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The settlement is located in Transbaikalia on the left bank of the Amur source river , Ingoda , which separates the Daurian Mountains in the north from the Mogoitui Mountains in the south, about 100 kilometers southeast of the regional capital Chita .
Before the revolution
Probably in 1761 founded the Orthodox converts who Nerchinsk Wojwodenkanzlei assumed Ewenkenfürsten Gantimurow a village directly on the left bank of the Ingoda. Converted Evenks (then called Tungus) and Buryats as well as " hybrids " between members of these peoples and Russians were called Karymen or Charymen , which gave the place its known name since 1858 (according to other sources, 1878).
After the town and the neighboring village of Bajandarga were destroyed by floods in 1897 , the residents moved to the nearby Karymskaya station on the Transbaikal section of the Trans-Siberian Railway , which was built in the previous year in a higher location . Also in 1897 the construction of the Chinese Eastern Railway began, which branches off the Transbaikal line a little further east between the stations Kitaiski rasjesd (today Tarskaja ) and Kaidalowo .
In the early 1930s was the doubling of the Trans-Siberian section Karymskaja- Khabarovsk begun. In this context, the station was considerably enlarged, expanded to include a depot and workshops, and expanded to become a connecting station for the line towards China (an expansion of the Tarskaja station, which is close to the actual branch, was not possible due to its location in the significantly narrower valley of the Ingoda). As a result, the importance and population of Karymskoje grew, so that in 1935 the status of an urban-type settlement was given.
On June 22nd, 1936, a train near Karymskoje was given the signal “free travel”, although a train was still standing on the released section of the route. There was a rear-end collision in which 51 people died and 52 were also injured. 13 people were charged, the dispatcher sentenced to death .
Note: census data from 1959
Culture and sights
There is a local museum in Karymskoje .
Economy and Infrastructure
In Karymskoje there is an important station of the Trans-Siberian Railway ( Karymskaja station of the highest Russian station category I; route km 6294 from Moscow ), from which the line to Sabaikalsk and across the border into the People's Republic of China branches off to the east .
A road leads through the settlement from Darasun on the A166 Chita – Sabaikalsk highway along the left bank of the Ingoda to the R426 Mogoitui - Sretensk , which is reached between Pervomaiski and Shilka .
In addition to rail transport companies, Karymskoje has companies in the construction, timber and food industries.
- Itogi Vserossijskoj perepisi naselenija 2010 goda. Tom 1. Čislennostʹ i razmeščenie naselenija (Results of the All-Russian Census 2010. Volume 1. Number and distribution of the population). Tables 5 , pp. 12-209; 11 , pp. 312–979 (download from the website of the Federal Service for State Statistics of the Russian Federation)
- Peter WB Semmens: Catastrophes on rails. A worldwide documentation. Transpress, Stuttgart 1996, ISBN 3-344-71030-3 , p. 91.