The Miss France competition is one of the oldest national beauty pageants. It began in 1920 and was only interrupted by the Second World War (in June 1940, after the campaign in the west, there was a surrender-like armistice at Compiègne ; from the summer of 1944, France was gradually liberated by Allied troops).
In 1920, the author and journalist Maurice de Waleffe (1874–1946), founder and publisher of Paris Midi magazine , called a “ referendum ” to determine the most beautiful woman in France. The success was enormous: 1,700 young women took part by sending in their photos. After an initial selection of 49 candidates by a jury, seven appeared on the screens of all cinemas across the country in seven weeks, in which the audience had received a voting slip together with the admission ticket. This is how the first Miss France was chosen, 17 year old Agnès Souret, with a Basque mother and a Breton father. She had sent a photo of her first communion and received an overwhelming majority of 198,000 votes. After this success she went on worldwide tours as a revue dancer and died in Argentina in 1929. Her mother had her body transferred and buried in her original home, Espelette , near Biarritz .
In the following year, 49 city beauty queens were determined and the winner was chosen from among them. This mode of local or regional area codes and a national final elimination has been preserved to this day.
The title of the competition and the winner at the time was still the most beautiful woman in France ( La plus belle femme de France ), as Maurice de Waleffe had reservations about Anglicisms. It was not until 1927 that another member of the organizing committee coined the term Miss France , Roberte Cusey became the first female holder of this title.
From 1928, Miss France was able to participate in the Miss Europe election . De Waleffe also launched this competition and the corresponding organizing committee. The elimination took place in spring, always in Paris at the beginning .
On the occasion of the Paris World Exhibition in 1937 , candidates from the French colonies and overseas territories ( French Guiana , Guadeloupe , Martinique, Mayotte, Réunion, Tahiti, Nouvelle-Calédonie) were allowed to take part in the Miss France competition for the first time . Until today (2012) - after the decolonization - France has some overseas departments .
In the interwar period , the titleholders were appointed in the calendar year of their term of office (most recently in January). After de Waleffe's death and the re-establishment of the committee in 1946, the election of the regional Missen took place the year before, and Miss France was chosen in November or December, the first post-war Miss for 1947, Yvonne Viseux, at the end of 1946.
In December 2020, after the Miss France 2021 election in the Puy du Fou amusement park, there were anti-Semitic attacks on the Internet against runner-up April Benayoum, whose father is of Israeli origin. Interior Minister Gérald Darmanin and Justice Minister Éric Dupond-Moretti announced that the authorities would take legal action against the senders of such hateful messages. Benayoum himself expressed sadness that such attacks would still come in 2020. She spoke out in favor of a mobilization to stop this. The winner Amandine Petit also showed solidarity with Benayoum.
|year||Miss France||Region, landscape or department|
|1920||Agnes Souret||Basses-Pyrénées / Pays Basque|
|1922-25||not carried out|
|1932||Lucienne Ahmias [Nahmias]||Paris|
|1933||Lyne de Souza
(Emilienne Quesson de Souza)
|1935||Elisabeth Pitz||Saar area|
|1941-46||not carried out|
|1947||Yvonne Viseux||French Riviera|
|1950||Maryse Delort||"Miss Automobile"|
|1951||Nicole Drouin||Saint Tropez|
|1956||Maryse Fabre||French Riviera|
|1960||Brigitte Barazer||Côte d'Émeraude|
|1962||Monique Lemaire||Côte d'Émeraude|
|1963||Muguette Fabris||Île de France|
|1972||Chantal Bouvier de Lamotte||Paris|
|1982||Sabrina Belleval||French Riviera|
|1988||Sylvie Bertin||Bresse - Bugey|
|1992||Linda Hardy||Pays de la Loire|
|1993||Véronique de la Cruz||Guadeloupe|
|1994||Valerie Claisse||Pays de la Loire|
|1996||Laure Belleville||Pays de Savoie|
|2009||Chloé Mortaud||Albigeois Midi-Pyrenees|
|2017||Alicia Aylies||French Guiana|
- Anti-Semitic attacks overshadow the “Miss France” election . In: faz.net, December 21, 2020 (accessed December 21, 2020).
- 1935: The original winner, Elisabeth Pitz from the Saar area , resigned two hours after the election due to violent protests by the mothers of her competitors against the choice of a German-born Miss. After the police had calmed the tumult, the second-placed Gisèle Preville from Paris received the title.
- Fabricio Cardenas, Vieux papiers des Pyrénées-Orientales, Miss Pyrénées-Orientales élue Miss France en 1938 , 7 December 2014
- 1956: The election of Maryse Fabre ( Côte d'Azur ) was canceled after public protests. There was a new election the following evening, and the title went to Gisèle Charbit from Morocco .
- 1961: Luce Auger renounced for an unknown reason and gave her title to Michèle Wargnier (Miss Bretagne ), who came in second
- 1966: Michèle Boule (Miss Cannes ) lost her title to Monique Boucher (Miss Poitou-Charentes ) for reasons unknown .
- 1972: Chantal Bouvier de Lamotte abdicated after an injury from a fall from his horse. She gave her title to the runner-up Miss Poitou , Claudine Cassereau.
- 1978: The actual winner, Pascale Taurua ( Nouvelle-Calédonie ), resigned immediately after her election, so that the second placed Kelly Hoarau ( Réunion ) moved up. You also renounced! Finally, the third was awarded the title - Brigitte Konjovic ( Paris ).
- 1980: Thilda Fuller ( Tahiti ) resigned after three hours, and the runner-up Patricia Barzyk ( Département Jura ) moved up.
- 1983: Isabelle Turpault ( Paris ) was replaced 40 days after her election by Vice-Miss Frédérique Leroy ( Bordeaux ) after the appearance of nude photos .
- 1988: Sylvie Bertin ( Bresse - Bugey ) was replaced by second-placed Claudia Frittolini ( Alsace ) after she had refused to take part in the Miss Universe election that same year.
- 1999: The election result was questioned, but after a short process it was declared legally valid.
- 2001: Élodie Gossuin was assumed to be transsexual or even a man. The election result was confirmed.
- 2008: The winner fell into disrepute because of several "shocking" photos that had been taken three years earlier and, in the opinion of the organizing committee, damaged Miss France's reputation. Three weeks after the election, the organizers discussed a disqualification and decided that Valérie Bègue could keep her title, but not compete in international competitions.