|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Lower Bavaria|
|County :||Rottal Inn|
|Height :||439 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||108.75 km 2|
|Residents:||6510 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||60 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||84140|
|Primaries :||08722, 08735|
|License plate :||PAN, EG, GRI, VIB|
|Community key :||09 2 77 121|
|Market structure:||171 districts|
Market administration address :
|Mayor :||Matthäus Mandl ( CSU )|
|Location of the Gangkofen market in the Rottal-Inn district|
Gangkofen is located in the gentle valley of the Bina on the B 388 , around 16 km west of Eggenfelden , 26 km south of Dingolfing , 40 km south-east of Landshut , 25 km north of Mühldorf and 32 km from the district town of Pfarrkirchen .
Gangkofen is the westernmost municipality in the Rottal-Inn district and borders the Dingolfing-Landau district in the north, the Mühldorf district in the south and the Landshut district in the west . Gangkofen as a whole is assigned to the Rottal region, as the market belonged to the Altlandkreis Eggenfelden (in the Rottal) and is more economically and culturally oriented towards the east. The western parts of the municipality - the former rural communities Dirnaich and Hölsbrunn - originally belonged to the Altlandkreis Vilsbiburg (in the Vilstal), so that their inhabitants are oriented in this (western) direction to this day.
The municipality has 171 districts:
Until the church is planted
Gangkofen was first mentioned in a document in 889. It is said to have belonged to the furnishings of the Bamberg diocese in 1007 when it was founded. In 1279, Count Wenhard II von Leonberg gave the Teutonic Order the right of patronage over the parish and thus founded the Teutonic Order Coming in Gangkofen. This led to the fact that the area of the order was part of the Deutschordensballei Franconia and thus belonged to the Franconian Empire from 1500 onwards. The rest of Gangkofens belonged to the Bavarian Empire . Until its dissolution in 1805/06, this comrade was the only settlement of the Teutonic Order in what is now Lower Bavaria.
In 1379 Gangkofen received market rights . The coat of arms was created in 1450 by Duke Ludwig IX. awarded by Bayern-Landshut . However, the upswing was wiped out again and again by devastating fires (around 1590 and 1666) and turmoil of war (invasion of the Swedes in 1632 and 1648) and plague epidemics (1357 and 1649).
On January 23, 1505, Georg Wisbeck , supreme captain of Elisabeth and Ruprecht von der Pfalz , was defeated by the Bavarian troops at Gangkofen in the Landshut War of Succession 1504/05 (also called Bavarian feud or War of the Bavarian-Palatinate Succession). This was the last major battle in the Landshut War of Succession.
Before 1803, the Gangkofen market was a maintenance office and belonged to the Landshut Rent Office of the Electorate of Bavaria . The coming of the Teutonic Order, who was gifted with noble freedom ( Hofmarksrecht ) and exercised the bailiwick over their single-layered (housed) goods, was dissolved in 1806 by the Kingdom of Bavaria . Gangkofen also had a municipal market court. In the course of the administrative reforms in Bavaria, the municipal edict of 1818 created the political municipality.
19th and 20th centuries
On October 15, 1875, Gangkofen was connected to the railway network with the opening of the Mühldorf – Pilsting railway line. Since September 27, 1970, this connection has only been used for freight traffic.
On January 1, 1972, the previously independent communities of Kollbach , Obertrennbach , Panzing , Reicheneibach and parts of Malling were incorporated. On May 1, 1978 Dirnaich , Hölsbrunn and parts of the dissolved communities Sallach and Thambach , which belonged to the district of Mühldorf am Inn , were added.
Between 1988 and 2018 the market grew from 6,032 to 6,432 by 400 inhabitants or by 6.6%.
In the last local election on March 15, 2020, with a voter turnout of 57.4%, the following result (in brackets, the percentage of votes):
- CSU : 8 seats (−1) (40.5%)
- SPD: 2 seats (+2) (8.3%)
- FWG: 5 seats (+0) (26.0%)
- BP: 3 seats (+3) (14.1%)
- Kollbach shared flat : 2 seats (+0) (11.2%)
The UWG, which previously had 4 seats in the municipal council, did not run in the 2020 local elections.
The first mayor has been Matthäus Mandl (CSU) since May 2008. He was re-elected in the 2014 local election with 93.19% and in the 2020 local election with 91.2% of the votes cast.
coat of arms
|Blazon : "Under the shield head in black, divided diagonally three times by silver and blue, three, two to one, silver heraldic lilies."|
Culture and sights
With a length of 210 meters and a width of 18 meters, the 0.6 hectare market square has an approximately typical ratio of 1: 8. Some of the houses still have the old tail gables . The parish church was rebuilt from 1666 to 1670 after the great fire, the steeple was added from 1695 to 1697. To the north-west of the church is the three-winged late baroque complex of the Teutonic Order-Kommende, built in 1691.
Two local daily newspapers include Gangkofen in their area of circulation: The "Rottaler Anzeiger" (regional edition of the Passauer Neue Presse, PNP) has its editorial office almost 20 km east in Eggenfelden, the Vilsbiburger Zeitung (belonging to the newspaper group Landshuter Zeitung / Straubinger Tagblatt) around 17 km away Vilsbiburg to the west. For years now and then there has been a competition between the papers for the readership of the market community, now the lines seem to have been drawn and there is peace.
Sons and daughters of the place
- Sibylle Kynast (born January 31, 1945), musician
- Frances Schoenberger (born September 23, 1945), film journalist
- Hans Günter Huniar (born August 29, 1949), judge and local politician
- Andreas Burkert (* 1959), astrophysicist and university professor
- Ottmar Edenhofer (born July 8, 1961), chief economist at the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research
- Rudolf Ratzinger (born June 3, 1966), musician
Personalities who have worked on site
- Heinrich Seemann († around 1259), canon in Regensburg, founded the Seemannshausen monastery in 1255
- Heinrich IV. (Ortenburg) († April 8, 1395), Count of Ortenburg, received property in Gangkofen in 1350
- Karl Schweikard von Sickingen († March 11, 1711), Knight of the Teutonic Order , from 1685 to 1687 Commander of the Coming Regensburg and Gangkofen
- Konrad Christoph von Lehrbach (1677–1767), knight of the German Order, from 1718 to 1725 Commander in Regensburg and Gangkofen
- Johann Evangelist Fischer († 1790), pastor, translated a multi-volume history of Christianity from French
- Ludwig Edenhofer junior (1861–1940), organ builder and cellist, built an organ for Angerbach in 1902
- Franz Seraph Reicheneder (1905-1976), historian and local researcher, was chaplain of the Gangkofer parish from 1933 to 1936
- Willi Baumeister (1927–1997), sculptor, created the sculpture “Encounter” in 1991 for the Gangkofener market square
- Paul Mai (* 1935), priest and historian, grew up in Gangkofen, among others
- Dietmar Petzina (* 1938), economist and economic historian, grew up in Gangkofen, among other places
- Konrad Lex (* 1974), ski mountaineer, member of the DAV Gangkofen section
- Gangkofen market
- Gangkofen . In: Meyers Konversations-Lexikon . 4th edition. Volume 6, Verlag des Bibliographisches Institut, Leipzig / Vienna 1885–1892, p. 893.
- Gangkofen: Official statistics of the LfStat (PDF; 1.2 MB)
- "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
- Markt Gangkofen in the local database of the Bayerische Landesbibliothek Online . Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, accessed on January 5, 2018.
- Wilhelm Volkert (ed.): Handbook of Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 455 .
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 629 .
- Mayor. Gangkofen municipality, accessed on July 16, 2020 .
- Entry on the Gangkofen coat of arms in the database of the House of Bavarian History