Tata Motors

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Tata Motors Limited

legal form Corporation
ISIN US8765685024
founding 1945
Seat Mumbai , IndiaIndiaIndia 
management Cyrus P. Mistry, Chairman
Number of employees 76,598
sales 2.70 trillion INR
35.75 billion EUR
Website www.tatamotors.com
As of March 31, 2016

Tata Motors ( Hindi : टाटा मोटर्स, ṭāṭā moṭars) is the largest automobile manufacturer in India and is majority owned by the Tata Group . The company is listed in the BSE Sensex financial index.

Tata Motors sold 291,993 commercial vehicles and 214,428 passenger vehicles in the 2008/09 fiscal year, which runs for the company from April to March. Tata Motorfinance , which is part of the company, financed 153,007 vehicles during this time. On March 31, 2009, the company had 23,638 employees plus more than 7,000 in subsidiaries. The company's factories are in Jamshedpur , Pune , Lucknow , Pantnagar ( Uttarakhand ) and Dharwad .

Tata Motors ranked 278th on Forbes' 2000 largest companies in 2016.


In 1945 Tata Engineering and Locomotive Co. Ltd. founded, which mainly produced locomotives . In collaboration with the British company Marshall, Sons & Co. , the first road roller was completed three years later . Due to a collaboration with Daimler-Benz AG , the first commercial vehicle was able to leave the company in 1954.

In 1959 a research and development center was opened in Jamshedpur . In 1961 the company ventured into the international market for the first time and began exporting trucks to Sri Lanka .

In 1966 the company's Engineering Research Center was founded, which was to concentrate specifically on the research and development of automobiles. In 1971 the first direct injection engines were produced. The production of heavy commercial vehicles began in 1983.

The Tata 407 , the first commercial vehicle designed in India, left production in 1986. The 407 was followed by the Tata 608 .

In 1994 a joint venture was concluded with Daimler-Benz AG . Tata was able to use it to produce Mercedes cars. In 1998, the Tata Indica was the first car to be produced entirely in India by Tata. In 2001, the joint venture for the production of Mercedes cars ended.

Bus from Tata in Delhi

In 2003 the company had produced over three million vehicles. In September 2004 the company was listed on the New York Stock Exchange , making it the first Indian company to be listed there. In the same year the company acquired Daewoo Commercial Vehicles Company , the second largest truck manufacturer in Korea . This resulted in Tata Daewoo Commercial Vehicle , since then the world's sixth largest truck manufacturer. In 2005 the company acquired 21 percent of Hispano Carrocera , a bus manufacturer. In the same year, the one millionth car left production.

At the end of 2006, Tata Motors was criticized for using fertile farmland to build an automobile factory for the company in Singur , West Bengal , thereby depriving around 15,000 farmers of their livelihoods.

Between 2008 and 2018, the company manufactured the Tata Nano , which, initially priced at 100,000 rupees or 1,700 euros, was to become the cheapest four-seater car in the world.

EVision study at the 2018 Geneva Motor Show

On March 26, 2008, Ford announced the sale of Jaguar and Land Rover automobile brands to Tata Motors for $ 2.3 billion. For months, Tata had been considered the most promising candidate for the Ford subsidiaries. Together with these two brands, Tata also acquired the trademark rights to the Rover , Daimler and Lanchester brands .

subsidiary company

Jaguar Land Rover Automotive PLC produces the Jaguar and Land Rover brands as a wholly-owned subsidiary of Tata Motors.

Tata Daewoo Commercial Vehicle Company Limited (TDCV) is a wholly-owned subsidiary of the company that manufactures heavy-duty vehicles.

Telco Construction Equipment Company Limited ( Telcon ) is 60 percent owned by Tata Motors. The company produces construction machinery.

Tata Technologies Limited (TTL) is a subsidiary in which Tata Motors held 86.91 percent of the shares at the end of the 2005/06 financial year. The company specializes in information technology .

TAL Manufacturing Solutions Limited is 100 percent owned by Tata. The company produces machine tools and automation systems.

HV Transmissions Limited (HVTL) and HV Axles Limited are 100 percent subsidiaries of Tata Motors. They produce axles and chain guards for heavy and medium-duty commercial vehicles.

Other wholly-owned subsidiaries of Tata Motors are Sheba Properties Limited , Concorde Motors (India) Limited , Tata Motors Insurance Services Limited and Tata Motors European Technical Center plc.

Affiliated companies are: Tata Cummins Limited , Tata AutoComp Systems Limited , Tata Precision Industries Pte. Ltd. , Nita Co. Ltd. and Hispano Carrocera SA


Timeline of Tata models (cars, off-road vehicles, pick-ups and vans) since 1990
Type 90s 2000 2010 2020
0 1 2 3 4th 5 6th 7th 8th 9 0 1 2 3 4th 5 6th 7th 8th 9 0 1 2 3 4th 5 6th 7th 8th 9 0
Microcar Nano
Small car Indica
Indica Vista Bolt Altroz
Indigo Manza Zest
Middle class Estate
SUV Nexon
Sumo / Spacio
Sumo Grande
Aria Hexa
Pick up Tatamobile 206/207 / TL Xenon / TL Sprint
Small van / minibus Ace
Magic / Magic Iris
  • Based on the first generation of the Renault Trafic
  • Cars and SUVs

    Tata Altroz
    Tata Buzzard
    Tata Harrier

    Concept vehicles

    Vans and trucks

    • Tata Ace
    • Tata TL / Telcoline / 207 DI Pick-up Truck (Formerly Loadbeta)
    • Tata Winger , minibus based on Renault Trafic I
    • Tata 407
    • Tata 709 E
    • Tata 1109 (medium truck)
    • Tata 1510/1512 (medium bus)
    • Tata 1610/1616 (heavy bus)
    • Tata 1613/1615 (medium-heavy truck)
    • Tata 2515/2516 (medium truck)
    • Tata 3015 (heavy truck)
    • Tata 3516 (heavy truck)
    • Tata Novus (heavy truck developed by Tata Daewoo )

    Military vehicles

    • Tata 407 troop transport, available as closed and open version, 4 × 4 and 4 × 2 versions
    • Tata LPTA 713 TC (4x4)
    • Tata LPT 709 E
    • Tata SD 1015 TC (4x4)
    • Tata LPTA 1615 TC (4x4)
    • Tata LPTA 1621 TC (6x6)
    • Tata LPTA 1615 TC (4x2)

    Compressed air car

    Tata Motors has been working with MDI on the development of a compressed air vehicle since 2007 .

    Web links

    Commons : Tata  - collection of images, videos and audio files

    Individual evidence

    1. a b Tata Motors 2016 Form 20-F Report , accessed January 3, 2017
    2. Converted at the rate on the balance sheet date, March 31, 2016
    3. Annual Report 2008/2009 ( Memento of October 7, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF)
    4. Information about the company on their website ( Memento from January 11, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) (English)
    5. Forbes list of the 2,000 largest companies in the world , accessed January 3, 2017
    6. FIAN: India: 15,000 women farmers are to be displaced in West Bengal for automobile works ( Memento of February 17, 2007 in the Internet Archive )
    7. Cheapest car in the world on welt.de
    8. Tagesschau : Tata gets Jaguar and Land Rover ( Memento from July 21, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) from March 26, 2008.
    9. Süddeutsche Zeitung of January 4, 2008: Ford sells traditional brands - Last exit Bombay ( Memento of December 10, 2008 in the Internet Archive )
    10. autoblog.com: Tata buys 5 British marques for the price of 2 (English) from March 28, 2008