City of Braunschweig
|Height :||71 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||3.16 km²|
|Residents :||2931 (Dec. 31, 2015)|
|Population density :||928 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation :||March 1, 1974|
|Postal code :||38122|
|Area code :||0531|
Location of Rüningen in Braunschweig
North view of the mill area August 2012
Rüningen is a district and district of Braunschweig in the south of the city, which looks back on over 1200 years of history as a farming village and a 700 year old mill tradition. The city district has the official number 224.
The place is on the west bank of the Oker at the foothills of a chalk formation that extends from Geitelder Berg ( ) over Steinberg in Broitzem with 106 m height to over 98 m high Westerberg and encloses the Geitelder wood . The Feldmark extends north-south between the kennel area and Leiferde and includes a wide variety of soil types, but mainly loess soil . The eastern border is formed by the Oker or its earlier course, in whose floodplain the mill meadows lay. Today the area is mostly covered by the South Pacific . The historic Landwehrgraben and today's Fuhse Canal flows on the northern edge of the settlement . In the southern area of the village, the Geitelder Graben , which comes from the Geitelder Holz, flows into the Oker. In the kennel area, the drinking water supply of the Rüningen waterworks , which was decisive for Braunschweig, existed for several decades .
The Oker run has been completely changed since 1964. Where today the Mühlengraben branches off to the west above the Rüninger weir and is crossed by the railway line, the Oker continued to flow to the western edge of today's sports field, bent to the north and made a loop to the south in front of the mill area. At about the level of the level crossing in the road bend, it was dammed and the main stream was led through the mill area as a mill ditch in the course that is still visible today. Below the mill it flows mainly in its old river bed, which is crossed again by the railway line. During the Oker regulation, the mill weir was relocated to the Rüninger weir and the Oker was led past the town to the east. It meets the earlier course at about the level of the pedestrian bridge at the overflow dam. The earlier meanders have sunk in the South Pacific.
Neighboring places Rüningen are in the north the garden city , in the west Broitzem and Geitelde , in the east Stöckheim , which is connected via the Oker bridge Berkenbuschstraße , and in the south Leiferde and Thiede .
South of Rüningen is the urn grave field Rüningen, a Germanic burial ground , which was occupied from about the late 3rd to the 7th century. So far (2015) around 3800 urns have been recovered from excavations.
Rüningen is mentioned in a document as early as the 8th century as "Riungi". Rüningen is mentioned by name in the context of a donation from the Saxon Prince Odiltag and his wife Wentelsuint to the Fulda monastery in 780. There twenty goods of the Liergau are mentioned, including Riungi (= Rüningen).
In 1200, the settlement was burned down during fighting between the Guelph Otto IV and the Staufer Philipp von Schwaben for the German royal crown. In 1380 some villages in the area around Braunschweig were plundered by robber barons, including Rüningen, shortly afterwards it came between the fronts in the battle of Thieder Lindenberg when Braunschweig was attacked by Duke Otto der Quade . As a result, the Braunschweiger Landwehr began to be built, and Rüningen became a legal part of the city as a stake village . In Rüningen, this included the Rüninger Tower , which was mentioned in 1398 as "Brechfrede to Runingen" and until 1724 belonged to the Landwehr. It was on the road to Thiede, an important connection to Frankfurt.
Furthermore, the settlement had a mill on the Oker named in the degeding book of the city of Braunschweig in 1312 . The Rüningen mill was so important that it was always rebuilt, even when it burned down in 1492 and was destroyed in the Thirty Years' War . Around 1895 it was considered one of the most important trading mills in Germany. It is "the oldest manufacturing company ... in all of Lower Saxony and is among the top 20 in Germany". The operating company celebrated its 700th anniversary with an open day in June 2012.
In 1974 Rüningen was incorporated into Braunschweig by the dissolved district of Braunschweig .
- City District Council
The district council of Rüningen has 7 members and has been composed as follows since November 17, 2016:
- CDU 3rd
Oliver Schatta (District Mayor), Timm Sowade (Group Chairman), Armin Schatta,
- SPD 3
Dieter Fasterling (parliamentary group chairman), Dr. Udo Zohner, Benjamin Buchheister,
Nico Gressmann (Deputy District Mayor)
- District Mayor
The district mayor of the Rüningen district is Oliver Schatta, CDU.
- Statistical districts
The city district consists of the following statistical district:
- Rüningen (No. 74)
coat of arms
Blazon : “A red tower with half-timbered storey, both at the division, above a blue shield base with a silver mill wheel below.
The coat of arms is divided horizontally and shows in the upper part a red tower with three windows and half-timbering in the upper part on a white field. This symbolizes the Rüninger defense tower. In the base of the shield there is a capped white water mill wheel on a blue background. This stands for the Rüninger mill .
Arnold Rabbow designed the coat of arms, it was adopted by the local council on September 24, 1964 and approved by the administrative president of Braunschweig on December 6, 1964.
Rüningen has direct access to the A391 via the B 248 and is about 500 meters south of the Braunschweig-Süd motorway junction . There are also one-sided cycle paths along the country roads towards Leiferde, Broitzem and Geitelde.
Since 1838 Rüningen has been on the Braunschweig – Bad Harzburg railway line . The former train station was located southeast of the level crossing on Berkenbuschstraße, where there is now a parking lot.
North of Rüningen one also has access to the ring track via the garden city , which after its completion will lead in a roundabout around Braunschweig.
The Evangelical Lutheran St. Petri Church from 1876, a neo-Gothic brick building by Ernst Wiehe , is the easternmost church of the Vechelde Provostry . It is equipped with glass windows by the artist Adi Holzer .
- Wilhelm Bornstedt : Chronicle of the pile village Rüningen: settlement geography, social, cultural and war history of a Brunswick village. Braunschweig-Rüningen 1980, .
- Rüningen on braunschweig.de
- Braunschweig in Statistics 2010, page 20 (PDF; 8 MB)
- Population on braunschweig.de
- Limits of the city districts (valid from November 1, 2011). (PDF; 184.10 kB) City of Braunschweig , November 1, 2011, accessed on August 25, 2014 .
- Arnold Rabbow: New Braunschweigisches Wappenbuch. Braunschweiger Zeitungsverlag, Meyer Verlag, Braunschweig 2003, ISBN 3-926701-59-5 , p. 25.
- Mühle Rüningen GmbH & Co. KG (Ed.): Rüningen. The flour. 700 years. The mill. The flour. Festschrift for the 700th anniversary, foreword, Braunschweig, June 2012.
- History of the Rüninger Mill ( Memento from March 7, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) on muehle-rueningen.de
- Source: Braunschweig City Archives (ed.); Arnold Rabbow: Braunschweig coat of arms - the landmarks of the city of Braunschweig and its districts. Orphanage printing and publishing house, Braunschweig 1984, ISBN 3-87884-024-1 .
- Information page on the expansion of the ring track in the city of Braunschweig. Retrieved February 17, 2016 . on braunschweig.de
- Literature: Adi Holzer and Irmgard Bohunovski (eds.): Adi Holzer. Galerie Carinthia, Klagenfurt 1985. Also: Galerie Lochte, Hamburg 1985. Galerie H. Schneider, Horgen 1985 (German, foreword German, Danish, English). Page 149–1952.