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Windischgarsten coat of arms
Windischgarsten (Austria)
Basic data
Country: Austria
State : Upper Austria
Political District : Church Village
License plate : AI
Surface: 4.93 km²
Coordinates : 47 ° 43 '  N , 14 ° 20'  E Coordinates: 47 ° 43 '16 "  N , 14 ° 19' 51"  E
Height : 602  m above sea level A.
Residents : 2,392 (January 1, 2020)
Population density : 485 inhabitants per km²
Postal code : 4580
Area code : 07562
Community code : 4 09 23
Address of the
municipal administration:
Hauptstrasse 5
4580 Windischgarsten
Mayor : Michael Eibl ( ÖVP )
Municipal Council : (2015)
(25 members)
11 8th 
A total of 25 seats
  • ÖVP : 11
  • SPÖ : 8
  • FPÖ : 5
  • For Windischgarsten : 1
Location of Windischgarsten in the Kirchdorf district
Edlbach Grünburg Hinterstoder Inzersdorf im Kremstal Kirchdorf an der Krems Klaus an der Pyhrnbahn Kremsmünster Micheldorf in Oberösterreich Molln Nußbach Oberschlierbach Pettenbach Ried im Traunkreis Rosenau am Hengstpaß Roßleithen St. Pankraz Schlierbach Spital am Pyhrn Steinbach am Ziehberg Steinbach an der Steyr Vorderstoder Wartberg an der Krems Windischgarsten OberösterreichLocation of the municipality of Windischgarsten in the Kirchdorf district (clickable map)
About this picture
Template: Infobox municipality in Austria / maintenance / site plan image map
View from the Wurbauerkogel to Windischgarsten
View from the Wurbauerkogel to Windischgarsten
Source: Municipal data from Statistics Austria

Windischgarsten is a market town and a climatic health resort in the Austrian state of Upper Austria in the south of the Kirchdorf an der Krems district in the Traunviertel with 2392 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2020).

Windischgarsten has been a climatic health resort since 1964 .


360 ° aerial panorama of the Wurbauerkogel, taken south of the panorama tower Show
as spherical panorama

Windischgarsten is located at an altitude of 602 m in the Traunviertel , in the Windischgarstner Basin , framed by the mountains of the Haller Mauern in the south ( Großer Pyhrgas 2244  m ), the Sengsengebirge in the north ( Hoher Nock 1963  m ) on the edge of the Kalkalpen National Park and the Dead Mountains in the west ( Warscheneck 2389  m ). Windischgarsten is part of the Pyhrn-Priel tourist region and, thanks to its location on the regional north-south traffic connection through the Alps, has good transport links - both by car via the A9 Pyhrn motorway and by train via the Pyhrnbahn .

Structure of the municipal area

The community consists of only one cadastral community . The extension is 3.2 km from north to south and 3 km from west to east. The total area is 4.91 km². 36.7% of the area is forested and 40.8% of the area is used for agriculture.

Windischgarsten has a historic town center.

Neighboring communities

Neighboring communities Rosenau am Hengstpaß
Spital am Pyhrn Edlbach


There are currently no active efforts to incorporate surrounding communities in Windischgarsten, but a discussion last came up when the communities Weyer-Markt and Weyer-Land were reunited into a single community on January 1, 2007. Windischgarsten is the smallest of the five municipalities in Garstnertal with an area of ​​4.9 square kilometers, but has the most inhabitants with 2392 people (as of January 1, 2020). If Windischgarsten were to extend to the area of ​​the large parish, the neighboring communities Edlbach (647 inhabitants, 8.3 km²), Roßleithen (1912 inhabitants, 67.5 km²) and Rosenau am Hengstpass (650 inhabitants, 108.3 km²) would have to be incorporated. Windischgarsten would then have almost 5600 inhabitants and an area of ​​189 square kilometers.


Monthly average temperatures and precipitation for Windischgarsten
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max. Temperature ( ° C ) 2.4 4.9 8.6 12.5 18.3 20.4 22.5 22.7 18.7 14.5 7.0 3.0 O 13
Min. Temperature (° C) -6.5 -4.8 -1.8 1.6 6.1 9.0 10.7 10.7 7.4 3.4 -1.8 -5.0 O 2.5
Temperature (° C) -2.8 -0.9 2.4 6.2 11.6 14.2 16.0 15.7 11.8 7.6 1.6 -1.7 O 6.8
Precipitation ( mm ) 96.7 70.1 98.4 86.9 103.0 140.5 165.2 129.5 108.7 77.3 103.1 107.0 Σ 1,286.4
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec


The Roman Windischgarsten "Gabromagus" (= Bocksfeld) was in the southwest of the place ("Hafnerfeld") and was a mansio (overnight stay) on the Via Norica , which existed in the 2nd to the early 5th century.

Windischgarsten was originally located in the southeast part of the Duchy of Bavaria on Pyhrnstrasse when it was founded. In the course of the Carolingian organization, a rulership was created around 800, which, as the name suggests (sl. "Waldbergland"), concentrated the Alpine Slavic population. In the 11th century this farm came to the Bamberg diocese in Franconia as the center of extensive property . When the pilgrimage increased sharply during the 1st crusade, a hatch at the Dambach crossing was split off from the courtyard, which lay under the Pfarrhofberg . One church was probably consecrated in 1119. In the following decades of increasing pilgrimage traffic, the farm finally dissolved into Huben and Lehen. On Palm Sunday 1170, Emperor Friedrich Barbarossa stayed with a large entourage in the village, which had grown into a village . In the eastern part of the village, a street market was formed in the 13th century. The place was now called "Windischgarsten" because there were still many Slavs living in the valley, in contrast to Garsten near Steyr. At that time there was the Valentine's Church at Pfarrhofberg, which only came off completely in the 17th century. When the area came under the rule of Spital in the late Middle Ages, the place and the immediate vicinity formed a Bamberg "Hofmark", which was later pledged to Spital in 1435 and finally integrated into the rule in 1688. As early as 1383 Windischgarsten was referred to as a "market" and in 1444 the town was given a weekly market by the king. In 1462 the busy commercial area got a new large church (St. Jakob).

In the early modern times - the market had over 60 houses at that time - the "provisioning" in Eisenwurzen brought a rapid upswing. However, turmoil in the age of confessionalization and several fires damaged development. The market of the baroque period - there are still dignified town houses of this time - accentuated self-satisfied bourgeoisie as the focus of numerous scythe works. During the Napoleonic Wars , the place was occupied several times. Then the place belonged again to 'Austria ob der Enns'. In the 19th century, a contemplative association activity and the expansion of central facilities (e.g. district court) developed. Tourism also started.

After the connection of Austria to the German Reich on 13 March 1938, the place to "Upper Danube" belonged. At the end of the war, 122 Windischgarstner had died or went missing. In 1945 Upper Austria was restored as a federal state. Winter tourism has been revived since 1950, and in 1951 the Alpine and Nordic state skiing championships were held here. Windischgarsten has been a climatic health resort since 1964. The place celebrated the market rise in 1994 550 years ago, in 1998 it hosted the World Ski Orienteering Championship .

Until December 31, 2012 Windischgarsten was the seat of a district court to which the judicial district of Windischgarsten was subordinate. On January 1, 2013, however, the district court was closed and the area was assigned to the judicial district of Kirchdorf an der Krems .

coat of arms

Blazon : In blue a golden, overturned, crescent moon with three golden barley ears in a fan shape, accompanied by three golden stars, namely a larger one below in the cavity of the crescent moon and two smaller ones above on both sides of the ears. The community colors are blue-yellow.

The fallen crescent moon is taken from the coat of arms of the collegiate monastery of secular canons Spital am Pyhrn, which was repealed in 1807 and which acquired the place from the bishopric of Bamberg through purchase in 1435. The ears of corn point to the founding legend of Windischgarsten, according to which, in the period after the migration of peoples from the south, Windisch (Slavic) merchants who stored here and suddenly scattered barley grains from their sacks of grain in the then desolate area, found a rich field of corn when they later found came back here; Convinced of the fertility of the soil, some of them then settled and founded the place.


Mayor since 1850:

  • 1850–1867 Leopold Westermayr
  • 1867–1873 Ferdinand Hofbauer
  • 1873–1879 Michael Zöls
  • 1879–1894 Gerhard Purgleitner
  • 1894–1903 Emil Zeller
  • 1903–1917 Franz X. Schröckenfux
  • 1917–1919 Emil Zeller
  • 1919–1922 Franz Lechner , CSP
  • 1922–1924 Dicketmüller
  • 1924–1929 Franz Lechner, CSP
  • 1929–1934 Hans Fischer
  • 1934–1942 Franz Lechner, CSP
  • 1942–1945 Franz Scheer, NSDAP
  • 1945–1945 Franz Lechner, ÖVP (acting)
  • 1945–1951 Rudolf Sulzbacher, SPÖ
  • 1951–1967 Johann Gmeiner , SPÖ
  • 1967–1979 Josef Seidlmann, SPÖ
  • 1979–1991 Johann Pernkopf, ÖVP
  • 1991–2000 Franz Hufnagl, SPÖ
  • 2000–2020 Norbert Vögerl, ÖVP
  • 2020 Barbara Blutaumüller, managing director of ÖVP
  • since 2020 Michael Eibl, ÖVP

Town twinning

Richard Keller initiated the town twinning between Grossenlüder and Windischgarsten. He was the bearer of the Federal Cross of Merit on ribbon, honorary community representative of the Grossenlüder community and a regular guest in Windischgarsten for many years. Richard Keller died on January 3, 2005 at the age of 86.


Population development:

Source: Statistics Austria

The population growth in Windischgarsten from 1981 to 2011 was due to strong immigration , despite a negative birth balance .


Windischgarsten has a primary school, two new middle schools and a polytechnic school as well as a regional music school.

  • Windischgarsten elementary school: While the Windischgarsten elementary school had 11 classes with 255 pupils in the 1996/1997 school year, this number had almost halved to 148 pupils and 8 classes by 2010/2011. This can be explained by a general decline in the birth rate.
  • Hauptschulen: In 2009 the 3 Hauptschulen counted 455 students in 21 classes, until 2006/2007 these values ​​varied only slightly, but have fallen continuously since then and are now at 384 students in 21 classes in 2010/2011. It is noticeable that only the number of students, but not the number of classes, has decreased. In 2006/2007 the average was 21.3 students per class, while in 2010/2011 it was only 18.3 students per class.
    • Hauptschule 1 Kirchfeld / Ski-Mittelschule: In the 1967/68 school year a "ski class" was introduced. The ski middle school is currently run by the director Klaus Hüthmair. The decree was handed over on July 4, 2012 by Governor Josef Pühringer . Directors: until 2012 Franz Dirninger, from 2012 Klaus Hüthmair.
    • New middle school: The school opened as Hauptschule 2 in 1987.
  • Polytechnic School Windischgarsten: The Polytechnic School is integrated into the building of Hauptschule 2 Römerfeld and is located in the shelters in the basement of the Hauptschule. Around 30 students attend the course every year, although this has also decreased significantly over the years. In 2002/2003 there were 40 students, in the school year 2010/2011 only 23. In 2008 efforts were made to dissolve the polytechnic course in Windischgarsten and to relocate it to Kirchdorf ad Krems and integrate it into the local school. However, after violent protests from local politicians and businesses, this project was not pursued any further.
  • Community College:
  • Regional Music School Windischgarsten:
  • Library: In 2012 the library had around 4,500 print media, 400 DVDs and 250 games in its inventory. In 2011 there were around 7000 borrowings from 350 active readers. The library is looked after by 8 employees.


Schoiswohlkreuz in the parish church of St. James
  • historical town center

Regular events

The Lederhosentreffen is an internationally known folk festival that takes place regularly on the last weekend in July in Windischgarsten.


Windischgarsten has a modern sports field, which is also used by international football clubs for summer training weeks. In July 2012, 1. FC Cologne stayed in Windischgarsten for a week. In Windischgarsten there is an outdoor pool and an indoor pool with a sauna.

In addition, the Bergkaiser sporting event has been held annually in Windischgarsten since 2011 , a team hill climb for mixed teams of three (mountain bike, racing bike and running track) on the Wurbauerkogel .

Economy and Infrastructure

  • Water supply: The doctor Svetlin gave the municipality of Windischgarsten three springs in the Muttling. A 3,500 meter long spring water pipeline was opened on July 15, 1905 under Mayor Schröckenfux. A commemorative stone was unveiled on August 18 as part of the imperial festival and the 78th birthday of Emperor Franz Josef I.

Windischgarsten has the function of a regional small center, as the neighboring communities have only a small number of inhabitants and therefore do not have all the necessary social facilities.

  • Local supply, supply of high demand
  • Kindergarten, elementary, middle and music school, VHS
  • Parish, church, cemetery
  • Doctor, pharmacist
  • Post office, train station
  • Leisure and sports facilities
  • Red Cross: In 1907, the local volunteer fire brigade founded the first rescue department , from which the Windischgarsten Red Cross Association was founded in 1913 . In 1922, an armory in the back of the school building was given to the Red Cross for use. On July 28, 1963, 50 years of the Red Cross Windischgarsten was celebrated with a car consecration and a concert. In 1963, the mayor Johann Gmeiner was elected as district manager and confirmed in this position in 1968. In 1970, a plot of land for a new branch in Windischgarsten is purchased. In December 1990 the emergency number 144 was switched from the Windischgarsten local office to the district control center, from this point on all emergency calls were accepted and coordinated via the headquarters in Kirchdorf. The new Windischgarsten office was officially opened on April 20, 1991. In 2002, the establishment of a new office for Windischgarsten began; it was opened in the summer of 2003. In the course of the new construction, the office was relocated from the village to an arterial road near the main road. The new address is now Gleinkerseestraße 46.

In addition to the ambulance service, the Red Cross also provides meals on wheels .

  • Fire brigade: Windischgarsten has its own volunteer fire brigade . The FF Windischgarsten association was founded on February 9, 1875.

Municipal businesses

The community of Windischgarsten maintains a number of community-owned businesses.

  • Windischgarsten outdoor pool
  • Windischgarsten indoor swimming pool with sauna
  • Municipal building yard
  • Community forest
  • Windischgarsten sewage treatment plant


Tourism is an important economic factor for the place. In 2009 Windischgarsten counted 81,694 overnight stays, but by 2011 this number had decreased by 16.6% to 68,166. According to origin, about two thirds of the overnight stays are split between residents and one third foreigners, whereby foreigners tend to stay longer with an average of 4.6 days of stay than residents with an average of 3.0 days. Tourists from Germany make up the largest share with almost 80% of the total overnight stays by foreign tourists.


Sons and daughters

Honorary citizen

Commemorative and honor plaques at the district court

(The honorary citizens are preceded by the year of the award of honorary citizenship :)

  • 1867: Leopold Westermayr, mayor
  • 1872: Sigmund Conrad von Eybesfeld , baron, governor of Upper Austria.
  • 1876: Wilhelm Schwarz von Senborn , baron
  • 1885: Friedrich Hauer, governor's advisory board
  • 1886: Friedrich Wuppinger, district judge
  • 1896: Johann Strobl, Dean
  • 1901: Heinrich Wittek, Minister of Railways
  • 1901: Karl Wurmb, Head of Section
  • 1901: Ferdinand Wessnitzer, railway inspector
  • 1902: Wilhelm Svetlin , doctor
  • 1905: Gerhard Purgleitner, mayor
  • 1912: Franz Schröckenfux, mayor
  • 1912: Emil Zeller, mayor
  • 1912: Anton Fuxjäger, innkeeper
  • 1946: Mark W. Clark , Commander-in-Chief of the American Occupation Power and US High Commissioner for Austria
  • 1953: Franz Lechner, mayor
  • 1968: Johann (Hans) Gmeiner, Mayor
  • 1980: Josef Seidlmann, mayor
  • 1987: Josef Ratzenböck , governor
  • 1987: Karl Grünner , Deputy Governor
  • 1998: Fritz Hochmair , Deputy Governor

People with a relationship to the city

  • Emil Zeller (1884–1932), pharmacist and pioneer of tourism, last mayor of the imperial era from 1917 to 1919, since 1912 an honorary citizen of Windischgarstens, is considered to be the developer of the mountain world with the Prielschutzhaus and the Zellerhütte on the Warscheneck . He built the first swimming pool and a bathing establishment at his own expense; played a decisive role in the development of the village of Windischgarsten / Spital in the beautification association, in the tourist club and in the electricity company. Windischgarsten became known in Vienna through his acquaintance with Baron Schwarz-Senborn , the general director of the Vienna World Exhibition in 1873 .
  • Wilhelm Svetlin (1849–1914), doctor and psychiatrist, an honorary citizen since 1902, had three springs built in the village for the water supply and the kindergarten
  • Franz Schröckenfux (1850–1917), mayor from 1900 to 1917, honorary citizen since 1913
  • Max Dümler (1855–1896), teacher and mountaineer, authoritative planner and organizer of a refuge on the Warscheneck, later called Dümlerhütte

Web links

Commons : Windischgarsten  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Hans Stögmüller. (January 4, 2007). Example of fusion Weyer: Other communities also belong together. OÖNachrichten , p. 29.
  2. District Courts Ordinance for Upper Austria 2012 . BGBl. II No. 205/2012
  3. ^ Province of Upper Austria, coat of arms of the municipality of Windischgarsten. Retrieved March 14, 2019 .
  4. Biography of Lechner, Franz on the server of the federal state of Upper Austria .
  5. Biography of Gmeiner, Johann on the server of the federal state of Upper Austria .
  6. Biography of Pernkopf, Johann on the server of the federal state of Upper Austria .
  7. Official bulletin for community and citizens . Page 22, edition 01/2005
  8. ^ Statistics Austria, A look at the community of Windischgarsten, population growth. (PDF) Retrieved March 14, 2019 .
  9. a b c d Schools in Upper Austria. Website of the Province of Upper Austria. Retrieved October 19, 2012.
  10. Official bulletin for community and citizens . (PDF; 5.9 MB) Edition 03/2012
  11. Windischgarsten wants to fight to keep the Polytechnic School - Oberösterreichische Nachrichten , November 24, 2008
  12. Official bulletin for community and citizens . (PDF; 5.9 MB) Edition 03/2012, page 5
  13. FC leaves for a training camp in Austria. Kö July 13, 2012
  14. Bergkaiser. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on March 21, 2013 ; Retrieved April 6, 2013 .
  15. Yvonne Fink et al .: In search of a suitable structure in open, flexible forms of learning (PDF; 3.1 MB) p. 214 (accessed on October 19, 2012)
  16. ^ Tourism in Upper Austria. Website of the Province of Upper Austria. Retrieved October 19, 2012.
  17. Official bulletin for community and citizens . (PDF; 3.4 MB) page 18, issue 01/2007