Silesian Beskids

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Silesian Beskids
View from the observation tower on the Barania Góra

View from the observation tower on the Barania Góra

Highest peak Skrzyczne ( 1257  m npm )
location Poland , Czech Republic
part of West Beskids
Silesian Beskids (Poland)
Silesian Beskids
Coordinates 49 ° 41 ′  N , 19 ° 2 ′  E Coordinates: 49 ° 41 ′  N , 19 ° 2 ′  E
Street in the old town of Bielsko-Biała
View from the Cieszyn castle from
Panorama from Skrzyczne from
Panorama with Skrzyczne

The Silesian Beskids ( Polish Beskid Śląski ; Czech Slezské Beskydy ) are a mountain range of the Western Beskids in Poland and the Czech Republic .


For the etymology of the term Beskydy see there . The Silesian Beskids form part of the Beskids, which is largely located in the extreme south-east of Silesia. The Silesian Beskids do not lie entirely in historical Silesia (the eastern slopes are part of the Lesser Poland Saybuscher Land ), nor are the Silesian Beskids the only mountain range of the Beskids that lies in historical Silesia. They are not exclusively located in the new Silesian Voivodeship , because the western slopes of the Czantoria ridge belong to the Czech Republic.


The Silesian Beskids were settled from the Danube region through the Moravian Gate. Until the Stone Age, the inhabitants of the Silesian Beskids were hunters and gatherers. Around 2500 BC the first farmers and shepherds settled down. The Amber Road ran west of the Silesian Beskids from the Roman Empire to the Baltic Sea. Roman coins found in the region are exhibited in the City Museum in Cieszyn. In the 9th century the Silesian Beskids came under the influence of the Great Moravian Empire and in the 10th century to Poland. During Polish particularism , the Duchy of Teschen of the Silesian Piasts was established in 1290 , which recognized the Bohemian feudal rule in 1348 and to which most of the Silesian Beskids belonged. The east and south slopes of the Barania ridge were part of the Duchy of Auschwitz , which was separated off in 1315 and returned to Poland in 1457. Medieval settlement took place along the river valleys of the Vistula and Olsa. In 1653 the Silesian Piasts died out in Teschen and the Duchy of Teschen came directly to the Habsburgs. With the First Partition of Poland in 1772, the eastern and southern parts of the Silesian Beskids came to the Habsburgs as part of Galicia. The tourist development of the area began in the 19th century by the Polish Tatra Society , the Beskid Society and the Polish Tourist Board Beskid. After the end of the First World War, the Polish-Czechoslovak border was drawn on the western edge of the Silesian Beskids on the Czantoria ridge. This demarcation was confirmed after the Second World War. After the breakup of Czechoslovakia, their share came to the Czech Republic.

Political division

Significant cities that are upstream Beskid are in Silesian foothills to the north: Bielsko-Biala , Cieszyn and Skoczów and the Zywiec Basin in the East Zywiec .

The municipalities that are part of the Silesian Beskids are:

Locality population surface along the river Image:
Bielsko-Biała 176.453 124.51 km² Biała
Ustroń 015,415 058.92 km² Vistula
Ustron 062.jpg
Wisła 011,810 110.26 km² Vistula
Istebna 011,279 084.25 km² Olsa
Istebna View A.jpg
Brenna 010.164 095.54 km² Brennica
Brenna 001M.jpg
Szczyrk 005,810 039.07 km² Żylica
Widok z Klimczoka na Szczyrk - panoramio - Leyland11.jpg
Wilkowice 013,327 033.90 km²
Okolice Wilkowic - panoramio.jpg
Buczkowice 011,126 019.33 km²
Żylica Buczkowice.JPG
Łodygowice 014,131 035.20 km²
Skrzyczne mountain.jpg
Lipowa 010,497 058.08 km²
Radziechowy-Wieprz 013,086 065.94 km²
Wieprz view.jpg
Węgierska Górka 015,107 077.06 km² Soła
Rzeka Soła - panoramio.jpg
Milówka 010,047 098.33 km² Soła
Milówka fragment panorama z Baraniej Góry 04/30/2012 p.jpg
Yes 007.191 021.13 km²
Jaworze, Poland - panoramio (1) .jpg
Leszna Górna 000540 009.06 km²
Widok z góry.JPG


The Silesian Beskids are, like the whole Carpathian Mountains, a relatively young fold mountains. They were formed during the Alpid orogeny around 20 million years ago and are therefore among the youngest mountain ranges in Poland. Like most of the Beskydy mountain ranges , they consist of the northern Carpathian flysch , i.e. sediments and sedimentary rocks - in particular conglomerate , sandstone , slate , marl and limestone . The stones were formed on the seabed of the Tethys in a period of about 200 million years (up to the Upper Jurassic ). The oldest rocks - the so-called Teschen layers - can be found at Tuł and Jasieniowa , the latter already being part of the Silesian foothills . A few rock layers are of volcanic origin.

Mineral springs occur in the Silesian Beskids, which are particularly used in Ustroń.

The Silesian Beskids are the Beskids mountain range in which most of the caves occur. A total of 415 caves are currently known with a total explored length of 12,276 km.


The Silesian Beskids extend southwest of the city of Bielsko-Biała and southeast of the city of Cieszyn, mainly on Polish territory. The western slopes of the Czantoria ridge belong to the Czech Republic. In the south they extend up to about five kilometers north of the border triangle Poland , Czech Republic and Slovakia .

To the north, the Silesian Beskids merge into the Silesian Foothills and in the northeast, separated by the Valley of the Biała ( Wolfsdorf Gate ), into the Little Beskids . In the east the mountain range descends into the Saybuscher Basin , behind which the Beskid Makowski (Makower or Mittelbeskiden) join. To the southeast, the Soła and the Przełęcz Zwardońska mountain pass form the natural delimitation to the Saybuscher Beskids . In the southwest, the Olsa valley separates the Silesian Beskids from the Jablunkauer Bergland . The Jablunkau furrow , which is also traversed by the Olsa, separates the mountain range in the west from the Moravian-Silesian Beskids . The Beskid foothills and the Ostrava Basin connect to the northwest .

The predominantly wooded mountains with an area of ​​560 km² are mostly on Polish territory, the Czech part is 54 km². The highest point is the Skrzyczne ( 1257  m npm ).

The Silesian Beskids can be divided into the following mountain ridges:

  • Czantoria crest ( Pasmo Czantorii ), west of the Vistula
  • Barania Ridge ( Pasmo Baraniej Góry or Pasmo Wiślańskie ), east of the Vistula
  • Klimczok ridge ( Pasmo Klimczoka ), adjoining the Barania ridge to the north
  • Równica Ridge ( Pasmo Równicy ), between the Vistula Valley and the Brennica Valley


The Silesian Beskids are a low mountain range. At 1257 m above sea level, they are among the higher low mountain ranges in Central Europe.


20 peaks of the Silesian Beskids exceed the 1,000 meter limit. They are all on Polish territory. The Czantoria Wielka on the Polish-Czech border is the highest Czech peak in the Silesian Beskids at 995 m above sea level.

In the Czantoria ridge

Czantoria Wielka ( 995  m ), Kiczory ( 990  m ), Stożek Wielki ( 978  m ), Kyrkawica ( 973  m ), Cieślar ( 918  m ), Soszów Wielki ( 886  m ), Czantoria Mała ( 866  m ), Stożek Mały ( 843  m ) m ), Młoda Góra ( 834  m ), Soszów Mały ( 762  m ), Bukowa ( 713  m ), Ostry ( 709  m ), Krzywy ( 646  m ), Tuł ( 621  m ), Czajka ( 572  m ) and Wróżna ( 571  m ).

In the Barania ridge

Skrzyczne ( 1257  m ), Barania Góra ( 1220  m ), Małe Skrzyczne ( 1211  m ), Wierch Wisełka ( 1192  m ), Równiański Wierch ( 1160  m ), Zielony Kopiec ( 1152  m ), Malinowska Skała ( 1152  m ), Magurka Wiślańska ( 1129  m ), Przysłop ( 1029  m ), Jaworzyna ( 1020  m ), Ostre ( 930  m ), Skalite ( 864  m ), Kubalonka ( 830  m ), Beskidek ( 830  m ), Góra Zabawa ( 823  m ), Mała Cisowa ( 828  m ), Szarcula ( 803  m ), Kołowrót ( 798  m ), Motykowa Górka ( 792  m ), Filipionki ( 779  m ), Kozińce ( 776  m ), Niesłychany Groń ( 744  m ), Zadni Groń ( 728  m ), Górna Równia ( 676  m ), Mała Barania ( 659  m ) and Równia ( 610  m ).

In the Klimczok ridge

Klimczok ( 1117  m ) with the pass Przełęcz Siodło ( 1042  m ), Magura ( 1095  m ), Szyndzielnia ( 1028  m ), Błatnia ( 917  m ), Pod Błatnią ( 853  m ), Przykra ( 824  m ), Wielka Polana ( 788  m ), Wysokie ( 756  m ), Cuberniok ( 731  m ), Kopany ( 690  m ), Palenica ( 688  m ), Dębowiec ( 686  m ), Kozia Góra ( 683  m ) and Bucznik ( 683  m ).

In the Równica ridge

Równica ( 884  m ), Smerekowiec ( 835  m ), Gościejów ( 818  m ), Orłowa ( 813  m ), Trzy Kopce Wiślańskie ( 810  m ), Jawierzny ( 799  m ), Kamienny ( 790  m ), Obora ( 790  m ), Tokarnia ( 712  m ), Lipowski Groń ( 743  m ), Żar ( 688  m ), Palenica ( 672  m ) and Skalica ( 487  m ).

Mountain passes

Most of the mountain passes of the Silesian Beskids lie on the Barania ridge.

Name of the mountain pass German name Height (m above sea level) annotation
Przełęcz Baracht Baracht Pass 765 Barania Crest, Poland
Przełęcz Beskidek Beskidek pass 668 Barania Crest, Poland
Przełęcz Beskidek Beskidek pass 684 Czantoria ridge, Poland and the Czech Republic
Brama Wilkowicka Wolfsdorfer Tor 415 Silesian Beskids / Little Beskids , Poland
Przełęcz Jabłonkowska Jablunka Pass 553 Silesian Beskids / Moravian-Silesian Beskids , Czech Republic
Przełęcz Karkoszczonka Karkoszczonka Pass 729 Barania Crest, Poland
Przełęcz Kołowrót Kołowrót Pass 770 Barania Crest, Poland
Przełęcz Koniakowska Kaniaków Pass 766 Barania Crest, Poland
Przełęcz Kozia Goats pass 608 Barania Crest, Poland
Przełęcz Kubalonka Kubalonka pass 758 Barania Crest, Poland
Przełęcz Łączecko Łączecko Pass 774 Czantoria ridge, Poland
Przełęcz nad Roztocznym Above the Roztoczny Pass 1058 Barania Crest, Poland
Przełęcz pod Tułem Under the Tuł Pass 535 Czantoria ridge, Poland
Przełęcz pod Zebrzydką Under the Zebrzydka Pass 520 Barania Crest, Poland
Przełęcz Siodełko Small saddle pass 795 Barania Crest, Poland
Przełęcz Przysłop Przysłop Pass 701 Barania Crest, Poland
Przełęcz Rupienka Rupienka pass 672 Barania Crest, Poland
Przełęcz Salmopolska Salmopol Pass 934 Barania Crest, Poland
Przełęcz Siodło Saddle pass 742 Barania Crest, Poland
Siodło pod Klimczokiem Under the Klimczok saddle 1042 Klimczok Ridge, Poland
Siodło pod Przykrą Under the Przykra saddle 824 Klimczok Ridge, Poland
Siodło pod Równią Under the Równia saddle 598 Barania Crest, Poland
Przełęcz Szarcula Szarcula Pass 761 Barania Crest, Poland
Przełęcz Zwardońska Zwardoń Pass 675 Silesian Beskids / Saybuscher Beskids , Poland

Mountain valleys

The most important mountain valley in the Silesian Beskids is the Vistula valley, which separates the Czantoria ridge in the west from the Barania ridge and the Równica ridge in the east. In the Barania ridge, the rivers Brennica, Wapienica, Żylica and Olsa form mountain valleys.



There are two reservoirs in the Silesian Beskids:

Name of the lake German name flow Height (m) image
Jezioro Czerniańskie Czerna lake Vistula 500
Wisla 075.jpg
Jezioro Wielka Łąka Big meadow lake Wapienica 478
Wapienica (rzeka) -zbiornik Wielka Laka.jpg

Flowing waters

The Silesian Beskids are drained to the north and east by the Vistula and its tributaries such as the Brennica, Iłownica, Biała and Soła, and to the west by the Olsa and Hluchová towards the Oder . The Czadeczka flows south towards the Danube.

water falls

In the Silesian Beskids there are numerous waterfalls and rapids on the upper streams of the mountain rivers. The best known are the Kaskady Rodła on the upper Biała Wisełka on the slope of the Barania Góra .

Name of the waterfall German name Brook Height (m)
Kaskady Rodła Cascades of the Rodło Biała Wisełka 5


The Silesian Beskids are rich in caves. There are no more caves in any other part of the Beskydy Mountains than in the Silesian Beskydy Mountains. The currently known 415 caves measure a total length of over 12,000 km. The longest cave in the Beskids, Jaskinia Wiślańska , is also located in the Silesian Beskids. The caves of the Silesian Beskids are generally only accessible to professional cave-goers. Inexperienced amateurs can enter some of the caves on so-called open days under the supervision of an experienced cave explorer.

In the Silesian Beskids there are numerous waterfalls and rapids on the upper streams of the mountain rivers. The best known are the Kaskady Rodła on the upper Biała Wisełka on the slope of the Barania Góra .

Name of the cave German name mountain Length (m)
Jaskinia Wiślańska Vistula Cave Malinów 2275
Jaskinia Miecharska Miecharska cave Malinów 1838
Jaskinia w Trzech Kopcach Cave in the three hills Trzy Kopce 1250
Jaskinia Salmopolska Salmopol Cave Przełęcz Salmopolska 1010
Jaskinia Ostra-Rolling Stones Sharp Rolling Stones Cave Ostre 885
Jaskinia Głęboka w Stołowie Deep cave Stołów 554
Jaskinia Dująca Blowing cave Stołów 498
Jaskinia Ali Baby w Klimczoku Ali Baba Cave Klimczok 328
Jaskinia Malinowska Malinów cave Malinów 231
Jaskinia Wiślanka Small Vistula Cave Malinów 147
Jaskinia Piętrowa w Klimczoku Step cave Klimczok 130
Jaskinia Chłodna Cold cave Muronka 125
Dziura w Stołowie Hole in the Stołów Stołów 104
Jaskinia Pajęcza Spider cave Skrzyczne 61
Jaskinia pod Balkonem Cave under the balcony Muronka 45
Jaskinia Lodowa w Szczyrku Ice cave Hyrca 32


Logo of the Silesian Landscape Park


The flora of the Silesian Beskids can be divided into different sections according to altitude, with no tree line:

  • 1,000–1,250 m above sea level - there are coniferous forests here and the spruce ( Picea abies ) dominates.
  • up to 1,000 m above sea level - there are mixed forests with spruce, fir and beech trees. Oak and hornbeam forests , which originally dominated here, are now rare. The sycamore maple can be found on the slopes . There are alluvial forests in the stream valleys . At all altitudes there are alpine pastures and mountain meadows, but most of them are overgrown.


Among the birds, the following occur in particular: ring owl , mountain pipit , capercaillie and hazel grouse . Native mammals are: wolf , lynx and brown bear , the latter mostly only temporarily migrating from the Saybuscher Beskids . Numerous species of bats can be found in the caves. Numerous species of butterflies appear on the mountain meadows and alpine pastures, including the great fire butterfly . Fire salamanders and bullheads can be found on the streams.

natural reserve

Forest on the Równica

Most of the Silesian Beskids on the Polish side - the Barania Ridge and the Czantoria Ridge - is protected by the Silesian Beskids Landscape Protection Park (Polish: Park Krajobrazowy Beskidu Śląskiego). The 38,620 ha (plus 22,285 surrounding area) landscape park was created in 1998. It is located in the municipality of Bielsko-Biała , Szczyrk , Węgierska Górka , Milówka , Istebna , Wisła , Ustroń , Brenna , Buczkowice , Goleszów , Jaworze , Lipowa, Radziechowy-Wieprz and Wilkowice . There are numerous strictly protected nature reserves within the landscape protection park:

Name of the nature reserve German name size local community image
Rezerwat przyrody Barania Góra Widderberg nature reserve 383.04 ha Wisła
POL Wisła Czarne Biała Wisełka 2.JPG
Rezerwat przyrody Czantoria Czantoria nature reserve 97.71 ha Ustroń
Čantoryje - national nature reserve in Silesian Beskids, Czechia 032.jpg
Rezerwat przyrody Dolina Łańskiego Potoku Łański Potok Valley Nature Reserve 46.89 ha Jasienica / Grodziec
POL Grodziec Śląski Rezerwat Dolina Łańskiego Potoku 3.JPG
Rezerwat przyrody Jaworzyna Jaworzyna nature reserve 40.03 hectares Bielsko-Biała
Rezerwat Jaworzyna nature reserve Poland.jpg
Rezerwat przyrody Kuźnie Blacksmiths nature reserve 7.22 ha Lipowa / Twardorzeczka
Rezerwat przyrody Stok Szyndzielni Szyndzielnia-Hang nature reserve 54.96 ha Bielsko-Biała
Rezerwat Stok Szyndzielni nature reserve Poland.jpg
Rezerwat przyrody Wisła Vistula nature reserve 17.61 ha Wisła
Czarna Wisełka.JPG
Rezerwat przyrody Zadni Gaj Hinterer Hain nature reserve 6.39 ha Goleszów
Lasy Beskidu Śląskiego Forests of the Silesian Beskids 39.80 ha Wisła Las świerkowy w Beskidzie Śląskim.JPG


Winter on the Barania Góra

The Silesian Beskids are characterized by high precipitation, 800 to 1200 mm per year, and a long snow cover. The amount of precipitation and the length of the snow cover increase with the altitude. Cold and wet north-westerly winds predominate.

The annual mean temperature on the peaks is 5.4 C and in the valleys 8.5 C. The coldest month is January and the warmest is July. In spring and autumn, foehn occurs, which is called Halny (German: Almwind) here.

Thanks to the clean mountain air, the intense solar radiation and humidity, the microclimate of the Silesian Beskids is considered healthy for those with lung, heart and nervous diseases, which is why Ustroń is valued as a climatic health resort.


Hala Przysłop
Hala Radziechowska
Almauftrieb Koniaków

Alpine farming

During the Middle Ages, hunters and shepherds came to the Silesian Beskids. From the 13th to the 15th century, settlers from Wallachia came to southern Poland. The Wallachians were mainly shepherds and ran cattle and mountain pastures in the Beskids . From the early modern period, the valleys of the Silesian Beskids were also used for alpine farming. Mixed and coniferous forests were cleared to create pastures for cattle breeding. The alpine pastures (Polish: Hala ) were usually named after the rich shepherd families who acquired ownership rights to the pastures. Many landowners in the Silesian Beskids were expropriated after the Second World War. The alpine pasture is still operated in the Silesian Beskids. Many alpine pastures also grow over with the original vegetation. The old alpine huts and the names of the mountain meadows in the Silesian Beskids are still traces of alpine farming.

Name of the Alm German name location Access Remarks
Hala Barania Widderalm Barania Góra / Magurka Radziechowska marked hiking trail Alm grows over with coniferous forest
Hala Jaworowa Jawor Alm Kotarz marked hiking trails Alpine huts preserved
Hala Skrzyczeńska Skrzyczne Alm Skrzyczne marked hiking trails, ski lifts Szczyrk Mountain Resort ski area
Hondraski Skrzyczne marked hiking trails Alpine huts preserved
Hala Jaskowa Johannes Alm Skrzyczne marked hiking trail Alpine huts preserved, partially overgrown with coniferous forest
Hala Jaworzyna pod Skrzycznem Jaworzyna Alm under the Skrzyczne Skrzyczne marked hiking trails, ski lifts Szczyrk ski area
Hala Kamienicka Steinalm Szyndzielnia marked hiking trails, ski lifts Ski Szyndzielnia , mountain hut Szyndzielnia
Hala Przysłop Przysłop Alm Barania Góra marked hiking trails Cross-country ski run, Barania Góra refuge
Hala Radziechowska Radziechowska Alm Glinne and Magurka Radziechowska marked hiking trails Alpine farming operated
Stokłosica Stokłosica Czantoria Wielka marked hiking trails, ski lift Czantoria ski area , summer toboggan run


The architecture, art, costume, music, cuisine and literature of the Silesian Beskids are seen as part of the Góralen culture . The Góralen are mountain people, "góra" is Polish for mountain. In the Silesian Beskids, Silesian Góralen (Polish: Górale śląscy) live in the valleys of the Brennica, Vistula, Soła and Olsa in Poland and the Czech Republic, as well as Saybuscher Góralen (Polish: Górale żywieccy) in the eastern part of the mountains. Their folklore goes back in part to the Wallachians who came to the Beskids from Wallachia in the late Middle Ages.

The Silesian Góralen inhabit the higher sections of the mountain valleys, which originally belonged to the Duchy of Teschen - on both sides of the border of the Olsa area. Their dialect and folklore are closely related to those of the other górals in the Beskids. The Silesian Góralen Cultural Festival takes place in Jablunkov every year in August. The lower mountain valleys, on the other hand, are inhabited by the Silesian Lachen (Polish: Lachy śląskie), who speak the Teschen dialects and differ from the Górals in their folklore.

In addition to the eastern slopes of the Silesian Beskids, the Saybuscher Góralen also inhabit the Little Beskids and the Saybuscher Beskids in the Saybuscher Land in Lesser Poland .

Beer culture

Already in the Middle Ages it was recognized that the water of the mountain streams of the Silesian Beskids is very suitable as brewing water. In the 15th century a brewery was established in Cieszyn, managed by the townspeople, which brewed with water from the Olsa . In 1838 Karl Habsburg decided to build a brewery on the Teschener Burgberg . The Cieszyn Castle Brewery was entered in the commercial register in 1847 - in its final years of operation. His son and successor Albrecht Habsburg founded a second brewery in Żywiec in 1852 - registered in the commercial register in 1856 - which brewed with the water of the Leśna . Both breweries in the Silesian Beskids were very successful and exported their products to all lands of the Habsburg monarchy. In the interwar period, the Habsburg breweries were among the largest beer producers in the Second Polish Republic . In the course of the Soviet occupation of Poland, the Habsburgs were expropriated in 1944, but the breweries continued to function in the People's Republic . Today, both breweries are the main producers of Grupa Żywiec , the second largest Polish brewer with a market share of around 30%. The Heineken Group currently holds 61% of the shares in Grupa Żywiec SA


There are numerous baroque wooden churches in the Silesian Beskids, some of which date back to the 16th century. A specialty of the region are the Protestant forest churches, which were built at the time of the Habsburg Counter-Reformation, when the holding of Protestant church services was forbidden in the Duchy of Teschen . Lookout towers are located on the peaks of Barania Góra , Skrzyczne and Czantoria Wielka . The most important buildings in the Silesian Beskids include:

Building Place / mountain image
Presidential Castle Wisła
Zameczek prezydenta RP (Zamek Górny) w Wiśle 2.JPG
Hedwig's Church Wisła
Wisla 030.jpg
Habsburg hunting lodge Wisła
Pałacyk Myśliwski Habsburgów w Wiśle 1.JPG
Anna Church Ustroń
Kosciol sw. Anny w Ustroniu 2009-04-28.jpg
Observation tower Barania Góra
Silesian Beskids - hiking trial to Barania Góra peak 04.jpg


Transport links

S1 at Laliki

The Silesian Beskids are the best part of the Beskids for tourism . In particular, Bielsko-Biała , Ustroń , Wisła , Brenna and Szczyrk have a well-developed tourist infrastructure.


The railway line 117 connects Krakow with Bielsko-Biala , the northeast corner of the Silesian Beskid. There is also a well-developed railway connection between Katowice and Bielsko-Biała main station , the railway line 139 , which continues on the eastern and southern edges of the Silesian Beskids through the Wolfsdorf Gate , the Saybuscher Basin and the Przełęcz Zwardońska to Zwardoń on the southern edge of the Silesian Beskids and continues to Slovakia. Line 190 runs from Bielsko-Biała to Cieszyn on the northern edge of the Silesian Beskids , and continues to the Czech Republic.

From here the railway line 191 branches off in Goleszów through the Vistula valley to Wisła Głębce in Wisła to the south and runs through the middle of the Silesian Beskids between the Równica / Barania and the Czanrotia ridge. The route, built in the 1930s, was originally intended to be connected to route 139 in Zwardoń in the south with a tunnel under the Przełęcz Kubalonka pass , but the plans were thwarted by the Second World War and were not resumed afterwards.


In the south of the Silesian Voivodeship , the A1 motorway crosses from the Czech border in the south to Gdansk in the north and the A4 motorway from the German border at Görlitz in the west to the Ukrainian border at Przemyśl in the east. Bielsko-Biała can be easily reached from Kraków via the S52 expressway in around two hours and from Katowice via the S1 expressway in around an hour. The S52 expressway continues on the northern edge of the Silesian Beskids to the west, where it merges into expressway 48 near Cieszyn in the Czech Republic. The S1 expressway continues on the eastern and southern edges of the Silesian Beskids to the south, where it merges into the D3 expressway near Zwardoń in Slovakia. The Czech expressway 11 runs along the western edge of the Silesian Beskids.

Provincial road 941 runs from Skoczów , where it is the southern extension of expressway 81 from Katowice , through Ustroń and Wisła to Istebna, right through the middle of the Silesian Beskids in a north-south direction . In Wisła the voivodship road 942 branches off to the east , which leads via Szczyrk to Bielsko-Biała. On the Olsa Valley, the 943 voivodship road runs from Laliki via Koniaków to Istebna and on to the Czech Republic in a west-east direction . In Ustroń, a serpentine mountain road branches off from Voivodship Road 942 to the top of Równica .


There is a commercial airfield in Bielsko-Biała , from which glider pilots also take off. The nearest international airports are located in Krakow-Balice on the S52 approx. Two hours by car east of Bielsko-Biała and in Katowice-Pyrzowice on the A1 and S1 approx. 1.5 hours north of Bielsko-Biała.

Summer sports

Stożek Wielki hiking trail
Hiking trail on the Równica
Long-distance cycle routes in Wisła -Głębce

Hiking and mountaineering

Before Poland and the Czech Republic joined the Schengen Agreement, there were eleven border crossings in and around the Silesian Beskids. Since joining, the green Polish-Czech border can be crossed at any point. There are no border controls. In nature reserves, however, leaving the marked hiking trails to protect nature may be prohibited. The main Beskydy hiking trail also begins in the Silesian Beskids and runs as follows in the Silesian Beskids:

Mountain huts

There are several refuges for hikers in the Silesian Beskids.

Mountain hut Height in m above sea level image
PTTK - Błatna Mountain Hut 891
PTTK - Klimczok Mountain Hut 1034
Schronisko Klimczok.jpg
PTTK - Barania Góra Mountain Hut 900
PTTK na Przysłopie pod Baranią Górą-bok.jpg
PTTK - Równica Mountain Hut 785
Poland Równica hostel.jpg
PTTK - Skrzyczne Mountain Hut 1250
Schronisko Skrzyczne.jpg
PTTK - Stożek Mountain Hut 979
Schronisko na stozku sierpien2005.jpg
PTTK - Szyndzielnia Mountain Hut 1001
Poland Szyndzielnia - hostel.jpg
Skibówki mountain hut 885
Skibówki Manor Inn in Ustroń, 13.05.2018 (01) .jpg
Kozia Góra mountain hut 686
Schronisko Stefanka na Koziej Gorze w Bielsku-Bialej.jpg
Dęboiec mountain hut 686
Schronisko pod Debowcem.jpg
Soszów Wielki Mountain Hut 792
Soszów schronisko.JPG
Stecówka mountain hut 760
Uncle Tom's hut on Przełęcz Karkoszczonka 736
Schronisko Chata Wuja Toma.JPG
Telesforówka mountain hut on Trzy Kopce Wiślańskie 810
Pietraszonka mountain hut 600


Hikers and winter sports enthusiasts can use the following lifts and gondolas.

Chair lift / gondola lift mountain Valley location length image
Szyndzielnia gondola Szyndzielnia Bielsko-Biała 1810 m
Kolej linowa szyndzielnia.jpg
Hala Skrzyczeńska gondola lift Małe Skrzyczne Szczyrk 1427 m
Szczyrk Mountain Resort - upper station of gondola lift A1.jpg
Skrzyczne chairlift Skrzyczne Szczyrk 2773 m
Kolej na Skrzyczne2.JPG
Czantoria chairlift Czantoria Wielka Ustroń 1604 m


In the Silesian Beskids there are isolated rock formations that would be suitable for climbing, but these are usually protected, so climbing is prohibited here.

water sports

Bathing and swimming is popular on the lower reaches of the Vistula in Wisła and Ustroń in the summer months.


Driving and motorcycling are popular in the Silesian Beskids. There are designated cycle routes in and around the Silesian Beskids. The Tour de Pologne is often a guest here.

Flying and jumping

Glider pilots and parachutists take off from the Żar glider airfield in the Little Beskids . Paragliding is particularly popular from the peaks around Szczyrk .

Winter sports

To ski

There are numerous ski areas in the Silesian Beskids.

Surname place Altitude
in m
Lift systems Slopes
in km
Web link image
from to
Cieńków ski area Wisła 720 524 6th 6.87 Website
Soszów ski area Wisła 886 610 5 5.7 Website
Nowa Osada ski area Wisła 681 485 3 4th Website
014 Stok narciarski Nowa Osada, Wisla, Polska.jpg
Stożek ski area Wisła 959 713 3 3.3 Website
Stok ski area Wisła 655 482 3 2.2 Website
Klepki ski area Wisła 3 1.8 Website
Skolnity ski area Wisła 2 2.1 Website
Czantoria ski area Ustroń 851 389 4th 4.5 Website
Ustroń, Czantoria 1.jpg
Palenica Ustroń ski area Ustroń 668 434 1 1 Website
Ustroń, góra Palenica 1.jpg
Poniwiec Mała Czantoria ski area Ustroń 2 1.1 Website
Zagroń ski area Istebna 684 552 3 3.7 Website
Złoty Groń ski area Istebna 700 550 3 3.7 Website
Złoty Groń - panoramio.jpg
Szczyrk Mountain Resort ski area Szczyrk 1211 618 17th 22.2 Website
Szczyrk Mountain Resort - lower station of gondola lift A1.jpg
COS OPO ski area Szczyrk 1257 540 5 13.4 Website
Trasa zjazdowa Skrzyczne.jpg
Beskid Sport Arena ski area Szczyrk 840 590 4th 2.67 Website
Beskid Sport Arena - Beskid chairlift and ski slope 3.jpg
Szyndzielnia ski area Bielsko-Biała 1001 509 4th 2.5 Website
Zmrożona kolej na Szyndzielnię.JPG
Dębowiec ski area Bielsko-Biała 525.5 420 2 0.7 Website

Cross-country skiing

Cross-country skiing is particularly popular in Wisła . The cross-country ski trail begins on the Przełęcz Kubalonka pass and leads over the slopes of the Barania Góra .

Ski jumping

In the Silesian Beskids there are two large ski jumping hills in Wisła ( Malinka ) and Szczyrk ( Skalite ski jumps ). There are also numerous smaller, lesser-known jumps.

Jump mountain place Hill record image
Malinka Cienków Wisła 139 m
POL Wisła Malinka Skocznia 2.JPG
Skalite ski jumps Scalite Szczyrk 116 m
Szczyrk, Skocznia narciarska - (306260) .jpg

See also


  • Mirosław Barański: Beskid Śląski. Pasmo Baraniej Góry. Warszawa 1999, ISBN 83-7005-423-4 .
  • Mirosław Barański, Mirosław: Beskid Śląski. Pasma Klimczoka i Równicy. Warszawa 1995, ISBN 83-7005-360-2 .
  • MJ Barański: Beskid Śląski. Pasmo Stożka i Czantorii. Warszawa: Wydaw. PTTK “Kraj”, 1996, ISBN 83-7005-370-X .
  • MJ Barański: Beskid Śląski. Przewodnik. Oficyna Wydawnicza “Rewasz”, Pruszków 2007, ISBN 978-83-89188-71-7 .
  • Wladyslaw Krygowski: Beskidy. Śląski, Żywiecki, Mały. Warsaw 1974.
  • Jerzy Działak: Beskid Śląski. Warsaw 1953.
  • T. Rzeczycki: Góry Polski. Emmanuel, Katowice 2004, ISBN 83-86704-10-1 .

Web links

Commons : Silesian Beskids  - Album with pictures, videos and audio files


Panorama from the Barania Góra