavsk (Heinrichswalde) , which belongs to the Kaliningrad (Königsberg) provost of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of European Russia .

Individual evidence

  1. Itogi Vserossijskoj perepisi naselenija 2010 goda. Kaliningradskaya oblastʹ. (Results of the 2010 all-Russian census. Kaliningrad Oblast.) Volume 1 , Table 4 (Download from the website of the Kaliningrad Oblast Territorial Organ of the Federal Service for State Statistics of the Russian Federation)
  2. Dietrich Lange, Geographical Location Register East Prussia (2005): Königskirch
  3. a b Rolf Jehke, Jurgaitschen / Königskirch district
  4. Uli Schubert, municipality directory, Ragnit district
  5. ^ Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. City of Tilsit and district of Tilsit – Ragnit / Pogegen. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
  6. a b The Указ Президиума Верховного Совета РСФСР от 17 июня 1947 г. "Об образовании сельских советов, городов и рабочих поселков в Калининградской области" (Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR of 17 June 1947: On the Formation of village Soviets , Cities and workers' settlements in Kaliningrad Oblast)
  7. Groß Skattegirren at genealogy.net
  8. Through the Указ Президиума Верховного Совета РСФСР от 16 июня 1954 г. № 744/54 «Об объединении сельских советов Калининградской области» (Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR of June 16, 1954, No. 744/54: About the Kalovradet Oblast Association)
  9. It was included in the OKATO classification by amendment 5/1998
  10. Walther Hubatsch , History of the Evangelical Church of East Prussia , Volume 2: Pictures of East Prussian Churches , Göttingen, 1968, p. 113, Figs. 504 and 505
  11. Кирха Юргайтшена - The Jurgaich Church at prussia39.ru (with historical photos and a recording from 2013)
  12. Walther Hubatsch, History of the Evangelical Church of East Prussia , Volume 3: Documents , Göttingen, 1968, p. 487
  13. Evangelical Lutheran Provosty Kaliningrad ( Memento of the original dated August 29, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.propstei-kaliningrad.info

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