Arbing (Upper Austria)
|coat of arms||Austria map|
|State :||Upper Austria|
|Political District :||Perg|
|License plate :||PE|
|Residents :||1,507 (January 1, 2020)|
|Postal code :||4341|
|Area code :||07269|
|Community code :||4 11 02|
|Address of the
|Mayoress :||Hermine Leitner ( ÖVP )|
Municipal Council : (2015)
|Location of Arbing in the Perg district|
Distinctive landmark church tower Arbing
|Source: Municipal data from Statistics Austria|
Arbing is a municipality in Upper Austria in the district of Perg in the Mühlviertel with 1507 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2020). The place in the judicial district of Perg is about seven kilometers east of the district capital Perg , where the responsible district court is also located.
The name of the community is derived from the personal name Arbeo or Arbo and indicates a foundation in the early Middle Ages . It was first mentioned in a document in the year 1137. The area of today was given by the incorporation of parts of the community of Puchberg in Machland at the end of 1954.
The since 1483 as steeple acting tower of a no longer existing medieval castle from the 13th century has no peak, dominates the landscape and is a striking landmark in the municipal coat of arms displayed.
Location and surroundings, geology
The center of the municipality Arbing is located at an altitude ofThe extension of the municipality area, which is hilly in the northern part and flat in the southern part, is about 4.4 km from north to south and from west to east and the total area is 12.01 km², 17.5% of the area is forested, 71 , 7% of the area is used for agriculture.
The community is located in the Untermühlviertel Schollenland, an extension of the granite and gneiss plateau . From a geological and geomorphological point of view as well as aspects of the use of space, the municipality of Arbing belongs to 3 of the 41 spatial units of the federal state of Upper Austria . The part located in the plane lies in the spatial unit Machland . A small part of the Arbinger municipality in the localities, Hummelberg, Mollnegg and Roisenberg belongs to the spatial unit Aist-Naarn-Kuppenland . Between the two above-mentioned spatial units lies the southern Mühlviertel peripheral areas , which includes the partially more densely populated, south-facing slopes of the municipality in Groißing, Hummelberg, Arbing, Frühstorf and Puchberg. The border between Machland and the southern edge of the Mühlviertel runs from Tobra to Puchberg along the Danube Road .
In the west, the Tobrabach, which rises in Windhaag and is known in the upper reaches of Modlerbach and on the border between Perg and Münzbach Kropfmühlbach, partly forms the western border to the neighboring municipality of Perg . Part of the southern border with Mitterkirchen also runs along the Tobra stream, as this changes direction at an almost right angle south of the village of Tobra. In the northeast, the Falkenbauerbach acts as a border to the market town of Münzbach . Part of the eastern border to the market town of Baumgartenberg is formed by the Deimingerbach and a small part of the Puchbergerbach.
In the area of the village of Arbing, the Tobrabach crosses the Arbingerbach by means of a concrete channel and the Deimingerbach by means of a bridge and then flows on towards Baumgartenberg.
The Arbingerbach is called Neuhauserbach in the upper reaches and rises north of Hummelberg on the border with Münzbach. It has a catchment area of ten square kilometers and has been mapped over a length of 5.8 km. The stream first flows through a wooded area, before it reaches a secured and over long stretches of regulated stream bed and in Arbing is carried through a box culvert over a length of 200 meters below the village. To the south of it, the stream flows in a ditch that is up to two meters deep, crosses the Tobrabach, which is passed over by means of a concrete channel, and continues south-east into the Bruderau and the municipality of Baumgartenberg.
The Deimingerbach rises at an altitude ofin a forest area northwest of the Deimingergut near the village of Mollnegg. Together with the Puchbergerbach, an area of 8.4 km² is drained. The creek was diverted south from the Siebermühle and crosses the Tobrabach about 80 meters before the confluence with the Arbingerbach, which is passed over it by means of a concrete crossing.
Arbing has four neighboring communities, all of which are in the Perg district.
Since the incorporation of parts of the municipality of Puchberg im Machland on January 1st, 1955, Arbing has consisted of the two cadastral municipalities of Arbing and Puchberg (population in brackets as of January 1st, 2020):
- Arbing cadastral community with the districts Arbing (772), Frühstorf (190), Groißing (176) and Puchberg im Machland (120)
- Cadastral municipality Puchberg in Machlande I with the districts Hehenberg (1), Hummelberg (130), Mollnegg (6) and Roisenberg (112)
Finds in the municipality of Arbing that can serve as evidence of the presence of humans are assigned to the Neolithic Age (Neolithic, approx. 5000 to 1900 BC), u. a. a ten centimeter long stone hatchet in Nordic shape, a perforated hatchet fragment made of green-brown speckled serpetine and a knocking stone made of aplite.
During Roman times , Arbing was only a few kilometers north of the border of the Noricum province , which was formed in this area by the Limes and the Danube , just outside the 7.5 km wide buffer zone between the Romans and the barbarians . The Roman fort Adiuvense ( Wallsee ) and the Roman military camp Lauriacum ( Enns / Lorch ) were within sight. There are no traces of settlement from this time in the area of the municipality of Arbing.
The linguistic influence of the Slavic and Baier settlement activity in the 7th and 8th centuries has been preserved in various ways in the names of the place, the villages and the farms. The area around Arbing was originally located in the eastern part of the Duchy of Bavaria and belonged to the Avarmark from the 9th century .
At the time of the Babenbergs , the later cadastral communities of Puchberg and Arbing were in the margraviate and later in the Duchy of Austria in Machland on the territory of the Lords of Machland . The oldest written mention of Arbing was in 1137 in a document from Duke Leopold IV in the list of witnesses. It is "Arbingin", the place name probably goes back to the male name Arbeo / Arbo. Also in the 12th and 13th centuries were the names of Frühstorf (Fridhalmesdorf 1209) and Groißing (Chrebizingen 1114). The Machland district court had its seat at the castle in Arbing in the first decades of the 13th century before it was moved to the castle Mitterberg . The first district judge known by name was Wenzel (Wetzel) von Arbing (Erbing).
In the 15th century the Walchen came into the possession of the Arbing rule. In 1434 Hanns IV was the administrator of the main team on the Enns. The Walchen rebuilt the parish church and in 1483 arranged for the defensive tower of the castle, which had been converted into a castle, to be rededicated to a church tower. Over the centuries the castle changed hands frequently between noble families until it was sold to a family in Arbing in 1906.
The area around Arbing originally belonged to the mother parish of Naarn , which was mentioned in documents as early as 823 . In the castle complex there was a baptistery, which was dedicated to Saint John the Baptist. In 1147 Arbing was incorporated into the Waldhausen monastery and in 1335 Arbing was a branch church of Mitterkirchen. Arbing was first mentioned as a parish in 1633 and after the abolition of the Waldhausen monastery, Arbing was under the patronage of the Religionsfonds. Since 1939 the pastor from Arbingen has been appointed by the Bishop of Linz.
The place Arbing arose at the foot of the medieval castle complex and belonged to the Machland district court until 1493, then to the Greinburg district court . In 1603 a separate regional court in Arbing was created. A school in Arbing can be traced back to 1675. In 1809 the building of a new school is noted. In 1848 the municipalities of Arbing and Puchberg emerged in the areas of the cadastral municipalities of the same name, and from 1918 onwards became municipalities in the federal state of Upper Austria. The expansion of the infrastructure began with the construction of a post and telegraph office in 1873 and 1898 with the construction of a train station on the Danube Bank and was interrupted by the war years and continued in line with developments throughout the country.
At the beginning of the 1920s, both Arbing and Puchberg in Machland issued emergency money. From 1927 to 1938 there was a dairy in Arbing, where farmers from the communities of Arbing, Puchberg, Baumgartenberg, Saxen, Klam, Kreuzen, Sankt Thomas am Blasenstein, Münzbach, Windhaag, Ried, Rechberg, Naarn, Hofstetten and Mitterkirchen received 7,000 to 8,000 liters a day Delivered milk. In 1938 the Arbing dairy was dissolved and incorporated into the Machland-Baumgartenberg dairy, which was founded in 1930.
After Austria was annexed to the German Reich on March 13, 1938, the two communities Arbing and Puchberg belonged to the Gau Oberdonau . In 1945 Upper Austria was restored and the two communities belonged to the American zone from May 5, 1945, and to the Soviet zone from May 9, 1945 to 1955 .
On January 1, 1955, the municipality of Puchberg in Machland was dissolved and the western parts, namely the localities of Puchberg, Hummelberg and Roisenberg, including some properties in Mollnegg and Hehenberg, were incorporated into Arbing, making the municipality of Arbing its present-day area. The localities Baumgartenberg West, Deiming, Kolbing , Hehenberg and Steindl were incorporated into the Baumgartenberg community at the same time.
coat of arms
- “In green, a golden two-storey defense tower with a black base cornice, extending from the base of the shield; in the basement a black, rectangular door opening, in the upper floor a black, rectangular opening; crowned with two arched battlements and two raised, three-storey corner cores each with a dovetail pinnacle and a black, square window opening in the middle floors, in between a cast bay window with black roof and black, rectangular window opening. "
The community colors are green-yellow-black.
The coat of arms shows in a simplified representation the distinctive landmark of Arbing, the 28 m high original defense tower of the no longer preserved medieval castle complex, lying on a fall-back crest projected into the Danube plain, visible from afar. The mighty, probably dating back to the 13th century castle keep was newly to the tower of 1483 and converted remodeled present parish church. The decorative round battlements date from the middle of the 16th century.
The granting of the right to use a coat of arms and the approval of the municipal colors was made by resolution of Upper Austria. State government decided on December 17, 1979. The coat of arms was awarded on November 16, 1980 by Governor Josef Ratzenböck .
In municipal council elections , the ÖVP has had an absolute majority of votes and mandates since 1945, with the proportion of votes ranging between 79.1% (1949) and 53.7% (2009) of the votes cast. The SPÖ's voting shares ranged between 20.9% (1949) and 37.8% (2003). The FPÖ has been a candidate since 1973 and scored between 6.4% (2003) and 13.9% (1979).
Since the municipal council election in 2015 , the 19 mandates in the municipal council have been distributed as follows:
- ÖVP 12 mandates
- SPÖ 4 mandates
- FPÖ 3 mandates
Mayor of Arbing
- Georg Steinkellner (1850 to 1861)
- Michael Hueber (1861 to 1864)
- Carl Fröschl (1864 to 1867)
- Georg Lettner (1867 to 1870)
- Karl Fröschl (1870 to 1873)
- Franz Schwaiger (1873 to 1876)
- Alois Pühringer (1876 to 1885)
- Josef Unden (1885 to 1888)
- Johann Grassl (1888 to 1897)
- Josef Unden (1897 to 1900)
- Georg Achleitner (1900 to 1903)
- Franz Mayrhofer (1903 to 1906)
- Georg Achleitner (1906 to 1919)
- Johann Fritzl (1919 to 1929)
- Franz Speckhofer (1929 to 1938)
- Josef Gentersdorfer (1938 to 1945)
- Rupert Hinterleitner (1945)
- Johann Baumgartner (1945 to 1959)
- Karl Schützeneder (1959 to 1967)
- Alois Landl (1967 to 1979)
- Johann Bauernfeind (1979 to 2003)
- Georg Kragl (2003 to 2013)
- Josef Hiesböck (2013 to 2019)
- Hermine Leitner (since 2019)
In 2019, Josef Hiesböck announced his resignation, and ÖVP Vice Mayor Hermine Leitner was designated as his successor. She succeeded him in this position on November 14, 2019.
Mayor of Puchberg
The mayors of the local community of Puchberg im Machland, which has been partially incorporated into Arbing since 1955, are listed in the relevant main article.
see table on the right
The population was stagnant in the second half of the 19th century, was 943 people at the turn of the century and declined in the first half of the 20th century, with the exception of 1939, the low point being reached in 1951 with 910 people. As of January 1, 2019, the population was 1,480. This corresponds to a population growth of 62.64 percent since the low of 1951.
Population structure by gender, age and education
The municipality of Arbing had 1,374 inhabitants on January 1st, 2009, 689 of them men and 685 women.
The rough age structure of the Arbingen population as of January 1, 2009 shows that 68.9% of the Arbingers are over 15 and under 65 years old. At 15.4%, a little less than a sixth of the population is younger and at 15.8% a little less than a sixth of the population is older. The proportion of women in the main group and among younger people is slightly lower than in the total value, while it is significantly higher among older people at 60.8%.
Of the 1025 workers who were over 15 years old in 2001, 509 or 49.7% are women. 39 Arbingers, that is 3.9% of those over fifteen, have graduated from a university , technical college or academy ; the proportion of women here, at 35.9%, is significantly below that of the population group as a whole. A further 83 workers, that is 8.1% of the relevant population group, have the Matura , with the proportion of women at 38.6% also being significantly lower than that of the population group concerned.
475 Arbingers, with 46.4% almost half of those over fifteen years of age, have completed an apprenticeship or vocational middle school , with 37.1% women. 428 or 41.8% of Arbingers only have compulsory schooling . More than two thirds of them are women.
Origin, language, religion
97.3% of the inhabitants of Arbingen were Austrian citizens on January 1st, 2009 and 95.1% were born in Austria. 1.5% of the workers came from other EU countries, 1.2% from non-EU countries.
The Middle or Danube Bavarian dialect is a Bavarian dialect form that is widespread throughout Upper Austria . The ostösterreichische branch of the middle Bairischen goes to the dialect of the created by the Bavarian Ostsiedlung Babenberg dominion Ostarrichi back.
In the 2001 census, 1226 people (95.5%) stated Roman Catholic as their religious denomination, 26 (2.0%) Islamic , 10 (0.8%) Protestant , 1 Orthodox and 5 (0.4%) other faiths . 16 (1.2%) of the Arbingers have not professed any religion.
Culture and sights
- Parish church Arbing : The parish church Arbing is an early Gothic , two-aisled church building with ribbed and star- ribbed vaults typical of the era . The specialty of the church is its steeple. This is the converted, original defense tower of Arbing Castle (probably from the 13th century). The tower with its rounded battlements, which is visible far above the neighboring Machland , still suggests more of a castle than a church. It is the symbol of Arbing.
- Arbing cemetery: The expansion of the cemetery required by the increasing shortage of space at the end of the 1990s transformed it from an inconspicuous, closed structure into an open, architectural jewel. After years of planning, the redesign of the cemetery wall and the entrance area began in 2005 according to plans by the architectural duo ArchArt. Thanks to its material, which is made exclusively of colored exposed concrete, and its openness, the new gate structure symbolizes the bond between life and death.
- Franziskuskapelle : The chapel opposite the cemetery, inaugurated in 2011 and made of dark gray concrete, does not have a roof in order to direct the view more clearly upwards and to imitate the Franciscan lifestyle.
Economy and Infrastructure
Mainly locally and regionally active companies and public institutions are based in Arbing, which mainly serve the local supply, including several car dealerships, carpenters, restaurants and an electrical company.
In order to secure and further develop the companies in the region and thus to maintain jobs, Perg is a member of the regional business association Machland together with Arbing, Klam, Mitterkirchen and Saxen . Together with 14 other associations of this type, it is responsible for the joint development, opening up and marketing of business locations under the name of Intercommunal Business Settlement (INKOBA). (As of March 2009).
Since 2002, a commercial area of around 70,000 m² (expandable to 170,000 m²) south of Donau Strasse in a flood-proof location has been prepared in Arbing with the use of subsidies from the communities working together in the association, the state of Upper Austria and the EU, and a number of companies have it relocated its location there, creating new jobs (including Berolan - dry mortar additives, Pascom communication service).
On January 1, 2001, 261 people were employed in Arbing. Of the 585 employed people living in Arbing, 459 commuted to their jobs outside the municipality, while 135 people commuted to their job in Arbing at the same time.
278 Arbinger jobs are in another municipality in the Perg district, mainly in Baumgartenberg, Perg and Schwertberg and 150 outside the Perg district in Upper Austria, mainly in Linz-Stadt. The remaining jobs are located in other federal states, and a few abroad. 107 people from the Perg district have their job in Arbing, the rest of the commuters come from other districts of Upper Austria or other Austrian federal states.
In 2001, 7.9% of the people from Arbingen worked in agriculture and forestry, 39.2% in industry, trade and construction and 52.6% in the service sector. In 1981, the proportion of people working in agriculture and forestry was 17.8%. 18.0% of the jobs in Arbing were in agriculture, 43.7% in industry, trade and construction and 38.3% in the service sector. In 1981, 35.1% of jobs were still in agriculture and forestry.
Arbing is crossed by the Donauuferbahn and the Danube Road B 3 , which runs almost parallel to it, in an east-west direction. The most important connection road to the north is the Münzbacher Bezirksstraße L 1428. The municipality is also opened up by municipal roads and goods roads. There is a stop for the Donauuferbahn in Arbing . In addition, buses are available for public transport. Connections to supra-regional means of transport are also in the nearby district capital of Perg.
A large number of inbound and outbound commuters depend on their own vehicle. The Donau Straße guarantees a relatively quick journey to Perg and the central area of Linz. The nearest motorway connections are in Sankt Valentin , Enns and Asten in the west and in Amstetten and in Ybbs in the east, each with a journey time of around half an hour. For commuters, the expansion of the Donau Straße over the past few years and decades means a significant improvement. Particularly noteworthy is the Perg bypass.
The power supply for the municipality of Arbing is mainly provided by Linz AG . There is both a regional district heating supply for parts of the municipality and a connection to the Upper Austrian gas network. There is a local volunteer fire brigade . In the municipality of Arbing, there is a kindergarten for children who are not yet of compulsory schooling, as well as an elementary school . The possibility of attending secondary schools, a lower-level grammar school, the polytechnic course or the middle and higher schools is possible in the district of Perg, whereby the city of Perg in particular acts as the school town.
sport and freetime
In Arbing there are a number of associations that meet the cultural needs of the regional population. These include the Musikverein (founded before 1866), the Union Sportverein (founded on July 4, 1967, sections football, fistball, stick shooting, women's gymnastics and spinal gymnastics), the volunteer fire brigade (founded 1899), a local branch of the Austrian Association of Comrades, the rural youth, the Foppaclub, the Arbinger Lercherl Club, the youth club, the Siedlerverein (founded in 1982), the Icosahedron Soccer Club (ISC for short) and other groups.
The Association for Village Renewal in Arbing , founded in 2005, aims to develop the Schlossberg as a historical setting. The Gothic church with the fortified tower as a steeple was renovated in 1991, and in recent years the historic staircase with seven chapels and the 2005/06 cemetery extension, which has won several architecture prizes.
Personalities related to Arbing
- Wenzel von Arbing, was in 1227 the first country judge known by name of the Machland regional court established in Arbing
- Walter Johannes Fischer (born December 18, 1963), singing teacher, singer, choir director and cultural manager
- Franz Kabelka (born October 1, 1954), Austrian writer, grew up in Perg and Arbing
- Traude Korosa (* 1955 in Arbing), Austrian author
- Karl Binder, District Captain of Perg, (honorary citizen since 1894)
- Matthias Moser, pastor, (1894)
- Franz Rienmüller, district captain of Perg until June 6, 1938 and from February 15, 1951
- Josef Mayrhofer, District Administrator until June 6, 1938
- Johann Blöchl, District Administrator, State Commissioner for the Mühlviertel, (1953)
- Johann Baumgartner, Mayor of Arbing, (1958)
- Ferdinand Baderer, Mayor of Puchberg, (1960)
- Josef Enengl, Head of Office von Arbing from 1945 to 1980, holder of the Golden Medal of Merit of the Republic of Austria (1981)
- Alois Landl, Mayor of Arbing, holder of the Golden Medal of Merit of the Republic of Austria, (1982)
- Johann Bauernfeind, Mayor of Arbing (1981-2003), chairman of the regional trade association Machland (INKOBA Machland, 2002-2011), chairman of the INKOBA steering committee in the Perg-Machland business park (since 2011), (2012)
- Anton Kranzl: 850 years Arbing, 1137 - 1987. Arbing municipal office (publisher), Linz 1987 (with extensive bibliography).
- Entry on Arbing (Upper Austria) in the Austria Forum (in the AEIOU Austria Lexicon )
- 41102 - Arbing. Community data, Statistics Austria .
- Further information about the municipality of Arbing (Upper Austria) on the geographic information system of the federal state of Upper Austria .
- Map in the Digital Upper Austrian Room Information System ( DORIS )
- Official website of the municipality of Arbing
- Karl Hohensinner: The place names of the political districts Perg and Freistadt . Ed .: Peter Wiesinger. Publishing house of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna 2003, ISBN 3-7001-3103-8 , p. 78 .
- Hermann Kohl: The lifeless nature , in: Land Oberösterreich (editor): Das Mühlviertel, Nature-Culture-Life, contributions to the state exhibition in 1988 in Schloss Weinberg near Kefermarkt, Linz 1988, p. 41 ff.
- Klaus Berg, Clemens Gumpinger, Simonetta Siligato: Defense register of the Naarn and its tributaries. Water protection report 42nd Office of the Upper Austrian Provincial Government, Surface Water Management Department, Linz 2009 (Tobrabach p. 64, Arbingerbach p. 67, Deimingerbach p. 69; PDF; 2.8 MB on land-oberoesterreich.gv.at).
- Statistics Austria: Population on January 1st, 2020 by locality (area status on January 1st, 2020) , ( CSV )
- Documents (900-1797) 1137 ("Gerboto de arbingin" as a witness) in the European document archive Monasterium.net .
- Leopold VII, Duke of Austria and Styria, confirms the abbey Baumgartenberg's named properties and the freedom granted to the Cistercian order from any other than princely, free reign . In: Upper Austrian document book . Volume 2, No. CCCLX, Baumgartenberg, January 31, 1209, p. 516 (“uille, que dicitur fridehalmesdorf”, p. 517 “Sigelochus de fridhalmesdorf” and “Reinoldus de fridehalmesdorf”).
- A. Kranzl: 850 Years of Arbing, p. 37.
- May 5, 1945 - Zwettl and Linz
- Wolfgang Lehmann: Between hope and fear, the days of upheaval 1945 , in: Heimatbuch der Stadt Perg 2009, publisher: Heimatverein Perg and Stadtgemeinde Perg, Linz 2009, p. 309ff.
- Law regarding the dissolution of the local community Puchberg im Machland, political district Perg, LGBL. Upper Austria. No. 004/1955 , accessed on May 27, 2015
- Flag of Arbing ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Roman Sandgruber : Communist Party of Austria (KPÖ) in the forum OoeGeschichte.at
- The commitment to rural areas must be followed by days , in: Bezirksrundschau Perg of November 5, 2013
- Margarete Frühwirth: Josef Hiesböck hands over office to Hermine Leitner. November 15, 2019, accessed November 15, 2019 .
- Josef Hiesböck announces resignation: Arbing becomes mayor for the first time. September 3, 2019, accessed September 3, 2019 .
- mayor in Arbing. September 3, 2019, accessed September 17, 2019 .
- Statistics Austria: Population development of Arbing PDF
- Statistics Austria: A look at the municipality of Arbing population status and structure PDF
- Statistics Austria: A look at the municipality of Arbing, census from May 15, 2001 (PDF; 10 kB)
- Statistics Austria table: A look at the municipality of Arbing Demographic data PDF
- Intermunicipal company settlement : INKOBA site Machland , accessed on April 18, 2009
- Strudengau region
- View of the municipality of Arbing, commuters by commuting destination , PDF
- State of Upper Austria, regional database , PDF ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Arbing cemetery expansion
- Architecture Prize of the Concrete and Cement Industry 2007
- Honorary citizen Ing. Johann Bauernfeind , in: Web presence of the municipality of Arbing