district of Wuppertal
|Residents||5595 (December 31, 2016)|
|Population density||6506 inhabitants / km²|
|Proportion of foreigners||32.9% (December 31, 2016)|
|Overhead conveyor||Wuppertal suspension railway|
|Source: Wuppertal statistics - spatial data|
Arrenberg is located west of downtown Elberfeld in the Elberfeld-West district on both sides of the Wupper . The northern border of the quarter runs on Nützenberg along Nützenberger Strasse and the Vogelsauer stairs . In the south, the residential area extends over the Düsseldorf – Elberfeld railway line to Neviandtstrasse . In the east it is bordered by the "Tannenbergstrasse" and in the west by the Elberfeld thermal power station . The quarter is named after the "Arrenberg", the northern slope of the Kiesberg .
Arrenberg was first mentioned in a document in 1345, further mentions were made in 1505 and 1550. The farm belonged to the Elberfeld farm association , which was an allod of the Cologne archbishopric and was in the office and parish of Elberfeld . The farm is listed as Arenberg on the Topographia Ducatus Montani by Erich Philipp Ploennies from 1715. The Obere Arrenberg to the south is listed there as o.Arenberg . On the topographical survey of the Rhineland from 1824 the place is recorded as Am Arrenberg and on the Prussian first survey from 1843 as Vorm Arrenberg .
In 1815/16 283 people lived in Arrenberg. In 1832 the place belonged to the Steinbeck and Arrenberger Rotte of the rural outskirts of the parish and the city of Elberfeld. The place, categorized as a village according to the statistics and topography of the administrative district of Düsseldorf , had a public building, 30 residential buildings and 14 agricultural buildings at that time. At that time 300 people lived in the place, seven Catholic and 293 Protestant faith.
When numerous industrial companies settled in the 19th century, especially along the Wupper , the Arrenberg developed into an industrial suburb west of Elberfeld, which is characterized by the typical mixed development of manufacturers 'mansions, factory buildings and workers' apartments.
The municipal hospitals , known as Ferdinand-Sauerbruch-Klinikum (now Helios Klinikum ), were built from 1856 to 1863 . A psychiatric clinic was also built next to it in the mid-19th century . The municipal orphanage was built between 1851 and 1854 according to plans by the Düsseldorf builder Anton Schnitzler and opened on April 22, 1854. In 1861 it housed 270 children.
The urban renewal is accompanied by intensified measures on the part of the public and private sector. In 2008, residents, entrepreneurs and project developers founded the Aufbruch am Arrenberg e. V., which enlivens the quarter with workshops and cultural events and promotes the local community. The Arrenberg initiative for employment and training arriba supports young people in particular when they start their careers. The settlement of event halls, dance schools, music schools, galleries and architectural offices already identifies the first steps in structural change . In the meantime, the abandoned halls of the office supplies manufacturer ELBA , which migrated after filing for bankruptcy , have been transferred to new uses under the direction of the Wuppertal architect Antonio Quintiliani : Radio Wuppertal produces its program here and the Bergische Universität Wuppertal organizes seminars for its students in the field of economics. Architecture students are also researching land use in the district. Parts of the Sauerbruch Clinic have now been converted into residential and commercial space under the name Arrenberg'sche Höfe .
Most of the residential buildings are well-preserved from the early days . A mixture of residents with a migration background , students from the nearby Bergische Universität Wuppertal , artists, elderly people and returnees from the suburbs as part of the reurbanization brings about cheap rents .
Local public transport
The residential area is accessed by the suspension railway and several WSW city bus routes. Line 623 (Arrenberg - Uellendahl , Sonnenblume) is the only one in the district and ends at the “Am Arrenberg” stop, the turning point is at the “VillaMedia” station.
The most important main traffic artery is the Friedrich-Ebert-Straße ( Bundesstraße 7 ) running through the district . The Kiesberg tunnel in the south creates a direct connection to the Sonnborner Kreuz and thus to the federal motorway 46 and the other expressways.
The Helios Clinic is important. The Trinity Church is a largely factory-financed church for the Lutheran residents of the area.
- Hermann Kießling: Courtyards and farm associations in Wuppertal. Bergisch-Märkischer Genealogischer Verlag, Wuppertal 1977.
- Johann Georg von Viebahn : Statistics and Topography of the Administrative District of Düsseldorf , 1836
- Wilhelm Langewiesche (ed.) In connection with C. Siebel, C. Coutelle , CR Hötte, C. Pöls: Elberfeld and Barmen - description and history of this twin town of the Wupperthals together with a description of their industry, an overview of the Bergisch regional history ; Barmen; 1863
- up on the Arrenberg
- WOGA - Wuppertal open galleries and studios
- Coolibri - Best Events, Trends and Reports for the Rhine-Ruhr Region ( Memento from December 20, 2014 in the Internet Archive )
- Elba halls come to life. In: Westdeutsche Zeitung, April 19, 2013. From WZ.de, accessed January 8, 2019.