Dodge Ram

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Dodge Ram
Manufacturer: Dodge
Production period: 1981 – today
Previous model: Dodge D series
Successor: Ram 1500 - Ram 5500

The Dodge Ram is an automobile model ( pick-up ) of Chrysler , which is sold mainly in the United States and Canada. Under this name, the vehicle was first launched in 1981 and was part of the Dodge D series .

Until the early 1990s, Dodge pickups were considered boring and unremarkable, even in the Midwest. This changed suddenly with the 1994 series. In particular, the now significantly larger and separate grill was a new trademark, which was also retained in the following model series.

The car is manufactured in different locations: in the Saltillo Truck Assembly in Saltillo , Mexico , in the Saint Louis Assembly North in Missouri , and in the Warren Truck Assembly in Michigan .

Ram has been an independent division of Chrysler Group LLC since 2010 and is only responsible for pick-up production. This change also entails a change in the brand logo. Ram now has the ram's head with the corresponding RAM lettering. The Dodge division is now only responsible for car production.

The first generation: 1981–1993 (D / W trucks)

1st generation
81-93 Dodge Ram.jpg
Production period: 1981-1993
Designs: Pick up
Gasoline engines : 3.7-5.9 liters
Diesel engine :
5.9 liters
Length: 4846-5354 mm
Width: 2019 mm
Height: 1859-1928 mm
Wheelbase: 2921-3327 mm

The first generation was presented in 1981, the D model had rear-wheel drive , the * W model had all-wheel drive . The car was optionally available with a loading area of ​​6 feet 6 inches (approx. 2 m) or 8 feet (approx. 2.5 m). Outwardly, this generation was similar to the previous Dodge D series, the body was only slightly redesigned. The versions 150 with a half load, 250 with a ¾, and 350 with one tonne payload were available.

Improved versions followed in 1984, 1985, 1986, 1988 ( intake manifold injection ) and 1989 (improved engines). In 1991 the design of the radiator grille was revised, and improved engines were installed again from 1992.

Although this generation was quite popular, sales were disappointing when compared to the Ford F-Series and its rival General Motors , as fewer than 100,000 units were sold for most of its years of production.

The second generation: 1994-2001 (BR / BE trucks)

2nd generation
Dodge RAM 2500.jpg
Production period: 1994-2001
Designs: Pick up
Otto engines : 3.9–8.0 liters
(130–220 kW)
Diesel engines :
5.9 liters
(130–183 kW)
Length: 5184-6200 mm
Width: 2014–2375 mm
Height: 1892-1966 mm
Wheelbase: 3015-3929 mm

In 1994 the car was completely redesigned and was an immediate success. The oversized radiator grille and the 8.0-liter V10 engine were particularly popular. The versions 1500 with a half, 2500 with a ¾, and 3500 with a tonne payload and twin wheels on the rear axle were available. As a body shape, it was offered as a regular cab (3-seater), extended cab (5 or 6-seater) and double cab. The short or long box was always available for the loading area, although the short box for the double cab was slightly shorter than for the extended version. There were also differences in the extended version, such as: B. the possibility of a suicide door on the driver's side or the omission of the same. The curb weight of the car is given as 2400–2800 kg.

From 1995 a version with a natural gas engine was also offered.

The second generation was a great commercial success with sales of 100,000 (1993), 240,000 (1994), 280,000 (1995) and almost 400,000 units in 1996. In 1999, more than 400,000 units were sold for the first time. When Ford and General Motors brought out revised competing models that partially adopted the design of the Dodge Ram, sales of the Dodge Ram fell sharply, but were able to increase again to 350,000 units in 2001.

The third generation: 2002–2009 (DR trucks)

3rd generation
DodgeRam1500 crewcab.jpg

Dodge Ram 1500 Quad Cab (2002-2006)

Production period: 2002-2009
Designs: Pick up
Gasoline engines : 3.7–8.3 liters
(160–372 kW)
Diesel engines :
5.9–6.7 liters
(186–261 kW)
Length: 5276-6342 mm
Width: 2022-2438 mm
Height: 1913-2047 mm
Wheelbase: 3061-4077 mm

The third generation was presented in 2002 and was again a complete revision of the previous version. The frame, the suspension, the drive and the interior were completely overhauled. The grille was enlarged again, and the built-in Cummins ISB diesel engine was included in Ward's 10 Best Engines list in 2004. The curb weight is given as 2200–2600 kg.

The third generation was an even bigger success than its predecessor, from an economic point of view, with 400,000 copies sold in 2002 and almost 450,000 in 2003.

Efforts were made to bring this generation onto the market with a hybrid drive as well, but due to problems this variant never went into series production.

Cabin shapes

  • Regular Cab : single cabin, 2 or 3 seats
  • Quad Cab : double cabin, 5 or 6 seats
  • Mega Cab : double cabin


Be offered a 160 kW (218 hp) 3.7 liter V6, a 4.7 liter V8 with Magnum 175-230 kW (238-313 hp), 425 nm, and the 5.7-liter Hemi V8 engine with (246-254 kW, 510 Nm). The top model Dodge Ram SRT10 , which is equipped with the 8.3 liter V10 from the Dodge Viper (371 kW / 505 PS, 730 Nm) even made it into the Guinness Book as the fastest series pick-up in the world. Also on offer from 2002 was a 5.9-liter R6 turbodiesel from Cummins with 186–242 kW (309 hp) and 624–752 Nm. This was supplemented in 2007 by a 6.7 liter R6 turbodiesel from Cummins with 261 kW (355 hp) and 880 Nm, i.e. H. the two engines were offered in parallel from this point on.

Facelift 2006 (DR / DH)

The 2006 Dodge RAM is the final facelift of the third generation. In this version, a counterpart to the crew cab models from Ford and GM was offered for the first time ( Mega Cab ). The Mega Cab was only delivered from the factory with a “Short Box”; some companies offered a conversion to mega cab with "long box". The headlights on the 2006 model have been redesigned to be more efficient. The interior design was changed a bit; the HEMI -V8 received cylinder deactivation in the partial load range. A navigation system was offered as an option.

The fourth generation: 2009–2018

4th generation
Dodge Ram 2500 Hemi 5.7 Laramie 4x4.JPG

Dodge Ram 2500 Laramie (Mexico version - in the US: RAM 1500)

Production period: 2009-2018
Designs: Pick up
Petrol engines : 3.6–5.7 liters
(160–295 kW)
Diesel engines :
3.0–6.7 liters (180–261 kW)
Length: 5309-7470 mm
Width: 2004-2017 mm
Height: 1923-2052 mm
Wheelbase: 3048-5189 mm

The fourth generation of the Dodge Ram was first presented at the North American International Auto Show 2008 in Detroit. Outwardly it resembles the third generation models, the body has increased in size again. The cabin of the crew cab model is now a little longer, and the interior has also been redesigned. For RAM 1500 models approved in Europe, the curb weight is specified as 2293 to 2695 kg and the permissible total weight as 2858 to 3500 kg.


The 2009 model still has the two 4.7 and 5.7 liter V8 engines and the smaller 3.7 liter V6 engine; a new 3.0 liter turbo diesel was also built. The performance of the two V8 engines has been increased significantly. The 4.7 liter V8 last developed 231 kW (314 hp) and the 5.7 liter Hemi V8 now developed 283 kW (385 hp). At the same time, Dodge stated that it had reduced fuel consumption a little.

The 4.7 liter V8 used from 2009 to 2013 was replaced by a 3.6 liter Pentastar V6, which has an output of 227 kW (308 hp) and 364 Nm of torque. The 3.7 liter V6 with 157 kW (213 PS) was deleted without replacement in 2012.

Some changes were made in 2013. The 8-speed ZF 8HP automatic transmission called Torque-Flite was used on all models. The 8HP45 for the 3.0 turbo-diesel models and the 3.6 liter Pentastar V6, the 8HP70 for the 5.7 liter Hemi V8

With the model 2013, the power of the 5654 cc large Hemi-V8 of 290 kW (394 hp) at 295 was kW (401 hp) at 5600 min -1 increased and 556 Nm. This was made possible by the use of electronic power steering (EPS) instead of the previous servo pump.

The new 3.0-liter turbo diesel, which is now available for the Ram 1500, generates 180 kW (243 PS) and 570 Nm.

A 6.7-liter six-cylinder Cummins turbodiesel with 261 kW (355 hp) and 880 Nm of torque is available for the 2500/3500 models. The 2009 Ram 1500 has a new rear suspension and suspension with coil springs instead of leaf springs , which increases driving comfort and makes this “full-size” pick-up easier to use. With the 295 kW (401 PS) strong 5.7-liter Hemi-V8 engine, the Dodge Ram manages the sprint from 0 to 100 km / h in 7.3 s, making it faster than the Chrysler PT Cruiser GT, or the Dodge Charger with V6 engine. The top speed is a regulated 170 km / h.


  • Ram 1500: 3.0-liter V6 diesel, 3.6-liter V6, 3.7-liter V6, 4.7-liter V8, 5.7-liter V8
  • Ram 2500: 5.7-liter V8, 6.4-liter V8, 6.7-liter R6 diesel
  • Ram 3500: 5.7-liter V8, 6.4-liter V8, 6.7-liter R6 diesel
  • Ram 4500: 6.4-liter V8, 6.7-liter R6 diesel
  • Ram 5500: 6.4-liter V8, 6.7-liter R6 diesel
  • Ram 6500: 8.1-liter V8, 6.7-liter R6 diesel

Cabin shapes

  • Regular Cab: two-door model with two or three seats, optionally with a short or long loading area
  • Quad Cab: Four-door model with five or six seats, the rear doors are significantly shorter than the front
  • Crew Cab: four-door model with five or six seats, full doors at the rear
  • Mega Cab: four-door model with five or six seats, full rear doors and an extended cabin
  • Courageous Cab: four-door model with six or seven seats, full doors at the rear and an extended cabin + loading area
  • Courageous Corona Cab: two-door model with six or seven seats, full doors at the rear and an extended cabin + loading area

Equipment variants

  • T : basic variant
  • ST: entry-level model with fabric seats
  • SLT: Medium equipment variant
  • Sport: Sporty version with a radiator grille painted in body color and sporty rims
  • TRX4 Offroad: Offroad model
  • Laramie: luxury variant with optional two-tone body and leather interior as standard
  • Power Wagon: Off-road model with cable winch, differential locks on the front and rear axles and a decoupling stabilizer on the front axle
  • Limited: full equipment
  • COR: luxury version with spring-loaded air suspension and fine Nappa leather cover in the engine compartment


Fire, Hybrid, 2012

In September 2012, all 109 Dodge Ram 1500 plug-in hybrids and 23 Chrysler Town & Country plug-in hybrids in a demo program were recalled due to overheated 12.9 kWh batteries.

Remote control via software, Uconnect entertainment system, 2015

Charlie Miller, security researcher at Twitter and former NSA hacker, and Chris Valasek, director of vehicle security at consulting firm IOActive, showed how a Jeep Cherokee can be remotely controlled via its Uconnect entertainment system using a laptop and mobile phone. FCA then called back 1.4 million vehicles of different brands that are equipped with Uconnect.


Dodge Ram models have twice received the Car of the Year award from Motor Trend magazine .

The second generation of the car won the award in 1994. The third generation won it in 2003. The fourth generation won u. a .: 2011 Consumer Guide Best Buy and Automobile Magazine 2010 All-Star.

Web links

Commons : Dodge Ram  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Ram hybrid at Allpar
  2. Technical data RAM 2015 (as of January 23, 2017)
  3. 2013-2017 Dodge Ram 1500 pickup trucks. Retrieved May 12, 2017 (English).
  4. 2013-2016 Dodge Ram 1500 engine, transmission, and axles (powertrain). In: Retrieved April 7, 2016 .
  5. Truck Yeah! RAM 1500 with Hemi-V8 in the test. In: Archived from the original on August 12, 2017 ; accessed on August 11, 2017 .
  6. ^ John Voelcker: Chrysler Yanks Plug-In Hybrid Test Fleet Off Roads, Will Replace Batteries . Green Car Reports. September 24, 2012. Retrieved September 30, 2012.
  7. Chrysler halts tests on plug-in hybrid fleet after batteries overheat . September 24, 2012. Retrieved September 30, 2012. 
  8. Hackers Remotely Kill a Jeep on the Highway — With Me in It , Andy Greenberg, Wired, July 21, 2015