Music year 1708
|Music year 1708|
The happy Florindo
Title page of the libretto
Georg Friedrich Händel's third opera The Happy Florindo premieres in January at the Theater am Gänsemarkt in Hamburg.
The transformed Daphne
Title page of the libretto
Handel's fourth opera Die gewandelte Daphne will be performed for the first time in the Hamburg Theater am Gänsemarkt in February .
Johann Sebastian Bach
- February 4th : Johann Sebastian Bach's church cantata Gott ist mein König (BWV 71) is premiered on the occasion of the change of council in the Free Imperial City of Mühlhausen . It is the only printed cantata from this period .
- June: Bach travels to Weimar in connection with the completion of the renovation work on the organ there and plays for Duke Wilhelm Ernst . He offered him the position of court organist and chamber musician with a salary of 150 guilders plus natural produce.
- June 25th : A big fire in the city made living costs more expensive, so that Bach - barely a year after taking office in Mühlhausen - asks for his dismissal as organist of the Divi Blasii Church . His successor is Johann Friedrich Bach, son of Johann Christoph Bach . Johann Sebastian Bach remains connected to the city of Mühlhausen: In the two following years he also received orders for council change cantatas, which were also printed at the city's expense, but have been lost.
- June 26th : Bach justifies his request for dismissal from service in Mühlhausen with the reference to his "end purpose, namely a regulated church music in God's honor".
- First half of July: Bach moves to Weimar with his pregnant wife, moves into the house where the composer and violinist Johann Paul von Westhoff lived until 1705 and becomes organist and concert master at the Weimar court.
- December 29th : Maria Barbara Bach's and Johann Sebastian Bach's first daughter Catharina Dorothea Bach (1708–1774) is baptized.
- Bach composes the Toccata in C major in Weimar . His style is strongly influenced by Dietrich Buxtehude .
- There is also evidence of Bach organ assessments in the Blasius Church in Mühlhausen and in the Veit Church in Ammern for the current year .
- April: The concertmaster of the French national church of San Luigi dei Francesi in Rome, Arcangelo Corelli , takes part in several performances of George Frideric Handel's works and conducts the world premiere of his oratorio La Resurrezione on April 8 in the Palazzo Bonelli .
- May: One month later Corelli complies with a request from the German Elector Johann Wilhelm von der Pfalz and composes a chamber concert for him. As a thank you, the elector awards him the title of Marques de Ladenburg .
georg Friedrich Handel
- On his big study trip through Italy from Florence , Georg Friedrich Händel stops in Rome in February , at the end of April he is in Naples , in July again in Rome and here he spends the rest of the year.
- January and February: Handel's third opera The happy Florindo and his fourth opera Die gewandelte Daphne , both based on a libretto by Hinrich Hinsch and both composed in Hamburg in 1706 , have their world premieres at the Theater am Gänsemarkt in Hamburg. Both works are now largely lost.
- April 8th : The oratorio La Resurrezione is premiered privately under the direction of Arcangelo Corelli in Rome and repeated the next day.
- July 19 : Aci, Galatea e Polifemo , a dramatic cantata or a Serenata a tre in a part by Handel with a libretto by Nicola Giuvo, is held in Naples for the wedding of Tolomeo Saverio Gallio, Duke of Alvito, with Beatrice Tocco di Montemiletto premiered.
- Alessandro Scarlatti , who stayed mainly in Rome from April 1703 to 1708, returns to Naples.
- December 1 : After the end of Spanish rule in Naples, Scarlatti is reappointed Kapellmeister of the Cappella Reale by the Austrian viceroy, Cardinal Vincenzo Grimani (1655–1710).
Georg Philipp Telemann
- December: Georg Philipp Telemann , who left Sorau, threatened by the invasion of the Swedish army, in 1706 and went to Eisenach , becomes concertmaster and cantor at the court of Duke Johann Wilhelm .
- Telemann founds an orchestra and often makes music together with Pantaleon Hebenstreit .
- Telemann also meets the music theorist and organist Wolfgang Caspar Printz as well as Johann Bernhard and Johann Sebastian Bach.
- Gaetano Berenstadt will probably make his stage debut as Orondate in the opera Le regine di Macedonia by Marc'Antonio Ziani , which will be premiered at the Teatro San Bartolomeo in Naples. In the libretto he is announced as Gaetano Beynstetter.
- Antonio Caldara composed for Emperor Charles VI. the 2nd act of the opera L'Atenaide.
- Francesco Gasparini writes a thorough bass school in Venice, which is reprinted until 1839.
- Arp Schnitger was appointed royal Prussian court organ builder, a position he held until 1714.
- The Italian composer, diplomat and Catholic titular bishop Agostino Steffani is sent to Rome to resolve the dispute between Emperor Joseph I and Pope Clement XI. because of the occupation of the Papal States belonging to Italian County Comacchio to convey.
- August 2nd : First performance of the Serenata (original name: “componimento da camera”) in two parts Il più bel nome by Antonio Caldara based on the libretto by Pietro Pariati in the Llotja de Mar in Barcelona . Caldara had composed it on the occasion of the wedding of Archduke Karl of Austria (later Emperor Karl VI. ) With Elisabeth Christine von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel .
- September 4th : The world premiere of the opera Amor tra nemici by Attilio Ariosti based on the libretto by Pietro Antonio Bernardoni takes place in Berlin .
- November 4th : Nicola Antonio Porpora makes his debut as an opera composer with his opera Agrippina based on the libretto by N. Giuvo, which will be premiered in the royal palace in Naples and repeated on November 9th at the Teatro San Bartolomeo.
- November 28th : The Operetta Bellerophon. Or: The Wagen-Gestirn transformed into the Prussian crown by Christoph Graupner on the libretto by Barthold Feind after Thomas Corneille , Bernard le Bovier de Fontenelle and Nicolas Boileau is premiered in Hamburg for the wedding of Frederick I of Prussia with Sophie Luise (music lost) .
- Antiochus and Stratonica based on a libretto by Barthold Feind based on Luca Assarini, Thomas Corneille and Talander will be premiered at the Theater am Gänsemarkt in Hamburg . The soprano Margaretha Susanna Kayser makes her debut in the role of Mirtenia .
- With the Singspiel Il Fido Amico, or: The Faithful Friend Hercules and Theseus , another opera by Christoph Graupner based on Bergmann's libretto comes on stage for the first time in Hamburg (music lost).
- Tomaso Albinoni - Pimpinone
- Carlo Agostino Badia - Ercole, vincitore di Gerione ( Vienna )
- André Campra - Hippodamy
- georg Friedrich Handel
- Transformed Daphne (music lost)
- The happy Florindo, (music lost)
- Marc'Antonio Ziani - Le regine di Macedonia
- George Frideric Handel - La Resurrezione
Further stage works
- George Frideric Handel - Aci, Galatea e Polifemo
- Tomaso Albinoni - Sonate da chiesa, op.4 (also called pseudo-op.4), Amsterdam
- Johann Mattheson - XII Sonates à 2-3 flutes sans basse , Amsterdam
- Johann Christoph Pepusch - 6 Solos for the Flute with a thorough Bass for the Bassoon, Bass-Flute or Harpsicord , Op. 2 (London, 1709)
- Johann Sebastian Bach - Toccata, Adagio and Fugue in C major (BWV 564)
- Johann Sebastian Bach
- Élisabeth Jacquet de La Guerre - Cantates françoises sur des sujets tirez de l'Ecriture, livre I (Paris, 1708), therein:
- Le passage de la Mer rouge
- Jacob et Rachel
- Suzanne et les vieillards
- André Campra - Trois livres de cantates
- John Baptist Walsh - Lyra Davidica
- Isaac Watts - Hymns and Spiritual Songs
- Antonio Stradivari built the Burstein , Bagshawe , Huggins , Regent , Ruby and Strauss violins as well as the Tua and Davidoff violins, which are now part of the collection of the Musée de la musique in Paris .
- Arp Schnitger installs the organ in St. Pankratius in Hamburg- Ochsenwerder , in the St. Nikolai Church in Berlin and in the church of the St. Georg Hospital in Hamburg-St. Georg finished.
Gottfried Silbermann and Andreas Silbermann complete the organ in the New Church (Temple Neuf) in Strasbourg .
- probably January 25 : William Hayes , English organist and composer († 1777 )
- February 3 : Johann Michael Hartung , German master organ builder († 1763 )
- February 9 : Egidio Duni , Italian opera composer († 1775 )
- February 25 : Felix Benda , Bohemian composer († 1768 )
- baptized April 6th: Georg Reutter the Younger , Austrian composer († 1772 )
- May 5 : Johann Adolf Scheibe , German-Danish composer († 1776 )
- June 19 : Johann Gottlieb Janitsch , German composer († 1763 )
- before May 13: Giovanni Battista Draghi , Italian organist, harpsichordist and composer (* around 1640)
- August 4th : Vincenzo de Grandis , Italian conductor and composer (* 1631 )
- September 3 : Christian Liebe , German composer and organist (* 1654 )
- October 1 : John Blow , English composer (* 1649 )