|Residents||56,203 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density||472 inhabitants / km²|
|Factions||San Rocco Castagnaretta|
|Patron saint||San Michele|
Cuneo lies at an altitude of km² . The village of San Rocco Castagnaretta also belongs to the municipality.and extends over an area of 119
A legend tells of the fact that in the early Middle Ages the scattered local population instigated a rebellion in the face of constant attacks by the Marquis of Saluzzo . During this, relatives of the Marchese were killed at a wedding party of a local landlord, whereupon the rebels withdrew to an easily defensible area, on the plateau between the rivers Stura and Gesso, the area of today's Cuneo, for fear of the Marchese, which is described as tyrannical .
The first written mention of the city of Cuneo dates from July 23, 1198, when the place was named "libero Comune" ("free municipality"). The name of the city is derived from the Italian expression for "Wedge Point", "pizzo di Cuneo", and refers to the geographical location on the plateau between the Stura and Gesso rivers . The cathedral of Cuneo also dates back to 1198. In the Middle Ages, the city was considered strategically important due to its location. In 1382 the city voluntarily came under the control of Amadeus VI. of Savoy , who turned Cuneo into a fortress . Especially between the 16th and 18th centuries, the city and the region were often the scene of armed conflicts.
Through the armistice of Cherasco (1796) , through which the Kingdom of Sardinia-Piedmont was eliminated from the first coalition war against France, Cuneo was ceded to France together with Ceva and Tortona . In 1799, after ten days of bombardment, it was captured by Austrian and Russian armies. In 1800 the French razed the fortifications after the victory of Marengo . According to the final act of the Congress of Vienna , Cuneo fell back to Sardinia-Piedmont in 1815.
Not least because of the battles and sieges, the buildings of early Cuneo were largely destroyed. The church of San Francesco is one of the few buildings from the 15th century that still exist today, along with the cathedral. Today's old town is dominated by buildings from the 17th and 18th centuries, the new town by closed buildings from the late 19th century; A special feature are the almost uninterrupted arcades over wide sidewalks along the two main streets, Via Roma and Corso Nizza. The central square connecting the two districts, the Piazza Duccio Galimberti, dates from the 19th century.
- Squares and streets
- Piazza Galimberti with neoclassical architecture
- Contrada Mondovi in the historic center (with arcades)
- Via Roma, the main artery of old Cuneo
- Viale degli Angeli (more than 2 km long)
- Medieval and Baroque arcades (old town and Via Roma)
- The nineteenth century arcades (Piazza Galimberti)
- The post-war arcades (Corso Nizza)
- Buildings and palaces
- Palazzo Casa Galimberti (Piazza Galimberti No. 6)
- Palace of the Court of Justice (7 piazza Galimberti)
- Episcopal Palace (Via Roma No. 7)
- Palazzo della Torre with adjacent Civic Tower (Via Roma No. 19)
- Town Hall (Via Roma No. 28)
- Toselli Theater
- Santa Maria del Bosco Cathedral
- San Francesco Monastery Complex
- Church of St. John (with frescoes by Giovanni Francesco Gaggini)
- Sanctuary of the Madonna della Riva
- Sanctuary of Santa Maria degli Angeli
- Soleri Viaduct
Cuneo has a commercial airport .
- Piemonte Volley is a volleyball club from Cuneo. He plays in the highest Italian volleyball league and was in the Volleyball Champions League in 2010/11, 2011/12 and 2012/13 .
Cuneo has twinned cities with
sons and daughters of the town
- Luigi Pasquali (around 1530–1560), Protestant martyr
- Franco Andrea Bonelli (1784-1830), zoologist
- Lelio Della Torre (1805–1871), Jewish scholar and Hebrew poet
- Giovanni Battista Ceirano (1860–1912), automobile manufacturer
- Maria Natalina Bonardi (1864–1945), religious sister and founder of a religious community
- Giovanni Ceirano (1865–1948), automobile manufacturer
- Matteo Ceirano (1870–1941), automobile manufacturer and racing driver
- Enrico Dassetto (1874–1971), Swiss composer and conductor
- Ernesto Ceirano (1873–1953), automobile technician and racing driver
- Giorgio Federico Ghedini (1892–1965), composer
- Giuseppe Guerrini (* 1941), Catholic clergyman, emeritus Bishop of Saluzzo
- Cesare Damiano (* 1948), politician
- Cinzia Ghigliano (* 1952), comic artist
- Celestino Migliore (* 1952), Roman Catholic Archbishop and Diplomat of the Holy See
- Derio Olivero (* 1961), Catholic clergyman, Bishop of Pinerolo
- Daniela Santanchè (* 1961), politician
- Giorgio Marengo (* 1974), Catholic religious, Apostolic Prefect of Ulaanbaatar in Mongolia
- Enrico Fantini (* 1976), football player
- Elisa Rigaudo (* 1980), walker
- Elisa Balsamo (* 1998), racing cyclist
- Gianmaria Testa (1958–2016), Piedmontese singer and songwriter, temporarily station master in Cuneo
- Aldo Alessandro Mola: Storia di Cuneo. 1700 - 2000 , Artistica Piemontese, 2001.
- Anita Piovano, Lino Fogliano: Abbazie e certose. Religione, economia ed arte nel Cuneese medievale , Edizioni Gribaudo, Cavallermaggiore 1979.
- Edward Steinberg: Sori San Lorenzo. The making of a great wine , Droemer Knaur / Slow Food Editore, Munich 1995.
- Statistiche demografiche ISTAT. Monthly population statistics of the Istituto Nazionale di Statistica , as of December 31 of 2019.
- Rudolf Lill : History of Italy from the 16th century to the beginnings of fascism . Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, Darmstadt 1980, ISBN 3-534-06746-0 , p. 95.
- Website of the city
- Comune di Cuneo , information at www.comuni-italiani.it
- Parco Fluviale Gesso e Stura
- Cuneo on gedenkorte-europa.eu, the homepage of Gedenkorte Europa 1939–1945
- Ritratti di Città , RAI report, 1967