Wisła (city)

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Wisła coat of arms
Wisła (Poland)
Basic data
State : Poland
Voivodeship : Silesia
Powiat : Cieszyn
Area : 110.26  km²
Geographic location : 49 ° 39 ′  N , 18 ° 52 ′  E Coordinates: 49 ° 39 ′ 0 ″  N , 18 ° 52 ′ 0 ″  E
Height : 430 m npm
Residents : 11,132
(Jun. 30, 2019)
Postal code : 43-460
Telephone code : (+48) 33
License plate : SCI
Economy and Transport
Rail route : Goleszów – Wisła
Next international airport : Katowice
Gminatype: Borough
Residents: 11,132
(Jun. 30, 2019)
Community number  ( GUS ): 2403031
Administration (as of 2018)
Mayor : Tomasz Bujok
Address: Plac Hoffa 3
43-460 Wisła
Website : www.wisla.pl

Wisła (  [ Viswa ] ) (German Vistula , 1939-1945 Vistula OS , 1945 High Vistula ) is a town in Cieszyn County in the province of Silesia in Poland . Please click to listen!Play

It is located in the Silesian Beskids on the Vistula River of the same name , which rises about ten kilometers southeast of the city.

The city is a center of winter sports as well as the Lutherans in Poland.


Wisła is located in the middle of the Silesian Beskids at the foot of the Barania Góra (1220 m above sea level) in the east and the Stożek Wielki (978 m above sea level) in the southwest. The neighboring municipalities are Brenna and Ustroń in the north, Szczyrk in the northeast, Lipowa , Radziechowy-Wieprz and Milówka in the east, Istebna in the south and the Czech Republic in the west.

The center of the village is at an altitude of 430 m and the surrounding valleys at heights of 300–600 m. The municipality extends up to 1220 m (in the summit of Barania Góra).

The source rivers of the Vistula , the Czarna and the Biała Wisełka , which merge with the Malinka to form the Vistula in the Jezioro Czerniańskie reservoir above the town center, arise at the Barania Góra .

Wisła has an area of ​​110.26 km², which includes 19% arable land and 74% forest. The municipality of Wisła thus makes up approx. 5% of the total area of Cieszyn-Silesia .

City structure

Jawornik district
Głębce district

The city of Wisła has been divided into the following seven districts since 1991:

Other historical districts are:

such as


At the beginning of the 17th century, the forest area between Silesia , Poland and Slovakia, which belongs to Hungary , was populated by evangelical refugees, woodcutters and Wallachians . The residents lived mainly from forest management and as sheep farmers and shepherds on the surrounding alpine pastures . The first written mention is dated to 1615. It is a document regulating the taxes paid by the millers in Wisła to the feudal lords in Cieszyn .

Wisła became the seat of a Wallachian voivode .

In 1643, at the instigation of Elisabeth Lukretia , Wisła was included in the land register of the princes of Teschen . The oldest surviving land register in the town dates from the following year. In 1653 the place came to the Habsburgs , who had the first Protestant church in Wisła demolished in the course of the Counter Reformation. Nevertheless, Protestant religious refugees continued to pour into the town and the Protestant services were celebrated in secret in the forests of the Silesian Beskids.

Wisła, which had almost exclusively Protestant residents, only received the right to build a Protestant church again through the tolerance patent of Emperor Joseph II in 1782. In 1783 the first school was established in Wisła.

In 1837 a connecting road between Wisła and Ustroń was created, which connected the place to the road network. The following year the construction of the Protestant Peter and Paul Church was completed. In 1856, the local Catholics also received a brick church .

Wisła gained a reputation as a health resort and recreation center at the beginning of the 19th century. In 1810 the first documented ascent to the Barania Góra of Wisła took place. Wincenty Pol visited the site in 1843 and explored the sources of the Vistula . Bogumił Hoff , an employee of Oskar Kolberg, is considered the founder of tourism in Wisła . Even Julian Ochorowicz has rendered outstanding services to the development of the town. At the end of the 19th century, the Vistula began to develop into a well-known summer resort. The first villas and guest houses were built in the 1880s. Around 1900 numerous writers and literary figures visited the place, including the later Nobel Prize winner Władysław Reymont , Bolesław Prus and Maria Konopnicka . At the same time, alpine farming declined and the many alpine pastures were reforested because of the increasing demand for wood in the metallurgical industry, which had been developed since the 18th century.

According to the 1900 census, the place had 555 buildings and an area of ​​11,002 hectares on which 4685 people lived, giving a population density of 42.6 people / km². 94.4% of them were Lutherans, 5.3% Catholics and 0.3% Jews. 98.7% were Polish-speaking, 1.3% German-speaking and one person spoke Czech as their mother tongue.

Wisła came to the Second Polish Republic after the First World War . The place developed into one of the most important health resorts in the Polish Carpathians next to Zakopane in the interwar period . A spa house, more than a hundred villas and guest houses as well as numerous sports facilities, including a ski jumping hill, were built.

In 1927 Wisła received an asphalt connecting road with Cieszyn and a regular bus service with Cieszyn and Katowice was established. In 1929 the place received a railway connection, which was extended in 1932 to Głębce. In the same year the pass road to Istebna was completed. Wisła was with an extension of 110 km ² the village with the largest municipal area in the Autonomous Voivodeship of Silesia .

After the invasion of Poland in 1939, Vistula was incorporated into the German Reich in violation of international law and belonged to the Teschen district . It was initially renamed Weichsel OS and later Hochen Weichsel. The spa facilities were used by the Wehrmacht. In 1946 the place was conquered and briefly held by the partisan units Henryk Flames from the new communist rulers.

After the Second World War, the place became part of the People's Republic of Poland . The owners of the villas and pensions were expropriated. At the same time, the place was developed as a resort for the working class of the Upper Silesian industrial region. Holiday resorts and campsites for the working class were created. In 1962 Wisła received city ​​rights . In 1968 the pass road to Szczyrk over the Salmopolska pass was completed.

After the fall of the Wall, numerous new holiday facilities were built, of which the Gołębiewski Hotel, which opened in 2003, is the largest with almost 600 holiday rooms. In 2008 the expanded Malinka ski jump was put back into operation.


Protestant church

The Silesian Gorals keep their customs, costumes, way of life and architecture to this day. In addition, the Protestant faith ( Evangelical-Augsburg Church in Poland ) is still of great importance in Wisła , especially since it is the only city in Poland where the majority of residents belong to this religious community. Wisła has five Lutheran parishes with 57.5% of the population, three Catholic parishes with 21.2% of the population, and ten other parishes of smaller Protestant faiths. Evangelical Christians are mostly descendants of US emigrants who came back to Wisła at the beginning of the 20th century.


The Voivodeship Road Droga wojewódzka 941 leads through Wisła in a north-south direction. It begins in the south at Istebna and leads via Wisła and Ustroń to Harbutowice , where it connects to the Polish motorway and expressway network , specifically the S52 and the DK81 .

The Voivodeship Road Droga wojewódzka 942 leads east from Wisła over the Salmopolska Pass to Bielsko-Biała .

The nearest airports are John Paul II Airport near Krakow and Katowice Airport .

The railway line 191 connects Wisła with Goleszów and from there on with Katowice and the other cities of Upper Silesia. There are the stations Wisła Głębce and Wisła Uzdrowisko and the stops Wisła Dziechcinka, Wisła Kopydło and Wisła Obłaziec.



  • The Beskid Museum in Wisła (Muzeum Beskidzkie w Wiśle) is housed in a historic building in the center of the Vistula. Originally there was a tavern from the 18th century.
  • The 16th century wooden Catholic Church of the Holy Cross was brought to Wisła in 1983.
  • 19th century wooden architecture in the open-air museum that is part of the Beskydy Museum.
  • The old Protestant parish building was built in 1807 in the classical style.
  • The old evangelical school was built in 1824 in the classical style.
  • The Protestant Church of St. Peter and Paul was built in 1838 in the classical style.
  • The Catholic Marienkirche was built in 1856 in the classical style.
  • Hotel Piast from 1885 is the oldest preserved hotel in the city.
  • The Habsburg hunting lodge from 1897 originally stood on the slopes of the Barania Góra and was later moved to the center of the village. It has been used as a PTTK mountain hut since 1987 .
  • The presidential palace was built in 1930 in the modern style by Adolf Szyszko-Bohusz .
  • Numerous villas from the turn of the century before last.

Ski areas

Malinka ski jump

There are seven larger ski areas with around 30 ski lifts and 20 km of ski slopes in the Wisła municipality .

Ski jumping

There are two ski jumps in the Wisła municipality .

Hiking trails

Stożek Wielki hiking trail

Numerous marked hiking trails leading into the Silesian Beskids begin in Wisła, among others. a. the main Beskydy route :

Long-distance cycle path

Long-distance cycle routes

Four long-distance cycle routes run through Wisła:

Local media

From 1993 to 1999 the monthly Informator Miejski Wisły appeared , which was discontinued in February 1999. From March 1999 the monthly magazine Echo Wisły appears .

Population development

  • 1910: 04,599 inhabitants
  • 1961: 08,692
  • 1970: 09,684
  • 2007: 11,320

International cooperation

Wisła has the following twin cities:


Web links

Commons : Wisła  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b population. Size and Structure by Territorial Division. As of June 30, 2019. Główny Urząd Statystyczny (GUS) (PDF files; 0.99 MiB), accessed December 24, 2019 .
  2. Główny Urząd Statystyczny, "Ludność - Stan i Struktura w przekroju terytorialnym", as of December 31, 2007 ( Memento of the original of June 27, 2008 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.stat.gov.pl


View from the northwestern district of Jawornik to Wisła