Hans Günter Rosenthal ( April 2, 1925 in Berlin - February 10, 1987 ibid) was a German entertainer , moderator , director , department head for entertainment at RIAS and a member of the board of directors of the Central Council of Jews .
Rosenthal grew up in a Jewish family in Berlin-Prenzlauer Berg ( Winsstrasse 63) and experienced the growing anti-Semitic persecution by National Socialism as a child . His father Kurt Rosenthal (November 20, 1900 - September 17, 1937) died of kidney failure after he had recently been released from Deutsche Bank as a " non-Aryan " . His mother Else Rosenthal née Isaac (March 10, 1899 - November 8, 1941) succumbed to cancer ( colon cancer ). After his mother's death, Rosenthal and his brother Gert (July 26, 1932 - October 22, 1942) went to a home for orphans and were given the compulsory name Hans Israel Rosenthal . His brother was deported to Riga on October 19, 1942 on an eastern transport and murdered a few days later in the Majdanek concentration camp . Other relatives were also murdered in the Holocaust .
Hans Rosenthal was initially in a Jewish training camp ( Hachschara ) in Jessen near Sommerfeld in Lower Lusatia. After it was banned, the National Socialists used him for forced labor from 1940 ; Among other things, he worked as a grave digger , on behalf of the Neuendorf Landwerk near Fürstenwalde / Spree , and later as a pieceworker in a sheet metal packaging factory in Berlin-Weißensee and Torgelow .
From March 27, 1943, he went into hiding in the Berlin allotment garden “Dreieinigkeit” ( Lichtenberg district , today Berlin-Fennpfuhl district ) and survived in hiding until the end of the war. For him, the capture of Berlin-Lichtenberg by the Red Army on April 25, 1945 meant the liberation. He was supported by three non-Jewish women from Berlin, Ida Jauch (1886–1944), an acquaintance of his mother, and later by Maria Schönebeck (1901–1950) and Emma Harndt (1898–1977). Ida Jauch was honored posthumously as Righteous Among the Nations on October 10, 2015 in the presence of her and Rosenthal's relatives .
He described these and other private and professional experiences in his autobiography published in 1980 under the title Zwei Leben in Deutschland .
Career in Germany
In 1945 Hans Rosenthal trained at the Berliner Rundfunk , where he then worked as an assistant director and supervised the first radio play Nathan the Wise . For a time he was also active on the works council of the Berlin broadcasting company, but this increasingly led to conflicts with the supervisory bodies of the Soviet- controlled broadcasting corporation. Therefore, Rosenthal went to the western sectors in 1948 and switched to RIAS , where he started his broadcasting career as a production manager and entertainment editor. He eventually became one of the most popular German quiz masters of entertainment programs on the radio .
At RIAS Berlin, he designed advice and entertainment programs between the 1950s and 1980s, most of which he also designed himself. These include Alone Against All , Who Asks, Wins , Little People - Big Class , The Sounding Sunday Puzzle , Fun Must Be , Grandpa's Schlager Festival (in a double conference with Günter Neumann ), You are speechless , Ask me what , The flashback and Günter Neumann and his islanders (initially as a unit manager, later as a director) and play across borders . In 1962 he became head of the entertainment department at RIAS.
Two radio series founded by Rosenthal continue to run on Deutschlandradio Kultur . It is the Sunday puzzle series (formerly Das Klingende Sonntagsrätsel ), which is broadcast on Sundays, and the city quiz Alone Against All , which is broadcast once a month as part of the From the archives series .
Although Rosenthal's field of activity in radio and television was mainly concentrated in Germany, he has also produced some programs abroad: as early as 1966 he staged the program Fun Must Be at the Paris Theater in London (recording July 11, 1966) on the occasion of the football World Cup (a Coproduction between the BBC - Deutschsprachiger Dienst and the RIAS, SFB , NDR and SDR ), it followed from the Swiss hall in Tondern / Denmark Who asks, wins (recording April 11th 1970) and must be fun from the Brucknerhaus in Linz / Austria (Recorded on November 10, 1984) as well as two broadcasts each year by Dalli, Dalli from Vienna. A broadcast planned by him in Israel did not take place due to his untimely death.
In 1968, Rosenthal bought airtime by the hour from a radio station in Tenerife and produced a German-language program under the name DTF - German-speaking tourist radio with the aim of marketing advertising tailored to German tourists. The project failed after a few months with a personal loss of around 35,000 D-Marks because there were no advertisers.
As early as 1955, with an adaptation of the radio series Who Asks Wins, Hans Rosenthal made his first appearances as a television quiz master. In 1960 he was head of entertainment at Bavaria Film for a year . He achieved lasting success on TV, inter alia. with Well asked is half won , Dalli Dalli as well as a guess with Rosenthal , KO OK , Everything with music , One plus one against two , Do you remember? , Asked - How - Won , seh'n time what awaits us , Quiz Parade , Hans Rosenthal presents , train to train , Please checkout and the Schlagerfestival the 20s (in Doppelconference alternating with Axel von Ambesser and Theo Lingen ) in the ZDF .
In 1983, Rosenthal tried on the ARD show That's Only One Time - Notes that have been banned (book: Curth Flatow ) to process the era of National Socialism in an entertainment program. Here he showed in a pointed conference that, in addition to his versatile work as a quiz and show master, he had also designed and directed political cabaret programs for many years. His final conference at that time read: "It all started 50 years ago, and we can all only hope that this past has no future!"
Rosenthal achieved particular fame with the moderation of the ZDF program Dalli Dalli and his recurring question to the audience “You think that was ...?”, Whereupon the audience always enthusiastically shouted “Great!”, While Rosenthal one - on TV briefly "frozen" - performed a jump in the air, which became his trademark.
Rosenthal has been involved in the Central Council of Jews in Germany since the 1960s , from 1973 as a member of its board of directors, in the Jewish community in Berlin and in various social projects. His favorite holiday resort was Utersum on Föhr , of which he became an honorary citizen .
From 1965 to 1973 the soccer fan was also president of the tennis Borussia Berlin soccer club . The "Prominenten-Elf", who worked in this association and co-founded by him, has been called "Hans-Rosenthal-Elf" since his death and collects money for the Hans-Rosenthal Foundation "Rapid Help in Acute Need e. V. "
With his wife Traudl (August 6, 1927 - March 25, 2016), whom he met at the Berliner Rundfunk and married on August 30, 1947, Hans Rosenthal had their daughter Birgit (* June 30, 1950) and son Gert (* 29. August 1958).
Hans Rosenthal Foundation
The Hans-Rosenthal-Foundation was established after Rosenthal's death in 1987 to continue the work of Dalli-Dalli helps : to support people who got into need through no fault of their own. The foundation is financed through donations, bequests and events. The founders included Traudl Rosenthal, Gert Rosenthal (* 1958, Rosenthal's son), ZDF, Bernhard F. Rohe (Director of RIAS Berlin), the Jewish Community of Berlin , Peter Bachér (Ed. Hörzu ) and Peter Schiwy .
The winners of the Hans Rosenthal Prize, endowed with 10,000 euros, are:
- 2003: Karlheinz Böhm
- 2004: Ingeborg Schäuble
- 2005: Christina Rau
- 2006: A heart for children
- 2007: Veronica Ferres
- 2008: Students help life
- 2009: Peter Maffay
- 2010: Franz Beckenbauer
- 2011: the Kaiserslautern association "old - poor - alone"
- 2012: Gesine Cukrowski
- 2013: the Dudenhofen children's hospice "Sterntaler"
- 2014: Dieter Thomas Heck
- 2016: Daniela Schadt
- 2017: Pirmin Spiegel
- 2018: Jan Josef Liefers
- 2019: Auma Obama
- Nathan the wise. (Assistant director), Berliner Rundfunk
- 1948–1964: Günter Neumann and his islanders (initially as production manager, later as director)
- 1954–1974: Who asks wins
- 1954–1975: The flashback
- 1959–1986: It has to be fun
- 1963–1977: Alone against everyone
- 1965–1987: The sounding Sunday riddle
- 1967–1972: Grandpa's Schlager Festival (in double conference with Günter Neumann)
- 1968: DTF - German speaking tourist radio hourly radio program for German tourists on Tenerife
- Small people - great class
- You are speechless
- ask me something
- Game across borders
TV programs (selection)
- 1955: Who asks wins
- 1961: The flashback
- 1964–1970: A good demand is half the battle
- 1970 and 1971: quiz party
- 1971: One plus one against two
- 1971–1986: Dalli Dalli
- 1974–1977: The hit festival of the 20s (in double conference alternately with Axel von Ambesser and Theo Lingen)
- 1977–1980: KO OK
- 1979–1986: Take a guess from Rosenthal
- 1980–1985: Please check out
- 1983–1986: Asked - Known - Won
- 1983: There's only one time - notes that have been banned
- 1984: Music is fun
- 1985: Let's see what blooms for us (opening gala for the Federal Horticultural Show in Berlin)
- 1985: Step by step - 150 years of German railways
- Everything with music
- Do you remember?
- Quiz parade
- Hans Rosenthal introduces
- 1978: It doesn't always have to be the South Pacific. Of friezes and bird bunks. With Hans Rosenthal on the island of Föhr (NDR television)
- 1987: You have to like people. On the death of Hans Rosenthal (ZDF)
- 1990: That was great. A broadcast on the occasion of Hans Rosenthal's 65th birthday (ZDF)
- 1995: flashback. Hans Rosenthal on his 70th birthday (WDR television)
- 2003: Hans Rosenthal - That was great. (NDR television)
- 2018: Kulenkampff's shoes . Documentation, Germany, 92 minutes, written and directed by Regina Schilling. Created on behalf of the SWR
Awards and honors
- 1972: Federal Cross of Merit
- 1973: Bambi
- 1975: Golden Camera in the Best Game Show Presenter category (2nd place in the Hörzu readers' choice)
- 1980: Golden Camera in the category of greatest entertainment star (2nd place in the Hörzu readers' choice)
- 1981: Tie Man of the Year
- 1983: Cross of Merit 1st Class of the Federal Republic of Germany
- 1985: Golden Camera in the Best Quiz Master category
- 1985: Golden Europe
- 1986: Telestar (today: German Television Award)
- 1987: Honorary citizen of Utersum on Föhr
- 1988: Designation of a senior leisure center in Berlin-Zehlendorf (Bolchener Str. 5) in "Hans-Rosenthal-Haus"
- 1993: Naming of the place in front of the RIAS-Funkhaus (today Deutschlandfunk Kultur ) in Berlin-Wilmersdorf after Hans Rosenthal
- 1994: The 1994 TL 16 asteroid, discovered in 1994 , is named after him and bears the name (100268) Rosenthal
- 1999: A street in the Neuendorf im Sande district of the Steinhöfel community in Brandenburg is named "Hans-Rosenthal-Straße". Here the Neuendorf Landwerk was in the sand, where Hans Rosenthal had to do forced labor in 1942/43.
- 2000: Unveiling of a memorial plaque at the house where Hans Rosenthal was born in Winsstrasse 63 (Prenzlauer Berg)
- 2007: Renaming of the sports facility Kühler Weg ( Berlin-Westend ) to "Hans-Rosenthal-Sportanlage"
- 2011: Placement of a memorial plaque in front of the primary school on Roederplatz in Berlin-Lichtenberg / district: Fennpfuhl ( Bernhard-Bästlein-Straße 22 ), which reminds us that Rosenthal was hidden by three courageous women between 1943 and 1945 in the allotment garden complex that used to be there was.
- 2012: Since January 20, 2012, the Stadtbad Berlin-Schöneberg has been nicknamed "Hans-Rosenthal-Bad". It was here that Hans Rosenthal learned to swim in 1950 - at the age of 25 - because Jews were forbidden to visit public baths during the Nazi era.
- 2017: Since November 10, 2017, the square in front of the Freiheitshalle in Hof has been called "Hans-Rosenthal-Platz". In 1974, Hans Rosenthal held the opening event of the then new hall and thus laid the foundation stone for the Hof Freedom Hall to become an important location for television productions.
- 2019: Since May 8, 2019, the 32nd elementary school at Bernhard-Bästlein-Straße 56 in the Berlin district of Lichtenberg has been called "Hans-Rosenthal-Grundschule".
- 2019: Since June 15, 2019 there have been two signs in Fernwehpark Oberkotzau reminding of Hans Rosenthal and his series “Alone against all”. They were put up on the occasion of a meeting of former questioners.
Quiz and game books
- Alone against everyone. 2 × 100 quiz questions for guessing and reading for the whole family . Munich / Berlin 1978 (later edition 1987 under ISBN 3-404-60185-8 )
- The little game master. A quiz guide for birthdays, socializing, and parties . Munich 1978, ISBN 3-7679-0130-7
- This is great. A picture quiz to participate . Dortmund 1983, ISBN 3-88584-055-3 (together with Erich Geiger)
- Two lives in Germany . Gustav Lübbe Verlag, Bergisch Gladbach 1980, ISBN 3-7857-0265-5
- Thomas Henschke: Hans Rosenthal. A life dedicated to entertainment . Schwarzkopf & Schwarzkopf, Berlin 1999, ISBN 3-89602-307-1
- Thomas Henschke: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 22, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 2005, ISBN 3-428-11203-2 , p. 83 f. ( ). In:
- Michael Schäbitz: Hans Rosenthal. Germany's unforgettable quiz master; conscious, proud Jew . With a contribution by Paul Spiegel and an obituary by Curth Flatow . New Synagogue Foundation Berlin - Centrum Judaicum , Hentrich & Hentrich, Teetz 2004, ISBN 3-933471-73-7 (= Jewish miniatures. Volume 19); 2nd revised edition, Berlin 2016, ISBN 978-3-95565-125-1
- Hans Rosenthal: Two lives in Germany . Gustav Lübbe, Bergisch Gladbach 1980, ISBN 3-7857-0265-5
- Anne Giebel: November 9, 1978 and the “right to entertainment”. Context and post-history of Hans Rosenthal's 75th Dalli Dalli broadcast. In: Munich Contributions to Jewish History and Culture. Vol. 4, issue 2/2010, p. 56 ff .; uni-muenchen.de ( Memento from October 10, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF)
- Hans Rosenthal in the Internet Movie Database (English)
- Literature by and about Hans Rosenthal in the catalog of the German National Library
- Hans Rosenthal: Two lives in Germany , p. 322
Sonderzüge in den Tod ( Memento from February 6, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF; 291 kB) accessed on August 6, 2013
Memorial book - Victims of the persecution of Jews under the Nazi tyranny in Germany 1933–1945
- Detailed biography of Hans Rosenthal
- NDR: “That was great!” - Portrait of Hans Rosenthal, December 25, 2003, 9:45 pm, July 13, 2013, 11:05 pm.
- Hans Rosenthal: Two lives in Germany. P. 323.
- Yad Vashem honors Hans Rosenthal's savior. In: rbb-online.de. October 26, 2015, archived from the original on October 26, 2015 ; accessed on January 12, 2016 .
- Grave of Hans Rosenthal. knerger.de
- Hans Rosenthal: Two lives in Germany. P. 304 ff.
- Rosenthal, Traudl in der Deutschen Biographie , accessed on October 20, 2013.
- notice for Traudl Rosenthal in the Berliner Tagesspiegel from March 30, 2016.
- The life of a Berliner: Traudl Rosenthal planned the funeral service herself , Berliner Zeitung , April 4, 2016.
- The founders of the Hans Rosenthal Foundation. rbb
- E. Hartsch: Maffay - On the way to me . C. Bertelsmann Verlag, 2010, ISBN 978-3-641-05009-2 , p. 405 (accessed on January 10, 2021).
- Honorary award for P. Spiegel
- Jan Josef Liefers receives the Hans Rosenthal Prize of Honor. Süddeutsche Zeitung , March 3, 2018, accessed on August 25, 2020 .
- https://www.welt.de/regionales/rheinland-pfalz-saarland/article189872229/Auma-Obama-erhaelt-Hans-Rosenthal-Ehrenpreis-2019.html planned award ceremony on May 25, 2019 in Landau in the Palatinate
- Helmut Höge: When Hans Rosenthal wanted to be a farmer. In: the daily newspaper . August 19, 2009. Retrieved November 9, 2015 .
- Plate for Hans Rosenthal. He survived the Nazi era in an allotment garden colony. In: Berliner Woche , September 7, 2011, p. 7 (Local)
- Where Hans Rosenthal learned to swim . In: Berliner Morgenpost , January 21, 2012
- Press release of the Lichtenberg District Office , May 10, 2019
- "Alone against all" - memory of an unforgettable radio broadcast with Hans Rosenthal. on www.fernweh-park.de
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Rosenthal, Hans Günter|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German entertainer|
|DATE OF BIRTH||April 2, 1925|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Berlin|
|DATE OF DEATH||February 10, 1987|
|PLACE OF DEATH||Berlin|