Odo Neustädter striker

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Odo Neustädter-Stürmer , before 1919 Marquis de Gozani , (born November 3, 1885 in Laibach , † March 19, 1938 in Hinterbrühl , Lower Austria ), was an Austrian politician and chief ideologist of the Heimwehr .

The lawyer served in the First World War and became an administrative officer in Upper Austria after the end of the monarchy . In 1919, instead of his previous title "Marquis de Gozani", he took the family name "Neustädter-Stürmer" after his mother, who was a born Freiin von Neustädter called Stürmer .

From 1931 to 1934 he sat for the home block in the National Council , from 1933 to 1934 he was also Secretary of State for Labor Service (at the Federal Ministry of Social Administration ), and parallel job creation, Road Engineering and Tourism (the Federal Ministry of Commerce and Transport ). From February 16, 1934 to October 17, 1935, he finally held the office of Federal Minister for Social Administration ( Cabinet Dollfuss II / Schuschnigg I ), additionally from September 10, 1934 and until March 20, 1937 ( Schuschnigg I ) and November 6, 1936 to March 20, 1937 ( Schuschnigg III ) Federal Minister entrusted the substantive management of the activities of the federal ministries in preparation for legislation on the professional reorganization , i.e. the corporate reform of the political landscape in Austria according to the  May constitution of 1934. He was also Minister of the Interior and Security from November 6, 1936 (Federal Minister entrusted with the technical management of security affairs). In between he was briefly envoy in Budapest . He was finally removed from his ministerial office because he was too close to the national camp .

Grave at the Hinterbrühl cemetery

Neustädter-Stürmer was a great advocate of the corporate state idea, he was one of the chief ideologues of the Heimwehr and its political arm, the home bloc, and is considered one of the fathers of the authoritarian , corporate state May constitution of the Dollfuss regime.

His best-known works are " Der Ständestaat Österreich " ( Graz , 1930), in which he set out the ideological goals of the Heimwehr movement, and " The Professional Legislation in Austria " ( Vienna , 1936) on the May constitution of 1934.

After the July coup of 1934, he contributed significantly to the conviction of the putschists Otto Planetta and Franz Holzweber through a false testimony before the military court . The putschists had first been promised safe conduct to the German border; but when it became known that Chancellor Dollfuss had been murdered in the coup , the promise was withdrawn. Neustädter-Stürmer had already learned of the murder during the negotiations with the putschists, but did not pass it on for tactical reasons. Fearing a Nazi act of revenge committed Neustadter-Sturmer so after the "Anschluss" 1938 suicide .

He is buried in the Hinterbrühl.


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ The diplomatic representatives of Austria in Hungary since 1918 on bmeia.gv.at. Retrieved September 30, 2018.
  2. ^ Gerhard Jagschitz : The putsch. The National Socialists in Austria in 1934 . Verlag Styria, Graz / Vienna / Cologne 1976, ISBN 3-222-10884-6 , p. 134.